in the UN
— by Dan Smoot
1 \ikkii v\ I iommunists in the I nited
This is another topic in Facts
Forum's -eric- of pro and con discussions on the United Nations. Before
taking tip the pros and cons, let's define
The United Nations Secretarial staff
is composed of some 3.385 people,
drawn freim sixty-one nations. As of the
end of 1052. the number of American
members of the Secretarial staff was
377 in professional positions and higher.
The American employees etre hired directly by thc United Nations, although
some are recommended by our State
A federal grand jury, empaneled in
\pril. 1952. to investigate subversion
and espionage ill the Southern District
of New York, reporled in essence as
Th,. startling evidence disclose, the Infiltration int., the United Nations of an overwhelmingly large group of elisloyal Amerieeen
citizens. Scores of individuals, mostly with
long records of federal employment, have been
connected with subversive moveme'nts.3
All this appears to have, resulted from the
contrivance of certain hiirhly placed official,
who have surrounded themselves in each government agency. Almost without exception these subversive's, formerly United
States emplov -a h;..l been transferred fre.m
one federal department to another, ending up
in key posts erf the UN. The evidence, she.ws
this is not coincidental, but part of a definite
Iii October, 1952. a Senate subeom-
mittee began open hearings into subversive' activities among American cm-
ployees in the UN. 01 the thirty-three
I N employees subpoenaed, twenty-six
invoked their constitutional privilege
against self-incrimination when asked
aboul Communist membership or espionage' activities.3
Secretary General Trygve Lie consulted an international commission of
three prominent jurists (one American,
nnc Belgian, and one Briton) for legal
UNFIT FOR UN WORK
The commission advised lhat ein
American who invokes the Fifth Amendment and refuses to answer questions
of ei congressional committee is unfit
lor employment in ihe 1 nited Nations.
\ciing upon ibis advice', the Secretary
General dismissed twenty-one of lhe
employees who hail invoked the Fifth
The discharged employee's appealed
to the l'\ Administrative Tribunal, con-
sisting of three Europeans ami an Egyptian alternate. On September 1. 195.'!.
this UN tribunal ruled thai il was illegal
for the UN Secretariat lo fire eleven of
these employees, saving that claiming
the Fifth Amendment privilege ilid not
violate any I \ staff rules.'
The I \ tribunal put membership in
lhe Communisl party on a par with
membership in anv oilier political party
eiml concluded thai I N employees could
not l.e fired because of their political
opinions or because of their affiliation
—Wide World Photo
Henry Cabot Lodge, head of the U. S.
delegation to the UN, in 1953 appeared
before the Jenner Senate Internal Security
Subcommittee to give a report on steps
taken on subcommittee recommendations
about screening U. S. employees of the UN.
Lodge said that fingerprint forms had been
distributed to American personnel employed
and that fingerprinting was the first etc.?
wilh political parties/
The I \ tril.lined ordered four of tin'
eleven reinstated wilh full back pay
and directed lhat lhe oilier seven, win1
didn't want their jobs back, be paid
compensation or damages aggregating
The United Stales, expressing dissatisfaction with ihe tribunal's findings, laid
the problem before the United Nations
In lln- fall of 1951. ihe IN General
Assembly disposed of tin' case bv up-
holding lhe UN tribunal and voting to
award almost $200,000 in damages I"
the discharged employees involved.4
I heil concluded the matter from ll"'
legal poinl of view; but the subject 0>
American Communists in the IN remains an issue of keen interest to Ameri"
Let's consider this topie first from
the viewpoint of tome who /iA'e the
t'\ mid who think that this issue of
American Communists in tlie UN
/lies' been satisfactorily lianillcl.
The' United Nations is bigger lha"
anv political parly or any one nation-
Ii does not consider thai its employee*
should be hired or fired because of ""x
political affiliation. It is working a"
over the globe lo gel rid of war anil I"
promote peace. This is ;i big job; am'
whenever there's a big job lo be don1'-
vou will always find a strange assortment of people trying lo hurt instead
Some arc ignorant, misinformed, <"
frightened; some are profcssi<"';'
troublemakers; and some are eve*
more -mister than that. They hide I"'
hind high-sounding names and orgs"'
izalions; and they terrorize inttocc"
The I nited Nations came into **"
istence as a bright new hope for lastWr
peace, and some people just have '
mental quirk which makes them :t'ra"
of anything new.
The United Nalions is nol. of con'"1''
FACTS FORUM NEWS, May,