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Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 1, January 1956
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 1, January 1956 - File 069. 1956-01. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. December 1, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/209/show/208.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1956-01). Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 1, January 1956 - File 069. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/209/show/208

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 1, January 1956 - File 069, 1956-01, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed December 1, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/209/show/208.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 1, January 1956
Alternate Title Facts Forum News, Vol. V, No. 1, January 1956
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date January 1956
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 5 1956; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States
Item Description
Title File 069
Transcript A Close-Up View of Radio Free Europe Constitution of the U.S.A. and Proposed AmencJments Social Security Pro and Con Views Readers eport ... Can You Top This? In a I.o ... \n:.!1 ·11· ... IW\'"fl<lpt>r "Pill to th I>) a n·.1d1·r. \Jj .... l.oui .. 1• \I . Hid1anJ ... on. or Coro­na1lo. ( .difornia. \\i.l ... 1hi .... ton. undn a f .()rH' Pint· 1btt·lirn·: - .. Tlw L9ni11·d \ation .. Ila)! no\\ flit"• from tlw hi:.d11· .. 1 nw11~11ai11 in rlw l nitt•tl ....,tatf-' ... \IL \\hitrw~ . I l,l9r1 ft. hiid1. ·Tiu· 11.1!! \'"" pl._u·t·d tlwn· I" tlw l \ ( ommil11·1· of -.,;.in l>i1·:.!o. undn tllf' 1·om­llli. HHI of ( <tpt. E;1rl E. Crillt'. tu con11n1•mo­r< 1t1· tlw IOtli ;.111niH•r .. al\ of tli1· .. j.!!ning of tlw l \ Lhartn in "'i.111 Fr.11wi ... t·o." "'hould \\I' 11} 10 lop thi ... ·t - or ... top it! • Mock Political Convention H1d1anl ( .. P.i:.!I' 111d I .1·1· B. Hoth .... 1wlP11t .. of Olwrlin ( ollt•;.!1•, O/wrlin. Ohio. and mf'm· llf'r .. of liw n1lif·::1· 1w''"P;qwr and \f•,irhooJ.. -.tafT .... "rit1· 11 ... n':,!.tnlin;.! tlwir q11;.11fn·nnial \lod, Political ( 011\t·111ion. \\liidi j .. tlw 11n•at· 1• .. 1 all-l"ollq.:1· 1·\tr,1n1ni1·11l<1r ai-ti\ll\ on,...tlH'ir i .1mpu ... _ I t I (ktolwr tl1t· ... t11d1·111 l;o1h \ot1·d KRS to h~O in LI\ or of h;n in:! a D1·n;on.1ti1· \lod .. Con\1·ntion thi ... \t·ar. \11• ... o;;;r .... Pa;.!1' and H1;1l1 infn1111 u ... th;1t '."tu-dt ·nt l1•adn .. ,111d .. t11d1·11t p<1rli1·ip.1111 ... \\ill rarr) out both f11ndio11 ... of rwtional pnlit11·,d 1·1111\·1·11- tinn .. : f I J tl11· "'i·li·1·1ion of a pn· .. id1·nti d nom.- 111·1· arul Ji ... r111111inc-111at1· · ( :! t tlw formation of a pl.1tform for tlw part\, Tiu• 1·011\f'lllion i-.; -.dwd11l1·d ffll \l:I\ '.{. I. and S. Thi ..... 1·t•m ... trul) an ohj1•1-1 Jt> ..... on in 1·itizf'n­.. hip \\ hid1 otlwr .. diool .... mi~.dit \H•ll '' i-.h to 1luplinlti'. • As the Twig Is Bent \Ir. \l11n1ro ... 1· \1·,,rnan of tlu· fon ... 1i1111ion of tlw l'nit1·d ~1a11· .. Foundation. :t! \\'p ... t Han· dolph ..,tn·f't. ( lii1·a μ:o I. lllinoi ... "i\ ~f'i.lr ... <1μ:11 ~a"' up i.l matnial '-l'l'Uril\ joh and undntonk • 1 n11-.ad1· lo makf' tlw ( hildn·n· ... \111t·ri<·an I lnit.1!!1· Prnμ:ram a real ii\. Thi ... proμr.1m. 1·ni· pha ... izin!.! tlw lt'.ichin:.: nf tlw ( 'on ... titution of llH' l 11it1·1l "-lt;1t1· ... in llw upper rl1•1111•nta1) ~rad1· ... of our puhli1· .t11d ('a1<whial ... f'l1nol '")'­tt• m ... j ... no\' in 1·1T1•1·t in rrwn· 1h.1n li\1· 111111 dn·d -.d1onl-. thrnu~hout 1lw l 11i1t·d ~1.111· ... T,,o 1il.1q1w-. ha\I' lw1·11 f11r·1i ... lll'd .. d100J .. throu!.!.h tlw f hildn·n·.. \nlf'ri1 ·an llniLt!!I' J>rn:,'.'.r.1111, n11f' ... Jurninl!' tlw lh ·d.11.11io11 of lr ul1·- 1•1·11il1·111·1• .ind I nd4·1wrHl1·1w1· 11.tll. .111.J tllf' otlwr .. ho'' 111~ thr l'lf'<l:.!i' of \ ll1·6'ian1 1' to tlw Flaμ:. } ott um! tht· f:mHtitlllion nf 1/11· f 'nitt•d 'ilt1le\. a hook.Id Ii) l'aul \\ i111-. \\ hid1 j .. no" on tlw ;q111r0\1·d 1·l1·nw11t.n\ in..,11111'111111 malf•­nal li ... i... of Board .... of l·:d1wation throu:.:linut 1lw l nit1·d ~tat1· ... , In ... al-.o 111 •1·11 "id1·h- di ... - 1riht1tP1!. • Tlw 36th \ 1tio11al \111111.il f fHl\t·ntion of Tilt' \mt'fil'<lll J.q.don app10\1·d of thi .. prn­.! r<.1111. a ... \\1'11,i... l'lw \1111·1i1 ·111 l.q.!11111_ lh·pJrt-lllt'nt ... of lllino1 .... 11111 \\ j ... 1·011 ... 111 •. 11 tlwir rt'· 'fit'1·tiH• .. t,1t1· 1·1111\1·11111111 .... I· 1t•t•do111 ... Fot111d.1- tion, \ dl1·) F11r,.1-. :,!.l\t' .111 honor 1111·d.tl to tlw Of, by, and for facts forum News readers I )1·part1~1·n1 of \\'i ... 1·011 ... in of Tlw \mni1·an l .t>μ:ion for ha, in:.:: nrnd1· 1lw ( hildrPn·.., \mni· 1·an Ilt·rita μ:1· l'roμ:rnm 1·ITnti,1· in ~ ·i .. con ... in ... f'!wol ... In pro1·p ...... j ... a \\Ork.book. for 8th μ:rad1· 1111pil ... 1·m1·r111μ: .111 1·ntin• ... 1•11w ... t1·r- ..... tudy of thr l>rd<1r,111nn of lndqu•nd1·1w1· and llw (.on· ... ti1111ion. Titli'. 01wrntiu11. { .S. I. Thi-.; "ill lit· 11uh/i ... lwd in Fl'hrt1<t1\, llJ.)6. \Ir. \1·1,111 ;111 \\ri11· ... that 1lw hook.lf'f. ) ',111 rmd '"'' ro11,titut11111 11/ ''"' { 'nitnl .'i((f/f'\. f';ll\ lw '-tlf!pli1·d iu q11<.111liti1· ... of not It· .... than fort\ al SO f'i'nl-. Pad1. Tlli' plaqw· ... IJ01\inμ: tlH' ))nlM;tlion of lnd1•p1•11d1·1w1· and l nd1•1)f'nd 1·1w1· I L.dl j ... 'L9:l . .:ind that ... IHrn inl! th<· Plrd~c of \ll1·μ:ian('i' lo the Flaμ: j-.; '3.95 . • We Aim to Please - Please Patriots, That Is! \111 lnrl!.! :q.:o \Ir. f lwrl1•-.; .I. l'nicorw of l88 \I ill Hoad. I l1 ·111p-.1c·ad. I . I.. \t'\\ 't ork. '' roli' n•1·01111111·111ling !hat Fw 1' F11ru111 \ nc~ print 1lw f on ... 1i1111ion and Bill of Hig:ht-.. \\ 1· arc h<1p111 to 1·0111pl), \Ir. l'f'rif'onr, on p:1:.:1· :~:! of thi ... j ... ..,llt'. .. Attention, Defenders of Civil liberties! \1 <11i1· I .di.than. 10'> F:. ~1't • t., llrookl) n :26_ \n, 't nrk.. ha ... fon,;_anll'd to 11c;, ... om1· 1·lip· 11ill:!'- from 1h1• llrool.-/\11 Tnh/1·t "hi1·h ha\1' a ... 1r.1n!,!'1' '-Ion In 11·11: .lnhn "-lh;_nq.dm1· ..... ,. l~HO E. l:lth -..1.. Brook.­h n. \\,l'- a 1·i,ili~111 1·mpl011·1· nf tlw \rnn f lw111i1-al (mp ... at IHO \ arif'k St.. \L111h<1tt<111. \\ho in JI).');~ wn·ilf·d a f'nlifi1·at1· of .w hi1•\f•­m1 ·111 .tnd a ':!I:) 1·a ... h ;rnanl from tlw J!O\f'fll· 1111•111 for Jij ...... 11:,!'!!l''lion to ma1 k all mat1·ri<1I ... hip1wd mcr ... 1•a-. -· \ladi· in !lw l 111tcd Stalf·~ of \1111·ri1·a ." 111· i.., aJ ... o n1·di11·d \\ith oriμ;inal· in:! a ... implili1·d pa1·k.aμ:in:.: plan \\hif'h has "'"'" I 7.000.000 f1·1·1 of lumlwr and ':l.000,000 . f.al1· in JI):).'; 111· a ..... t•1t ... that hi .. 1·0111mun1li11i: ofli<"rr told him that hi ... ;wti' iti1• ... \\t'rt' "1•111h<1r­ra ...... in£· to ... 111111·orw 111111.imrd and that ht• \\ntdd ha\i' tn '-lop hi .. t·ffml ... or --... 1·i·k. 1•111ploy· mt•JI! pJ ... 1•,,lwn·." \Ir. -..1wu:,!h1w ..... ~. th1• futlwr nf f'lt•\f·n d1ildn·n. 11·1·1·i1t•d olli1·i.d 11011n• of hi ... di ... di.trl!f' lih1·1·n cLI\ .. afln (onl.!11"·' Ja ... t ad jo1111wd. f'Urportl'dl\ <I'- an '"4•4·onomy 1111'<1'-· urr"' althrn11!'h 1!11• .1111011111 he j.., 1·n·di11·d \\ith ... a, in:.: llw :.:o\1·rnnwnt \\Ould pa) Jij ..... a\a1) for fi"' hundn·d \f'ar ... \1Tnnli11:.: to tilt' l/ rrmli!lll T fl/;frt. '"(:onμ:n• ... .., \\i.1'- ... o imp11 · ..... 1•d (" i1h \Ir. "-lha11μ:h111· ..... , • .. "'II~· g1· ... 11on to mark O\l'l' .. l'd'- ... hq11111·11t .. "' \ladf' in tlw l ni1t·d -..1,111· ... of \rnni1 ·a'"] lhat it planrwd to p.l ...... a bill n·quiring '-llf'h m<11ki11g .... : hut tlll' I l1·p.1rtnwnt of ( '01111111'1'1'1' .. p1·;11 lwad1·d tlw op­po-. ition Ii~ tllf' E,1•1·11 1i"· lh·pallnwnl g4·rwra ll) ;111d .. ll:!:!f' ... l1•d 1 1·111w11r11·111 11· .. 1dut1011. \\ liid1. it .1...-.1111·11. \\Otdd .11"1"11111pli ... IJ tlw ... !1111· 11·...,ult .... / lw 11·-.0111111111 ",i.. 1•.1 ..... ,.,i 1111.1111111111""1' '" both 111111 ... , ..... rnd j ... lwilll!. 1~11011·d 1111.111i111011 ... h 11) tlw L\n111i"· l>1·p.11t111cnt. \d1id1 i11 ... t1·.id Jw ... ;.1do1111·d a p.11r of 1·la ... 1wd hand... "' Vol. of rlw Ea ... 1 (,1·rrrw11 ( omrnuni .. t Par!\ ,,.d. ,,Jii1 1• and hl111· .. hit·ld. . .. \nd." 1·11111111111' .. rlw llrrmkhn Tahfrl lmiul. "fon·ign ( 011111111ni ... 1 .. an· 1·a ... hi11f! in !ht• l1/11ndf'1' and rt·ct'i\ ing nrdit for mrfl prod1lf'I~." • Americanism Thi ... H1l1111111 in S1·plf•mlu•r offn1·d pla1 to '-f·\l•ral 111·\""JIHJH'r.., for tlu·ir printinμ of l'rimn /flf lm('ffrr111s. Thi ... hookl1·! i~ om J.11.J..,1 JU th. •th. rs \11) 1 II.I\ II~ i)t• "i.\. BO ul1 Ci I in tl11• prn11·iplr .. of fn·t·dom \\hich huih t·ountn • .:111d 1·iwh of our n".:11l1•r ... nw\ 1' i-1 oli111111 a l'OJI~ or 1·opit' ... for llH·ir "'' 11 pt•1~ !); 11'-t'. Tlu• ... 1· 111.:1~ ht• ohtai1wd at 11·11 1·1·nl .. t - 1 from ) 011111!' & Huhicam. l nl'., :?H5 \ ltul \"·11111'. \1·" 't ork 17, \. 't. l.lo~d 1rnd L1•ila \\ hit111·~ \ hook.Id. fl 111·1,1 f ."an A.ft'/J It, 1 .. aJ..,o higfil, n·conrnwndi•tl '·1 ' 111 all pa1rioti1· \111ni1·a 11 .... and ma' lu· oht ( ii) \\ 1i1i11g Tlw \\ hilnt·)"· H:.?7 \\ ii l .. 011 \ 'uch\i~lt ( .hil'uμ:o 10. 1 llinoi ... , enclosing t 4•11 c·t•n J 1lky. roH·r muilinμ; ro ... i..... • There Was a P.T.A. In Our Town D1·nial of fn·1·4Jo111 of '"lll'Pd1 in tlw Tb .lf'fTn-.011 Sil1ool P.T. \ .. \lorri ... ltm n, \1· '-t'\. \\ii'- .. 1·1·11 1., Bd .. ) . .Janr Bramhall i af'lion of tlu· P.T. \ . 1n1• .. idcnt in ... un1fl' n·mo' inμ: lwr frnrn hN po ... i11011 <-I~ pr chairman \\ i1ho111 a prior l11·ari111!- \ l 1 ... Bramhall had pwl1· ... 1rd tlit' ti'l' 1 ""hool d 1ildu·n. i11cl11di11μ: hn da111.d111·r. I on a l \ES! 0 plai for l 'l Da~. Ck1olf pointing out to 1111· Board of ~:d1w;itioll 1101 011h did lhi ... plil\ contain fal ... 1· prop•''" IN \111 .• Co \ C1, }ir So< J\1 .~,, Co Co Ile I'm ..,Jo~an .. nlioul ··Cod" and '"l.ihe11, ·· in 1hf lhon<. liut a/ ... o that n·lw<ir ... al time for .1111• pl.i~ //( at 1111' l'\(11'11'-4' of 11•i.:11 l;1r Je ..... 011.., and '11 Cim"' pnn·nt ... · pPrrni ..... ion. Ca, Tlw ... r ..,a1111· p1·opl1· al ... o obj1·1·t1·d l.e' _ \ 1 \Ir-.. Bramhall 1rf11 ... 1·1l lo 1·1•11 ... or in a1h·'1f11 ~)'\ 11·111ark ... of tlw \nH·rnlwr JS "'P'';,1k1•r, · 'f IH'odo1t' .10111· .... of \\ ooddifT. \,.,, J1·r .. 1·' Tru. C '."(IOkf· on ·· \ \ lotlli'r I .ook ... al Prnl.!fl' ..... j,1' Pro 1·t11io11 ... \11 .... Bramhall "'<lid. "' In tlw 1·011 \\'110 S IH'r :~:l·111i1111t1• l<tlk ... Ju· "flt'nt .:1110111 li,t' Sn1 ut1·.., poi111111μ: 0111 that t lw l l\ES<:O pr~,, Sni i ... piirt mid pnn·1·I of tlll' l'm:.:n•-. ... i1c t. Do \\' 1 tion_ I.ift• \ dj11 ... 11111·nt 11HJ\cm1·nt. a fad; .'-tn1 all\orlf' can '''rify l1y rf'adinμ: .Jolin S110'1 • Sn1 1·1·111·111 hook. Tlw Tuminμ of tlw Tic/I'' Booi..._ I \ lnrill Hoot'-.: f."ollcrti1i'm m1 tllf' f:am/>l' l S \lortimn S111i1Ji'._ Thf' /)i111h1ished 1Uir1tf' 0 't: I "'If 1111' l \ <111d l \~:Sf'() an· indt'I "•OU.\ ~ano ... arwt that \\f' dart• 1101 nilif'izr t!u•111· H \J>JO mu ... t 11· ... 011 lo 11rior n•n ... or .. hip of tlw n·11" { ' of "J1t·aker .. at P.T. \. 11w1·ti11~·-.. tllf'n r1l .O'\ 1 I-~ \\I' li.n1· 10 ... 1 0111· of onr Cod-g i11·11 riJ.!~ \\ IV'\1" tlwt 111tn11atio11al orp;aniz.:11ion," \Jr .... BrJ l'o11 () <·nndudt·,I. p01 1 J~ • Information , Please! \11 .... C.. <. \linon. IS:!9 \l arkf't Sf .. ( land, ( idifnrnia. ''1111d1•r ... if illl\ of our rt lut\1· !Ill' \\Md .... of a .. 011μ-... ,-,> 0\\11 L' '-1a11·<' "hid1 \\II" '-llll~ in ... chool "114'11 \\ll'- \01111μ- . ..,,11' "ri1t· .... !lwt lwr '111 ... h.111 1111·111lwr.... \\ IH"n tlw1 '""I!'. "a" fi1 ... 1 -.un~ "-11.111 F1a111 ·i ... c11 llw.1ti·1. ;111d tlwt ii Jirt do\\11 1lw 111111 .. 1·. )1 ()(,\\; B1·\l\<tl of p<1t1101i .. 111 j ... ._, g1t".1t oiiJt - l .1·1·.., \\01 k for 11," .. 111' 11r:.:1• ... F" '' 1 .. p1·d lwnd.. "'' Vol. y 1111111ni'-t P.1n~ ·Id. Uroo/,-h 11 Tahfrt j..,, ... an· l'H..,Jiinμ: i~ g crrdit for mrr No. l JANUARY, 1956 mllf'r ofTcn·d plo.11 1lwir prinlinl!' nf Tl1i ... boollt·I , ... dorn "hid1 built · n•;,ul1•r ... 111<1~ \\ 1- or 1IH'i1 °'' n 1w•­wd at t1·11 1·p11t ... r i. Inc., :?85 \li!d ~. ' . Jll'\ • ... l1011l/1•t. /_/ C >fhd.1! p11hli<:.1tion or Fact<; Forum, In<:., 1710 l.1l l..,011 Strt·t·t, D.11l.1<; I, Tn.1 .... Puhli,llt·d month!~· Jll 1111 i111t·1nt... of F.1t·h Forum J>.lrlit·11u11t\ .md >th1 ,, t·o11t·t·rn1·d '' ith. di ... pell_i~i_c: pnhlil· ap.1_th~ ~ \11~ .1rt1d1 on).!111.1t111c: 111 F \CI S H>Hl'\t '\l•.\\S 11.1~ lit· frt·l·ly n·product·d. Second-d.l\'i mailin"' 11\ ilt·~1 .1uthori/('(I .11 D.ill.1<;. Tn .. 1 • l'riutt·cl in ~. \, BO \HD OF DIHFCTOHS: Hohnt 11. D1·dm.u1, ult·nt; John I.. D.tlt', Yicc-Pn·\id1·nt; \\',1rn·n Cillu·rt. Jr., St•(_·n·t.1ry, Jot· ,,l\h, Tn-.l\un·r; F P. L.unht rth, \Ira.. ~ut· \lt:Cr.111, Hol)l·r"I '' II . . )\ JSOHY BO \HD: \l.1jor B. \. 11.trdq. Ch.lir­- nr. _\rthur \. Smith, Llo~·d K Skinnn, D.nicl ldt·r, 11.lrr} E. Hoc:it·r, \\"illi.un '\. Blanton, !· '· Hu..,...t·ll, Jr .. \lrs. \\',lll,1t•1• S;_l\,1J.!t', \\', C. r, _Do.1k \\',ilk1·r, E. E. \tc:Ouill1·11, GoHrnor )h1\t•r., Gt·rwr.d \lht•rt C. \\'t·d1·111n t•r, \,1t\11t1·11,·l l Hoht·rt E. \\'ood, Hanford \tc:'\iclt·r, Jnhn •C'l'S F9HU\I h ii_ natimH~idt· pul_,li<· t·<lm.,_1- a11d llll.l\ lw oht · o_rc:.1_m,.;ttion d<•d1c:akd to arou ... 1111.{ puhlic l. H:!7 \\ijl.,on \ :,Hf_l\i;l\1,111i i1~}.:~::~.~~~·.:L1~·,\1rrit;;111h~.1·1~~a;~~~~~ '',~fm;~~:~;;:~ 111\ l'('('llllllllt'lldf•tl dosinμ; lt•n ('('11' J ulil·y. n Our Town IN TH IS F \CTS FOHU\I i\ nonprofit nnd nonp.trthan "UJlJ)ortinc: no politic.II candict11t' or p.trl~. I· i1 Fonim\ .1t·li' ilit•\ .1n· dt·'>iJ.!nt"d to JHt·,4 111 nnt Ju I ~':;~~\ ... ~ iij;:.lit~~fill ~ 1h'.::tr;~' \~'i()!,. i;~~11\j .!:~~~ t1i~:i~;~ 11l1i: ~.1tion of th1· \nwrit-.111 r>t:nplt· tht·nht·IH·' In lenm .lll tht• !.t<:t... .1nd comt· tu tht'ir 0\\ 11 <.·m1<:J11,m11,. SIG\:ED .\HTIC'LES ;tpp1-.ui11J.! in F \C r'i FOHl'\f ~F\\.S do not nt'<.'h\,1rily rqm·wnl tlot• opinion of tlw t•clitors. \1 \'l'SCHIPTS suhmittc·d to 1· \CIS FOHl'\1 'F\\·s '>hould h1· .l<.Tompani1·d h~· \l.1m1>t·d. 't·il­addr1 ·,,1·cl t'n\dopc·s. Puhlhlwr .t\'111111•, 110 rnpon­' ihilit~ for rd11rn of umolit'itt>d m.111mc.·riJ)l'i. Sl'BSCHIPTIO'.\I H.\TES in tlw tr.S. and l .S. no"t·s,ion .... $2 llt'r y1•ar, .'$.') for thrt·c• "''',\l"i .• \II nlllt'r t·m111tri1•\, $-l 1wr }'l'ar. To \uh\t·rilw, \('l' JlilJ.!t' .51. Cl I \'GE OF .\DDHESS. Sc•ncl old adtlr1·s' (t•\.1t·lly ,..., imprinkd on nMilinc: l.1h1·I of ~our cnp;. of F \CTS FOHL'\f .'\h\\'S) and 1U'\\ 1uldH·~s to 1-· \CT~ FOUl\1 'EWS, Dt·11.1rtrnt·11t C \. D.ill.1s I, i'1':1..1s. l'lt-.1\t' allow thrt•c \\'t'l'ks for ch.mi.:t'O\ l·r. .. 1u•p1·h in 1h1· Tl .. \lorri-.to\\11, \t'" \In-, ht H.\(.J. \\ft-HI(\, .. C01 . ..., 1y \\ \~lll7'C.10' Janr Bramhall I C.t111gr('.\8111a11 Brun• ~\lg£·r t1f I l'Xll.~. ·t•..;idrnt in -.uml11 \ C:1.o...,1- ·t P \IL\\ 01- R\DJO Fnt-.:L: EuH01•1· - First lnstallnu:nt po-.ition it~ pi<1 ]iri /Jrada r IH•arini,!. !-toe 1 \I ~H l HI'' Pro and Con \'il'\\'S ot1· .. 11·d llw ti"'(' I s,,('('('" h11 Samuel Camper.\' /!JJ(j •.•.......•.•••...•...•. !! IH'r dm1μ;'111·r. I Ct mg. \\ ~ H. Poage ........ '. . . . ..................... . l''I ))111 , 01101•< Cm1g. lirrice \lgcr............. . ............................... . rd or ~:ducat ion l{t /J. Holn-rt \\'. Ke<m, ".\Ir. Social Security"....... . .....•..•. itain raJ ..... prop·• /'au/ L. Poirot ........................•.......•....•............... 4'f,ibt·il\·· in tl11 ' H1.01H.