By E. H. Hutch/son
Devln-Adoir Co., 23 E. 26lh St., New York 10,
N. Y., 1956. 199 pp. $3.50.
Commander Hutchison, after service as an observer in the Mixed Armistice Commission in Jerusalem from
November, 1951, took over the appointment as Chairman of the Commission in the summer of 195.3, which
post he held until November, 1954, all
under the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization. In early 1956
he completed this record of his experiences in the Middle East — a record
rounded out with maps, tables of statistics, camera shots, and specific case
The new nation of Israel is on terms
just short of all-out warfare with the
three border states, Svria, Jordan, and
Because, says Hutchison, Israel's
neighbors are dissatisfied with tbe existing Arab-Israel border line, which is
guaranteed by the Tripartite Powers —
the United States, the United Kingdom, and France; and which in many
instances separates non-Israelis from
their farms and from their sources of
water and livelihood. Dissatisfaction
exists because infiltration, smuggling,
and reprisals have become commonplace; because Israel "refuses to talk
of repatriation or territorial adjustments."
Commander Hutchison thinks the
danger of war is imminent because to
the Arab Nations "Israel's constant call
for immigration — the ingathering of
all Jews — means just one thing: eventual expansion." He says the danger is
great because world Zionists have
given Israel's "activists" a false sense
of security, hence Israel claims "world
political pressure that will bring backing for her every demand."
Communists in the USSR and in
Czechoslovakia are more than interested spectators. They have shipped
arms to the Arabs, made overtures to
Egypt, are obviously trying to move
in on the rich oil fields, the productive
lands, the convenient seaports of this
favored area. The major deterrent to
the spread of Sovietism is religious,
not political, Middle Asia being preponderantly Moslem.
The following quotations from his
book sum up Commander Hutchison's
"An inescapable impression of the
traveler in Israel is that the military
takes precedence over everything. . . .
With all that stands to Israel's credit
today, a close study reveals some dis
turbing facts. Here is a small country,
armed to the teeth, strong in national
spirit but sorrowfully lacking in foresight. With little to offer in natural
resources, Israel is today tottering OD
an economic structure that is totally
dependent on outside financial and
technical aid, primarily furnished by
the United States."
"The Powers who, with the desire to
furnish asylum for Jewish refugees,
backed the establishment of the State
of Israel, now realize that by doing so
they did not reduce the number of displaced persons in the world. The
900,000 Arab refugees, living in misery, are a grim reminder of this fact.
"The task of Israel today is to seek
recognition as an asset rather than a
threat to the Middle East."
SOCIAL SECURITY-Fact and Fancy
By Dillard Stokes
Henry Regnery Co., 20 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago 4, III., 1956, 208 pp. $4.00.
Here is a concise history and exposition of Social Security as a whole subject, not just a fragment of certain
aspects of the matter, as has been set
forth in a total of 86,655,000 copies of
thirty different booklets and leaflets
put out by the Social Security Administration between 1950 and March
The first Social Security law was
voted by Congress in 19.35 and, though
limited, was definite ancl sound; there
was no way a worker could lose money
he paid into the system. The Act guaranteed that he or his estate would get
it back with interest, while the 1935
Act was in force. Congress, however,
reserved the right to alter tbe Act at
vvill. This reservation kept Social Security from being a genuine contract between worker ancl government — a
provision which many did not grasp.
The second Social Security Act
(1937) was of brief duration. It was
an alteration of the first, ancl officially
represented the theory that Social Security was not an insurance-and-annu-
ity setup, but rather a public general-
welfare program — on a tax, not 3
premium basis. On the theory th*'
Social Security was a benevolence U1'
stead of a business, the Supreme Court
upheld the constitutionality of the
Act. Strange to relate, the public was
immediately thereafter informed th»
Social Security meant insurance; it &
understandable that the typical Amef'
can would not relish the idea of !*"
ceiving charily in return for paymei>
of forced, inescapable taxes.
With the greatly-changed third SO"
cial .Security Act of 1939, "the money-
back guarantee disappeared and i*5
body has never been found." The te"
quirement of actuarial soundness carefully written into the law of 1935 too**
wings in 1939, according to Mr-
(Continued on page 6"'
Facts Forum News, September, 195"