Painting shows workmen putting up first
Highway No. 40 follows the historic route of
[region in 1780.
side the governmental estjMishmenl
Why are we justified in insulting
the people of Mississippi by saying that
unless the federal governmenl builds
roads there, the people of Mississippi
don't have enough pride or sense to
build roads for themselves?
It is probably true lhat if Texas wen
left alone lo leiiild her own roads in
her own way. the roads of Texas mighl
nol look like the roads of Illinois. But
it's also true thai unless Texas builds
adequate roads, the greal industrial
establishments which have been moving
to Texas for a number of years will
quit moving there. If the forty-eight
stales were left alone', they would have
to build aderpiate roael systems for
purely competitive reasons, if for none
ISitl suppose a state simply doesn't
have enough money?
The fi-ile-reil governmenl gels all of its
funds from people who live in the in-
dividual states, and the indebtedness ol
the federal governmenl is considerably
more than ten times greater than the
combined indebtedness of all the stale.
county, and municipal governments in
the United States."
If it wen- not for excessive federal
taxes, the states, counties, and local
communities could levy enough taxes
to build the roads they want. In fact,
proceeds from the retail sales taxes on
gasoline which people are already pen
ing—if usee! to leiiild roads would
provide an adequate highway system;
and. if so used, they would be the onl)
equitable and sensible taxes we have,
because they are levied only on tin-
people who directly benefit from them.
A man who has an automobile ought
to help pay for the roads on which he
drives the thing. If he uses the roads
a great deal, he should pay ei greal
deal. If he uses them little or nol al
—Wide World Photo
U.S. 40 highway sign in Ohio back in 1926.
the National Pike conceived by George Wash-
all, then he should pay little or nol al
If we really heul a profound feiith in
the free market principle which lniilt
Ihis nation, we would nol assume that
only the stale can build roads. Why
couldn't roads be built on a private
speculative hasis. |hi- way houses eunl
skyscrapers are built? Vi hat's wrong
with private loll roads, if private in-
tlh ielueils want to risk their money in
If the federal government were completely oul of lhe highway picture and
the stale governments heul access to
their own tax resources in their own
slates to luiilil what highways they
wanted lo build, eunl if the sleile governments al lhe same lime would permit private individuals to build what-
ever private toll roads they wanted tu
risk their money in. we would ver)
likely discover lhal private individuals
can build better ami cheaper roads lo
ser\e all of the people meen- economically than government at any level can
Consider the three basic factors
which go into automotive transportation
as we know ii today. Thev aire lln- automobile, lln- fuel, ami the road. All three
factors arc essential. It docs mi good In
have a line' car unless you have adequate fuel for II and a good road. It
ileecs nee gen,el lo helve thc fuel unless
vou have the automobile. The road is
useless jf you don'l have both of the
How heis ihis system of automotive
transport developed in lhe United
States? Private initiative has been in
control of Iwo of ihe essential factors:
lhe fuel and lhe automobile. Government, al one level or another, heis been
in control of tin- third factor: roads.
Which of these three Factors have- made
ihe most progress?"
Spurred on by lhe incentive e»f profit,
private individuals, in voluntary association, have accomplished miracles i"
developing automotive transport. I h'
main thing lhal has slow<-<l them down
is thai the- third essential factor in automotive transport -roads heis been
under public, political control and therefore has nol kept pace- wilh lhe develop-
HIGHWAY IMPROVEMENTS—Top left photo shows one of the new fog dispellers on the
New Jersey turnpike. The dispellers blow smoke and fog off the turnpike, lessening hazardous
driving conditions. Motorists could not use the best-lighted stretch of highway in the world
(top right) at Richmond, Calif., because it was set up by the University of California *°
study roadside lighting. The study was prompted by the great proportion of auto falalitn's
occurring at night. Lower left, volunteer workers at Temple, N. H.. have set aside one day °
year for the repair of roads. A town hall meeting decided where volunteer "road gangs'
would work. Lower right, workmen laying concrete at a point where the Ohio and Pennsylvania turnpikes meet.
FACTS FORUM NF.WS, May, '•'
'"' I nil,
, Toll ,,
"v"r a p,