\,J/"C; 111c CO\EH'\\lt:'\T imt• for. tlw pla~ /frr/)(·rt ll0<n er .. r lf• ... -.011-. and'' Crnw,11\'.'\llY \'\D Tiit·: Eco'.'\O\f1c: C1us1s Carl F. II. lltnry ........................ · · · · · · · · · · · · · • · · · J ... o olijt•cretl 1 1 \ Lo,c. LooK Bi-:11"-D 11n: Sen 11·: 1 Pi- \C-.t;; On- 1 SSJ\'E 1·i·11 ... or in ad\'ari \ . \ Hudin ... u·r l.S "fwakt•r .•. (·lifT \r\\ )1-r .. r' I 111 > C:o,s1 l'l l"l JO'\ OF 1111-- U.S.A ............... .. , ... a; Prn/!~p ..... i,1' I ropo,\cd \m<'t1dmc11ts ........••........ iid. "In 1lw 1·ot1r \\II(_> S110L1.o Junc.1 0L'n B<ns? .;p1•111 about Ii'' '~<'~I. \\'i/liam _E. Jenner. . .......... . " U\E~( () pr< Sm. Jahn 1 Sparkman ............. . • 1'10/!rt• ... -.hc f. Do~\ 1· \n-:n \ \1.::w APPHOAC:11 ·10 THE FAn\I Pnonu:"! \l'J1w111. a foci ~ ~n1. Clintm1 P. Anderson. Jinμ: .John S1101 1 ' Sn1. \//)(•rt Core ........... . ''/: r1f thl' Tidt'~HooK R1-\ 11 \\ s .. .. .. . .. . .. . . . .. ............ . II 1111 tl1t• r:~u111:! 1 () SunsCHllH' ..•...•..... ·1im\h<•d \find. ··········································· ···························· :S('() un· i11ilr1 '''OH\f.\IJ\l· Fon.\ll'I \ .. JO 17 II> JI) 20 ~' 2.) 26 28 :n ·10 41 48 49 51 H nitici1.1• d11·f1 51 1 · H \1>10 A1'n T\' Sc llU>UJ ES ,. ... hip or tlw n·r C.o,lfST Hu.1.., ·erin~"·. tllf'n •1 57, 5~. 5'J, 60. GI, 61 Cod-i.:;iH·n riJ!h \\ ""1"; L1.111 H..., 10 Emrous rion,'' \Ir ... Br<i 1'011. QL1s110".., .\'\D Pou. C)u:..,1m" \\·1,,i-:n-.. 62 ():~ ().) 6.) (i.5 9 \lark1•t ~t .. 1 r .'.Ill\ or our fl:• :. ··\1) ()"" I in -.i-11001 \,lwfl tal lwr 1111 ... /.•111 '''-'" fi,-..,, ... 11111! IHI that ii hrt Pcn1 H1...,n10,,1-ou L,..,1 \fo,111. I 0(. \'\ 1-'0H Tiii:.. \Jo'\ 111 PIIOTO CHEDITS Pai.:t• .~. P.1111 \1. Butl1·r, \\'id<• \\'oriel Photo P.iJ.!t' 7, 111111,1• of lkp11· ... 1·11t.1ti,1·' in "'"'ion, \\'idt• \\'orld Photo P.1)!t' 23, I l1·rhnt I lom 1 r, \\ idt· \\'oriel Photo P.11-:<· :J2, \fc·tropolit.l!l flt·r,1ld, .\tl,1111,1, (.1·orci.1. Tlw childrt-n "h°'"' in tht• \l,1rt· \lillt·r ph11to .1n· Budd;.· .111d \l.1r;., alo!t''i 9 nncl .3, \\htist• i1.1n·11t... .in· \Ir. ,md \Ir .... ll.1ro\d Cruin.11111 of .\llantu. P•lJ.!t' n. S1·11. Clmlon P. \11dc-r .. on, \\-ich· \\'odd Photo P111!t• I(}, Ch.1rln Shum.111. \\ idt \\'oriel Photo P.ti.:t· I'), ~··n. \llwrl Con., \\'idt· \\ orld Photo ' a ,,. .. /,!.lt'.tl olijt ------------------------------------- , r~~~~~~~~--~~~--~--: A cili:::e11 lw1 " complex d11t!f. Ile 0'1ght to lrnrn to express his o/)i11io111· a11d to makr "I' his orc11 mi11d on the principal p11b­lic iss11es. lie 011ght nel'er to miss the ballot box. And rchen /I(' casts his cote for somebod!/. he sho11ld rceigh that somehod!f i11 the srn/e of morals rchich includes i11tcllcct1/(/I i11t1•wil!f. - I IEHULHT I loon n Facts arc lo the mi11d rchat food is to the bod!f. 011 the d11e digestion of the former de/)c11d the slrc11gth a11d rcisdom of the one, 111sl as l'igor and health de/)end 011 the other. The rl'i.1est in council, the ah/est in debate, and the most agreeable com­/) a;1io11 i11 the com111l'rcc of h11man life, is that man tcho has assimilated to his 1111dersta11di11g the greatest 1111111/Jer of facts. - IknKF The earth is a gcncro11s mother. She rcil/ pro~ide in plentiful ab11nda11ce, food for all her cliildrc11 if they rcill /mt rnltirate her soil i11 i11sticc and i11 peace. - \\'1,sTo-.; Cm IH lllLL The time to g11ard against cor­m pl ion a11d tyra1111y is b efore they shall hace gotten hold of 11s. It is better to keep th(' tcolf 0111 of the fold than to lnl\t to drmcing his teeth and clarcs after he shall hal'c Cllf('red. - Tt10\l \S .I' I ITHSO" .\fy orcn deliberate opinion is that the more of /Hire moral principle is carried into the pol­icy and co11d11ct of a goccm­mcnt. the 161rr and more /)ro­fo11nd rci// that polie!f he. - Jo11-.; Ql "n \n \\IS l'cr«1ons llUhmill ing quotntion-. "hich nre ust>d in thi l'Olumn "ill ret'ehe onc-)car· suh.,('riptio1111 lo Fact., Forum :'\°('""· H alread) a -.ub~uiher. the f'On­trihulor mR~ dr<1ignalf' another 1>er on to llhom the a"nrd sub<icription "ill be .;;en1. or he ma) lli-.h to rxlt'nd his 1>nsent • uh<1<'ription. Bf' sure 10 liMI the •uthor11 an~ <1ource., of all quotation<i. I "Mr. Average AmericaG ~ Thi s ch all enge of service was a<'<'ept ed hy Con· g1·essman Bru<'e A l~e r o f Texa,.., ab it ib ac<"epted each e lec tion ) ea1· h ) ) o un ~ m <"n and women thro ug hout the United tal e;.. \ ne \\ ('Omc1· to the Washing ton S<'ene two years a~o, i\lr. Algc1· i·c la tes his exp e ri cm·cb in " learnini: the r o pes." Put yo urself in Bru<'e Al~er's ;.hoes ab ) ou r ead of his initia tion into the intrkadcs of our f ed e r al government. If ) ou a r e an a \ era~e Ame ri <'all of co ura ~e and high purpobe, yom· a ppli<'ali on may be n eed ed ! I S .\LL this really happening to me? I often speculate on that in a .. pind1-m)'elf-to-pro,e-l"m-awake'" routine. One da' )OU.re Ji, ing a normal though hu ... ) life' a ... a hu:--i11e:;:-.­man. and the 11e~t ) ou ·re a <:on~!TC ... ~man rcpn?:-.t•nti11μ- tlu.• people bad .. home in the hil!he,t lel!i'lati' e hod) in our nrnntn. Thc,c thing' ju•t can·t happen, particular!) \\hen \our elcc.:tio11 is ancl wa ... an ··impo~ ... ibilit),"' a:, }OU.re ~ome­time, told b) unbelie' ing fello\\ ('itizcn,. \~ hy should a lrn,i11e->ma11 run for oll1ce? 0£ cour-e. thi' "ill ahia)' be a per-onal cle('i,,ion. \Ian) [a('tor, ma) l!O into it. I ma\ JH'\Cr he '.'iUfC, in Ill\ ('a-.c. ~o man\ coincidental C\enb o~Turred. \n) \\a). I \\a-· approached h, . peopl<' "111>111 I re,petl \\ho said, .. \ ou can render u •en i('e and ) ou are able to do ii.·· I reminded them. ··rm not an attorne' ··, hut the) rcpli<"cl. '"That i, not ncce-,aq :· True, I helie\ccl in the need for a t\\o-parl) 'oci!'l) in•l<'ad of the one-part\ political ') •lem traditional in the ::iouth. I thouμht of Ill) cfj~approraJ of the "'taggc rin~ f!fO\\th or go\­t'Tllllll'Jll \\ ith thl' hu)!t' national tlt•ht for our kid, to inh<"rit. I realized that e\er)one ,houlcl he "illing to <cne, ju-t a' \\ l' e\pctt our )Oung men to do militan -en i('l'. I thought of Ill\ al!t' and the fact that I could 'l'T\ c •e\ era I 'ears and ,till ha\e time afternard, to build a hu-.inc-'. Then. too. I thoul!hl of the 'aliant -tru1!1:dc of Prc,iclcnt Li sen ho" er and hi' aclmini,tration to slo" clo"n the runa\\J) train of hureau!'ratic big gt" ernrnent. \\ hethcr it ""' the challenge of the long odd,, the real <'OllC'{'rn that f!O\C'nrn1e11t \\a ... <'ncroachinf! too mu«h 011 all our Ii\('..;. or the culmination or ,ear.; of \\Orking in ··:--en ic ,. l'apaC'itie, in busine>s and ci' ic life - I do not krHll\. But -ume" here alo111! the line I '-aid ·•)es" and ""' plunged into a nc\\ and different life. That dcci>-ion left unan-\lcred man) common <cn<e ques-tion,. for example: \\hat about the famil) here or in Page 2 \ra,hin!!lon? Where will we Ii, e? Tio" about <chot<atr. Jill? \'~:hat "ill mu do \\ith the bu-ine-,'~ \\ hat i' tht•"at!' of Ji, i11g in \\"a,l;i111!lo11 '~ \11d a htH of other rath<'r prr Ii, i. qut•-tio11- •olllt' of \\hich 111) \life >t'lhihh a,ked. ml had not 'et ('on,iderccl. 111 l had l!i' en little thought to puhlic appeara11c<'' and ·I pt'IH maki11~. Thi~ \\a-.. foreif!11 to 111e. hut ..,ureh tlte lt:a!-t o iμ-n u11 ... oh cd problem..,. Critic.... might lun c ~uμ.crc-.Led. ··)ttJrH not \\ill. ~o 110 111altt· r··: l1ut I \\<.b u11dau11tt"d. lbnill!-- Ill t in athlrtiC' and otlwr ('ompl'liti\t' al'li,it\ all 111\ lif<'- I~ pt po"'(' it ''a-. automatic 11ol lo "orr~ aho11l the outco111r 311 ) ratlwr lo optimi-.ti<"alh a ... ~UllH' 'it'lon and plan a('cord ~~ a Tlwre foll011('d \\t:<'b of -elf-in11;0,ed 'tucl1 011 r~ '.\I) i--u•·- and a n•-e ,a111i11atio11 of \\ hal I helit'\!'d to l mp fu11rtio11 of 1!•nt:r11111c11t. Thus gre\\ a fund of inforl1 ulcl later u-cd in man) C\temporaneous talk- thrnugho~) ( earnpaiμ-n. II I \\( MOTIVATING FACTORS ) ~ \I, phiJo,oph1 is a ,impll' nil< Oil(', and the ('OJI\ iction' .. -t<'rll frn111 it. t11ll·o111plica~~tl. Tl~l'I arc· ,harl'd. I a111 .-u'~·h: 111ill1011s of \ 111t•rn·a11-. I ht'\ 11H'ludl' a rntlwr ,trict -truetion of the Dl'cluratio11 °of l nclt•lll'Jl(l('Jll't' and thr tur . . ·1·1 . . I · I I · f f f itat --tllUllOll. I{'\ ('OllWJ{ (' \\ ll l l It' \I('\\.., 0 our oft' 'J j' \\ho e111hodiecl their 'trong religiou' lll'lil'f, in the ft'.,' 1 lion of our form of ~0H•r11nw11l thl' co11\ iC'tio11 that~ ,...k riμ.ht... come from God. nut ~O\ t•111111t.•11l that f!O' ct ~I-;; -hould he our •Cn ant. not our ma•ter. Fro111 thi- phih 1 ;• 'Pring' the lcu11!-l1eld \111erit·a11 helief that i11 in<l•' a rc''l"'"'ihilil), initiati\l·. and hu•tll' Ii<'- our coll1 0 " '\\ ~!T~·alnf•..;s. . . 1 nu rhe l'3111pa1g11 \\3' On a h11!h plall('. \1) pledl!C I eh( rcprl'•t'nt the _majoril) _o f the peopll'. n'l!arcllt·" of 1'9 lot pre--ure applied b) 111111011t' group-. to the encl of ' ~( -J' F \CTS Font " :\ 1 " ·s. ]111w11r!f icaGoes to eel by Con· is accepted nd W O tU e JI 01nc1· to the .Igcr 1·elates as yon r ead o u~· frcl cr al .me riean of icati on ma)' Congressman Alger, his secretary, Mary Hornbeck, and executive auistont, Frank Crow ley. 1 :-.hi11~ \\hat i:-; lll~ .... t for tlw \at ion, O\\ about SC' ho!" ale. and l>i•I rit'l. I tried lo dt'mon­.,, •; \\ hal i' thf ale I" 1111 '"'" efforb 111) ht'lid in otiwr ralh<'r per' li1idual inilia1i1e. I delermin«cl to •en,ihh a-keel- ork as thoup:h "'en thinμ: d«pencl«cl · fill', pra) as thoutrh C\ <'I"\ thin!! peararH·e.., an d •· I j.H '11d.1 ·d 011 lh« \lmight1. ." The <"am-ur(' h the lca~l o 1 ~.rn 1t-.elf "~"" \'ig:orous "ith man) c ~U'''"t' ... tl'd, ··,ttrnC'h "upporh'r:-. ''orking: hard. I 'launtt~S. I la\ in~ Ill throuμh C'ach office huilcling meet- 11 all 1111 life. I~ JH'npl« and <'arricd 111) 'Lor) lo the prnple 1 ia tele1 ision. )'~ut tlil' ·out<'ontflll) f111t• t·.1t1zen~ encouraged mc and their moral :-.upporl and plan ac·t·ortl ~ a gre~L~ rnccntn c. I . I ,.o ;\!\ pol1l1<"al theme 11as '"I'll ha"k Ike hut lw no ruhher .. (.'( ._lU( ~ Oii • ., . . , . ,. . . 1 helieiecl to l><'1 111 P- \1~ lq:1,lal11c ·1ard,l1('b on ('a('h hill 111 Conμre's fund of infor111 t1I<~ he: I 11 Is Uiio a fun('lion of fl'deral μmer11me1'.t? lk ti . "h"ot) Lan "'' afford 1t? I poinlrd out, in an allempt to ma111- ta . .., uout" 11 per ... peC'liH', that the three μreatr ... t dangers c·o11fro11ti11μ: '"'re: Ill \to111ic a1111ihilalio11: 121 Communism; ORS ) !'io"ialism; that lo -.1h e lhl''l' niti('al prohl«ms we I . . , 1uld join in inlellip:enll) tn ing to find the he,t "'lulions, l ll' ('()II\ 1rl1<1ll t .. I r . ., . ,\ian·d. I am -~' .. I' a1 at po 1tl(·,_ . . . _ I ·t·l I hat '"'' •ket<"h1h hnn"s u- lo tlw de<"l1011 1 wlon 1d11ch · a rat H'r -.tri · · r 'I I th<" lurn hroup:hl 011 a ho•l of problem,. lklie1 ing that a r<'pre-l'll( ern·e an< . • . I . f . . . '" of our fnr<'f ~lal11e' JO 1 " a ull lune Oil<'. I l1qu1dated 1111 real estate, . f . I ~ fl ild111g. and land·d<'' l'lopi111T hu ... int'""" in ... J101t ordl'r. !!el-heltc , 111 t 1c . I [ I I r . . - . . 1 1 p P: ric o ob, iouses, and l'lt'n Ill) oll1('e kq 111 ,,, ('Oil\ IC'lHHI l ta • rk .... time! nt that ""'' 1 . I . r I ·1<>· \I wad of the fan11. h, I "l"lll lo \\ asl11.n p:lo11 and took a : I· roIm tu. - I'. 11, 1i1 n II f Lir111. .... IH '< I apartm. ent. •I· hi·s ... oh ed the mo\ .1 11g- pro 1l1 cm 1ef t. 1al 111 111 ii• 1 1 1 .. on I our col ws \\ould h<' taken. I hus m1 he"' hegan a le lie- our co , · I I. I · · . \\ 1t 1out ll('~ c· e". lo\"'· \ ard. or pla~ μround. \h '' dt•. L,, nn, I I 1, 111<«1 lo li1P ap:ain !shades of -en i<"« life! I in a •I.\. 6 II('. \ II· JI("( Iff <' :J ,.1,,. rI. anc I 1·111 I 1r~an to 'Yd rt('qun11. 1le< I .r n a ne\\ H' I1 00I. n•uardl('" () I' ( I 1· · t> . lol."" lhe end of 'ooto.. "'omc a< JW·l111g h) all of u ... lo our Ill'\\ <'n' iro11mr11l. • , 11 w1 s Font 'r '\ 1 11·s. J11111111r11. J9.)6 I '\t \\~. fmlllll · . Olli<"c routine'( \lounlains of mail and "'ca,e"' 1rnrk t proh­l «nJS of co11>lilue11ls I l1<'r<' piling up alrea<h. I IH'<'dc'll a"i'l· a11h hoth ~chooll•d in lhc \\U)~ of \\ a-.hi11p.ton and familiar 11 ilh Ill) Dalla' di,trict. \ mo•t fortunate arranp:e111e11l n-sulted "hen Frank Cro11 lq. a £cllo11 Dalla,ile ap:reed lo p:o to \\ '"h­i11p; to11 '' ith me as l ·:,l~C'uli\C \ ... si ... ta11t and I \His lhcn ahle lo ... e<·un• 011C' of \\ a ... hi11μto11"s ahll·~t <·on:.rre~-.ional secrelarie .... Mari l lornhcck. Throup:h Frank and \Ian our olh«r a•so­C'iale-. \\t'H' cho ... <·11. a11d \\(' \\Cre on our \\U\ ! IL ""' al thi, lime that I fir,l t'n<"ounl<'r;·d 11i1at later h('­eamc painfulh apparent that Ill) oflice load 11 as to he p.rC'all'r than that of man~ other (·ongrr ... -.me11. H(.'pre-..rntinμ: one of the <'ounlr) ·, larp:c•l di-tricl> d<M' to t:00.000 peopl<' I \\ould ha1c no additional help. The "a1erag<" .. Tna' di,tricl contains alionl half that mani people som«. fe11e1 >Lill. \ ''arm \\Clcomc wa~ μ:i\en me in \Va ... hinμton. The, ictor~ agai11-.l odd .... \ 111eri('a11 ~~ mpath~ for tllf' undcrcloμ-. hrrd a frie11dli11<'" in others lo\\ ard me 11 hich added lo nn c11jo) - nwn l and prohahl) incn•a,ed my cfTedi1<·11e''· Th<' l'n»·idenl. the \ i"" l'n•,icl«nl and Cahin<'l ofli<"crs ll<'rc 11a1111h cordial. Conμr('=-~nwn 011 hoth side~ of the ai~.Jc were courl<:ou~, con· -idPrale. and frit•ntll). If 1111 11(•ko111e "'" le" than 11ann from 111) Tcxa' col­leap. 11C' .... and of this l"m not -.un~. it '-hould h(• rcmt•rnbcrcd 373053 they \\ere not ac·cu--.tomed to ha\ ing: a ma\ crick among them. It mi:dll he oh­., en ed that thn neither claim me nor diso\\n me; a;1d this relation,hip I understand. \o one \\Hllh insincere friendship. I l'!'COl!'lliz!' and under,land ho" men of diffc•ring idPological belief, can maintain a re,pcclful rclaticrn,hip and that tlw area of di .. agrc<·ment i' often greal!'r "ithin a part\ than he­l\\ een parli<». Then•', th!' real dilrmma. 1\mong my TC'xas C'ollea~uc:01 I soon rec­O!! nized man1· kindred lwli!'f, and that ("a .. clOH'r to -omr. idcolo!dcalh. than they "ere to !'ach other. I '~a' h:arning daily. \;'"'a). [ wa .. far from overlooked. In addition to the Texa' Delegation, the ltlth Club I fre,hmcn Hrpublican con­grcs'tncn I rl<•eled mr their 'ice-pre,i­dent the Texas Stale Society provided the camarad<•rie of the many Texans in \'\.'a,hinglon the athletes ~f Congres,, in the paddle hall group. \\elcomed the ne\\comer the S.0.S. group of) oun« Republican .. in Congre,.., extended nwm~ her-.hip. Ven important to me became the Pra) er Group !'ongrr,,men and "omen "ho met <•ad1 Thur"la\ for hreakfast and to -hare -piritual belief, and encouragement. ORIENTATION Of course, I got lost in the Capitol! Particular!) embarrassing was the time I nonchalantly a!'knowledged a guard-, greeting. and confidently -trode past him do" n "hat he must have kno\\ n to he a dead-end corridor! Parliamentar) procedure wa .. he11 il­clering al fir,! "The gentleman from Texa-."' ··[ thank the gentleman-- bring cu--.toman expn?--.r.;ioni;;. Onr mw•t hf" '·rerogni1ed" lwfore being pri,·ileged to .. peak - being rC"coμ-niz~d -.omrtimf":"\ appeared to require adroit manemering. sometime' just plain shouting the loud­e .. t ! The mo-t gracious accolade of one member for another is generally the pre­lude lo atta!'k. /\. congrcs,man might •a1. for example. ·'The gentleman from \r" York. m1 longtime colleague and e-tcemed friend, for whom I haw thr utmo~t rf';. r. nrcl and afTpction, and \\ ho~c integril) is urH1ur,tioned." and then cul him to rihhons 11 ith big 11 ords and que-­tionable logic. The decorum. or lack of it, on the Ilou'e noor \IU' surpri,ing. i\s dehate goe• on. mcmhrr- walk ahout. confer 11 ith each other. reacL 11 rite. I even ,leep in the cloakroom)_ hut the man 11 ho ha, the noor goes on undi,turhecL until someone protests. "\! r. ;ipeaker, the House is not in order."" Oftrn I •C'nsrd the 'PC!'tators in the gallery were punlrd. r1 en di,appoinlt'd. to '<'C thr milling around. lac·k of order. or even on occasion thr rrdu!'t'd numhrr of rep­re!"' e-nlati'f""" prt ... "-Pnt. \\ hPn ""Olllf' mf'rn­ber ohjccls on thr ground' of a quorum not being pre,enl, the , pf.'aker counh no,e;; and if le" than half the i~.) are present, the a..