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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 5, May 1955
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 5, May 1955 - File 029. 1955-05. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. December 15, 2019. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/419/show/378.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-05). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 5, May 1955 - File 029. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/419/show/378

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 5, May 1955 - File 029, 1955-05, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed December 15, 2019, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/419/show/378.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 5, May 1955
Alternate Title Facts Forum News, Vol. IV, No. 5, May 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Contributor
  • Evans, Medford
Publisher Facts Forum
Date May 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 029
Transcript 410, /VeB15' W In Behalf of Oppenheimer (Continued from Page 7) iiie,I substantially weis that we should try lo absorb tl,,- fails about atomic energy eunl se-e if we could mil come up with sunn- practical, we hoped, ami workable ami acceptable system of control eunl protection for tin- I nited States and for tbe world. So Dr. Oppenheimer's approach, as the rest nf us, was fiisi ii, ascertain the facts eis a matter of technology eunl see on. Uf course, in thai respect he eiml lir. Thomas were really teachers for lhe rest of us. Then as lo policy, I can recall perhaps a few illustrative- illsleinia's. Dr. Oppenheimer —- ami there weis Unanimity on this but he certainly probably initiated lhe ieleei. eiml certainly pressed it eiml elaborated il which relates tee the attiluile' of llnssia and Soviel communism, the first idea we discussed Was lhat of international inspection of countries in the Inited Nations, to see whether they were carrying mi alomie weapon enterprises. This we rejected eiml em importanl Part of our reasoning for rejecting il Was that it was nut ei foolproof method. Something more than inspection would be necessary, thai withoul international ownership ami control of the raw materials and the- operations in the atomic energy field, lhe United Slates could nol 'nisi the lliissieins merely by inspection l" comply with the requirements of this teheme. Hie actual development of ibis idea "mt inspection weis inadequate lo protect ourselves from the Russians or wets ;l" inadequate idea In go before the World—lhe protection of ihe world weis largely formulated bv lir. Oppenheimer *ud technical associates of bis like- Dr. oacher, who heul studied lln- physical Problem of the else wilh whiili inspec- '"'n could In- avoided by an operating Organization in Kiissi;, ;is distinguished '"'mi having a I nited Vilnius operating ""I management team running the plant, hal periodic inspection was nol a fool- Proof system. Q. In vour view was lln- report of ll;it panel one that weis reasonably soft. '"' whal have you, iii respeel to lln- hope "' cooperatii with respeel to whal '""' could expeel from the Russians? V We- tried to make it eis nearly fool- Pfool a- We could. There was early ili-- '.Ussion then any proposal lhat a United "ations operating organization should Operate a gaseous diffusion plant within Russia would ,,l,\ inuslv conflict uiili the '"ssieii, vieus aboul iliv Iron Curtain ,ll"l eieee-ss of foreigners emd so on. The Mi ■ " question weis raised first In "in,■. as to whether ii made einv sense " "lake- a pr,,p,.-eel w hie h we' wen' pretty pACTS FORUM NEWS, May, 1955 sure lhe Russians would reject. We eon- eluded, and I look responsibility for this idea initially, lhal we should presenl an idea we could stand for. leaving the question of whether il should be submitted lo the Russians, with a rather slnui" likelihonel of it being rejected, lo others. ll was our job lo develop a workable. foolproof system. Therefore, to answer your question aboul denominating this. 1 think we did devise whal would be called ;i tough program. This was re- viewed later by Mr. Baruch and his as- soeiiites. 'I hey accepted these essentials ami they loo were insistent on what Mr. Baruch called a foolproof system, a tough system. Q. And Dr. Oppenheimer vvas in accord with this tough system? A. Yes, and contributed a great deal lo il. Q, When eliel vein seiy you became chairman of the AEC? A. I ihink il was the twenty-eighth of October, L946, Q, Some lime after you became chairman was lln- question of Dr. Oppenheimer's pasl associations and bis left-wing activities ami so on called lo your attention? A. 'l es, it was. Q. Will vmi tell us ihe circumstances of lhal. please? A. The board will recall thai ibere is a kind of grandfather clause' in the Atomic Energy Acl. by which those who had been cleared under tin- Manhattan Districl continued lo hold their clearances- I have mil looked al this provision fur sonic lime-- -bul lhe effect is to hold their clearances until a re-examination bv the I I'd weis made', and the question is re-examined on lhe basis of new additional information, or something lo thai effect. So we hail a number of such re-examinations coming lo us. I have- located the date of March 8 as being the dale- on which I appeared— give or take a eleiv ier so—a call from Mr. Hoover savin;.' be was sending over by special messenger ;m importanl file iit- volved in ibis re-examination. I received ibis file, ll related in Dr. Oppenheimer. ll contained in it a greal ele-eil of information from the Manhattan District, ami perhaps some' subsequent investigation. I called lln- commissioners together on the tenth. The day of Mr. Hoover's call appears to be Saturday. In anv event. I called the commissioners li>- eethi Q. i,ail ,i Monday. Manl I believe. 10, Let interrupt you for a ii- Commis tbe lion's letter of December 23. 1953. which suspended Dr. Oppenheimer's clearance? A. I have. Q. So far as vou can recall whal is lhe relationship between the dero<ratorv information contained in that letter and the materia! thai was before sent to vou hv Mr. Hoover in 1917? Ed. Nun.: Later in [lie hairing Mr. Lilienthal responded as follows: RELATIVE MATTER <,!. Have yon read the letter from Mr. Nichols lo Dr. Oppenheimer: A. Yes, I have. (.>. Do von recall in there the statement that Dr. Oppenheimer had contributed .$150 a month to the Communist partv up lo about April uf 1912? A. Mo, I don'l recall that. i). Well, do yon recall whether or not von hart any such allegation as thai before von in March of 1947? A. Oil. no, I couldn't remember as fine ;i point as lhal. no. I don't recall il. hydrogen bomb point of 1917. I A. From my careful reading of the Commission's letter and mv best recollection of tin- material in lhal file, anil the- charges cover substantially the same bodv of information Q. Except for lb, Stuff, of course. A. Yes. up lo the -uppose'. Q. You were s~a\ iutr lhat vou found that lite file contained derogatory information, but eliel not contain affirmative mailer, shall we- say'/ A. It did not contain einv information aboul those who worked wilh Dr. Oppenheimer in the Manhattan District. So we asked Dr. Vannevar Bush, who wc knew had been active in the pre-Manhattan District enterprise, as well as since lhal lime ami Dr. James Conant, both who happened lo he in town, lo come in ami visit us aboul this file. Thev expressed themselves about Dr. Oppenheimer ami his loyalty and character and assneiei tions and particularly lhe degree to which lie- hail contributed lo lhe mililarv strength of the United Steitcs. Interrogator [Mr. Silverman]: I would like- al this poinl lo read letters from Dr. Bush ami Dr. Conanl eiml Secretary Patterson. . . . Tin Joint Research ami Development Board Washington 25, I). C. M \ti, ii 11. 1947 \In. llv\ m E. I II II 31 II VI Chairman, \tomic Energy Commission New \V IS 111 I'viei \ii NT 11, ii IH7I. Washington L'.i. I). C. I)i ah \lit. I.ii ienthal: At our conference yesterday you askeel melee ea.lllini'llt eeilii I'll, i„- |)T. J, Keelee-rl Oppen- heimer, eunl I am very glad tee elee s,,. Dr. Oppenheimer is one e.f tie,- nrr-eet phyBi- cists ,,l lliis country, or of the- world for that matter. Prior t„ the war he wa the stall ol Pajre 27
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