DURING the last five years millions of
words have been printed and broaii-
1 eist in the I nited Stales about the
"China Lobby." Hundreds of thousands
more have been published in Europe.
Yet none identify those mysterious
figures w Im compose lhe "China Lobby."
I ho \ete York Times constantly referred
lo me in ils news columns as "head of
lhe China Lobby." Finally I wrote asking them to name sonic of the persons
who made up the lobby I headed. They
Meanwhile, t h,- reference to you as
'head' ..I the China Lobby.:.will nol be
Recently, on the television program.
"Youth Wants to Know." Senator Mag-
'iitsiin was asked aboul the "China
Lobby" by one of the high school boys.
He seiid that all he could tell them was
lhat he received frequent circular letters from a man in New York named
Mfred Kohlberg, but had never seen him.
In the long Senate hearings on the
dismissal of General Mae'Arthur, more
'ban fifty pages of the printed record is
devoted to wrangling aboul the "China
Lobby." Senators Morse and McMahbn
Called for an investigation. Senator
While- \inii i. an Communists eunl their
fellow travelers have ardently backed the
' liin.'s,. e iniiiiiiiiiists.. . ii was alleged that
there was operating eet the' other extreme
ei propaganda and pressure group working
for the Nationalisl Chinese-Kuomintang-
Chiang Keii-slnk interests. This latter
group is generally referred to in the American press us the China Lobby. (MacArthur hearings, p. 2116.1
... I have' never heul any contact e.r conversations or experience in any way with
Mi) person... thai would justify my saying that I know anything eileenet a China
Lobby from firsthand contact therewith,
il such a lobby exists. [Ibid., p. 2119.1
S,,'i.ileer Spai'klnan said:
Mr. Secretary, I keep hearing ei great
deal aboul the so-called Chinee Lobby. 1
"nisi sav I know nothing aheenl it....
1 Ibid., p. 2205.1
Senator Wiley said:
It there is sinli ei thinfz as a China
lobby 1 know nothing aboul it. except as
' haw- read i" magazines.... [Ibid., p.
' Senate request, Secretary Acheson
'■'H'iI for eill the material available in
'-"\ciiiin, nt and stated:
there i- ei very large collection i>t news-
Paper, magazine eeenl other public articles
■••reports from other agencies sueh ees
''"' i I \ reporting things which have been
s'i'il t.. them .. . meetings between officers
"' the State Department and officers of
'"'"r departments... these are all hear-
Nl> statements.... This information is not
v"ffii halt nr would not warrant me in
JJiaking charges of einv sort. [Ibid., pp.
' li.' mystery continues.
. rhe firsl kio.un reference to the "China
'■"I'hv" uei- iii a letter "I instructions —
, stationery „\ tin- G nunist party ol
;'« 'i.ok Stat,., dated March 1. 1919. ad-
""'-.-.I t.. "Ml Sections ami Counties"
igned "\\„s Mill.a
Listing three major projects to be worked
on by tbe party faithful, it read in part:
I. Demand ee congressional investigation:
A. Of the Chinese Lobby in Wash-
iiifiton. One of the largest .spcnrl-
ing foreign influences in ..nr Cap;
ital, not registered
This Communist parly onl
identify lln- personnel of
In May. 1950, testifying before
Tydings Committee of the Senate, Owen
Lattimore blamed the "China Lobby"
for eill the charges againsl him by Senator Joseph R. McCarthy, the anti-
Communist crusader from Wisconsin.
He identified only me and a Mr. Goodwin.
Lattimore's testimony was followed by
a flood of article's and broadcasts about
the "China Lobby." With the outbreak
of the Korean war. June 25. 1950. pub-
lie interest subsided.
All remained relatively quiet on the
"Lobby" front until June 6. 1951, during the MacArthur bearings before the
I .S. Senate, when questions aboul the
"China Lobby" again hit the front
pages. Learning that I was flying for a
two weeks vacation in Europe, the press
reported me as "fleeing." This excitement served lo obscure William J.
Goodwin I of whom more later) anil li-fl
me as the entire identified "China
Lobby" in lhe thousands of news itemsj
articles anil broadcasts, including numbers of articles I noticed in the Kuro-
pc.in press after arrival there.
The following year Owen Lattimore,
testifying before the MeCarran Committee, blamed all the exposure of his colleagues in the Institute of Pacific Relations on the "China Lobby." On February 28. 1952. he was questioned (p.
Senator Smith: .. .
the China Lobby.'..
members of tin
y<m say Victims of
Who are the China
:»■ of the conspicu-
China Lobb) is .,
Mr. William Goodwin... . There i- the-
well-known Mr. Vlfred Kohlberg.... Senator Know lam!... is frequently referred
to as 'th.- Senator from Formosa,'.. . an
employee of the China Lobb; has been a
Miss Freda Utley \nd thai is all the
names thai I will name.
\fler consultation with his counsel, Mr.
Lattimore further stated:
I should name Mr. George Sokolsky, a
newspaper columnist and I believe radio
commentator. I should name the Chicago
I should nam.' a Mr. Victor Lasky....
In April. 1952. two issues of The
Reporter (a hi-weekly magazine of small
circulation) were largely devoted to the
"China Lobby." The firsl contained an
editorial and five articles totaling
twenty-seven paces. The second, six
articles and an editorial totaling twenty-
five pages. Persons identified with the
"China Lobby" in one way or another
I received a letter dated Paris, July 23,
1954, from Boris Souvarine, first biographer
of Stalin, as follows:
"The French press is still accusing the
'China Lobby1 of all the sins. By the way, is
there a reliable short text explaining what is
exactly, or is not, the China Lobby? I would
like to publish it here."
Knowing of no such article, it occurred to
me to write it. Who could be better qualified,
for . . .
-Wid« World Photo
FORUM NEWS, May, 1955