-cmhly bells are rung and the congn•--...,111('11 rear.;..,emhle to amm er the roll mil. I decided lo he pre,enl on the floor a' mu!'h as po>Sihle in ord<•r lo learn the ;;) -.tem more quickly - e\'en though I reali1f.'d all loo \\ell the man) rea ... on.., for hcing cl-.c,,lwre, mainly in my offi!'e lo an"1er mail, attend to --ca>e" "ork, the problems of people hack home ueeding federal help, and lo mrel 'i:-..itor .... Indeed I 11as puuled hy the simul­tarH'ou' mef'ling of the committee' (and all mrmhcrs hdocrg to al lea'l one com­millec I and the I lou'e it,f.'lf. \o man c:an he in lwo placc:01 al once. 11011 11as 1 to kno11 the fact' on the i"ues being debated if not pre-enl on the llousc floor? The an,wrr is, the \lemll('r o[ Congn'" learns lo he respon­.., jl,Je for acco111pli ... hi11:,! two thin~"' at Oil<'<'. It take, 'ome tall hu,tling for a fre,hman to become adju-ted lo thi, fea­ture ''here he mu-.t know ''hat j.., going on ~imultaneou"I) in two place's. \1an~ i' the lime 11f.'"d hurr1 from tlw C'ommitlee hearing to the f1cH;r to cast a 1 otc and thrn r!'lurn lo commillPe mrf'l­ing. \lphahcticalh as an ·· \_-- l"rn among the first lo 1·ote this onl) in­rrra• e' the ru-h. \e1erthrle .. ,, I 11a' determined that 1111 attendance re<'ord would he a good or{r. MASTERING THE SYSTEM also learned that the imporlan('e of eaC'h \lpmhe-r of Conp;rc .. .., j.., maintainrd sometime" in odd ''a~ s. For C\.amplc, in par I iamentar~ procrdur<" '·u11a11irnou ... con-rnt" i, oftl'n required before floor action can prot'PP<I. so it j.., po-sihlr for OJIC" nwmher lo hlod .. normal operation. Thu-, each rn!'mlr<·r rmr'l rrspe!'l tlw other' \\ hn-r ('ooperalion 11 ill hr needed as Congrr" dt'liherale'. The \lernhrr, of Congre'' grt pronrpl allention h) the \arious go\ Pflllllf'fll hurC'aui;;, a11cl 1 found that the c·ourtrnu' efforts of m1 -taff and nH'. in,islrnl onh when ncc!'s­~ an. rC"-.ultC"d in our μcllir;~ information \\ hf>n llf'('dP<f from rariou-. Uf!:C"llC'ie..; of go\er11mf'nl. In brief. 11 hcn'a' al fir,l thr '''tern of go\rrnrnr11l 'f.'t'mrd alrno ... t cn~Z\. I soon re:.rainC"d re:-.pe<'l for the opPration - it f'\f'n permit' indi1 iclual, lo "l!'t off team" at earh other "ithoul up-etting the boat. I learned there wrrr rca-011' for lhl' odd and urwxpectecl forrnalitiP' of procedure. It i' apparent that fir-.l an \l.C. mu-.t ma-Irr tlw '\ •l!'rn and then makf' it \\ork for him. C"\'C'll 3'" hr works lo do hi-. joh. One' ""t'nior <'011μ-re--.i.;nu111 is kidd!'d ahoul alwa1' C'arn ing a "pn·f­rrential motion,, in hi" porkf't. Thii.; i~ ju-.l a legitimalP 11a1 in "hich to l!rl filf• nrinult•s' time lo talk 1dwn other nwan-. ha,t~ failed. \s in P\Cf\ otlH•r hu~ine .... tlwrr arr •'tri('k..; to thp trad('.,. Otlwr fir,l impr<'"inns includt• tlw apparent <'on-pira<·, Ufrnin-t lunch KIO tire I lou-e n1<'cls al noon arrd the drt" millccs meet i11 the morning, al J)\ u11til noo11. I 11 the I lou-.e. a 111e;! t:. C'an 't cal "ithout lea\ i11g the floor. c·oi nrar<''l solution i' to have a quick ·r<'a wid1 in the cloakrnom, ju-.t off the'"" of thr I lou,e. fan TlrPn. tlrcrr\ the wa .. hinglon "r (' whirl, and ('011grc!-isnlC'n recci' e r1 rl's invitations lo "11 hirl"' al \\ill. Well. it> I an exhibit? Was I lo "represent nli< di .. tri!'l al tlw,e, loo? Soon thi' pr re,011 <'d ih<•I f a' I realized I <'"' hurrr the rnndle al hoth en<k i;,e \\C'rc Ill\ onh time lo i;;tuch and dlOI 11 ith 1111. farnih. We went out onh nee conslit~enh 11 ere a part of the gath Id ll. . " VOTING ONE'S CONV I CTIO~ ful not Soon my hapti~m in national 'urn local inlt'rc'l came in tire delral' h< 1 olt' on re!'iprol'al trade. In broad nts. ciple I agn'<'cl "ith the l're,ident"•" v on n•c·iprocal trade. llcrnen·r, I - errr the f'OIH'<•rrr of 1111 Distriel o\t1ran h<•a1) imporl of for~ign oil and I 1•he an ame11dmt•11t to rC' ... tri('l such i111 l tc But the Hnle, Committee propo·hor "do-.Pd rule"' on thi' hill, 11 hich lw permit 110 amendment.., to the nll' ur Thi~ ... o-<"allecl g;ag~ing of co11grN1a11 from 'P''akinl! out in open d<'lratc re-< appro1 <·cl. tio1 11011<'\('I', I realited that hunclrri;, I oth('r indu ... triC's \\.1/ll('d lo ar11t'li rn hill, 11f•nt't' thr reaoon for the ruk·t a lainh I did not \\ant lo 101<• for .Jkp '' ith~)Ul learning; the facts co11rt' an tire <'ff<•f'l lo11cr tariffs 11ould ha1e our \nH'rican indu-.tri<•s. either did I •po to kill tire trad<· hill h) adding Jrurr id1 of ('I ipplirrg anrendnrenls. r('alizirrr la1 our allies· C't'onomi('-. and our tft'°f\ u pfforl' 11 rre tied in "ith it. a' pntl I I <·011li11ui11g program not quit'kh 'i111 -.pt a-idt'. ) <'l I ft'lt that the ·'peril I ~ I and ·\· ... (·ape C'lau ... C'"' pro' ii..ion.., '" int Irr ;,ll'!'lll!llu:rwcl. lo prolt•f'l tho,c I lh) can ind u'l rit's 1(<'11 U i nel) thr<'al<'nrcl·~<·k wa' Lllf' fjr,l dilemma 11 her<' I fart rlt" confliC'l of naliorral and local intrrrt-h and I lt•ar11ed the 11H'a11i11" of .. , 1!--I 011p".., <'Oil\ iC'lion ... :· l""' \ly !-Jo it "a,, loo, that I learned thul,;'.".1 lati' <' i'"'llt'"' arC' ~t'ldom clC'ar-cut. j, 11 • 1 • i' a hill all good or all had hiu• J• 11hitt'. ~1on· often it-, a >had<• of ·l I somt',,hC'n' h(~t\\('C'n either P\.trc111 ~"'' 1 "a'"' it 'P('lll .. ('ornplic·att-d and the ' .. ht•t:oml'- muddit·d qui<'kh 1dwn I na --.i\(• arμ:u111P11ts 011 !10th --.ide .. nre"I. --.p111f'd. ~omc·ho". You mu-.t μC'l 1 t l hrart of tllf' maller.· lh Tlwn I n·ali1rd tlr<' tnrlh of 11h• 11;•; ('ral 111('1nl11•rs had lnlcl nrc, "\\ c 1 1 lrn\C' tinu· to stu<h the i"""ue..,." T<l. 0 '"''l!H'd inc·on<'Pi1 ahl!' that thr n1l'1 pu of tht• nation\ hi;..dwst Jegislali\C C'll i would vote 11 ithoul kno11 inp; th<','.\ Y rt l rur it i•. for man1. I .. tu~' -]~1 nil!lrt- and \\f'Ck<'rlfk de,pPrall' ltl 1 Lat<•r in n•lro,pt'f'l, I thought ah•' \( "I )() hills prt'•cnlrd in this ><'••ion al noon and the <I red, 11 rn• pa,,scd and 'oles were the mor11111g. at I" ~onw. I am :--urc. ,,ho couldn't he 1.lou•e. a "" ~ taken Lime lo >-Luci) the lwari11gs lea' mg the fl~Hlf· t·ommittcc reports. to ha,r a qu1c ~ ·reali1cd that federa l gcJ\ernmrnt ha' ·oom, JU•l off the JllH' so hig that mall) people 11 ilh real . fancied federal 11eecls an• keepi11g hC" Washmrto11 ~r congn• ... !--nwn bw•) cluing , arious !~srnen rrc·<•n C" t' 11 rl's and the main C\'Cnl, the leuisla- 1irl" at 11 ill. Well· it-elf, is 11ot getti11g the 11cce:sary s I to ~·repre .... enl tion of the congrc;-;.:.men. Jo? Soo11 this pr• 1 reali1ecl I co BASIC HONESTY APPLIES 1l both encl-. 1,,e ic to stuch and ""other surprise a11 ailed me 11 hen Ve went out 011h 11ecl that >-ome men 11ould not or a part of the gath lei not, for reasons best kno\\ n to 11. 'ote their rom iclions. This I do E'S CONVICTI O ~ fulh understa11cl and in any event not sul"crihe to. On the other hand. ~rn in natio11al \ nrnt'd to Ill} satisfaction that a man 11c in the dehal' he honest, eontrar) to all thr ac· 1 trade. In hro~d 11ls. i1111ue11clos. and outright di~tor­h the l'resiclc11l • ,_ \\ hieh I had read in the pa•l ahout rlc-. l lo\H'\·c•r, I '" ernmcnt corruption. I am convincecl Ill) District '"r 1an is\\ hat he i>-. rcgarclle-s of "beth· nrei!'.!n oil and I ''he i~ in μ-o\ ernmenl or business and restrict >U«h in• l «Prlai11h he should, can, and must :ommillef' pn11w·h111u.• ... l. this hill. 11 hirh llfhen' arc tho>-!' 11 ho "'', and bdirYc, mc11b to the nit t111d1•rsland their dire;t a1h iee. that gμi11p; of co11grrua11 ('annol \'Ole his con\ iclions and l in opc·n clebalr r!'·d<'«l<·d lo Cungre,s. Some \\Cll·in· tioned rncmhC'rs ha\ e said this lo nw. Ii zed that hunclrri, I rn11lest as 11 rong in la«t, hut after \\anted to a111c11 I"m a 11('\\c·omcr and, as ~omc say, a~on for the ruk l an hunfortunate interlude;' - a 1\ anl to \ olt• for J~<'. ,, It re111ai ns to hC" ~<'<'ll w hethC"r the fat'ts ('onrt• an disc'oH'r thr ans\\ er to the '\·ote riffs \\ould ha,erur «011\ i«tions and he re·rlcetecl" irs. \ pit her did I •position "hid1 is the onh basis on ill hi adding hull irh .1 eare to hr a congre"man. nclmenb. r('aliziJI~ fa, 111;.r sold m~ busin(' ... s IH'forc μoing mi1·-. and our ,I< \\ ashinglon. I found that mo>l others in \\ ith it, as part l husirH's"-(''i or parl11cr .... and \\In. am nol quick!~ ' inμ <'o'-h in \\'a"'hington are hiμ:h. lt that the "'1wril I ~ I '~H111 learnrcl that the 1H'«<'"it1 for 1se'' pro\ isions .; tnta111111g l\\O honH's added to the clif­lo protect tho•C I 1ll1 of maki11g hoth ends med. With 1uinch threatcnecl.uc~' flash of intuition, I had told Da l· nma ;, here I [arr il<'' that "hen thr1 'isited mr in al and local i11trr<1·hinglo11 it would - hr •·Dutch." JC' m('anirl'' of "'"~l '-ali~fLwlory arrang:cmC'nl. " " \I , ahicling helief has hr<'n ,uhslan· hat I lrarnrcl thnl l."'.1 '" this fir-t term that "the he•I eld 0111 cl<•ar-c·ul. llhlws i- no politic," in lhr co11duel of or all had bin• joh. or. lo sa\ it another \lay, the n it\ a shade c>f ·l P11 liti<» is lo hr the \C'r\ lll'•l con· ·en t'itlwr t'\lrt'!ll ''.'"flH:l11 po ... sihle. Thi~ is in contrast to nplicalc·d and thr ' ··polit!calh '''prdient'· ach ice tradi· I quit· ~h ,, lwn J'4 nal•I·' gl\~'n lo "OlllP. that Part~ rome"' rn both ._jd(' ... nr ~t. that 111 ordPr lo μ:ct alon:,r. \ou\p . you mu ... t μcl t t lo μ:'.•.along:: .. I .'a \\ a nwa ... ure of "r. tl\. pol1t1C'al h1('kC'nnp:, ~onwlinH'"' oh- 1 the truth of 11 1ii 1ri 11g lhr intrlligPnl 'olution lo the cl lolcl lllC. ""'r ohlrndacing ll'. \ t this per iod i11 our , thr j-."'u('s.' 1 ft1 -tor~. ir ''<'.r.11μ-ag:p ottr ti111r and rfTorl ah le that thr nil' pun•h pol1twal hickrring "" may hr iicrh<'o...l lt·,.,. i~·dati,r <'11c•d lo llH'll ~,ho arμ:ue \\ho μ<'ts lo •~l klHl\\ing thr 1 ' 11 hat part 111 thr 'ho\\. "hilr the or many. I studi-.~l~e J-.; hur11i11g down. nck clrsJll'ral<' l<' 1 his lhou{!ht recall;; the npn•ssio11 ('t. I tlwuμ:ht ab0 ~-. • , \( 1 s Font·,c :'\ i:ws, ]an11aru, 19.56 '\1ws, ]11n111irU· r, (' lward j<»li11gl~ u•rcl lo "'plain 011e's \Ott· agaln ... t his 0\\11 eOn\iC'tion': ·· \\ell. "'ometi'me::; a man mu ... t ri ... e ahoH."' pri11- eiple:· It occurs to ml' in rrlrm•Jl!'d that there is a lack of ",clf.cliH·iplinr" i11 Congress - that lo \\in re-rlcl'lion. politieall) expedient ")C'oes' arc gi,e11 ... om~·timrs lo pre .... ~ure p;roup:;~. h~ ,,nwn lad.. 111g the couraμ.c lo ~a) 110. 111 111011elan nrntter,;. the lack of "'' f-dis­l'ipli11e is most e\ idenl in Conp:r('ss. Per­hafh a good example i' our failure to curtail appropriation,; in li11r \\ ith frd· eral incnmt'. \~ 111 i' thrrc deficit financ­ing? It ju~l i ... n·l nccc-..~ary. "PURE" POLITICS Purr politic' appeared on the cene frcque11ll), 110 douhl more than a new· comer readil) recoμ:nizcd - but ... omc T sa\\. Frequc11l l), digs wC"rC takr11 al ('ach other Ii~ old-timers\\ ith treasured grit•\· an1·e, an cl pcl pcC\ rs - a11cl 'aluabk cit' hate time" as. 101.;,l in t'haq.~c and coun- FORTHRIGHT OR TACTLESS? Paul M. Butle r, Chairman of the Demo· erotic Na tional Committee, g uHt 1peaker a t a luncheon where Congrenmon Alger wa1 the o nly Republican present. tt• 1Thargc. Perhaps e\r11 thi~ ~l'nr~ a purpose. \\ di do I recall the cla) I '""the tar· gcl. It \las thr \\Crkl) Tnas Delcgation lu11d1t.•011 "here, as u~ual, I "a:-; the 011h lkpuhlica11 - a fart" hirh Ill) colleague·, as~urecl me \\Ould ne,er interfere \\ith m~ joi11i11g them. I 11anted to alll'llCI each \leek. and did '" except "hcn I lou ... c action made il \\ i:-;rr for me to remain on the floor. \ t thi,- partinilar lu11rheon the De111ocratic l\atio11al Com· 111ill1'C' ti.airman 11as lo speak to us. \ t. le111pli11g to he thoughtful. hoth " ''eral da\ ... hefon• and at the meeli11μ. I sug­gc• stccl "ill\ inμ: a\\ a). hut Ill\ ('olleaguc:-o 1101ildn't hrar of it. So \I r. Bntler >pokP to LI" and u1.;,ed Ill(' a.s h i:-; punching- hag-. pointing oul that. \\e ll financrd and de. lc1 minrd. the Jk111oera lic part\ ""ill '-'l'C' that \OU do not return." For ~~lllH' thirl\ minute's thi'< C'Oll· tinu('cl. a lthouμ:h c;". ~hi \ er :-; and olhrr ... 11 rn· also allackccl. ThC'rr 11 "' no rehu i.- ta! on m~ part. I might ha\ e reminde<l him that \\ e Te\.ans do not sC'are ea:--ih or of man) other thing•. hut his denun· riation~ \\Cre left hanμinμ in the air. \l~ ('ollea~ue:; - ~P\ era! of th('m apolo­gized. though I nC\Pr \\3"' ~ure "hat for. Becau"' I 11 a-. there·; lkcau•c he spok<' politicall)? BecaU>-<' I heard 11 hat he would ha'c ,aid if I 11ercn·t there? \\a, he j11•l forthright or laetlrs..,? l do not kno\\ for !!'Ure - hut l"m \\ondcrin~ if he'll continue to undrrrslimale me a11d otlwr citizen' of Dalla•. From "-e' era I conp.re .... ::-mrn I hParcl the the .. i>. "\\'hat i-. good for me and Ill\ part) is aulornaticall) μ:nod form~ C'oun­tn ,"' "hich I so heartih drtr>-l. \lam «<;ngrc"mcn sinrcrel) helie'e that the p:rC'ale:--t ~ood for their C'ourllr) i:-. thC'ir 011 n re-election. Thq ma) Sa) it joki11g· Ii: hut I'm afraid '<>me hclie' c it to he true. "'Political"' leμ:islation came alonp:. too. The l11cnl\·dollar tax cul hreame a s\m­hol to me· of hem """e mr11 11 ould hll\ 'otc .... The\' kne\\ that man\ unlhi11ki11U citizen• \\ ould hr altraclccl '"" such a ta~ cut- and corHer-C'I\ it \\Otdd losr \·ote• for those congre-•mrn "ho had the cour· age to say ·"no·· to ... uch a measure. The bill \\as a "-urpri~r nw\<' ..... tr ictl) alon:r political line' in the committee. propo,rd before the \car\ appropriation bi JI, were con-.,ide;.cd ~o that it "as irn." ... pon­sibly eulling O\C'r l\\o billion dollar' off go\'ernmenl incom('. r\·en heforr ~o' · ernment expcn•e for the ) car ha cl hcrn consiclC'rC'd i11 the face of a hra\' nati onal dchl. and a deficit in thr hudgel. and the threat of inflation. It .. truck mt' as ,tricth a political mo\ e "ithoul tlw careful finarwial consideration "hich tho•<' holding the pur»c >lrings should cxerci .... e. POLITICS ON THE FARM ISSUE Then I heard other roni!rr•sme11 con­demn the gmernmcnt's nrxihle crop 'Up· port program 1d1ich had """" 'olecl into la11 the pre' iou• scs-.ion. ) ct this pro· gram had not C\ en takl'11 rffrcl. hrcau>-<' it eone1·rned the 19.)::i crops. ll erc I l<'arncd that speeches made on the noor ean he "ent back home to 11 in 'oles. lt·­hiμ: hly undhiC'al. it !-><'C'ms to me. to hlame the crop •itualion on ncxible sup­ports \I hen the) "ere not yet i.n effect. In fact. it pro'"' that rigid >-upporl, <·ncourage O\erproduction - so that ju ... t llw oppo,ilc 'ie" should lw held. In an\ C'\ cnt. !'Onie ron~res ... mcn mi:-;rrpre ... e1;l the facl< apparentl) thinking it !!ood politics. To me>, thi' is not 1he hnr1<»t difference of opinion "hirh 11e i\mcri· cans re ... pect. One quirkh learn• 'rniorily ;, impor­tant in Cong-re~"· ~i11cc the important <'ommittce a ...... jf!nnwnt-.. arr awarded ar­C'ordinp.