anee's. Ruth Crawford was labeled a
dangerous Fifth Amendment Communist—although she had been quite open
and candid about herself.5
The United Nations Secretariat is
an international career service. The
founders of the United Nations provided that its Secretariat should be
wholly independent. Americans employed by the Secretariat are not, in any
sense' of the word, representatives of
the United States. They are employees
of the I nited Nations.
LOYALTY PLEDGED TO UN
In fact, UN employees take an oath
of loyalty to the UN, pledging that they
will work for tbe interests of the UN—
lhat they will not work for the interests
nf any one nation.
How else could an international organization operate?
How could any organization operate
if it were staffed with people who hail
no loyalty to it. who were, in fact.
winking for the interests of outside
agencies—staffed with people working
for separate masters and at cross-purpose- wilh each other?6
Remember that the Americans fired
from lhe I \ were fired because they
we're' suspected of being members of
ihe Communisl party.
Let's analyze this. Communism is a
legitimate political party in several of
lhe nations which an- members in good
standing of the I nited Nations.
Yet, we were asking the I \ In brand
the Communis! party as subversive.6
Union everts enough pressure to get
the political parties of America branded
as subversive? Where would such a road
Obviously, in chaos.
The UN could have no staff if personnel were to be hired and fired at the
whims of member states or because of
affiliation with domestic political organizations.10
President Eisenhower has ignored all
of the rabble-rousing about the UN with
the seimi' statesman-like calm with which
President Truman before him ignored
In September, 1953. Henry Cabot
Lodge, our ambassador to the UN.
candidly and unemotionally announced
lhat America did not like lhe UN' tribunal's decision awarding $135,000 in
damages to discharged American employees. Ambassador Lodge' promised
that America would resist lhal decision
—but in the democratic way prescribed
by tin- I \ Charter. We would submit
tbe question lo a vote in the General
Assembly of the IV where, as Mr.
Lodge poinled out. we certainly had
enough friends and influence to insure
thai justice would be done'."
RESISTANCE SHELVED FOR
When, in the fall nf 1954, lhe UN
General Assembly settled lhe mailer by
voting indemnities of approximately
1200,000 to lhe discharged Americans,
ill' accepted the decision iii good grace
like a progressive nation accustomed to
—Wide World Photo
In 1952, a Senate Internal Security subcommittee investigated passible subversive activities among American United Nations employees. Five members of the committee were (left
to right) Senator Willis Smith (D-N.C), Committee Research Director Benjamin Mandel,
Senator Pat McCarran (D-Nev.l, chairman; Committee Counsel Robert Morris, and Roy Cohn,
counsel to the Attorney General.
No one. of course, argues lhat all of
the rules and regulations of the I IN an
perfect. No one claims lhat majority
decisions of the I nited Nations General
Assembly are always expressions of
It should be obvious, however, lha'
America could not keep the high esteem
of the world if wc did not continue M
conduct ourselves in the UN as a law-
We must accepl the decisions .in"
mandates of thc UN's highest tribunal
—working in legal and parliamentary
ways within the UN itself to alter an)'
rulings or procedures which we think
unfair or unsatisfactory.r"
We would incur the contempt of the
world and wc would kill lhe UN—»
we sleilke'd off like an undisciplined chili'
every time the UN made a decision
which some of our politicians or super-
patriotic organizations do mil like.
Thai was one side. The other side
will eome next.
Here are arguments of some who
do not like the l'\ anil who think
that the problem of American Communists is. and ahruys tuts lieen. a
very serious matter.
It is difficult lo measure lhe prohlei'1
of American Communists in the: UN, because' we don't know how many at*
A complete investigation has nevd
We know thai all Communists work
against the United States and for inter
national communism. We can assuff'
that tin- I nited Nations is run hy tW
people who are in it."
If wi' discover lhat the operation!
ihe I \ have' helped communism a'1'
hurl America, il will he reasonable ff
ling influence in the UN.
If lhal is the- case, then every disloy*
American in the UN is a triple dang61
lo us. II,' works for lhe Soviel I ni""
He works againsl us. Anil he' keeps ,lr
frnm having in lhe UN an America"
who might work for American inl'1'
So, let's look quickly eil the record ''
whal heis happened during lhe ten yea"
thai we hav.' been iii the' (nited Natio"!
and have made the UN the ke-vsteuic "'
our foreign policy.
In 1915. America occupied a pusili""
of power, prestige, and international '".
fluence never before in history enjoy*1
by anv nation.1'
AMERICAN FLAG REVERED
America was loved ami respected*,
the liberator of oppressed peoples,
nvcr lhe world, lhe American flag "'J
revered a- a banner of liberty.14
In 1915. lhe Soviet Union was >".
desperate condition. Nearly one-half °
its territory was in shambles: ils *
"lav ia. s