FROM *Oie (^reat ^retenae
J.ODAY, the gravest threat to freedom of thought and all other basic
human freedoms is to be found in the
totalitarian philosophy and movement
fostered ancl financed by the Soviet
dictatorship. The genuine fighter
against conformism must recognize
that communism is its most perilous
expression. In our opposition to even
the slightest conformism in our own
country, we must therefore guard
against cooperating with Communists,
whose dogmas and deeds are the very
negation of freedom of thought.
Our country plays a vital role in the
international arena. The eyes of the
world are on all our institutions. We
must spare no effort and lose no time
in eliminating any anti-democratic
expressions in our way of life. In this
connection, I can assure you that labor
will yield to none in acting to eliminate from our country race prejudice
in every form, in every field of human
endeavor, in every part of the land.
Thank Cod that in our democracy
no one has to conform even with the
highest government official. Wishful
thinking and leap-year political partisanship have caused some to paint a
distorted picture of the last congress
of the Communist Party Soviet Union.
By GEORGE MEANY
We have been asked to believe that
the free world — in comparison with
the Communist orbit — is today
stronger than it was a year ago; that
Moscow has been forced, as a result of
our increased strength, to revise its
strategy and go about the world seeking friends on a new basis. Frankly, I
do not believe this is true. In addition,
I find it hard to believe anyone in official positions or responsibility in our
government really thinks this is true.
What arc the facts? Despite all the
world-shaking noise made at the 20th
Communist Congress, and, on many
occasions before, about reforming the
Soviet system, it remains the same — a
monolithic one-party dictatorship in
the hands of a narrow clique whose
policies are always unanimously approved by those hand-picked by the
Communist ruling group to represent
the people. This system is maintained
by a ruthless police state. It holds
many millions in slave-labor camps
and prisons. It maintains its stranglehold through a continuing purge by
firing squads and a complete denial of
the democratic rights of labor, and the
fundamental human rights proclaimed
in our country's Bill of Rights. For the
people behind the Iron Curtain, the
George Meany, president of the
AFL-CIO, ranks as one of labor's
most forthright spokesmen
against communism. Recognizing the importance of maintaining free labor movements
abroad, Mr. Meany was instrumental in the establishment of
the International Confederation
of Free Trade Unions. He was
chosen president of the AFL in
1952 to fill the post left vacant
by the death ot William Green,
and was unanimously elected
president of the combined AFL-
CIO at its first convention in
New York City in December,
dictatorship is no less oppressive whflj
it is run by 11 tyrants trained in the
Stalinist school than when it was ruO
by a single despot.
The Soviet system is today fiirtlit''
away from ours than it ever was. I'1"
cause in our country democracy ha*
been making headway. Hence, there
is no basis whatsoever for the concM
sion that the Kremlin now realizes tin1'
it must bring its system closer to ours-
Surely we must realize this is n"'
the first time that the Russian Coin'
munists have revised their strategy
Surely there are some of us who n"
member June 21, 1941, when Mosco*
changed its mind about Hitler bein?
a great patriot defending the Germ311
people and world peace.
A New Maneuver
The Russian Communists have bee*
constantly revising their strategy. Bu
neither at the 20th, nor at any oth*
Party congress have they chant!1
their basic and ultimate aim — vf
conquest of the entire world and 1
transformation on the Soviet sla^
If the present world crisis could "
dealt with simply on the basis of (flj
lomatic pacts between nations, '.
would not be so serious. We won'
then be dealing with paper perils a"
a pen-and-ink crisis. I do not belitfl
the value of pacts — especially if '",l
when they are genuinely in the servi';
of peace and freedom. But the m6'*
conclusion of a pact is in itself '
proof of its effectiveness as a force I1!
peace. The Molotov project for a ' <*"
[ective security" pact as well as "
Warsaw pact do not mean that M°
cow is copying our mutual-seciii1
program. NATO seeks peace and P
helped preserve peace and secuPJ
Their "mutual security" programs ^
at strengthening the forces of C°^
munist aggression and dividing '
Russia, without doubt, has fflp
serious weaknesses in agriculture,
(Continual on j,age'
Facts Fobum News, September. 1
°f the (