- lo lrnμ-th of ... en i('e. I \\3.., forc­ihh rcmincJrd that 'lllllC' of lhr ke1 COil· f!TC~"ional lraden; are thf' ... amr ···\'e" Deal" rrprc-entati,cs of the ·:rn-.. a11cl "Many heads are bet~er than one." Congressman Alger, with hi, assistant, Frank Crowley, tabulates re plies ta a ques­tionnaire sent to all poll tax holders in his district. · 10"-. The lrgi-latio11 rnmi11g through them and their committe<'' i' •Lill of that philo•oph). I 11as u11der the impre--,ion that Cong re'' had a ne11 er look. Through man) experience, in Con­f! re ....... o;;omc ..;urpri ... in~. ("\en irre:rular. I practiced Ill\ helirf that an '·informed electorate"" makes for helter go\ernment. To that rnd I •enL a 11eekh ne11-lcttrr to the 11e11-paper- and to a •elect mailing li-t of tho,p co11•titurnb reque-ting it. Then r sent a qur.,tionnaire to all poll tax holder- to accompli'h sc,eral objec­tiH'' · I 11 anted to learn more about nn con ... tiluenb' 'ie\\.., encoura:re their takin~ part in :ro,·crnmenl and μ-i'e them a further under•ta11ding of the man) and compliC'aled j..,...,ue ... faci11:r u.., Loda\, and of their con~re .... ~man \\ho mu .... t ,.~le ye .. or no - not '·H'"'· hut'" or ·'no. h~t.'" The an,11er' to the que•tionnaire and tlw ac'C'ompan) inμ- i<·ller ... ~are me an in­tere- ting kno,dedge of 'ie11' from home and prm rd again that - ·'man1 head­arr better than 011r."' \ 11eeklv radio broadcast and ocra,ional telr, is ion •ho rt' 11 rrr 'rnt home. too. Incoming mail r\prrs-rd home-to11 nrr,' apprecia­tion in bci11g further informed. WHO'S FOR THE " LITTLE MAN" ? In 11itnes,ing legi,lati1e debate and -tud1 ing tlw hills. I 11a' reminded again of the idrological hattlr going on in the 11orld and in our c·ou11tr1 het11een rco- 11omic freedom. kr111\\ n as Free F.ntcr­pri- e. and sociali-.11 in ii- rnr) ing dr· ~rec'. and "'Omctimes knO\\ n Ji, other 11ame.;. 'uch as planned econon;1. This remind' me of some definitions ~f vari­ou ... forms of f!O\l'r11nw11t: l 111Jn Frf·r Entrrpri ... r, thr μ'.O\f'rnmrnt ~tt•a1Ji1·-. tlw ladtlt·r \\hilt· '011 1•111lra,or to dimli :i-.. far a" you'rr ahl~ L'ndrr '-iot·iali'-m. thr /,!O\l'rnnwnt offer., you a l.uldt'r "ithout runf.!" endt•r ( Olllnllllli'-111• 'OU Jrt' Jlt'rmittrd to dimh. tlwn tlw lad1l1·r j .. jerk1·d out Page 6 from undt•r 'ou, hrok.1·n up, and you are li1·at1•n \\ ith #tlit> pieces. I heard much about solicitude for tire "little nran:· f rorn a few impas-ionecl •peake" hut they llC\ er explained "hat they'd clone to the "little man" O\er the )Cars of '·ta,, tax. '-pend. spend, rlect. elect." The) clidn"t mention ho11 lh<'y'd dccrea-cd income ta' e'cmptio11 from ~2.500 in 19:n to .'l.000 in l'JW per couple, so that the l1rne•t tax rate 11e11t from l per cent to 22 per cent in tlwir ··hroad<•11ecl ba-c'· operation. The\ ne' <'r <h,elt on the billion' 'pent hryo11cl i11- eome during that period 11 hich "al<'rcd tlw .. little rna11·,·· hu1 ing po11er throul!h i110atio11. ~o I 11onderecl if the1 k11e11 ho11 ridiculous were their protc~lat"o11- of concern for thr "liLtle man:· I en.·n heard the'" intne,ti11g fact• 11hich >hould ht•ar in"''ligatio11 that in 41 \ear ... 0£ ill('Olll(' la\. hi .... ton there han• heen i;~ tax in<'r<'a'"'<''"' under Democrat ..... onl) two u11der Hepublicans - there ha' hccn one la\. reduction under Dcrnocrat­a11d 10 tax n·duction' under B.epuhli­ean,. :--o. 11 ho"s for the '"little ma11""? \, I 'at tlwre I remernherP<l the ilOth Co11- gres-. 11 ith a Hepuhliean majoril). which balanced the hudget. reduced the na­tional deht. and cut taxes. prO\ i11g it rnulcl he done. I dreamt that we might do it agai11 and k11rw !"cl strive mightil) to accompli-h it. GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP Thrn came a hill to di-pose of t11rnLy­fi, r go'<'rr111w11t-crnned nrhher plant,. It '-lartlecl nH' to learrr that the gowrnme11t 11 as in hu,ine'' to such a large rxte11t. I learn~d tlw _go\ ernment io;.;, in on•r t11enl1·fi\c hundred difTerent hu,inc"r' in co;nprtition 11ith pri,atc indu-tn. J, bu ... ine ....... npt'ration on taxpayers' monf'\ the function of go,ernrnent? \ rr) 'otcd lo sell the plant.. for 219 at a11 i11crea>e of ten million mer 11 hat the government had i and to get them oIT the taxpayers' rnaki11g tlre111 pa) ta"e> lik<' all husine .. ~. To Ill) consternation S • hue and cry about "gin•-awa\ tho,(' 11 ho thi11k gO\ ernrne11l -ho in I.u,inl'''-· I do rrot eornprche rea-.011inp: in our ~ociel). TIH'11 i11 a11otlrer hill the TV \ rnort' rno11('\ Lo build a 'learn p g<'111'ralt' cl~c·tricil) for thr T \' hundred milp, from the Tennr•' 1<'1. at a co-.t of 6.5 mill io11 dollar· l ;rrle :--anr 'lrould he l!ell<'ratirr, tricill I do11"t ~r11111. partirnlarh c1•11t-. on th<' dollar. tire other Iwlf paid for II\ ta,paycr-.. For that 11 lr1 ,hould the TV \ rna11ufaclll tili~cr '( I, this a fu11rtiorr of rncrrL? Later I -.tudi<•d ... io11 report. pulling in "'01l1C 17 i11rplcrnc11t the findin11s I "as indeed to l1·arrr that the fed<·ral llH'lll 011 n-. 011r-fourth of all l. S rrt1. irrcludi11g 2 .. ) hi Ilion square office space. equiHtlr11t to 1.250 Statr Buildi11g-. - 11 ith no rerrtr~l ton marragenH'11l or control. To l<'rt»tcd i11 n·al estate and """ ' prr1nw11l opPralio11. thi .... hurl .... Tlw11 canw the n<'\\ mi11imu111 proposal and a Lwo-da) debate. f i11ct the sirnplt• <p1e"-1ion..., of a nr'\ I fr·arrrrd that some nwmhcr• \1 1 '1 ?1~ "'Ure\\ In \\(" \\Cre co11!"idcrin1T ,urlitnn~ latio11. Fi11alh a11 elder -tar,''"'' rlty \\a.., in the rommille(' .... ho\H~d pu~ hrarinμ~ in \\ hi<'h it ''a .... det(•rrniri H'. L tlw i11l<·r ... late ('011111w1TP pnn j .... jort .... ta Coni..titutio11 "a .... thP rea,o11 for 1111 ~ 1·on,idcration. \\hen a-keel to de mer nqu I le, ,\\('r Total national wealth owned by government, exclusive of land. the I PllH' II ha nda 1uld 1'02 i i ;---·-·-·-· ' ·-·-·-·1 \. r-· ~. !·-·- -·'-1\l_ --·-\ I 7 - ·-·-··-·- ! i I·-·-·-·-· --·- t1 i ! -·-·---1 i;:: -·-·-----l . ·-·-, .. ---·-· / I r ! •1 rI ~ I . ·-· -·---1 I \ 1 9 22 1t4• ('fll dor rig fl( rig I ill!!, ns F \CTS Fonl'"r :-\ E\\"S, ]a1w11rV 01crnmcnl? \n) planb for 219 )f ten million •vernmenl had in ,fI the la xpa) ers' ·) la"\('' like all consternation C" out Hgin•-awa) ·· g01 crnrnenl -ho J nol cornprche11 socicl1. •r hill the TV\ >uild a 'team p it 1 for the T \' o;n the Tcnne'· .5 million dollar· Id h(' ~e11<'rati11r "" · parlicularh tr. the otlwr half a1 er•. For that TV\ manufacttl a function of 111g i11 --omc 17 1din~s I \\3" hat tlw fed1·ral lUrth of all l . ~ .) hillion square 1al1·nt to l.:2SO S - \\ ith no <·entral.l IP:'liOiir'll• : or control. To '"'late and 110\\ I 11. thi, hurt,. f' fl('\' mi11imu111 wo-da 1 dehale. F H'~tior;.., of a 11e'1 Members of the House of Representatives take the oath of office January S, 1955, from Speaker Sam Rayburn (0-Tex), right, standing, hand on desk. 1111c mcrnl)('r' 11 ,,tate commerce (pages 102-4 of the • c011,idcrill" .ur~ 1 in.!!s) the chairma11 admitt1·d the dif· 11 cld(•r sta~·-i11~ 1 lt) h~t promi>ed a defi11ilio11 \\ould mittt'I' .h,111 ed Jllll 111 the re('ord. This \\as 111'1t•r 1 it ,, 3 ... dptpnni1 H'. So ''c'.passed a law. circ·urnH'nlin~ lllH'rt"(' proi i-ii>il .'tah· leg1•lature>. without eH'r e•tah· the rf'a ... on for 111 f! the prerogative of feclt'ral μ<n - hen a•kcd to dr~ llll'lll. vned by )f land . nqui.itin'l) tn ing to !!Cl the facts I lt'arn. I 1H'1er did hear qw»tio11' •\\<'red ahout \\hat thi, hill \\ould do the lo{'al e<·o110111ie.., o[ our nation. or ther ''f' were h~ -pasl-iinμ the !--lates. 11 hat is hes! for labor. Does f1·d1'ral ndate wea~en or strengtht•n lahor~ iuld labor lw i11 politic<? \\hat hap· ('" lo 1"ollc1"ti1·e hargaini11g 11 hen the { '('rnnwnt --tep .... in'! Is this rconomic _,( .~!om for Lhc '' or1'.in~ man? Dof's a --~J '. 111.num '' a{!f' "'-UA'f!Cst g-o\ crnnw11t ha" . _, right lo s<•l a maximum waO'c and !.,.... ') I r Y .not. a ... ...._urne a cong-rr ....... 11rn11 ha ... _11;.d1t to a-k thc·sc q11estio11• a11d kl'l'P 111:,r. l'\<'11 thoug-h he :?"<'Is 110 ans\\Cr. DANGER SIGNALS ON FOREIGN AID rlwn ca1111· the \lutual Sc!'urit1 \ ct '('l/.!ll \ id. \!(ain I li~tencd a11d Rtud­tlw commillf'(' material. Bi~ fig:un•-. e U•cd I leanH·d that ,ome mo11e1 •roprialt'd i11 the last Co11gn''' II a• I el 'PCnl. I 11 the 1ir11 appropriatio11 rp ''as llHHl('~ to hP μ-iY('ll ) U!!osla\ ia c-rs Font·" '\1ws, Ja1111aru, 19."JR XF11s, J11111111rU - is Tito frie11d or foe? I n'111e111lwred Ito\\ WC" had ~ollen our scrap iron had ... from Japan. There 11as lllOIH') for l11dia - and \ehru is preach inμ; socialism. ~hould \\l' finance him i11 thi,? Furtlwr, our ~oods ma) 11ol C'\ C"ll p:et lo thC' pt'oplc. l though of '·trad<» 110! aid;' and of our ~<'llPl"Oll"' ;rifts not Inn in:.t frit•nd­,. hip. onl) 11eakcning us c'conomicalh a' 11e pile on deht. \rel! did I n·alize m1 ig:11ora1u·c in international matlC'r...._ and that our O\\ n econom). forC'iμn afTair~. 11orld-11ide economic,. a11d 111ilitan de· fense arc intcn'o,·cn and ca1111ot he con­,; dcr('d 'C'iJarateh. I recall('d ~Ir. Dulle,' Colde11 Huie i11 foreign affair,, "to do for others 11hat. if positions llt'rt' TC· \C'r,rd. 11 c'cl 11 ant tlwm lo do for u·.'· Then I thought ho11 our idl'ali,111 has hlurrecl our 1ision in pral"lil"al 11orld afTair .... in times past ...._o I \Ol<'d aμai11 .... t it. Thi ... was a toug-h \Olf'! The conμrr~~ional S\ stem j ... h('sl learned Ill al"li1e parlicipatio11 and that·, how I let;rnrd in 1111 rommitt!'(' the Committee on l'uhli~ \\ orks. I kn· I >a11 firsthand ho" it 11as that each lt'gi,lati11' hill hefore C'Oming lo a I olc' 011 th!' noor mu'l ht' 'tud icd a11d de11·lo1>c<l in the committee "li ich C'an C\.pl'd it<'. <'lwnp:c, or -l1ehc it. The majorit' part\ in Conμ-rr~s ha~ a majority of memhcrs 011 each commill('P. "' tile lq:i,lation i· controlled h1 the majoril) parl). Here tht'n i' tlw •harpe•l 1'011flid hcl111'1'11 th1»t' 11ho 'lrt''-' part\ tea11rn ork and tho•e 11 ho 1 ote their con· 1 idion>. Frcquenll). 111c·111ht'rs of citht'r part~ find them~ch f'~ in di ... aμrcemenl 11 ith their parl1 thi11ki11f[ a11d pla11 ... Tht'I then eitlwr "11t'ar the hra" c·ollar·· foll(~\\ intr part~ ord('r .... or th('\ 'ole a ... the·) thi11k he,t pcr•onalh. Tlwre arc man~ g:ood ar~unwnt ... for ritlll'r c·our ... e 'ome hold that the indi1 idual nH'lll· her mu~l place hi-. per ... 011al con\ irtion s<'cond to part1 leani11ork others 11ill not do so; in the latter group I fou11d m1 't'lf. To ""' th1·n· 11a. 110 choice the c·ou1»l' 11a' dt'ar: I 1oted a> l thought he>t. e1 en if and 11 hen in dis­agreement 11 ith my parl). The hiμ-1111 a1 proμ-ram. •t11di1'd h1 the Suheommitte1' on Hoad, of 11 hi ch I '"" a nwmlwr. hecamt' a rontro\l'r~ial piece of legislation. \\ <' kne" we ll!'('d!'tl tlw hil!lrnay 0 11hich had falle11 far lwhind our nation\ μTo\\lh in \ehicular lraYel. 11011 lo pa1 for the road.; was the difli. cult a11d toud11 qu1'•tio11. Should it he finan1·cd on the i11,tallnw11l plan Ill er man~ \ear:-. h~ hnnd... '"pa' as \H~ u~e·· - or hy raisinp: the monr~ ·needed 110\\ to upay as \\C μo·· in huildinμ them~ \l onth• of thouμht con1 i11c1'd 1111· the lal· ter cour'c 11 a' the heller <ho ice. Tru!'. our hearinμ~ \\('rt' inC'omplete. particu~ larl) on the ta"\ a'11t'Cl' of tlw hill. and ours ''a" not a la\. c·ommillt'P. Of th C' l\\o hills final!) a(h anred. 1 thought the Page 7 Democrat bill \\ ao the better plan, and more sound financial!). So I left Ill) parl) both in commillcc and on the floor of the !louse lo vole for it and again>t the Republican plan. True, an cv en bet· lcr hill ma} he developed. l t was fru,­lraling lo sec partisan politic, S\\a) so man) congrc"mcn "ho voted on the Jia,is of 1d1ich parl) sponsored the bill - rather than voling for the best solu­tion lo thl' problem. Would my col­leagues "'3) thi~ i~ ju:--l a newcomer· greenne:---., '( SOUTH UNITED ON NATURAL GAS BILL The \atural Gas Bill found all Trxa­con:: n·"mcn solidly united probabl) prejudiced some might say, because oil and gao mean much to the Soutlrn esl. Prejudiced? 1 would like to think that our concern\\ ilh this prohl<·m cath('(l us to ;!,!i\ t' it μreah'r ~tudy. I kn~ to m~ sat­isfaction I saw once again the fight of free t·nlerpri•e "· the c·crntroll<·d econ· om). free enterprise won hy only •i\ \ otc .... The conlnn en·) ra:rPd o\ er "hethcr the price al the "ell of natural gas V\Ould he controlled by federal gov - ernnwnl or by market suppl) and de­mand factors under government scru­lin1. \dualh, the lallrr 11 ould not be cor;1pletel) r:ee enterprise, but certainly rnon· f rec than com plele go1 ernrnenl control. \Ian) people in gas-consuming -tales. and thC'ir congrc:-osmcn. crroncou ... Jy h<~­lie1c that prices \\ill soar without gO\­ernment eonlrol. l·.,perience, ho11 ever. pro\C•s ju-t the re1erse. \'l,"ithout control. gas costs the same toda) as it did during the 19:35-:39 period, "hi le othrr fuel cr,,·b ha1e •oared to 191·225 pt'r cent ahov e the 193.)-3') a1eragc>. I nler•tate tran-mi-sion and local distrihution of gas ha1 e hccn under '"control-·· for some time, and these sen ice, ha1e steadih ri•en in price. Only the freely rnmpeti­li1 e and uncontrollNl price at the well­head ha, declined. ) et there are con· ::res•men "ho dogged I) maintain that the) mu'l "'protect the co nsumer'" throu,!!h further imposition of frderal controls! Others, once more, ju-t didn't ha1e time to study the facts before \Uling. .\nother lcgi,Jati1e disappointment "a- the ne11 ~ocial ecuril\" la11 the House pa•sed. 'lo hearini:s \\~re held h1 the committee "hid1 handled the bill: allhou,!!h I diligent!) du:: for facts. no information from lwari11:z ... \\3'.' a\ail­able for the rongressnwn lo stud1 and ,!!ain information upon 11 hi ch lo- base their vole'. ) et tlw hill committed our counlr) lo tlH" 1Par 2020. 11ith future eosls more than doulile the pre•t•nl cost. I 11as told. ·· ... it" ill collap-e any11ay. and then the people 11ill J..no11 the pro­!! ram ''a..: had." , \rith this liackground of doulil and lark of informal.ion. and ha1 in,!! oh- Page 8 ""'ed •ome do\\nright lack of political roura~e. l of eour ... e \ oted again-..t the bill. I 'till helie1 <' the hcsl ··political sen'<'., is to do v.hat is right. Surely the people should ha1 c the truth. and "ould ap­prove rather than condemn the rt'pre­sentali1 c \\ho honestly so "lrivcs and 1 olc•. I for one do not intend to under­estimate the good 'l'nsc of the '·peopll' back home:' Possibly an equally great surpri•<'. sa\Pd until the do ... i11~ da~"'- wa.., lht' Housing \('[ of '.)S. I Jere again I sa11 oulri::ht socialism lal..e hold, di•l10ne-t legislali1 e procedure. and "politic• for politic,' sal..c." The llou'e 1oled do\\ n the public housing prm isions of the !lousing bill decisi\eh as il had man1 tinH's heforc in other ·congres'<''· :-.<·1eral days lal<'r. ho\\e1er, "herr the I lou•e·Senalc• confer­ence hill came hack lo us for a nile, 111' \\NC' 'larllcd lo see all the •oeialislic puhlic hou-ing feature' '>Lill there. The President had requested a pro::ram closch related lo slum dearanct'. 1>ilh priori.ti in puhlic housing resened for those displaced in 'uch urhan rerwwal worJ... \one of that here! Rather we sa11 the distasteful pure puhlic housin:: \\e had lhr011 n oul returned lo us with the threat that if 11e didn't appro1e it "e'd '-lay lon~er in ... r..,..,ion or return for a "'J>Pcial "e~ ... ion. '\lost \J.C.\ had hag:; packed and tickets and r<'•<'n al ions ;ecured I some had e1en left) and so a number of men changed their 1 olc under thi, pn'''Urt'. Further, il was tied lo FllA renc11 al so that a 'olc a~ain-.t public hou..,inμ- ,,a ... a \Ole again•l Fil\. This i• a di•horw'l lcgi•lati1 e maneu1 <'r. <'I t'n if con•idcred a slick lritl h1 -onH". Prohahh I should not have been surpri-ed, sin~e the old \e11 Deal \I.(.