asked Mr. Hurleigh.
"Yes," replied Mr. Streibert. "It extends to all kinds of relationships other
than travelers and tourists, however —
businessmen writing letters — there are
all sorts of scientific intercourse back
and forth and many, many relationships. It should enter into all of them."
"And you want," added Moderator
Hurleigh by way of clarification, "to
make each one of these individuals
more or less understand the problems
of this country so that he can intelligently discuss them and make friends
for the United States when he does go
abroad in business or otherwise."
Mr. Streibert indicated agreement
with this interpretation.
Mr. Prina next questioned Mr. Streibert — "You told Congress in mid-1954
that USIA had stepped up markedly
its operations in Thailand in order to
alert that country to the dangers of
Red colonialism. However, recent reports from Bangkok indicate that
Thailand is swinging away from the
United States camp to a neutral position. Do you see that this indicates
any failure of USIA or the Voice to get
the message across to these people?"
Mr. Streibert demurred, "No — we
feel that it is not swinging to any neutral position as against or away from
the United States in favoring communism. We think that they are as much
against communism as they have ever
been, and understand the subversive
characteristics of the international
Communist conspiracy. There will be
changes of a minor character from
time to time, but we don't feel that
Thailand's allegiance is changing.
After all, it's a member of the SEATO
Activities Geared to
Asked by Mr. O'Connor if he felt
that the USIA program has actually
enhanced our general prestige abroad
in the short time it has been operating,
Mr. Streibert replied, "You are touching on a point that i.s rather basic, because we can't, by propaganda or
words, or by an information campaign,
do more than our foreign policies and
actions warrant and permit. We think
we have aided in innumerable ways
to help accomplish our objectives In
the various countries of the world. In
some cases the objectives have not
been achieved to as great an extent as
we would like. On the other hand, we
have been conspicuously successful on
many other objectives. One of the
best examples is the President's program for the peaceful uses of atomic
energy. We have done an enormous
job with all kinds of literature and
picture exhibits — and have used every
possible means of communication to
put that program over around the
world. It is understood ancl it is over.
Of course, it still has great potentiality
for further development. But to your
question regarding whether the USIA
The present world struggle is
much more than a contest in
armaments and economies. It goes
deeper than that and touches the
souls of men. . . . The laws which
control the orderly movement of
our world are not economic male-
rialism . . . but these problems can
be solved only by free men. ... If
we keep the faith and maintain
free minds, still new horizons and
new frontiers will open to us. revealing daily new areas of adventure and enterprise, new vistas of
beauty and belief.
— Hi inn ii i Hoover
In this bold experiment, external assistance from friendly countries is gratefully accepted but so
as not to inculcate in our people a
psychology of dependence on such
assistance. For in the last analysis,
economic development of a country can only come about through
tbe wholehearted efforts of its
people; external aid can act as a
catalyst, can supplement but cannot supplant national effort.
— (;. I.. Mill IV
Ambassador of India
program has generally enhanced our
prestige abroad, I say 'yes.' We do feel
that we are able to add to the beneficial effects of good policies in countries where we are accomplishing our
Rumors of Ceylon VOA Censorship
"Mr. Streibert, is USIA running into
any difficulty," inquired Mr. Prina,
"either in the free world nations or in
the so-called neutrals, in presenting
your program? I refer specifically to a
report out of Ceylon that there might
be censorship of Voice of America
programs as the new government took
"No, we don't have difficulty," replied Mr. Streibert, "in the sense that
we must plan our program — gear it,
so to speak — to each individual country dependent on the circumstances.
Some are out and out allies of the
United States and anxious for us to
help them, as well as to help us effect
public opinion as against communism
and in support of democratic government. Others are in a more neutral
position, and are not very anxious to
have us so active where, let us say, our
relations are more of a cultural nature.
The particular case in Ceylon was no
great difficulty, because it was perfectly within their rights. The broadcasting stations we are using are on
their land although they were built by
us. They have the right, according to
our agreements, to look at the scripts
and see what we are saying. We were
perfectly happy to arrange that."
Helps Democratic Process
Mr. Prina asked Mr. Streibert if he
had approved — after thc fact became
known — USIA action in Italy in lending a sound truck to one faction in 3
union election in a manufacturing
company, an action which had been
earlier reported by Mr. Castle.
"That wits a routine matter that \#*
would elo anywhere at any time," replied Mr. Streibert. "If we can help
the democratic process, we will do so-
"It is the policy of your agency, Mr-
Streibert," questioned Mr. Hurleigh
"to help the democratic parties in each
of these countries wherever possible?
"That is right. That is our basic
yardstick wherever we can overcom6
Mr. Streibert mentioned that th"
USIA has methods of checking up '"
the various countries regarding whid1
methods are more successful in receiving and imparting information, an'1
stressed that the L'SIA stall' is exped
in gauging results of the various kind*
He replied in the negative to i
question from Mr. Hurleigh regarding
whether we have overlapping of info-"
mation agencies abroad that tend •"
create ineffectiveness, as in the rivaW
between branches of our armed ser*-'
Clarifying his opinion, he state"
that we operate in each country und6'
the Ambassador or Chief of the MlS'
sion, as ;i part of the country team-
"We are one of the Embassy," state"
Mr. Streibert, "and our staff operate
in complete cooperation and uni"
with them." &"
Facts Forum News, September,