(Continued from Parte 7)
May took tne to several meetings of this
The meetings I attended were devoted
exclusively to lectures on Communisl
theory and objectives, including the
overthrow of the American governmenl
by armed force at the opportune time in
the future, and to answering questions
of the members.
There were some theoretical discussions lillse'el mi my li'Clules. \n "business" was taken up or practical work
planned during mv visits to the unit.
In 1941 I met many party members who
either then or later were engaged in important research work leading to the development of the atomic bomb. Among them
was Dr. Frank Oppenheimer. He and his wife
Jacquinette were regarded as active and
Jacquinette ei|.|ilieel fe.r ei leave of al>-
senee frnm parly work eiml activities on
grounds of poor health in the summer ..I
1941. I granted the request, with approval ..f Drasnin and May. the other
members of the party Secretariat for the
county. This eliel mil mean leaving the
party only being excused from the
strenuous activities ilmi fill the liv.-- ..f
The fall uf 19 11 was marked 1.7 several rather unusual events in tlie part)
in Alameda County. Due day. District
Organizer Schneiderman called me in
San Francisco part) headquarters and
gave mi' some rather strange directives.
I was able In l'.i I., the Hotel Woodrovv
in Oakland, eisk for a mem in a seeoml
floor room, identify myself l.v ei code
name. Then I was tn give full, complete,
ami honest answers to every question
ihis man would eiske me.
I had never seen the man before.
although I personally knew every ranking party leader in ihe I nited State's,
and there were few secondary leaders
I had not at leasl se-en in conventions anil at "enlarged" meetings or
"plenums" "f the National Committee.
The man spoke English fluently, though
in the rather mechanical way il i-. often
spoken by people from oilier countries
who have learned our language well in
school. Although he didn't lell me who
he was or his position, I regarded mv
questioner as a representative nf lhe
Soviel GP1 (now the \I\T)t. He qucs-
tioned me at some length regarding
|ieiriv organization, strength nf sections,
and places of employment ol lhe members, lint most nf the' questions related
lo many individual leaders and members ..I ihe party, my evaluation of
their ability and their reliability and
devotion lo the Communist movement.
Vboul December 20 I was called In
ei meeting of the Districl Hiiro in San
Francisco. There Schneiderman informed mi' thai a special Buro meeting had
jusl been held In which I heul nol hccn
called, although a member nf il. anil
i»ee decisions had been made'. First. I
was In go wilh my family lo I.os
Angeles and receive a new part) assignment there the nature of mv work to
he revealed after arrival. Second, I was
In lie' succeeded as Alameda County
organizer hy Steve' Nelson.
I asked for lhe reasons for the decisions. Louise Todd, the Districl Or-
ganizational Secretary, replied:
"As an old Communist leader you should
know that an organizer carries out orders
and does not ask the reasons tor them. The
reason tor the decision is connected with the
war and the international situation. I can
not say any more; I have already said too
Mv wile, however, took ei different
view nf the- decisions. Tlle long story
nf our gradual disillusionment and loss
nf faith in communism does tint concern the Oppenheimer narrative excepl
for the mere fa. t that we we're looking
for ei weiv lo gel out withoul physical
danger uf "liquidation." The new pnriv
order offered a perfecl excuse.
My wife' refused In go to I.os Angeles,
• leeTiring she did nol wish lo lake our
two children nut of their schools or
in epiit her wartime job wilh the Western Die' Casting Company. Her dramatic
personal clash with Schneiderman ami
her defiance of party orders led in our
removal frnm leading positions, ami lei
lhe right I heul long desired In obtain
We were "permitted" to remain in
Meimeelel County. In 10 12 we lieelli
dropped out of the' parly hy failing lo
attend meetings emd pay dues, despite
repeated visits, pressure, ami threats
from Steve Nelson, who had succeeded
tne iii early January. (In one occasion
Nelson said, nn a visil to my home.
'"You should know lhat the' parly does
in.I allow people who have held such
leading positions eis you have lo 'drop
During lln war years my wife and I
wen- both employed in defense industry, lu January. 1945, for reasons of
health I had to leave the Hav area and
move to Brownsville, Texas, whin' I
obtained other defense work with Pan
• • •
During the subsequent years we we're |
—Wide World Photo
Steve Nelson (right) talks with his attorney, Emanuel Bloch, after a House Un-American Activities Committee session during
which Nelson admitted being a Communist
but accused investigators of "trying to compel me to testify against myself."
amazed at the naive' belief of mosl
\merieans, including Borne of the high'
est officials of the government, lhal ll'.1.'
atomic bomb weis em "American secrel
and that the Suv iel I nion did in'1
know hnw In make il! We were aston-
ished and dismayed lo see American
foreign policy based mi such a fantastic
theory and conclusion. We could ""'
imagine intelligence agencies failing '''
be aware of the fail lhal many Cornm0'
Mi-l scientists helped In develop l'"'
bomb and knew every slip and process
in ils manufacture. It was far mot1
impossible to conceive of Americ*"
Communists being aware' of something
..f importance withoul passine
lo which ihi
vithoul passing ll"1
to the only governnit'"1
■V owe allegiance 'I11
The most fundamental and elemental
principle of communism is that the governments of the United States and all °'nt"
"capitalist" countries are enemy governments, that Communists and "class-consciC*
workers" owe them no allegiance, and tha'
ultimately American Communists, with ,ne
aid of the Soviet Union and its Red Arm"'
must overthrow and completely destroy b"
force the present government of this nati°n;
Any Communist or so-called "former" Communist who makes assertions to the contrfo
is either a deliberate liar or a moron: <"V
few if any morons ever pass the P<",\
screening and get into the organized Communist ranks.
ll is unreasonable and unthinkab'f
thai members of a party aiming al "''
defeat and destruction of the \iiiei'i'';"'.
governmenl w ith the aid and supporl "
the Soviel Red Army would ever I"'"1'
tate to pels- on anv valuable' tnilit;"'
secrets to his "true fatherland," *!
Soviel Union. Anv true Comm"11,1
would regard importanl eiml effectiv
espionage againsl lhe American g°verJj
mini as ei great privilege-. Many wc""'1
be ready in give their lives if necessaD
lo bring abnui the- victory nf lhe Ki''T",
id lhe- annihilation "f the I''1""
FACTS FORUM NEWS, May, '"','