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Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 9, September 1956
File 021
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 9, September 1956 - File 021. 1956-09. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. May 24, 2019. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/279/show/230.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1956-09). Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 9, September 1956 - File 021. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/279/show/230

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 9, September 1956 - File 021, 1956-09, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed May 24, 2019, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/279/show/230.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 9, September 1956
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date September 1956
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 5 1956; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 021
Transcript :ates I the Penii*' 3 conduct, cision in "f enforce tn* 'ernnti ig the em is it limit tt* ion and C" t jurisdictfl aent and " t of (hi or attempt ie state ft* oth a fe lower . • ■ ■ as not sttj mpied a fi*j late, differ'"' on. Thus: laws in *J et, has ma* iiry to; ocC' bility; inco»j But none «• lal test or a" ■sis there c--' ras Me e legisla^ Members of the Supreme Court of the United Stotes. Left to right, seated: Felix Frankfurter, Hugo Black, Chief Justice Eorl Warren, Stanley Reed, William 0. Douglas. Standing: Sherman Minton, Harold H. Burton, Tom Clark, and John M. Harlan. Tj, °iriniunist-action organizations" and "Communist-front ""Ionizations,"11 requiring such organizations to register . " to file annual reports with the Attorney General, giv- *§ complete details as to their officers and funds.'" • - - The Communist Control Act of 1954 declares "that "e Communist Party of the United States, although puf- *°tedly a political party, is in fact an instrumentality of .■e'liispiracv to overthrow the government of the United ates' and that "its role as the agency of a hostile foreign Wvor renders its existence a clear, present, and continuing ?***-ger to the security of the United States."" It also con- Pus a legislative finding that the Communist Party is ""iniiinist-action .organization" within the meaning of 1 that vei'r more din* lies betw . eInternal Security Act of 1950, and provides that "know- *< members of the Communist Party are "subject to all ■"■'Visions and penalties" of that Act. . . .'- .. "<■ examine these Acts onlv- to determine the congres- °nal plan. Looking to all of them in the aggregate, the "elusion is inescapable that Congress has intended to c'iipy the field of sedition, Taken as a whole, they evince Congressional plan which makes il reasonable to deter- '"e- that no room has been left for the stales to supple- . '"''t it. Therefore, a state sedition statute is superseded, SardleSS of whether it purports to supplement the fed- Nlaw. program. Since 1939, in order to avoid a hampering of uniform enforcement of its program by sporadic local prosecutions, the federal government has urged local authorities not to intervene in such matters, but to turn over to the federal authorities immediately and unevalu- aled all information concerning subversive activities. The President made such a request on September 6, 19.39, when he placed the Federal Bureau of Investigation in charge of investigation in this field: The Attorney General lias heen requested hy me to instruct the Federal Bureau of Investigation of the Department of Justice to take charge of investigative work in matters relating to espionage, sabotage, and violations of the neutrality regulations. This task must he conducted in a comprehensive and effective manner on a national basis, and all information must he care- hilly sifted out ami correlated in order to avoid confusion and irresponsibility. To this end I request all police officers', sheriffs, and all other law enforcement officers in the I'mtod States promptly to turn over to ihe nearest representative of the Federal Bureau of Investigation anv information obtained by them relating to espionage, counterespionage, sabotage, subversive activities and violations of the neutrality laws. i Edition against the United States is not a local offense '. le „ - . .1 .- a C :a „1 l.l 1.. I'll,. 's a crime against the nation. As such, it should be Bl s Ct 399- tember, -1 f ^Sc-euted and punished in the federal courts where this :l''l'"dant litis in fact been prosecuted and convicted and (i n°W under sentence.13 It is not onlv important but vital (i',,t such prosecutions should be exclusively within the 5,0-01 of the federal government. . . ." j, Enforcement of stale sedition acts presents a serious nger of conflict with the administration of the federal ik ls Fori vi News, September. 1956 In his brief the Solicitor General states that forty-two slates, plus Alaska and Hawaii, have statutes which in some form prohibit advocacy of the violent overthrow of established government. These statutes arc entitled anti- sedition statutes, criminal anarchy laws, criminal syndicalist laws, etc. Although all of them are primarily dine ted (Continued on page 38) "50 USC (1955 Supp) S.-c tion S41. '-Id., Section 843. 'Cnil.-.l States v. Mesarosh [Nelson] (DC Pa) llfi F Supp 345, affd. I \ all 223 FSd 44!), cert Kr ,350 US 1)22, 100 L pd (Advance P 1-17), 76 s Cl 2 IS. ".177 Pa, al 7(i. till A2d, at 142. The Public lap,,, and Addresses of Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1939 Volume, pp. 478-479 (1941). Page 19
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