\ of the l9:m·s \\C're pushing it throu::h. ) el I felt that the people liacJ.. home \\Ould heartily con­demn •uch legi,Jation. As I 'ludied this bill and heard the orator) for '"home consumption"' - I learned again the meaning of "'derna­gogut'r\ :· tire technique of app<'ali11g for voles and 'upport by political mis· rcpre,entalion and speech-making. I heard the phrase. ·· \mcricans ha1e a right lo d<'cenl hou-ing al price' tlwv can afford."' \\hat !..ind of tall.. i' thi-? Of Course \\e aJJ 11anl. and \IC want all lo ha1c. nicr homt" hut i- it the func­tion of fed<'ral g01 ernrne11l lo pro1 idl' them \\ilh la,pa1e"' nHH>C\? If so. 1d11 not <•,lend the thought .lo pro1 id in:: food. clotlws. transportation in fact. all our need,? or course. thi- is sociaJi,rn. tlw opposilr of frredorn. Orr th<• C\ idt•rn·<· alreach in. an~ WC' u11a\\art• that a '"lillle hit .. ,;r 'ocialism ha• IH'<'n aptly likened lo a litth· lrit of prcgnanc) ·r It lend' to grow! \ccording lo 1111 !'OlllJHrlalion the rpaJ cost of a 'fl·called lrn thou,and dollar puhli hou•ing unit is rwarcr t11rnll ·fi1t• thousand dollar>. \rould you Ire slw lo learn that public housing tenarrf>rnm rarch tlrost' mo•t in need of hou,omrc I I>- f T . t 0 ~1 3) Lon, am1 JC'S earnrng up o h"a tea crght hur~dred d~llars rear!) can qu ood for puhlrc hou,rrrg. !wen the WI!' om 1 111011ed for them. /\re they destrtul can QUESTIONS TO BE ANSWEREllann1 he y• 1101> far ha1c \\C strayed frou \\ar Faith of our Fathers - their hclirlion , gm<'rrrmenl \\a' lo protect our hip l gi' l'll rights. and lo be our -..er\' ant~ ng ht than our rna,ler'! "The hislor) of h ~· •ur is the hi,lory of the I imitation of ernnwntal po11t•r. not the irwrcasc olUES as \Voodro" Wilson said. T n "hal J a< is the ''limited gmcrrrment" outlin11,•nl I the Constitution limited today? lrali Jn our comrnendahlc zeal lo lihreat needs for everyone, \\e ha1c pcrllralcd the lrarrsfer of lax money and r !).52, from the loealil1 and stale to the f~>ricc I ·l!·I. Toda1, ihc federal go1crn <lcqu lakes 15 <'<'llls of eaeh tax dollar, le irise onh 2.> C<'nh to the stale> and Jll'oci('[ • palities. Thal ratio is a direct rc1cr' r•· lo. Liu• la\ distribution of some year· nlrer I las this transfer of money and rhn "ro to ··hi~ ~o\ ernmcnt '' C''Xprrs-..rd 1}11011. l1•nlion of us all, or did it gel a\\al rnnw us, sliding through our fingers lril .~ ftn as wt• weakened our gra'p? Is tlrr, mass our μo\cr11111ent "of. I>\. and fol at1on people." or a sla,!!gcring bureaucrac', the did not irrlend and 11 hieh \\<.' nH"l ls mt re('[ a• \\{' carr? I lave we fol1011eJ pun leller of the Con•lilulion or ha110mm circurm <'nlrd it \\ ithout makin,!! tlrf"I en • 'l i l u lion a I a rn end men ls th al ~f m~I ? I I"{'(~ i ahrid::mrnt of the la11 require•. ·1 r arc que,lions "hi ch soorwr or later .url t 1 I df ra st it• ans11 <'red. or we •hall lose h1 \\I sornelhin:: tlral no outside po11e1 1 1 •n o lwen able lo tal..e a\\a\ from u• ·he lil)('rl). our freedom. .ars re' We 11 ould do 11 ell to remember, nc•nts gm <'r nm1•nl i' he,l \\ hich is cio"'n the the people." Probably of all the ar ~ J,1 t m<•nto lo lh!' ( .o r1'litution the 1 ram? Amendment lras been rnc.-l ofterr •u,ine lal<'d or ignort'd. Tlrat arnendmcrrl ar::c pl) stale-, "Tlrl' po\\ er» nol dc•le)!L11 l lrad lire l nil<·d Stale,; b) the Constil•ordin nor prohihill'd I)\ it lo tire ,[all'"1•hi<"h n•st'n <'d lo the slates rcspecli1 ch· •ion l lh!' people." le· ht. In Congn·-.. I rceogniz!'cl 1er) qu••ndit tlw co11li11ui11~ battle hein;,! \\a~r~I' llG l\\t'('ll tho-.(' helie,in~ in free ('ntt·J.11011 a and those helie1 ing in the go1crrr· he pt <"onlroll<"d eeonorn1. \Ian) time' .I P'''.1d 'lll'l' that •omc of those rhan1p1•0 111 rr f<'dl'r al control, somehow helicrf ion' a we <·an rctai 11 all thr hlcssi 1111~ of ~r<·-.~. enl<'rpri,e. plu' the added h<'lp <rfien•cs errrnwnl through rcμulation. Thi' 1 ra! g< lrn•athing more free!) while 11 .alron qrangl1•d. and I cannot gra'p tlrf ions of lire position lwld. i\t otlwr tirr1I" dl'r.a "-Urf' tliat ~omr of Ill\ ('ollra~Uf''"· 81 H·~ lit : douhl •orne of their con. tituenl•. r /·or n·ali1<· the 'i"nifieancc of sociali-r <- "\(TS F HTS Font \r ;\'i-:"·s, ]an1111r!I· 1ould )OU he ;,h . . . 1 . . I · h ous. r· ng l enar 1t~; llll.1 lUlll'•lll. ~O('la l".. 'lll JS. l W PCO· · I f I u om1c ha•e of commu1w•m, and 111 neec o 10 · .. ; earnin<r up to O\\. an~ degrc~ ~I social1~m. h~ I" qu lrnlcH·r name 1t 1s called. can be rs ) ear ) can 1 1. I 1 1. . f J- . I tl!ooc or us1 \\ 10 >C' 1cYe 111 rec- ._ '..\en t 1e (!,f. I . . I . I l nut om anc opporlun1ly, IS a l leSI• ire l iey c es 1 cannot understand. ) et our 1 BE ANSWERfllanncd econom) exponents owr he yrars ha\e offered tempting .e slra)~cl frwf 11arcls for the further imposi­' - their belie ion of go1 crnment controls. \ > protect our hip cannot mo,·e faster ll\ add­bc our -.errnnl ~ ng barnacles lo it. can it? ·1 l can l'he hi-.Lof) of h "' sunk b) O\erloadino-. 1e limitation of " 1t the inneasc c)UESTIONS TO BE ANSWERED 1 said. In 11 hat I admire the courao-e of Presi­rnmcnt" outlin"l,•nl 1-,i-.cnhower and"thc admin­ited Loda)? lralion 11ho, in the face of dire lable zeal lo 6 hrPals and rising prices, elimi­, 11e ha\e pcr11 1alcd go1ernmenl controls in . money and P'~'l2, thereby hailing the rise in cl stale lo the f<">riccs and slopping inflation. federal go,efl dc•quale proof that free enter­ ·h lax dollar. le 1ri,c• can beat the controlled e slates and 1n~o<"it•l1. But some don't learn or 'a direct rc\·er ... loo stubborn lo gi\e up their of some )ear· nlr_enc-hed positions or admit of money and I hc•1 rt• 11 rong. Whatner the rea­l" expres-ed th<on. 11c• ha\e witnessed the gO\· did it ~el aw~t\ rnnwnl performi•1g one H'n·icP ~ur fin"ers hit b ftc·r another until 11e ha\l' r gras1~? ls thi· m~"t•cl a .national debt that is a 1f. 111 . and f<'' at1onal disgrace - just as had ring bureaucra(' lht' family that lives beyond 1d 1ich 11e mu•tb means and then is foreclosed ~vr we follo11rl J>On losing home, possesi;iom, itulion or hafl<lmmunily standing. perhaps 1oul makin" the \Cn s\'lf-respecl and freedom. i\s dments that· mallt>r of fat, is it possible to be a 11 requirrs? 'l'frre~' when heavil) inclehlcd? Does the sooner or later ~.udd1n~ of this debt represent fine benc· shall lw-e In dr 1al social. gains? oul•ide >011 er \\hat J..1ncl. of future arc 11c passing f I . •n to our children when we pass them Ila\ rom u• hc rcC'ognizrd debt of 231 billion dol- 1 1· I .ar-. additional go\'ernmenl commit­lo .re111~111 >er. ll!'nts of 2 12 billion dollars nol ,,.hown 11 h1ch is cl<"' n the debt figure, and 11 hatr1 er dt'fiC'il I~ of.all the af. 111 this time in the Social Sccuril\ pro- 1l1lul1on the 1a111? \t 11hal point is freedom lost'? Jn :en most ofte!I •Usincss I 11as not free 11 hen horrowino­hal anw11cl111ct1t argc sums. in one sense. I had to pa~ 1cr' 1101 dt'il'i!"t l haC'k. and I governed my actions ac­') the Co1!'til~ordingh. \ow 11c talk ahout tax cuts, it lo the s[aft'"vhid1 \IC' all 11anl. hut 11ho II ill C'ham­• s respt'<0li1eh· 1io11 the paying do11n of our national IC'ht. and the reduction of federal cx­Jg11iz1• d \en qU.,·nditures? The 118) has liren shown hy le lwi11g 11al!f'~<' llomer Commission. \\ho 11ill dia111- 1g in free cnlt'1tt1on a c·on~titutional arne11dme11l to limit in the gcl\eri•;he po11cr of the gO\crnmenl lo tax, . \Ian) time•, pc·nd and horro11, confining oursches those cha111P'"' II\ •ng within our income? The!'c que,,.. mehow hdirre to11s are. co11slantly in my mi11d in Con­hc hie-sing>' ohc·"· ~ve C'an greatly reduce our ex-adclecl help c>~ •t•nses JUsl by reducing the size of fecl­iulatinn. Thi• 1'ra.l go1ernmcnl 11herevcr there is clupli­re<' I 1 while I• .alion and by eliminating those func- 11iol ·grasp thf ions not proper!) 11 ithin the area of . i\t other ti111t cl<'ral operation. hut rather of stale and ) colleagues. B1 1 ·~li11. These things 11e can clo. C'onstiluent•. f I· or 111) part, l do not h!'lie1c that ice of 'ociali-1 , " \(T\ Font '1 :\'cws, ]an1111ry, 19.56 F\\'S, }11111ulflj• A delegat ion of "visiton from home" is here shown with Congressman Alger. house-building and other social sen·ices arc proper functions of federal gcn ern­lllt'nl ('ll' ll if 11e rnuld afford lhl'm. 1d1id1 11e can't in 'icw of the national debt. Tht'sc are perilous limes for ""tuandcr­i11~ money. \\hat is it 11e're doing lo our-ehe,? \la) he 11c'rc just letting the f!'dt'ral go\'­l'rnmenl run U\\3) ''ith us1 and we sim­pl) mu'il cul hack. Or is tlwrc a ne11 '"i11le11t"' afoot? I don't lwlic1e that most of us feel that 11e've oulgro11 n the Dt'c· la ration of I ndependcnec and lhl' Consti­tution, an) more than 11c frt'l the need lo .. trade in., old-fashiont'd 1 irt111•s lil..t' hustle, initiati\e. honesty, integril), for nc•11er concepts. Basic principle, arc un­changing. So I shall continue mi -.earch for the right course and pul the finger on the sore spots. Could it he that 11e should he11are zealous men. ''ho would make O\ er our sociel)? The) man) limes arc 11t•altln: man\ times the) ·,c prospered under free enterprise. but they 11anl lo make a dif­ferent ancl heller soC'icly. Sometimes thq start h) sa) ing, " I don't want my C'hild lo go through what I went through." They 1 isualize sparing their child and helping others through the trials and tribulations of life hy protecting all u11cler the paternal and prolecli\e cloak of go\ C'rurnent. On the contrary, some, including my- >elf. belie1 e in lra1111ng children in the basic conceph of Ii' ing a good life. of being morall) sound. personalh ag:p:rc~!'i,-c~ and accept­ing the challenge of per>onal responsiuilil), of moral and spir­itual lh ing. In this pall rn there is no room for ~ociali!-'m or com­munism or the paternal big gm· ernmenl. Rather. there i• onh the expectation and desire for oppor­lunill - 11 hiC'h comes from free­dom; economic freedom. So 11hal can 11e do'? AMERICAN WAYS AND MEANS First, let's slop increasing the size and function> of federal gm· ernment! Let's continue the ad­ministration's ,·alianl effort to halt the runawa) locomoti,c. The lloO\er Commission can help lo point the wa). Second. let's eliminate thosp functions of gmernmenl in which the gm ernmenl has no business. Third. let"s decentralize the μ:overnrncnt. mo\ in~ it hack a.., far as possible to the stalP and local fe,el where the Tenth \mcnclmenl sa\o it should he. Fourth, let's rededicate our­"' eh·es lo recognizing and kc-epinp: our faith in what comes from the \hnighl) - our basic rights and freedom. Let's keep government our sen anl. not our ma~tcr . Let\ keep our gmernmenl in it proper confines with free enterpri'e the moti1 c po11 er. 11011 tragic if social­j ... m. or hig go\ cnmu.'nl a!"i we know it. should cau"e our do11 ufall. Our destin1. rather. is lo lead the 11 oriel to a reali1a­lion of the truth and' alue of our" \mer­iC'an \\' a~·· of 1;, ing. in contrast lo the decadent. goclle"' repudiation of incli' icl­ual 11 orth found in socialistic and com­muni ... tic ~ocietie~. A PLEA AND A PLEDGE Jame!' \lacli•on •aid. "\'i'c han staked the 11 hole future of \nwrica not on the po\\ t'r of go\ crnmenl. far from it, hut on the capacil) of manJ..ind for self-gmern­mcnt. ·' \\ e hme that capaeil): it's our go1 - f'rnmcnt and our future. In thi ... ~o,ern­menl of, by, and for the people, ue are the people. \\ e can hlaze the trail for the world our \\:l~. Congr<·:--~mcn ~hould al\'a'""' he in the \anguard lo protect America11 rights and the \merican "ay of Ii\ ing. I.N's rededicate ourseh e' to the fight that's ne,·er fini-.hed. Let's secure for ou1-,ches and our diildren and other generations to come the continuing re- 11ards for the Lipe of sociel)' that pre­~ enes opportunil\ and freedom. To thi" encl I ded icale n\\ effort•. E' D A CLOSE·UP VIEVW O I ~ ABOUT THE AUTHOR Jrn1 (GEORGE l BR \I)\, author of the folio\\ in;: article on Radio Free Europe, was born in Brno. Czechoslovakia, on :\larch 8, 1923. Ile is a student of ps}chology and sociolo~, and well ver.ed in everal languages. His references include a fa. mou;, American general. present and former mem· her. of Con!!re''· and members of the Bavaria1• parliament {LaTJdtag). During the )Car, of :\azi oecupation, Jiri Bra(), worked in a factor) and al•o managed lo do some studying al the Engli,h l1i-titule in Brno and the Lni\er,ity of Ro,tocl. .. L'nlike many other zecho­• lornko of his af((', h(' ne\('r joined the ::'lazi party nor any of the organization, "hiC'h, upon the defeat of :\"azi G('l'man). were declared lo he fas­ci;, L either by the \llies or the poolwar govern­ment of Czechoslo,·akia. Followinf! ~ orld \\ ar If, J iri Brad a studied hi,1ory, phiJo,oph) and law al the liniveroity of Brno . • \her the ommuni•t C'OU]l in Czeeho,Jo­rnkia, in Fehruaf"), 1918, the Communi;,t \ction Commillee expelled him from the Cni,·cr-ity and declared him ineligible for 'lt11l) al any oth r aca· demic imtilution behind the lron Curtain. \'\'hen he rcfu cd to become an informer for the Commu· ni•t government and ('0n'4''qucntlv was threatened \\ ith immediate arre,t, he illegal!) cros•ed the C-.eeh-.\u-.trian border, 011 October 2, 1918. ince January, 19-19, Brada has been active in a variet} of refugee organizations in German). From \la) , 1951. till July, 1951, he wa;, employed by Radio Free Europe, as a reference assistant and librarian. lie i, now a journaJi,L in German). \ vigorous opponent of '-ociaJi ... 111 as well a~ communi•m, J iri Brad a, in his t('slimony for the Committee on Communist \ggre••ion, L. . Ilou•e ~f Heprc-cnlali\C• 111011. Charles J. Kcrolt·n, ehairman ), of June 28, 19.31, made a 1111111her of s lalemcah which \\arrant the at1e11tion of thouf!hlful and alert Americans. As an example, .\I 1" Brada has made the ocrious accuoation that '·the AmeriC'an Jntelligem·e ' crvice (CIC and ClA) is not interested in invc,tigating anything about the Co111muni'1 ") 'tcm." '·The .\mcrica11 authoritie,," Bracla ha testi­fied , •·1ake a' oourec of i11forn1atio11 not the opin· iono of the anti-Commtmi,1 refugees hut the Com· 1111rni'L radio and pre" in the Ea,1 ... they owal· low ever} Communi,t 8\\ i111lle an<I show lo the Ea,t clearly that the) al,o arc either unintelli· gent enough to be 111i,Jed or arc Communiol· dominated ... " '·The ecntcr of the Comnnrni;,t \\Orl(I eon,pir· a<') ," Brad a ha, 'lated in the C'onclusions of his "'Ol'll 1c,1imoll\ for thr Kcrolcn Committee, ··,ee1"' thu, to Ii~ oituatcd now in the \Vest, in all the-{' radio ,1atio11,, "' the \oit·e of America (and) Radio Free Europe, thr American lntelli· gen<·c 'ervicc, the Cl\ and the CIC, in the west· ern cr) plo·Co111111uni•t prrs' and radio, in the Cru•ade for Free(lom, aml Free Europe, Inc." R ,r "l') 0 lht• ron .llrOJ H'i \al 1919 lmon: 1rnn. ''"' ,,, In larlt'• indt'I' \Jo,t l('('l) I )() \ \(' I adio . lorn tnd h 'n·t·d< Th, hat I ·ontri nillin l1i llio lonat• if tlw ion" ''' tra\, 1f th·,. ' lht l tn. >rojr1 l. \11 3. Cit l•cll. .. li e~ ... ~9 \\', r. >n ..... j, wad(' l ('On J . Ke r,ten. n u111 ber of te 11ti o 11 of in exa 1nplc, usa t ion th at (C IC and ng an) thing la has t es ti· o t tire o pin· .ut the Corn· . the) swal· ;how to the er uninte lli· Corn111un io l· 1rld eon•p ir· rsio ns of his Committee, Wes t, in aJI of Ame rica :ican fnt elli· i11 tire west· l d io, i11 the ·ope, Jnc." R \ 1>10 ht•e i,:urope. a nt·l1"..-\,. of •talion' 11 hich has hc!'n >i'l up in 111·•tPrn Europe for the purpose >f "'t•11di11μ- anti-(.ommu11i ... l l1road<'a ... ts o th!' p1·oples on the other side of the ron Curtain. is a di1ision of Free .111opc Committee. J nc. Th!' latter. a •ri\ att· orμanization. "as f oundecl in 1919 hy a μ-roup of American citizens, tmon:r 11 horn tlw I Ion. ll erlll'rl 11. i.!'h· lrnn. L. S. S!'nalor from \c11 ) ork, 1la1f'd a promirwnl rolt·. In 19SO. th!' Fr!'t' Europ!' Committee ·lartt•d its annual fund-raisin :r dri1!' rndt•r till' name of Crusade for Fn•1·dom. \lost of us. at one time or anoth!'r. ha1e w1·n !'