of orders by the bureaucrats (the skeleton staff of which
stands ready to take over when revolution comes to pass).
The Class Room Teachers had two tasks: to convert
teachers to a revolutionary approach to problems, and to
recruit members for the Communist Party. It became clear
that before long the Teachers Union, including the Class
Room Teachers, would be controlled by the Reds.
1 Dm not become a Communist overnight. It came a little
at a time. I had been conditioned by my education and
association to accept this materialistic philosophy. Now
came new reasons for acceptance: I was grateful for Communist support in the struggles for improved economic
conditions of the Instructors Association. I admired the
selfless dedication of many who belonged to the Party. I
was not interested in long-range Party objectives but I did
welcome their assistance on immediate issues. I respected
the way they fought for tbe forgotten man. So I did not
argue about the "dictatorship of the proletariat" or its
I was not the only American who thought one could go
along with the good things the Communists did and then
reject their objectives. It was a naive idea and many of
us were naive. I learned over the years that if you
stumbled from weariness they simply marched over you.
I became the tool of a secret, well-organized world power.
I learned that Lenin held in contempt unions interested
only in economic betterment of workers; that unions which
followed a reformist policy were guilty of "economism";
that trade unions are useful only when they win workers'
acceptance of revolution. I saw senseless strikes called and
Communists have no hesitation about bringing unknown
people forward into leadership — the more callow or ill-
equipped the better, since they vvill be more easily guided
by the Party. If tactics change, they drop them quickly.
The Communist Party used the emotional appeal of
anti-fascism to bring people into acceptance of communism, by posing fascism and communism as alternatives.
Some of the same forces which gave Hitler his start also
started Lenin and his staff of revolutionaries to St. Petersburg to begin the Revolution which was to result in the
Soviet totalitarian state. I, myself, swallowed the Party's
lies in the Spanish Civil War. The Communist publicists
took for their own the pleasant word of Loyalist and called
all who opposed them "Franco-Fascists." This confused
jt_iARL Browder, as chief of the Communist Party, emphasized the importance of relying on Stalin who was building socialism in Russia, and only on Stalin because of his
shrewdness in dealing with all, even with enemies of the
working class, such as English and American capitalists.
Attending conventions took much of my time. No convention of teachers in the United States went unnoticed
by the Communist Party. Particular attention was given
to pushing federal aid to the public school program. Quiet
Albeit Blumberg from Johns Hopkins University was the
shrewdest Communist agent in the American Federation
There is no doubt that Earl Browder was close to the
seats of world power. The men who paid their hundred-
dollar admissions and contributed thus to school funds
became part of the group which Earl Browder was to call
"progressive businessmen," meaning those willing to go
along with an international program of communism. Th'
lure was expanded profits from trade with the Soviet. TW
price paid was unimportant to these well-fed, well-heer
men, who felt the world was their oyster. The price Wl
respectability for communism at home and leadership °
the Soviets abroad.
I gave up my Hunter College work; I felt I could no1
serve two masters. I did not see communism as a conspi'
acy; I regarded it as a philosophy of life which glorified
the "little people."
My father died in 1939, my mother in 1941. My husband
bad obtained a divorce; shortly thereafter I heard he r?
married. These events led me to throw myself complete',
into my work for the Party.
By January, 1944, I was firmly established at Party head'
quarters on the ninth floor of the building owned by "*
Party at 35 East Twelfth Street. There I organized *
legislative program of the Party; but, more important st'1,
I supervised the legislative work of the unions, chiefly •'"
unions of government workers on a state, local, and n3'
tional level, of the mass organizations of women, ancl °
the youth organizations. .
All over the building there was a noticeable feeling °.
excitement and optimism. Browder's book, Victory """
After, placed Communist participation in the mainstre**
of American life. At a state board meeting Gil Green, N-**
York State chairman of the Communist Party, gave a *-'
on the new era at hand, and startled us with perspectiw
new to those who been brought up on Lenin's thesis tn*
imperialism is the last stage of capitalism. Gil now s£"
that the age of imperialism had come to an end, '''!
Teheran had canceled out Munich, and that Soviet-Amf'
can unity would continue indefinitely after the war. 1 ,
gether, he added, the United States and the Soviet v.'""1'"
solve the world's colonial problems and indeed all on'
1 HROUGH December, 1943, we at headquarters had he*'
nothing but Teheran. What had happened at that c(in'e
ence was by no means clear to us. We did know u\ .
Browder was writing another book dealing with it. ' ,
also knew that Teheran was now the password, that
mean maximum cooperation of Communists with , I
groups and all classes. The artists and writers wh
lowed the Communists began to interpret Teheran il
work. For every activity Teheran was the key. H"-"|l
murals commemorated it as well as cafe-society songs a i
political skits. For some time this line brought a pleas-' .1
sense of security, but by January we heard rumbling8 |
trouble from the ninth floor as they prepared for l
coming Party convention. .fl
Dissension had arisen among the leaders. Sam Dai ey'.
Party- organizer from California, disagreed with the P
posed change of Party line and Gil announced the P".
buro decision to expel Darcy. A vote was taken supper*1
the action of the national Politburo. Like all votes in L
Communist Party, it was unanimous. I was startled by |
anger displayed against this man. Only a few days bet , /
they had all called him "comrade." With the expulsio",
the dissident Darcy, peace reigned again. We were c°" j
dent of the Party's importance in the current Amefl j
The convention that year was held at Riverside I'l-'/'1'
hotel on West Seventy-second Street. The Party mad" J
worked with planned precision. The American Coni'i""'
Facts Foiu-m News, September.