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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 5, May 1955
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 5, May 1955 - File 010. 1955-05. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. July 23, 2019. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/419/show/359.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-05). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 5, May 1955 - File 010. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/419/show/359

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 5, May 1955 - File 010, 1955-05, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed July 23, 2019, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/419/show/359.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 5, May 1955
Alternate Title Facts Forum News, Vol. IV, No. 5, May 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Contributor
  • Evans, Medford
Publisher Facts Forum
Date May 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 010
Transcript .. American Communists in the UN — by Dan Smoot 1 \ikkii v\ I iommunists in the I nited .1 Nations! This is another topic in Facts Forum's -eric- of pro and con discussions on the United Nations. Before taking tip the pros and cons, let's define Ihe problem. The United Nations Secretarial staff is composed of some 3.385 people, drawn freim sixty-one nations. As of the end of 1052. the number of American members of the Secretarial staff was 377 in professional positions and higher. The American employees etre hired directly by thc United Nations, although some are recommended by our State Department.1 A federal grand jury, empaneled in \pril. 1952. to investigate subversion and espionage ill the Southern District of New York, reporled in essence as follows: Th,. startling evidence disclose, the Infiltration int., the United Nations of an overwhelmingly large group of elisloyal Amerieeen citizens. Scores of individuals, mostly with long records of federal employment, have been connected with subversive moveme'nts.3 All this appears to have, resulted from the contrivance of certain hiirhly placed official, who have surrounded themselves in each government agency. Almost without exception these subversive's, formerly United States emplov -a h;..l been transferred fre.m one federal department to another, ending up in key posts erf the UN. The evidence, she.ws this is not coincidental, but part of a definite planned pattern.2 Iii October, 1952. a Senate subeom- mittee began open hearings into subversive' activities among American cm- ployees in the UN. 01 the thirty-three I N employees subpoenaed, twenty-six invoked their constitutional privilege against self-incrimination when asked aboul Communist membership or espionage' activities.3 Secretary General Trygve Lie consulted an international commission of three prominent jurists (one American, nnc Belgian, and one Briton) for legal advice.' UNFIT FOR UN WORK The commission advised lhat ein American who invokes the Fifth Amendment and refuses to answer questions of ei congressional committee is unfit Page 8 lor employment in ihe 1 nited Nations. \ciing upon ibis advice', the Secretary General dismissed twenty-one of lhe employees who hail invoked the Fifth Amendment. The discharged employee's appealed to the l'\ Administrative Tribunal, con- sisting of three Europeans ami an Egyptian alternate. On September 1. 195.'!. this UN tribunal ruled thai il was illegal for the UN Secretariat lo fire eleven of these employees, saving that claiming the Fifth Amendment privilege ilid not violate any I \ staff rules.' The I \ tribunal put membership in lhe Communisl party on a par with membership in anv oilier political party eiml concluded thai I N employees could not l.e fired because of their political opinions or because of their affiliation —Wide World Photo Henry Cabot Lodge, head of the U. S. delegation to the UN, in 1953 appeared before the Jenner Senate Internal Security Subcommittee to give a report on steps taken on subcommittee recommendations about screening U. S. employees of the UN. Lodge said that fingerprint forms had been distributed to American personnel employed and that fingerprinting was the first etc.? taken. wilh political parties/ The I \ tril.lined ordered four of tin' eleven reinstated wilh full back pay and directed lhat lhe oilier seven, win1 didn't want their jobs back, be paid compensation or damages aggregating some 1135,000.* The United Stales, expressing dissatisfaction with ihe tribunal's findings, laid the problem before the United Nations General Assembly. In lln- fall of 1951. ihe IN General Assembly disposed of tin' case bv up- holding lhe UN tribunal and voting to award almost $200,000 in damages I" the discharged employees involved.4 I heil concluded the matter from ll"' legal poinl of view; but the subject 0> American Communists in the IN remains an issue of keen interest to Ameri" cans. Let's consider this topie first from the viewpoint of tome who /iA'e the t'\ mid who think that this issue of American Communists in tlie UN /lies' been satisfactorily lianillcl. The' United Nations is bigger lha" anv political parly or any one nation- Ii does not consider thai its employee* should be hired or fired because of ""x political affiliation. It is working a" over the globe lo gel rid of war anil I" promote peace. This is ;i big job; am' whenever there's a big job lo be don1'- vou will always find a strange assortment of people trying lo hurt instead of 1,,'lp.1 Some arc ignorant, misinformed, <" frightened; some are profcssi<"';' troublemakers; and some are eve* more -mister than that. They hide I"' hind high-sounding names and orgs"' izalions; and they terrorize inttocc" people." The I nited Nations came into **" istence as a bright new hope for lastWr peace, and some people just have ' mental quirk which makes them :t'ra" of anything new. The United Nalions is nol. of con'"1'' FACTS FORUM NEWS, May, /.'.'"'
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