\JlOsf'd to the propa:randa of thi, W\~erful oqianization. 'ia ne''"'paprrs. adro. lt•le1 ision. fr!'!'dom rars. and fr!'l'· lorn trains. and most of u• ha11· r!'ad :nd h!'ard ahout FEC\ much-puhlirizl'd n•f'dom halloon>. Tlw Frre l:t1rop1· Commillt'f' claim• hat millions of its funds have been ·ontrihut!'d h1 mon• than 111enl1 -fi11· nillion \ nwrif"an citizen .... \ lanv -nHH(' 11illions of dollars. thou:rh. lu11e h!'en lonatt•d hr C'orporations. includini.r sonw >f the larg!' foundations. · . ll1•n n Ford II. 11hose Ford Founda- 10n throu:rh the years has lwcn a lC'a\~ co11trilrntor. i~ national chairman >f thf' Crusad1• for Frt'eclom. \ s ,urh he \ tlw •U<'!T•>or ~f r.erwral Lu!'ius D. "~. O~ht'r pron111icnt spon•or' of th<' ;ro1<'l't lllrlud1· Oa1 id, Sarnoff. Ed" ard , · \lurro11. ll arold I· .. Stas"'''- \'(alter '· f;ifTorcl. Samuel Un"!'r. C!'or"P llar­"'.' h. C. ll. Tihlwts.,... and Jo;,·ph J. ; he•~er. ll eadquartcrs of the Crusade is .9 \~ e't 57th Str!'el. \e11 ) ork City ('_ 0. Jal'kson. in crurial V!'ars. o.n·,. of >n• ... jd,·nt Ei"enhower'~ "'paia('P g-uard.". wadi·d tlw Free Europe CommiltPc for 1 l'onsid!'rahle lt•n:rth of timf'. \rhitnn ====d EUROPE INSTALLMENT I By JIRI BRADA . ~vi/ ._ zidl'-~tUJ.1 j/1-ft rl1-' !- 'f}kt:J The second of three instollments of "A Close-up View of Radio Free Europe" will appear in next month's issue of Facts Forum News. In keeping with our policy of presenting "both sides" of each issue , Facts Forum News will also present in forthcoming issues material furnished us by the Free Europe Committee tell­ing of the accomplishments of Radio Free Europe. We regret that this material was received too late to accom· pony Mr. Brade's first install­ment. If. Shepardson is its current president. Jos!'ph C. r.n•w. form!'r l. S. \ rnha>­' ador to Japan. is Chairman of thf' Board of the Free Europe Committ1•1>. \rthur \\'. Paire is Chairman of tlw Exel'uli1e Committee. Vic·e president' in­clude W. J. C. Eagan, Leverin:r Tison, Samuel S. Walker. Jr., and Bernard Yar­ro11. John C. Traphagl'n sen•'' a' tn•a,. urer. Theodore C. Au:ruMinc as !'CCre­lan and assistan t treasurer. and J. Clay­ton. \l illrr a' as,i:-tant sr!' rrtan. On \ larch l 5. 1%5. Herbert II . Lan·g was replarecl as Director of llaclio Free Europe b) W. J . C. Fa:ran. Thl' Board of Di re!'tors. h1•,icles sc•1 · !'ral of the aho1e-nanwd. is rompo>ed of \ . i\. Brr le. Dai id K. E. Bru!'e, Jr., Fr!'derir H. Dolh!'an'. Jul i1h Flt·i-l'h­mann. IL B. \liller. lnin:r S. Old,, C!'Ofl!C \. Shuster. Charles ~ I. pofTord. and JI. Gregory Thomas. \ mong additional sponsors of the Frl'c Europe Committee 11c find surh nationally kno" n figure> as Clarenr1· I.. Adcock. Harn1ond Pace \lc•,ander. Laird Bell. ~'rancis Biddle, Holwrt \\ oods Blis'- Robert F. Bradford, llarn i\. Bullis. \\ illiam L. Clayton, Clark \i. Clifford. Cerile B. Dl' \iilll'. Franl-. H. D!'nton . \\ illiam J. Donman. \lark F. l-.1hrid11e. Jame' A. Farley. \'iq1inia C. Lilderslec1e. Charl!'s It llook. Palmer ll O\ l. Paul Kesten. llenrv H. Luce. ]os­q> I; \. \lrKee. \\eh \·laddox. I!. B. \I ill er. Samuel E. \!orison. Frederick Oshorn. John \\'. ibley, pyros Skou­ras. Charles I'. Taft. DeWitt \\'allace. \\. \'i'. \ra1111ack, \\ 'a lter 11. Wheeler. Jr.. Charle~ I·:. \\'ilson. :\lrs. Quine) \\ riμ-ht. and Darr) I Zanuck. The 1952 I isl of national >ponsor,.; al,o featured Jam!'s ll. Can''· Allen \\' . Dul le'. \\'il­liam Green. an·d \ latthc·11 \\'oil. Besid<» a sprinklin!! of men 11 ho uphold i\mer­ica" s tradition" of limitt'cl ;!OYernment and the free market eeononn. there is the usual contin:rent of ar;cient and uhi<fuilous \l'W Dealers. I lead<ftiarter,.; of tlw Free Europe Committee i~ a fe\\ storw\ thro\\S from that of the Crusad!' for Freedom. at 110 \\ est 57th Street. \t'\\ ) ork City. The political and ideological i·nnuenre of the Free Europe Committee spans continent~ . \o oq::rnnization in the world l'\.C'rl~ more po" er OH' r I he ref up;ee:--. from eastern Europ1'. It prarticall) maintains a monopol~ on plarinf{ refu­.!! ee >tudents in American roll e:res. It <'Onlrol, the Uni1ersity College al trass­bourg. France. Besides the periodical. Ne11S /ro111 Hehind tlw Iron Curtain. the Fr Europe Committe<• ha, publi,hed numn­ous booklets and pamphlets on commu­ni, m in ea ... tern Europe. Radio Free Europe, "hich is located at the Committee's headquarlrrs. 110 \\'est 57th lreet. is thus hut one, though no doubt the most important. depart­ment of the Fn·e I:urop1• l.ommitee. While officially a di' ision of a private organization. Hadio Free Europe do1·­of COUP·e not devi'<' any arbitrary pol ­irv of it' O\\n. It ha• bt·l'n <"Onreiwd a­a 'private arm of the American govern­ment" s foreign policy and a• such n·­nects the re'lll'rtin~ compN<·nce or con­fusion of wa,hington. The principal editorial offices of Radio Free Europe, "hi le taking their cu1·­f rom '\'ew York and Washington. an· lo!'ated in Europe. <•specially in we•lem Germanv. European headquarters is at Engli•h Gardens ( Enf{lisclier Carten} 1, \lunirh 23, Germany. Ri!'hard J. Con­don i< European director. The largest broadcasting -tations of Radio Free Europe are !orated outside of ~lunich and Frankfurt on the \lain. Their prin­cipal program' are hroaclca•t in the ,-ariou.; languages of Communi ... t-domi­nated peoples. such as Czech, lovak, Hungarian. Roumanian, Bulgarian, Al­hanian, and Polish. INFLUENCE OF SOVIET POSTWAR POLICY In order to grasp th<' pol icy of these program<. it is "ell \\Orth n·calling the -..,o,iet po twar policy in the satellite nation> of eastern Europe. For the •a!..e of appearance and expediency. no out­ri: rht Communi~t ~O\"ernnwnts werf' ~et up by the CS. R immediately upon the end of \\'orld War II. lnstt·ad. there arose the so-called go\ernments of .. na­tional fronts" or "people's fronts" or ··popular fronts." \Iosco" 's commissars saw to it that no parli!'s of the real cenl<-r nor. of cour e. any of the right wing movements were admitted to tb1•s<' front•: hut "'''n th1• non-Communist left wing parties, uch as those of the So!'iali>h or !:-lo!'ial D.·m­O!' ral'- \\ere from the Ollt-et largely led hy puppets of the O\iet Lnion. man\ of "hom had up to then Ii\ ed in compara­ti\ e ohscuritv. Within th~ course of a few months or year ... resp<'cti,ely. tlw'e non-Communist lefti•t parties "rre forgPd into total tool, of th<' glohal Communi>t ronspir­acv. Frredom of rlertion. a'<!'mhh and pr~' \\ere abolished; tradt· and indu<­trv werC" nationaliz<'d; non-ronformi~t~. h~ means of thr "people" rourt.;_" "ere c~u .... hed, and "national committees," viz. •O\ iet<. ~oon dirtated and strangled all hranrhes of publir and pri\ale lift•. Thoughtful rearh•rs may "onder \\ll\' so manv of the ocialist-minded collab­orators "ere in dur time pnmilled by the Communist authorities to leave their Page 12 Sen. Herbert H. Lehman, of New York, who was one of the founders of Free Europe Committee, Inc., of which Radio Free Europe is a division. countries. They cannot help being amazed to learn that it is mainly the ... e collecli' istic refugees from the satellite nations "horn Radio Free Europe has entrusted with program-controlling po•i­tions. Th!'se \lanians and slatists \\Pre ball) hooed as "vietims" of Soviet perse· cution. "hi le practirnll) all tho ... e 11 ho had escaped from the Communists "hen the Hu"ian armies swept over thrir countries. i.e .. tho-e "ho at all times had steadfastly opposed the Communist menare. \\ere S) stematically excluded from Radio Frt'e Europe. Is it po"ihl!' that a good many of these Socialist t11 in brothers of the Com· muni,ts \\C'rt' not pre,ent!'d from r!'ach· ing our side of tlH' Iron Curtain because on the ba,is of tlwir \larxi-t pa•l thq \\ere likch to confu,e and adulteral<' the cru ... aclt: of th<' fn·c \\Orld '? ls it pos­sible that some of tlH'm C'\!'n promised mere!} to pose as foes of communism, and th!'rt"fore in rcalit1· conlinut'd their rollahoration "ith th~ Communists in the gui-P of fo<·•r \t any rate. quite a fc11 of tlH'SC rect'nl allies of thP Commu­nist- arc no" earning ron ... iderahl<' fees from tht• funds of tlw Cru-ade for Fret'· dom. in pa) nwnt of their irwffectual and phon) ps\d10loμieal \\arfare. FORMER RED CONFEDERATES IN TOP JOBS The real rhampions of political and economic f rt"edom. the real opponents of •tale inlPn!'nlion. the real arhersari<» of matt•rialism. atheism and tnannv "ere Pither r!'jert<·cl or fired by - Radi~ FrPe F.urope. and are now sittin:;: on the side line<. The men of the Kremlin >hould indeed be pl .. a-ed "ith this curi­ou ... poliry of Hadio Free Europe. To be sure, HFE's hos•es offer us a ready-made C\C"ll't' for employing so many former Sm it'l collaborators in top positron-. \o one. the) aH'r. i• thoroughly aware of Communist ousness than are thos<' "ho ha\e ex cnced Communist tactics in prar llo\\t'\er and this is the crux of matter - not one of these former federates of the Communists has forth "itlr any prole>l against his lo collaboration, and none of the fo Communist- on Radio Free Europe come forth with any protest again,! fornwr !'omniunism. The1 shun the of the repentant sinner. . They all -uddt•n po'e as experts of the clemorr. \\a\, as pioneers of individual, per: fn•!'dom. The Whittaker Chamber> i' excluded. B1 11<1 means haw all of thc-e mnl'ly pO•<'d as anti-Communists 1 in !'\!'r so many instarH't•s they coul lwlp ~oin~ ~oft on the Communi ... f tnry Fe A grrat man\. being So!'ialist-. •n af 1 beerr so hlirrd ;, ith regard to limited';,,~~.:· ernmenl and the free market ero'.'' m•y, h and still are such loyal believers JI en ah benefits of Socialist. intencntion, r rring and !'ontrol, that the) consi•lt 1rtai1 dc1 ise policies\\ hich play into the h1<rcho: of the Communists by appeasing tlint th< Tiii' Polish. Czerho,10,a!.. and lript' garian broadcasting stations of f11I "in h!'r Europe, \\hich equal the po11<na1i, th!' \.errnan station in l\lunich. Hadi :10,000 watts, run programs for 20 l>Scri1 a da1. umrrous short wave stafr<·. Tl S('IHI broadcasts in the variou ... idioll'ok f 0 eastern Europe three or four hours il teria It is clainH'd that 29 RFE station' 11<' or now functioning. ~" .\/ The (,l(•d10,Iornk station near \[0111e, i, as strong as that of l\lunich or th <'11ts, tlrl' American Forces network. in;pu/,[, city. In operation since !\lay l, 191To s co1ers political commentaries; liip<'cl eommrnlaries; the international \.) the ti on (transmitted from the J\"e" <•cl le offrces) ; programs for workers. 1 Eur ants, women, young people, and otl.1cr dren; economics; history; music; t'ellrgt tainrnent, etc., and ne\\S e\ery hoOt ther the hour. lcrs. Aet111 Lff1~rt'es SOURCE MATERIAL FAR ychol OF CENTER 'l' \\( The over-all ideology of the•e ia. >t. grams is largely determined by f"'1.tion m!'mbers of the Ct.t'choslo\ al.. \,11 _ich 1 Front. i.e .. one-lime Communist cc SR orators. From time lo time. the'e neric• rC'ct~i,e \\ rillen inslrurtions on SI tent ! suhj1•cts from the !\'ew )_or!.. 1 <'rnn wher<' left-\\ ingers set the tone, Dr· nt .co tin K,ctko and Dr. Julius Firt, ~ ·ai"or and prominent former pro-Co1nn10 e ;an in•truct all editors at regular Jll,,_.rnf er Ca ref u II v selected books on co~r a re nism. clippings from surh An1 1 • 1 1 1 or publications as The N1•u• }'ork c rr~ The !Vrff rork l!C'fald Tribune. I 1, 1 ,smrt I ·1 . f I f ier r ,1 e, ele., rtems rom l H' prr<s o 1, I ican labor unions. material fron1 • muni't papers on hoth sides 0 <Is} ht·y a11·r. i> · Communist e"hoha,eex actirs in prac is thr rrux of these former •inrnnisls has t against his lo one of the fn 0 Free Europe protest again•t1 ,,_....,...,=:;:;:;~ The1 'hun the ner. Thn all ts of the tlrmor ndividual, per. .ker Cham her• e all of thc,r i·Communists 1 "J._._ __ ---- lllCt's thC'Y cot1l Willi W0/1111 l'llOTO he Comr;ltlllj .. ( l nry Ford 11 (cente r, stan ding), notional chair· ig- ~o('ialisl'"'. an of the Crusade for Freedom, and his broth· ...,. I to limited s, B~nso n For~ (left) and William ford (right). t"'ar< 1rtra 1ts of their father, Edsel, a nd grandfather, ·p ma rJ...ct C'CO~I tnry, hang on wall. The Ford Foundation has y al hcl icvcrs 111 •n a heavy contributor to Crusade for Freedom. inter\'cntion. I al thn con•i•1' 1rtain. and monitored [('xts of the play into the hi,<' ·ho,Jo, ak Communist radio rrpre· by appeasing t~nt the >ourrr material from "hirh the ho,J<nak and lript \\Tilers dra\\. There are also spe· station of fl-ii "inlPllil!C'nrc·· n•ports. Strai1dll ro11· equal the J.'O"'natiq• )~aper~ and magazi111·s are tahoo 1 in :\1u111rh· Ha<lio I· ree b1rope. grams for 20 h Sc~ipt "rilcr, kno\\ ho11. lo Inc thc ,horl wave st•111e. rhcy kno" that they might as \\ell 1e variou' idio• k for another joh if lill') dart' ""' or four hour~ J [(•rial or ideas from 1lw ChicaK<> Tri· :9 RFE station! 111• or '<1ch of our mal!a1.i111's as lml'r· lit llll'rcury. lnwrican l.1•Kio11 \faK· station near \ !Ume, Chri.1tia11 Eco110111ics, II""""' lf l\ l unieh or th <'11/s, \ational Rni1·u· a11d \a111111al es nrl\\ ork. in;public. nee l\1ay 1, 191To H1mmarizc' llFE programs an· >mmcntaries; apl'd arrordinμ- lo thP dirl'<'liH·~ of international ~ the \merican ha.scs and (h) the rom the 'e" ('d. lefti,l \ational Frontprs from ea-t· for workers. 11 f.urope. The rank and file Socialist g people, and ntl.1cr\\ i'e ldti't editors are either ~11- islory; music; ellrgent or >er." le or ho th. and grrnd ne"s every boUl tlw1r chore' 111 accordan<·<· 11 ith their lers. Actually, IWE policiPs ,an 011h i11 'RIAL FAR LEff!!rt'Ps. h111 1101 in s11hstan<·1-. (rom olht'r ycholol!ical \\arfan• stations of tlw ENTER .,. \\Orld. Thrsp i11dudP Hadio Fr('e ologv of the'e ia: 'lation HI \Sin ll1•rli11. Hadio Lib. :ler~ined by foi.tion a pri\al(' \nwrica11 slalion crhoslo\ ak \ttl .1'.'h Lroadcasl• lo penplt·s in,idi• the , Communist SI~ - and of course thr Voice of to time. thc<r nenca. \onp of tlwm lakt•s a eo11- lrurtions on s) lent stand al!ai nsl lh<· philosophy of New York. o ernmf'nt inh'l'\('nlion and :ro,ern­cl the tone, Dr· Ill .rontrol. none of llwm ncepl for . Julius Firt, k"~sional and half-hearted lip .sen ir·p ner pro·r'--011111,u d1Ia mp1ons fn·('dom of mlnJll'I'·! ' · '\o al regular merfnc er that so far our Jls)C'hological I books on co rfare has faded. I A111•l 11 order to document for \ mprican ·onNi suc}~ork 1 dcrs "hat 'Ort of ideas are hein" <' ''ll' . I I . r IL T ·t uii• ii.miller. lo tic Iron Curtain \\Orld ra I rl ) '' l IJ · · I . Or. ieir exp<·n,nely •lafT<'d fn•e<lom ''"- 'fl tie prr•s I · · · " material fron1 "'· ha\I• for ' 0 mr years l!alh('n·d hoth side• 0 c,·s F . '" · Ont 'r _, E\\'S, ]a1111ary, 19.56 ;E\\'S, JmworU· f mm HFE C1crho,lo"1k programs a -uh· •lanlial eolleelion of radio scripts and Lape reC'ordings, from 1d1ich I shall quote in the foll011 inl!. If am ,Jogan ""'l lw offered lo chararlcrize I he p.1•11(•ral t<·nor of all too man) prop.ram-;. let ll" quoit' \\hat a \\{'11-kno,,n 1\merican npolo~i:--t for lhP Soi icl C'allS('s has said in thl' proet'" of the Far !·:astern debacle: "Let them fall. hut do 1101 let it app('ar that 11t• pu,hecl them.'' PROPAGATION OF SOCIALISM ~1ai 1, 19.);{, 3:J;) p.m.: "The Social· i>I \fHrlh of the 1d10le \\Oriel s<•nds ii>' l!rei·tin;i.' lo lht') oulh of CzPcho,101 akia. \\ <' a'>•urc ) ou that 11e ~hall reach the aim ... lh<· da1. 1dien \\e 11 ill hr ahle to join )OU in d;mocra<') i11 the fight for -.;o('iali~m. soeial j u~ticC' and frcC"dom." \t the end of the progralll the /11/<'1'11<1· 1io11al was pla)ed. [The /11te111atio11al is tJir rail) i11p. -.;ong o[ \\Oriel C'Ollllllllllisrn.] \la1 :i. 195:{. 