\uieiieein "capitalist" government.
Those foolish enough to believe' anv
true Communisl would nol welcome an
opportunity to engage in espionage for
the Soviet I iiiim should read Thc
Struggle igainst Imperialist II ur and
lhe Tasks of the Communists, adopted
ai ihe Sixth World Congress of the
Communisl International and reaffirmed by the Seventh and lasl World Congress. In it they will find such language
I lie lie.I \iiiiv i- iii,i an 'e'li.'itiy' army, bul
the army nf lhe' international proletariat. In
tlle event .if ee iveir ee^'eeieest the Soviel Union.
'li.' workers in capitalist countries musl nol
eillnw themselves to be seeue-.t from supporting:
the Red Vrmy eunl from expressing this support hy fighting eie-eeinst their own bourgeoisie,
l.y the charge eef treason theii the bourgeoisie
may hml ei^eiin-i them. (From page 29.)
Sylvia and I slowly regained our faith
"i the' American governmenl after our
disillusionment ami break with communism. After we became convinced thai
uic victory of world communism would
"ring aboul ei thousand years or more
of slavery and terror and destroy everything world while' in civilization, we
still, for a long lime, looked upon the
American governmenl as "a lesser evil.''
When our failh in American institutions was gradually restored ami we
recovered completely frnm ihe virus of
communism, we- hesitated aboul going
lo lhe FBI and placing our veist knowledge uf the lied conspiracy al lln' ilis-
posal nf ihe government. There was
-'ceit physical danger involved, and lhe
fear w,' mighl meet the- [ate of Juliet
^Uiarl Poyntz, Laura Law uf Aberdeen.
wash.; Lveieit Hudson nf Los An-
-'l.s. eiml others who had been liquidated after breaking with lhe- lied- was
1,0 imaginary danger. And if we eli'l
""I nii'i't that fate, we well knew how
""' Communists would smear our char-
:i,,eis. fabricate false charges and would
~''k tee remove all opportunities for employment. If we escaped physical tnur-
'"'• Svlvia and I and our two chil-
'lr''ti mighl well starve to death. These
■actors long sealed our lip- as we read
'',' congressional investigations of war-
'"'"■ atomic espionage in Maraeda
•ounty ami elsewhere.
I" December, 1917. after a family
'""fi'i.-n. c that included the children. I
Phoned the LIU for em appointment, and
)hia eiml I placed mir knowledge at
"' 'lisposeil of our government. I'm- a
w'"' eiml a half this was nn a secret and
^nfidential basis, bul in May. 1949.
'"' wen' subpoenaed bv congressional
Before going to Washington for tcsli-
.""Uy before' the llnus,, Conitlliltce on
""American Activities. I Casually re-
. '"''keel I,, ;i reporter on the Miami
■ jev/spaper where I was then employed
j'1.11 I believed Dr. J. Robert Oppe'll-
'"" r had been eit ei Communis! meet-
—Wide World Photo
ing where I made a report in 1911.
though my wife and I could nut hi'
posilivc from newspaper pictures, eiml
thai I intended lo mention ihi- to the
committee investigators in Washington.
After phone' conversations vvilh someone in Washington, sorai ■ I presumed
to be in thi' governmenl and In spi'eik
authoritatively, ibis reporter called me
into ;i side office.
He said that I should not mention the name
of Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer in Washington, that he had been advised by the man
he had talked with, not identified by name,
that Dr. Oppenheimer had cooperated with
the government and had assisted in "catching Soviet agents."
I accepted this story in good failh. I
was lold lhal litis dill met in any weiv
apply In Dr. Frank Oppenheimer ami
thai my wife eunl I could testify fullv
legarding knowledge of him.
On Mav 25. 1949, in the crowded
corridors nf the old House Office Building and lln- waiting rooms of ihe House
Committee mi I n-American \ctivities,
Sylvia and I recognized eil sight three
former "comrades' we heul nut seam fur
more' them seven years. They were all
importanl atomic scientists Professor
Clarence lliskey. lir. Joseph Weinberg
-sell David I'inllln. We we'll'
find lhal David llnhm heul
"loyalty board" nf atomic
been on ;t
Svlvia and I identified Dr. Frank
Oppenheimer eiml his wife' Jacquinette
as Inning been members of ihe Communist party in Alameda County in 1911.
Three weeks later bulb were called before tin' House Committee eiml when
placed under oath ihej admitted
former'' membership, until sunictinie
in I'M I. lull they refused In print- that
tin ir loyalty in the Reds weis completely
in the pasi by their refusal In name
FORUM NEWS, May, 1955
others who had belonged lee the seinii'
units with them. Dr. frank Oppenheimer, indeed, gave tin- must amazing
reason for leaving the party. He told lhe
Congressmen that be "left the partv
because' it i|i(| not try hard enough to
convince people nf the fundamental correctness ol ils program!"
1 be younger nl the Oppenheimer
brothers did nol explain why. in 1917.
be bail threatened ;t libel suit againsl
the II iisliiiigion Times-Herald fur saving lhal he- bail once belonged lo the
During the ne\i six months, after
conversations with many people in intelligence agencies, I learned that there
was im foundation for ihe statement thai
Dr. J. Roberl Oppenheimer had helped
"catch" einv Suv iii agents. When I
met thc Miami newspaperman who heul
in 1919 mill in,' of ih,' phone call from
Washington, I eiskcd him lhe identity
of the man win. bail made these stale-
nionls. He seiid he could nut recall.
Seeing an issue of LIFE magazine in October, 1949, I positively recognized the cover
picture of Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer as
being the same man as the individual previously referred to as Professor Z.
I -aw the copy of Life ill the Min
neeipnlis airport as I was enroute in
Seattle. I immediately senl em airmail
postcard in my wife in Miami, idling
her tn gel ee eeepv. She was almost sure,
bul nol as positive in her identification
eis I heul been. She did mil make a
definite and unqualified identification
of Dr. Oppenheimer until she saw
another picture of him. also in Life,
in the winter nf 1950. Thai picture, with
Svlvia- handwritten identification nn
the margin, has been in lhe files of the
California Senate Fact-Finding Committee on I n-Amciii em Aclivilii's since
March eef 1950. A short lime after publication of that picture both Sylvia ami
I s;i\, |)r. Oppenheimer in March Oi
'Finn-. She seiw ii iii Miami; I saw il in
California. Mureh Of Times close-tip
sound mnv i.s ..i Dr. Oppenheimer provided even meeie' pn-iii\i- identification
than thi' Life photos.
In November, 1919, I weis called to
San I rancisco as a wiim-ss in the' perjury trial nf Harry Bridges. During the
weeks I weis waiting in take the stand,
llii agents spent considerable lime with
tne in intensive searches for all ur anv
nf three houses in lhe Bay area.
The first house in which the governmenl was interested wets tbe- place where
the Districl Buro heul mil during Men
eiml June uf 1911. in San I'rancisco. It
was a very unusual house, easv in recognize, ami I drew diagrams of the exterior ami interior. I had been taken In
meetings there bv Walter Lambert, Steve
Nelson, anil other Buro members from
San Francisco, and had never known
the address. All efforts in find ii failed
eit lhal time, bul I have been informed