12:15 fl.Ill.: Ferdi11and l't•rou.lka. chit'f of H FE', Cz!'choslo1 ak d('sk i11 \t•\\ 'ork. a \\Cll·kno1111 So('ial· i-.;t and one-time prominPnl memht•r of tlw pro-Communi'l '\ational Fro11t, in his ··s1111cla1 Co111nw11ts of Ferdina11d Pt•ro11tl...a"': ""Ei~enho\\('r\ prop.ram. 011 lh(' other hand. eH'n thoul!h >\nwrica's faC'lories hau· not heen nationalized. ,..ta11ds for tlw c·oneepl of 11orld social· ;,..n>. Th .. re is no heller 11a1 lo d<»nilll· it. This is socialism ... Thr aim of the prog-ram 011tli11ecl hy the l'resicl<•nt of the l niled Stal('s is to 'orialize life." '\la) l, 1951. 2:50 p.m.: "Toda). on \lay lsl. \\C c·o111cy our grPelin~s lo all 1ho-e 11ho an· <kcliealed lo thP faith in democratic '."OCiali!"m."' (To C:ommuni~t· clominaled countries \lay ht is '-n<>m· mous \\ith \mcrira's J~h 1th, a;1d ti;<' ll'rm "Dcmoeratic ::;ocialism" i> a Com­muni ... t term '"eel in \la) Da) speeche, lo clesrrihc Communist ideology.] \lai I. 1951. 2:10 p.m. "Program fo1 \\ orker<': "Li'on Jouhaux a l!T<'at !llan. dt•srcnded from a family in 1d1irh rnol111ioni~m ha.., heen a tradi1io11. llis father participated in lh(' rPrnlt of the l'ari.., Commune ... a horn rt'\ olution­an ... \Ja1 5. 1951. 2:10 p.m.: "Uon Jou· hau'\ ·_ a rrrcal n•,olutionan. a ~Tl'al reformer . . r:-."' . \larch n. 1955. 12: \() p.m. l'rol!ram. '·\\ P Call the Communi,1 l'arl\ .. : "The pres('nl order I in ea,..l1·rn F11rop;• 1 men'h 't'r\l's lo continue the cliclalorship . this junl!le "hieh false!) i, lah .. led a­leμ. itimate ~ociaJi ... m." \larch 2:1. 1955. 2:20 p.m. Dr. Jan 1 lajek. on prol!ram. "Li1 ing SciP11ce l)j ... <·u:--sion~ '' ith ) oung- Pl'oplP."' :-;aid: "SocialiHn has bl'c·ome adult. Socialist thinker.., are no lonp:er irn•..,pon..,ihlt• nlCl­ieak The funclanw111al problem of mod· <'n1 :-;ociali .... m j.., man·.., relation to the ... !ale. "Tlw modern sociali'l rcjt'ct' both t·xtremes lais.r,;,t•: fain• and ..;lat<• ron- 1 rol. Ile i> a\\ are of his clulit's a ... \\ell as hi ... riμ-hb. ··The citizen' of the Socialist societ\ 11111-.1 IH' <·011 ... rious of th('ir herita;n» an~/ proud of it." \long this line. the CzerhMlm ak ec~i· tors and broadcaster,.; carefully anllcl repudiating the measurf's or socialization and communizatio11 '' hich their O\\ n \a1ional Fron! had in,lilulC'd i11 llw po>l11 ar ) ears. an cl often g-o so far a,.; lo apprO\C" or ~imilar Comrnuni-..t J11('3S­un » i11 'atellite Europe. Thus. on Oclo· lier 28. 1952. at 11 :50 a.m .. the broad· easln of ·'\re Call tlw <:omn11111i>I High altitude balloons being released in coord in ation with RFE broadca5h near the Czecho, lovak territory be ar leafleh in Czech and Slovak languagH. Fence 5urrounds a 50,000-watt medium-wave tran,mitt er of Radio Free Europe. Party." exclaim~d: ··Seven years ago. the decrees of the President of the Re· public brought forth the nationalization of industry. In this \lay Czechoslornkia 'et out on her "ay of democratic in de· pendence." SOCIALIST POLICIES DEFENDED These p ychological "arrior- of th!' RFE thus still don't realize that it was a crime to cooperate \\ ith the Commu· ni,ts, or if they do. they don't admit it. There is never anv hint that the Socialist policies of the \ 'ational Front a' such have led to disa,ter. no inkling that -.;ociali~m. beC'au..,e it infrinμ-c;;; upon tlw rights of the individual, leads to com· munism. Therefore. the>'e so-called fret'­dom hroaclca<ter- ne'er point out that the misery of the people in ea-trrn Europe largely deri,·es from ociali t meddling \\ith the afTairs of the people; they blame it all on O\iet exploitation. armaments. emphasis on hea' y inclu<try, and that sort of thing. Yes. they ha,·e mentioned thr '·forced Communiot economy." \rhat they mean ~y it may be seen fr,om '·!nter,~ation.al Commentary from 1\ew 'r ork. 111 its broadcast of April 18, 195:t at 6:05 p.m. The broadca"t(•r explained that "this means in Czechoslornkia the rl'lurn to the former export policy. the return to the production of quality article ... To put an encl to this O\ er-emphasis on heavy industr~ must !:e the goal of our new democratic \la\'. That is all. \o n;ferencr to liberation from the Socialist bureaucracv, from ocialist oppre>Sion. Just a shift from armaments to quality products. \othing more. Ferdinand Peroutka. in his broadcast of unda,·. l\pril 27. 1952. at 12:15 p.m., declared: '·Tiw Communists Ii(• "hen thev tell vou that "e "ant to re­store capi.tali._m: that \le intend to r"turn to the proprietors the property "hich has been taken from them som'' time azo ... I repeat: the program of the CzPrho­,10, ak exiles is not capitali,m and th • rctu rn to l 9j8, '\or do "e "ish to hand hack the mines and founclrips to tlwir for mer 011 ner,. A II 11 e care for is that the Communi"t government. "hi ch mean~, dependence on Ru"ia, disap· pears. It might be argued that an occa,ional program of this sort mi:d1t have its place in the over-all setup lwcau"<". after all, there still are old ocialists in Czechoslornkia 1d10 ha\e no use for thr Communists. Yet i"1·t it stranze that "hile there are program' for ,;orker'. peasants and Communist". there an• none for businessmen? Sometimes they talk about free com­petition. but often it i, but the competi­tion of collectivelv O\\ nee! factories amonl?st them•ehes .. The terminolog\' of their broaclca-ts is of the ocialist variety, including the trite ranting \\ 1111 \\Oltl II l'llfflO Harold Stassen, U. 5. Secretory of Peace, one of the sponsors of the Crusade for Freedom. a~ain-.;L ~·Capitalists,, and "rcaction­ariP: s.'' I no11 shall procC'ed lo ofT1•r documen­tary e\ idcncc to sho" that Badio Free Europe al>o aick and >ometimt•s C\en propagates. Titoism and communism, and frequently e'tob Communi't lead­ers. \lilos \'aiwk. onc·timr big "heel in the Communi,t party of CtechoslO\·akia, and no" d1i1·f of the t'conomics depart­ment of HFE", C.1.t•('hoslmak de,k. >aid on \o,emher 21. 1952. al lJ::lO a.m.: '·:'.Jarx. Engel,. Trot,ky for tlwm l\larxi'm 11a' the sub,titutt· for thl' \rc,t. t>rn re\ olution of human riμ:ht:--.'· The rnmmentalor of ··\\',•eklr Sune\• of the American Pre"." on April 12. 195 :~ . at g ::rn a.m.. said: "Thi• \ '''< l ork lfrrald Tril11tn1' i' of tlw opinion that tlw trial of \linds1enl\. tlu· llun· l?a rian cardinal. a' 11ell a. ·tlw trial of Slan,k\ and 'imilar crime- in otlu•r Comm~nist countries, ought lo be re· m<'rnbered ... " l'os,ihly. if not proliahh. it 11as one of the numprous ldt-11 ing1•rs on the stafT of the Trib111w 11 ho planted this corrupt· in:r little "eecl of a"o('iating the frnrle,..s anti-Communist cardinal '' ith that old l\larxian 11 lwelhoN' and Kremlin errand bo\". . lanskY· 'a l1mann. \\ho stood a> soiidly for .thr Lrninisl· talinist pro· gram as Ull\ <.ommuni>t II ho happ(•ned to get puri!cd in some inlra-parlv ft•ud. Sure l'nouzh. if the Trib11111• man did not l?i'e a ring to his pal at the C1.echosl0\ak desk in \e11 ) ork's HFF: h<'adquarlers. the latter did not fail to pic·k up that choice tidhit. \fter all. an\· "opinion" of the staid and pr('-JJmahly ('()nS{'J"\[lti\e \'(' ll' rorli 1/1 raid Tri bunt' is safe quoting. \rho is there bran•n enoul?h lo accuse thr old Trib1111r of being sub,ersive? \nd thus. by assoriatinn '' ith a primate and mar­tyr of the Boman Catholic Church, a Communist lickspittlc is b1•ing groomed for re pectability. And this in the name 'le of fighting the totalitarian c1wmy. ~eel organization \\hi ch is financed by\: ican donations, and ,d1ich is spon·erica by well-known Americans. nist Again and again, HFE's p ychol~ is warrior do not attack Marxi,m-co eria nism as such but "hat, \\ ith te3forc< regret, they condemn as its "de,ia. acy." Consequently, the listener- ) r. he be quit<· alert - is induced to \In that communism, with which so of HFE big"igs once cooperated, "ou1 int he so had if only it had not "d as crated." tly I nich, RFE ATTACKS RUSSIAN IMPERl~rntio BUT NOT COMMUNISM '2· Aa UL Fiddling that tune. BFE's •·f Fro1 "ithout the Iron Curtain.°' 011 \1 3111 ag 1952. at :~ : 15 p.m .. complained he " the '·degeneration of the old Coni~il \\' idea ls." <ed Commenting on the arn»l ~ n•a1 Kremlin-sen in:r hoS>es I in!?. Cle1hc S and lan,kv. HFl·:·s "Commr•1 stq E,ents of ti1e Day," on Fchrusils. 1952, at 7 ::rn p.m.. ,rn,rd son>onrt melanehol ir: "They ron,ciou-.1)" >n ~ their eyes. dreaming ahout the C o~ie' nist seruritv of the future .. JllH dreamed .. ·. 11 hat 11 as to remain• qur ideals once th<• dream had coJllf rcpt ('1ul? ... •\ nnical di,dain fof;t id, mun isl ideals . · .. " her. Karol Belak-Berger, the left lau1 Socialist. in HFE's "'Hound Tab lr. J cussion." on April 12, 1953, 8 1?1d p.m., nostalgically referred to th Jona lions of idealists and men of l?o°"nie." who had believed in communi' nun nwn•ly deplored the "metho1b" tPpolit '·failed." H1•1?retfulh· hr mused th I J01 11 hole appeal of communism ha' : 11H·1 rated ... " rol., The pol icy of collaboration 1' '('S ti Communists \\US quite distinclhe h prr"t'd by the old Socialist ~'. ililP Ferdinand Peroutka in his · ihle Comments" of April '21. 1952. a•;i.uit1 p.m .. 11 hen lw an,11 erPd the attl ion; the Communist clail). Rudr !'r9 ~:cl e>.ilrs such as he. " It accuses U' 0 ire• ing for the restoration of cal' ·wra along 11 ith the return of the e po111•rs." slated Peroutka. irua1 '·All 11e wish lo say in reply'?111 accu,ations is this: I('\ e "There has been a ocia I isl n;. h menl in England for six yearnc_in; l?O'ernment 11oulcl harcllv ha,e"rior mu. the Czech and , lo{ak pe"'l' m,~ ~crept capitalism. Today "eq_''· Conservati'e !(O\ernment in J· cu v, et 1. t ha s not a I1 0 1"· 1I ec l an," 'nI inu, J.ahor !(O\ernment's Socialist f~ '[-' and it wou lei not do an) thing o m ·~ in Czechoslovakia. ( e. " s to America - she supP0 ·; tl \o" e\cn though Tito accepts ~ 11 1 , bountiful assistance "ith opr11 ie ti< the United Stales go,ernment. 1 demanded the cl1•-11ational izat1 rs . . . . t;le \ ugoslav factory. Yes, Tito ne\'er litarian en('ffi) · ed to be a Communist. America is financed by >: 'Let e\eryone do as he pleases.' d "hich is spoP'crica says: 'Co ahead and be a Com· iericans. nist if that's "hat you \\ant. All "e , RFE's psycholo is that you stop supporting Hussian ack Marxism·c0~erialism.' America has 110 intention " hat, with te8force anyone, includino- Czechoslo­ ·mn as its 44defia. to return to capitali~;;,." , the listener-Uk \l ilosla\ h.ohak. another "idcly - is induced to "" 01w-tinw Communist collahora· with which so of the \ational Front" ho sa,rd his cooperated, wou1 in the nick of timt· and landed a fat r it had not " as chief I until his repla<'emrnl re· ti~ I of llFE» Czechoslm ak desk i11 nich, in "Political Comments on the ISSIAN IMPE Rl~~ation at llome."' on \ o,emher 25, COMMUNISM ·2. at 10: 15 a.m ., had this to say ul Arthur London: tune. HFE's •·!From beginning to end. the indict· : urtain." on \1 al1t a~aint-l London is prt'JH) ... lt'ro 11 ..,, It n., complained he whole I nternational Brio-ade o[ the of the old CornriJ \\ ar in Spain "hirh i; heino- al· <ed in his p!'rson another pro~f of n the arn~st d rPactionar~ altitude no'' pn·,ailin"' osses ling. Clrfhc • O\ iet Lnion. She no longt•r wa111: F l·:'s '·Commt·O support of nwn "ho h!'li!'\e in 1y," on Februsals. ht~~ only of those "ho believe 111 .m., "au•d soil' on Pis. 1ey conscious I\ Jn ~lay 8. 1951. al 5: 15 p.m., in in.g about the C ;ics_\\'ritten by Life." a young Com· the future . : lllSL mmate of a sla,r labor camp t "as to rcmaJJ1 • quott•d as fo I lo" s: "\our Ch ri-i ian ream had co111r rr!1t romc' rlose to the original Lcn­ical di,dain forit 1d1•olog-y ... \re must \\Ork to· " her. faithful to the ideas "hich Lenin lerger, the Iefl tau~ht '"·" :·s "Hound Tab;h. Ja_ro,Jav Stransky, Socialist and ril 12 195:~. 8 old CommunH collahorator of the y refc~red to th• ion.~I Front. ,..aid _in "Talk "ith and men of ~o.o<me. ~n i\1arch l. 19.>2. at 9::rn p.m.: d in commu11" nun~1at1on 'hould not play anr part the ''method•" l~P<~litics · · · \m honest Communist illy he mused th I J<>1n _1h1•,,n•st of '" in condemning :o mmuni~n1 hn" :rnr1at1on. rohahh- the old rnllahorator still bc­collahoration • <'s that it is pos-ihle for Communists s qui le distincl he h~nt•st.. Co_nsequentl) he had no old Socialist c< ihh• 111 slipp1n~ that one in. The utka, in his "~Jhle "ith Hadio Fn•t• Euro pt'. though. pril 27. 1952. stqu1Le anotlwr _mattt•r. Squanderinp: '""ered the attllions of \nwnran dollar' for the daih. /fodt• f'r0 1 p:~·d purpose. of fighting communism, " It.accuses us o hires old Communist rollahorators toration of cal' . ,ra nt about "honest" Conununists. return of the \' c Call thc _Commun isl Party," of >eroutka. >ruar_v 22. 19:i2. at 11: 15 a.m .. went to say in rcpl)' P?JJl 111 praise of Communist cultural s: ll'\emcnt<. ··Czech Communist liter· ·en a ociali<I re_ has hrou~ht forth \\Orb of out· ·d for six ycafflding 'alut•." RFF's p,.,yrhological ild hardly ha,r·nor <~t·r·lared. '· \~'t• enjoy n·ading and 10,·ak pet 11~,1,1n1sl authors a' much as any m. Today "ef l. "· . . i\ernmenl in cun_ou~ '~ay of mduring an anti-abolishrd an)' , mun"~ a_ttJIJJdc. lo >a\ till' ll'a't. , S · 1nl s . oc1a ·is t 1111 hCe ocial"L Franta Kla' ti l • 1· 11 " [>0 1·111· · do an thing of 1 -~ mment' _on the Situation al y me. on April 21. 195:~. at ll: 15 a. I ppol ·· musrd that "Tito has more char- ·a· r· ,.. JC su "'r t 11 I . . '. i 1to acccp t< ·~ " Ilea n, • '"onIe -time allies in l'rao-ue 1 . . • o 1 · 1h 0 pcl1 • · crun·i 11s 1ndepcndt•nel', and ance ' ' t lt• thorou.,hly at that., es go' crnmen. ,... · ' · de-national i1at1 rs F Ont .' r '1," r:ws, ]a111wn1, 1956 'r:ws, ]an110~ . It is quite a common procedure for Radio Free Europe to quote Tito and fled\ ugosla,ia's press as authoriti1·" in both moral and political matters. lloli· day trips lo Tito's \ ugoslavia ha\C be· come a cherished hab it of HF I·:·, editors. PROGRAMS GLORIFY REVOLU­TIONARY WORKERS Another 'ariel\ of the C'l>llecli' i>'l idc­olog) "hi ch 1ire,·ails among Hl-'E editors is the frequent praise of those enemie' of th<' Kn·mlin "ho han· not lll'cn able to lot• the party line hut haH' othern ist• heen \aluahlc fi1thter> in the class slrug· gle again,.[ tlH' so-called exploiters. Thus. the HFE script. .. \\ e Call the Communi~t Partv.'' "hiC'h ''a~ hroacka--t to Czed1oslo,akia on \ larch 29. 1955. al 12: 10 p.m .. in its ~lorification of the rl'\o lutionary \\Orkers of Kronstadt ,.01111ds a,., if it had hecn "ritlt•n h1 the old Lithuanian· \ rneriean anarc hist Alex­ander Derkrnan. ··The \\Orkcrs of l\. ron­~ taclt." it ~a)~ in that ~cript. '·foup:ht ~o that the '°' icts ma\' he d!'rted freeh and dt•morratically. ·that their just d,:. mand' he fulfilled - demands which "''rt' !'ntirely in the spirit of the Octo· her H1'\ olutinn. They fought for demo· cratic SO\ ieh .. . " True enough. thi' hroadca't \\as ad­dn•" ed to Communi,.ts. and it mi1d1t 'ecm rea,,011ahle to some to appt·al to Communi..,Ls in the spirit of gcnuinc conununi'1n: but is it likely that hard· t•ned trans-CJJrlain Communi,ts nf l9S5 helic\C in appeals in behalf of c-ommu· ni ... 111 \\ht>n lheY arl' 11tten·cl In tho ... l' "ho an• hi red h1 \ mcrirans '? ) et. in· credil.Jt• thou~h it ma\ appt'ar. that is Edwa rd R. Murrow, or.e of th e spon sors of the Crusade for Freed om, receives one of ten 1954 Russwu rm Awards of the Na tional Newspaper Pub lishers Associat ion from Dowda! H. Da vis (righ t), chai rman of National Negro Newspaper Week, as an "undeviating champion of those high pri nciples of citizen ship and of true democ· racy that have made the United States g reat," and "for keeping men constantly reminded of their duty to decency and destiny." the I ine "hi ch RFE commentators adopll'd as late as 1955. Ll't u" choose another example of thi> folly by quoting Dr. Jarosla" Stransky, former minister of the :\ational Front. in his "Commentary on the Political ' itualion .. of .\pril ·2. 1955. 9:50 a.m. In this gc•n of an "anti-Communist'' hroadca,t. the Communist collahorator of but a fe\\ ~ear..; aμ:o ~anp: the praise~ of the ' ·Spartacus lluncl."' the militant group "hich. follo"ing \rorld \\'ar I. broke awa) from Germany\ left wing Sociali,.,Ls in orclt•r to usher in the Com· muni>'l rt'\olution. Stransky realh "axed lyrical o\t'r Karl Liehk1;echt ancl }fo,.a Lt;xemhurg. the l\\O mO>'l promi· n1·nt and 'iolent leaders of early Ger· man communism. '·The modern Spartacu' mo\ement," pontificated Stransky in hehalf of HFE's 'ersion of f n·edom. "Karl Li1·bknl'cht and Hosa Luxemburg ... they were pacifi>ts. the foe!' of imperialism and militari,m ... they "ere heall'n to death hy the mob ... their articll's. their sl1eedws. their lettl'rS "ere inspi rrd b) a 'ision of order and beaut\' for the modern \\oriel . . . in even: sentence "hich that undcr•izl'd. ungai1;ly ]e\\ess. Ltnemhurf!. \\rote. there was humane­ne~..; and por~y ... " We arc lw~e not arguing ahoul the loft\ intentions of tht•"e l\\O \\Oriel fan;ous pioneers of the Communi't re,olution. mis1tuidecl and unhalanced thou~h tht'\· "t•re. \\'e are here question· ing the "i<aom of l\mcricans who. in the name of the freedom for which \Vash· ington and Lincoln Ji,ed and died. hire a notoriou~ one-time Communi~t collab­orator "ho still ofTers h\Jrn1' Lo the causl' of the Communi,.,t re,"oiution. That Stran>ky ,hould expre" such n'\olu· tionan fcelin!!s is ol" iou" that \\Cl1- meani;1g .\me~iC'ans ~hould 'IH>n~or such projects docs J>rO\ ide food for thought. NATIONAL FRONTS VAUNTED In line \\ith this farcically suicidal policy these HFE psychological \larrior" naturally still \aunt tlw \!'I")' l\ationai Front "hich pau•d tlw \la\ for th<' total ,11hju~ation of tlw Czech and Slornk people hy the Communi,ts. These -.,tranf!e ref ug-(•e pol iry-maker~, script· \\ riter,, and l'ditors still Ji,e in that drl'an· \\Orld in "hirh tlwir fatal short· ,.,i~hlt;dne" dt'liH•n•d their people into tlH' hand, of tilt' Kn·mlin. Thus. on Octol>t•r 28. 1952. al lO :05 a.m .. thc>e so-called lwralds of fn•l'dom told the home folks bt'hind the Curtain: "There "ill one!' more he a time "hen Benes \\ill ari'e . .. " On Octohcr 27, l95:t al I ::~5 p.m .. they appealed to "tho•1• "ho remrmlwr the pre-Fehru· an [i.e., 19·1'i··ln] democracy . . . "On J anuan 11. l %1. at l I :10 a.m., the lefti't Socialist Belak-Bt'rger. in "Com· mcnts on the £yents of the Day," ex· claimed: '·The real \ational Front [i.e., Page 15 peaceful Sociali,t-Communist collabora· lion] toda) li'e' in the hearts of the Czechs and Slornb." :\, if there had not been ma" mur· ders all O\er Czechoslo\'akia throughout tlw e,i,tl'll!'l' of the ational Front. Rn:·, "Time. ~!en. E\ents·' of Octolwr 18. 1952. at 10: 15 a.m., told the good people hehind the Curtain that "th•· conditions of 1915 actual!) originated in tht> \I ill and the \I i>h of the majorit) of the people:· \e" ) ork ··<.omnl!'nt> 011 thl' Inter­national Situation:· 011 A pri I 12. 1952. decried the ··Communi•l lrl'a-on" of February, 1918. h) "hiC"h the la-l rol· lahorators of the \ational Front "ere expelled hy the J\:remlin« a:renl•. "Thl' Communist>." this broadcast said. ·'seized po"er 1>1 m1·aii-; of the militia and the police ... Before thi- time [i.e., bt>fore Fl•hruan. 19 IB. during the entire time of the \ational Front] the demo· cratic politician' had prO\ed their good "ill to cooperation [" ith tlir Commu· ni>b •.. llo\\C\N] the de1110C"rati1· poli­tiC" ians [the 'lational Front men and toda\ the RFE men] \\('re n•nHJ\ed .. .'' TI;;, is of cotir'" true. a• all of us kno\\. ) et "hat sort of democrat- are Communi>t rollahorators "ho tacitly con-ent or acti,Ph conni\l• al the sup· pn>ssion and murder of political non· conformi•h ~ Tlw-e \ational Fronter-. no\\ employt•d In HFI .. did not di•con•r thP criminalit\ of their Communi•l al­lir-; ''hen mo~lt'rah·:-- and \Otl'·•rn ati\ e:-; "''re systematicall) murdered. Onl) "lirn the Communi,h put the fini•hing touche> on th1· en>la\l'ml'nl of the Czc Ji. oslornl,. people 1>1 exterminating their O\\ n collaborators did the-r curiou• frl'e· dom fi1?hter- helatedh d<'cide that the J\:rpmlin's hcnchnl!'n \\('re after all poor champions of lill{'rly. Yet \\ hom do th!' ·\merican bo-sps of Hadio Free Europe select for spl•aking lo the ensla,ed 1wople of fzechoslo­' akia? \ot those "ho from the begin· ning r!'fused lo rompromist· 11 ith thl' Communi•l tyrants. The\ ha1 t' pr<'· ft>rred lo choose •11ch \ational Fronl<'r• a> Or. Petr Zeni,.!. Or. Jo,,.f i.('llrirh. Vacla' \lajer, Or. ho Ourhacek, and Dr. Jarosla\ Stransk1. The latter has h!'!'n offl'red as a \\l'!."k!, fealurt' allra!'· ti on. Like .\l:rer !Ii''· 11 ho -till maintain• that Yalta \\as "a :rood thing." hut that the bad fommuni,t> unforlunateh bro!,.(' their pledges. the>e \ational 1-'ront•·r­claim that thPi r collahoralor "ith th•· Communi>l> the so-called J\:o-ir·p Pro­gram 1101.Id ha1e been "a i?ood thing" if only the Communist' had not pro1rd to h(' treacherous. I n,l<'ad of at la•l ad­miuin;? that the l\:o .... ire Pro~ram was criminal follr from the out•cl. they still refrr to it as an "ideal." In 1955. 11hr•n thr Communi>ts in Czechoslornkia eelebral!•d the 10th anni­\ er•an· of the J\:r»ice Program. HFE's "llea<l and Tail." in a broadcast of Page 16 I WIUE wolll>' Marshal Tito, President of Yugoslavia, with Nilc_ita Kruschev (left) and Russian P~emier ~ Bulganin, during a party at the Russian Embassy 1n Belgrade. A commentator of Radio fre~ programs cited America's support of Tito as proof that America would not endeavor to turn itf ficiories from communism to capitalism. \ pril 5. at 8: 15 a.m .. declared: "Com- 111u11i'l propaganda appeal, lo democ· ran. i.e .. lo the ideal, which the Com· mu;,;,i- ha\C betrayed." On April 7. 1955. al 12: 10 p.m .. HFI·:·, "\~e Call the Communist Part\'" >till praised th(' l\:o,iC'e gm Nnmenl p~o­gram. '·aerording lo 11 hich the Czecho­> lmal,. people 11en• to t'lecl th!'ir repre· ... e11tatiH.':-. in fret· and '."t.'Cret t>lections."· Thi> 11 hite11 a,hing of tht' J\:osire l'ro­l! ram is a deliherale fal-ehood becau>t' only four left \ling parlirs then 11ere hanch·d out lic!'n•<» 111 the Communi'l maqt'r' 11hill· all anli.·Comrnuni>l par· til'' "en• declared ilh·:ral. The Kcr,len (.ommillet· of the l. S. llotl't' of Hrpn·-enlati'e' ha, put thi, ,ham psycholo;:iral 11arfan• of HFE in the proper I i:rht. In He port \o. fl. of lkcemher :n. 1951. "E>pecially the proclamation of the J\:osice Program. of \pril 5. 1915." the Hc•porl stale' on page 17. '·oprned tlw door for an unoh· •lruclt'd drill• on the part of the Commu· nists lo 'eile full pO\\l'I' in the country." POLICY OF APPEASEMENT Let the readers dra11 their conclusions a- thr) sec fit. There;, no heller "ay lo !'\pose the intrinsic hanknq lcy o[ Radio Free Europe\ poliq. It i' not the fight again>l communi•m \\ hich these psjcho­logical warriors carry on: they stand for appra,emenl and reconciliation. Thu•. of all peoplt•. J\:onni Zilliaru•. the left '' ing British Laborite who has for 11·ar-, !wen a faithful eontrihutor lo publication> of thr Communist party. 11 a• i111 itt•d In Hadio Fn·e Europe lo addn"' tll!' Czerhoslo1 ak people. Thi, j, "hat Zilliarus. in hrol,.en Czech. heam<'d m t•r tlw air wa1 r' lo the lrari>-Curtain -laH'•. on \ pril 17. 195'.t al 12: Ill p.m.: "You 11 otild enormously rnrourage and strengthen those in the W!'sl 11 ho. for the sal,.e of reconri I iation. "otild likr to meet the . 01iel Union and thr people\ democracies half \\a)' if you were to re-hahilitate those of the Prague tria are still in prison, and cll'ar the ni( of those 1d10 died or were killed· Zilliacus ht're did not refer l• anti-Communist victims. I le sp such Communists as the Secretarl era! of the Czechm-dovak Con'~ l'arl\, Sla11sk)·Salw1a11n. who haJ subjected lo one of the interJ11 purge trials and put lo death by h religionist, Stefan Rais, then Con•~"';"."' 't1inisler of Justice. ol anti-C~/2 C'.. nisl;., but the arch-Communist SI ok b Salzmann and his confederates ir "'" b he "rt'hahilitated" for the ;.ake ""'"'' conciliation" 11 ith the Communist' is the sort of p;.ychological " I [ HFE has been propagating. fr In similar 1ein, Milos Vane~ 1 . champion of Heel causes. said on th '· 12, 195:-1, at :l :05 p.m.: " ... as I• ur le the So1iet Union fails to pro\e b~ ~ IH h h . . . I I' l('U t al s e " "' earnest m 1er 1 1,.e f desire to put an end lo the cold "rtttrce 1 the hot war. she cannot rxpccl 1 .1 . may diminish our efforts to liber• 3'1'P'. l I1 e oppressed peop I cs. " .. i'd tah. One w(•ek la~t'r.., on the same ..i'Y sv Tahlc 01scus,1on program. Be 1 • ,.,, : 05, p.m., V ane k· sa1.< I : "F"'1 r> t 'l a! iufr Communists make peace with tl~·opl ,r people. They ought lo resort to r· >u : · means in their intrmal policy. lO'h ,.re \ \Ve might as "rll ask "ohe' 1 nr·e dl'\Ouring lambs. and hyenas .1 ill fir into dows of pearr. It i> noth• •art than HFE's Zilliacus and Vane~ : 0;~i· 1 t is therefort' no exaggeratiofl \e 10' that Hadio Frt'e Eu rope has cofl!' >l fur addressed its broadcasts not l~ list's ~ :ommun_ists. but L_o Communi'( Th;, isls. scrrn-Communists and pro· I'\ , 0 nist orialisls behind the Iron Clo .,1 This fatal policy has spread id 1j1, among what is left of genu<I' r llu Communists beyond the Curtain·~ not the inspiring fight for fref\,;~~~':i" i" tlw dradly appeasement of th hr 1 .. , muni.sl tyranny. n-IIuJs !H1 II) l'\ STll.l.\lf:'\T II l\'p;T ~1·HTS FACTS Fot1L1'r ' 1-:ws, ]a111111rft ROM THE CRADLE TO ••• Is Social Security socialism? Is this an honest trust fund? ECURITY Are we ·enslaving future generations? r a GRAVE SITUATION wrn1; wofll.. Russian Premier I tor of Radio Fr•• ndeavor to turn itt the Prague triB md clear the 111' Jr were killed · id not refer 1 cti m,. Ile ,pok 1s the Sccretn ri 1o>lovak Corn~ anann, who hs(l of the interfll 1t to death by b lais then Co111rnnuel Com1H•r ... , 1lu.• " μ:rand old man N' 1 . C la hor-prc ,itl cnl of 1hc \FL l 88C.- :c. ot a.n 1• I J2-1-"arn ('d hi ., union mt·mi,e r!'> to .Commu111st ok hC'hind 11te 1tumani1a ria11 ... 1u,:a11 .., confederates '' wd by tlie ad\ Ot'a l c!"! of g o, c r11m e 11t · for thP ~akr wrnnt eC'd ~<'Turit y.• the Communist• Rychological " pa«ating. 1f 1E Rf: ha, ne,·er yet come do" n <"'j\1"( Vanfl ~On~ an) gO\ Prnmenl any suh,lan· ~au,~s~S,aid 0~ lial 11npro,<•mrnt in the conditions . .. , Ji the ma"<'' of the people. unl1·" 11 P:m. · · · · 3 bl und its O\\ n initiatin• in the mind nils to .p roh'e · • I • . 1 I ' 1 < ica1 l. an< t w coura"<' of tlw p<·ople. .d rn est I in Iedr " k . r I I f'"' l rom l"' peop <' o our country tlw 1 tot ie co 1 1~1un·<• of initiatiH• and thl' opport;111il) ·anfTnot cxpel·~berl a'pin· and to sll"ll""le in ordPr that eI or,,t s to 1 . . '"'" nt 3 "'J>ll"al1on may heeomr a reality~ P es. "f1d though you c·oudi your at"I ion in on the same iy . ti· . . . f . f , Jl"O"ram. 3~. 'Y 111P" H'l1c ll'rms, 1l " d i ail o I .d'"' " !'" 1 I' purp<ht' and IJ(' the undo1n« of the sa 1 : . • hir sth f 1a. I f on·<•, l1ia l go to make up" a ,,., .,. 1" peace wit .. ·opl<'. Look O\ <'r all the "orld 1d1t·n· t lo reRort to r -11 I I I .. tl1 >u \\ 1 . a11c ~l'l' tho~e "O\Prnmt•11l:-- cIrIn a .kp o 1cl \ ·e • l lw n . ti f [ '"' H' i·atun·s o compul,ory hPnt'\. e ad' I" 0 ' t nee ha\C' h<•t•n <»lahli,..lwd. and you an I i.y . ena•th i ill 1r1 11< I II 1 t• 1· 11· 1.t 1a.l l\e taken from th<' .cc. 1 " ,no 1. ,"arts of tlw p1·opl<'. ·us and \ ane• ' .· I · • 1 t • oc ia 1rhurancp c·unnol P\l'll under- o cxag",...e rat101, k <• 1o n .1 110\C' or pr<'H'nl PO\<'rly. It . is urop<' has con;c>l fundanwntal and doe> not "t'l al th<' iadcast< not. 1, "'<''of social inju'1i<"<'. .- t.o Commd u111'. C Tl It• rn 1 . 'l sic •p 1· 11 <·,ta Ii li·s h ·1 ng rnmpul· "."t' an pro ('I"\ social insuranc·e is lo di1 id<' 1><·011k 11nd the Irond . to r" ro up~.. ti 10~<.' C' 1·1 ~1· 1>1 < ' fo r IH 'tH' 1·1 1:-- { hao; sprea. ,, id those• considc·red rnpah l<' of nirin" left of "enu1' r ti · ·I · '['I 1· · · · '"' Ct"' • H lll"'l \C'S , lC C I\ ISIO!l I~ ha'.'-C'd id th<' urtai"-·.1 fi"hl for frfft' x_ccr~tsf from an addrcsis. Deetmher '5 1916 rc- •ea~emcnl of th h~'f. 011 ~:l~r~~l~~.~s l~~n~~~2t'~· 1:J\~,~~1~~~~·" if,~:i: n l{uJson, N. Y. • E'T II '\EXT ,,, F , - ~ c-rs Ont·,c :"\ Ews, January, 19.J6 'F\\"S, }a1111t1 " Legislated security is bondage," said Samuel Gompers, who was the first president of the American Federation of Labor. His opinion finds agreement in the following compendium of views on this sub­ject from Representative Bruce Alger (R) of Texas and Paul L. Poirot, staff member of the Foundation for Economic Education, while "Mr. Social Security," as Representative Robert W. Kean (R) of New Jersey is called, and Representative W. R. Poage (D) of Texas favor a universal Social Security system. upon rarninμ: c-apa('ity. Th i ... μ:o,err1- ml'n tal r<'gulation n111>I tl'nd to fj, thP c-it i 1,t'll~ or !hC' C'OU llt ry into das:-;(':--. and a 1 011~-C'~ t ah li ~hed ins11r;.1 1H·c· sy:--tcm 11 otdd tend to ma kP th m•e cla'"'s riμ-id . Co\C'rnnwntal po11<·r f!l"OW> upon that 011 \\hich it reeds. Gi\e an n~C' IH') pO\\Pr. and it at onel' tri<·s to r<·adi out aft1•r mon'. Its effeeliH' nP•S d<•pend' upon iru-rpa-..ing: po"cr. HP<'1•ntly a genllt•man of the highc,..t \\llU. \\0111 .U 1'11010 Samue l Gompe rs, president of the AFL, with Mrs. Gompers in 1924 on the Atlant ic City boardwalk. -..tandinμ: .... tatccl to mt' tlwt cluri11~ the time h(' "a..; in Cermany. and in a po­sition to knO\\. G<·rman "orkmen C'amf' to him •<'<'kinμ- aid to gel out of that c·ountn to the l nited Stal<'s. Tlwr told him tl;al In r<'<1'0n of tla• ta,<·s ;d1ich they \\ere «·ompl'lll'd to pay into com­pulsory ~oc-ial in-..unllH'C' sd1emr ..... thl') had no mon<'y ll'fl <',<·c·pt for ah,olute 1weeo,ilit•:- of life. and 11Pr<' unahl<• to H'rnre sufTieicnl fund, lo eoml' to the l'nited Stales eH·n in th!' stc•praμ-1'. I le said to me furtlwr that in German\ . ''here compul~Or) ~o<'ial insunuH'l' h-.~:-; l>rl'n mor<' <''t<•n,iH·ly 11 orkPd out than in any other c·ountn·. the 11 orkmen of that c:ounlr). hy rP<;stlll of their prop· crty intrrests in compul,ory >-Oeial in· suranCT. hm l' bcrn c·ompdli•d to rl'· main in German\ and \\ork under cirC'um:--lann·~. \\aie!-o. hour:-;. and condi­tion' of <'mploYJrn•nl "hid1 forcl'd thl'm to endure eonditions i.Jl'lo11 'tandarcb of a Ji, ing wage. Is it not di,crrnihlc that thP painwnt' requirl'd of 11 orknwn for this compul· -..ory :--ocial in:--urance interfere \ery ma­ll'rially 11 ith mohilit' of lahor. and con· stitu11.' a \!'l"\ dTl'1:t11al harric·r to tlw "orkl'r~ dC'te~mini11" thl'ir "holl' li'e" '! l ndu .... trial fn•<'do~1 t'\.i .... 1.. .. only \\hen and \\ lwre \\<l~t' t'arrwr~ lune cOmplde control O\rr thl"ir labor pO\\t'r. To dele· gate control O\<'r their lahor po"<'r to an ou1 .... idc agl'n<'y takt':-. away from the f'conomi(' po\\t'r of tho"l' wage ('an1er~ and crrate~ anolh<'r af!l'll<'~ for J>O" C'r. \\' ho<'\t'r has control of thi• ne11 agcnq a<'quirl':-. ~omt' dt•:rrt'e of co11lrol O\er Page 17 SOCIAL S E ( LJ R I T Y (Continued) the worker. There is nothinp: to guar­anl!' e ('Onlrol O\er that agency to rm­plo) t'!'>. It may al,o bt• ('Onlroll!'cl hy <'mplo
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