ic anyway; the two classic forms have
become blurred in practice and they
bene always been fruit of the same tree.
ll probably all depends upon the accident of who ind- up in control of the
thing. I lie "planned economy" can and
el...- mean either or both. "Socialism"
has become something of ;i cuss word
in America eunl Ice- been pretty well
abandoned by everybody lml the Communists, lb.I.' arc -lill a few good old-
fashioned Socialists like Norman Thomas who will not let the advantages of
deception dictate abandonment of the
term. Bul il i- a safe bet that, whatever
form of socialism we- may gel. il will be-
called something else except, ..f course,
by -mil critics as John T. Flynn. lb;
insists llpeen tin- generic term.
The author holds thai lhe decline or
socialization of our Republic had its
origin primarily in the academic theo-
rizing "f iln- intellectuals. He holds thai
lhe process heul to assume two stages:
first, the centralization of power in the
national government bv the dismantling
of ibe federal system of I.", separate republics pin- ei fede-reil government of
clearly and definitely limited power-:
eiml second, llu- further conversion of
the national government into a Socialist
State, lb'- accomplishment of the first
stage eel-ee revolutionizes the basic philosophy em.I law of governmenl -■> ei- lo
permit completion ol the second stage.
Mr. Flynn's contention is that this was
done by reinterpretation of the Con-
stilulinii -ei ei- tee permit what, for 1 15
years, it was held to forbid.
The ihcsis seems tenable enough so
that llii- buck -lleelllll pi3i\i(|e' -e.lllC
very interesting reading ten or twenty
years from now. perhaps as much as
I- II ,' Go Marching provides today.
Mr. Flynn's comments on the- inllu-
ence e.f iln- intellectuals "Eggheads" in
u- deserves considerable quotation.
But he does not share F.gL'headian illn~-
ioii lhat the wise and benevolent rule
will In- their ultimate province.
"The last quarter of lhe 18th century
and lhe firsl quarter of the 19th produced the mo-i extraordinary eruption
in history of whal have come I., be
known ee- Eggheads. The Egghead has
been defined bv Louis Bromfield a- a
character who pretends to ih.' liile- of
philosopher—a soil of professional intellectual—dedicated io the theory that
the Egghead- eire the appointees nf destiny who will bring something known
in the intellectual trade ei- security'
to a creature known as tin' 'common
man.' in return for which he will deliver himself to the management of a
society of the Eggheads toda) embraces
Communists, Socialists, rudimentary
Fascists, along wilh their wives and
certain rich men's sons .mil daughters,
and even some corporate vice-presidents.
"It is a fail the significance and in-
fiuence <ef which cannot he ignored,
that al lln- base "f all these schemes nf
social reconstruction—from Plain to
Marx -ran llii- idea of the Soviet oj the
"The rool idea al lhe bottom of this
long history eef reckless blueprinting
from Plain lo Karl Marx. Aneurin
Bewail. Henry Wallace, ami their dis-
ciples -inh as Dr. James Conant, Hr.
ll.iliiri Oppenheimer anil the essayists
of the floundering Nation, lhe New Republic einel the Daily ll orker is lhat social planning is lhe peculiar mission of
the poet, the playwright and the novelist, iln- scientist ami ihe teacher generally. Obviously, I do nol imply thai
ihis disease afflicts all writer-, teachers
and intellectuals. I merely suggest lhal
thc members of these crafts, some of
them dissatisfied with their share of the
-.ee ieil dividend, ein- apt lo offer a
peculiarly sensitive incubation lo these
giddy ideas. In lhe lasl 20 year- in
America llu- disease has run like- a
scourge through mir colleges and j<.ur-
nals of opinion.
"One' does mil inn inlo many authentic poet- who assume thai their peculiar
power enables them In split lhe atom or
even understand whal it ie.. Bul as every
man in ei free society is a citizen, he is
at liberty i" suppose that the role "f
citizenship itself qualifies him lo rule or.
even more, in divert himself in llu- intoxicating pastime of social architecture.
"The building eunl direction of the
Slate throughout iln- hl'cs has been considered a department of philosophy bv
the philosophers. It is a fact thai all
during human history, society ha- consisted of the In rd and lhe shepherd—
lln- masses, and lhe monarch and lords
eunl warriors who underst I the mrth-
eeel- of acquiring power. The intellectual,
if he was present, served the warrior.
There were in mosl early civilized societies intellectuals who gagged al this
rub- of tin- knight and lln- soldier. Hence
they dreamed of lln- perfect commonwealth where they would rule the herd.
The' herd would I"- better off, nol because il acquired the righl lo rule it-
self, lml because <>f the- benevolent mas-
tership of llu- philosophers.
"The men who operate the Smieili-i
State ih»- State thai possesses iln' combined powers of governmenl emd industrial and commercial authority wilh
unlimited [.ewer in tax w ill nol !"■ the
intellectuals. Neither ihe philosophers
nor ibe scientists nor iln- technicians will
stand 'eet the control switches of the
nation.' Il will he the Hitlers, the Mu—o-
the Stalins, the Bulge..... is. 'j"^
.a- and their breed.'
Mi. Flynn's contention that the l'a ^ p'
character of the American govern-**! a
has been drastically changed by jiulic , "
reinterpretation of lhe Constitution]„ -
summed up in the following ipiotaii°*0 ' *
"The' Supreme Court is empowi-",, .■
Ii /■ ■ t* ,'tf'*llt'M
er the I .onstitution. lo interpiei ,jijn ,
meaning of lhe Constitution "tenet's
stions of jiielieieil differences apw
leul. according to ils limc-linn0!
practice, interpreted the ConstitiJ
questions ol pidicial ilillcrcne es apt "knows
ll heul. according to ils limc-li".i0!'l,.s„||r,
lo mean wheel its framers wanted " ^,|.
i mean wneu us iramers waiucu - ^jr
lean, eunl declared Roosevelt's '"'"'""'.'si iiul i
acts unconstitutional in the mosl Jwclfar
portant case by unanimous dccisi L|nj1|(i
There was, therefore, but one .'""of i|„.
open In the revolutionary cabal j ,1(
Washington, ll weis a plan lo eliani-'* aib■„,.;
Constitution, literally to wreck lhe "nnieiu i
Fundamental structure of lhe \mefi' ■■•|-||
corned by Rooseve
was presented i"
overnment. nol only by orderly |"'° extend
a- laid down in the Constitution. '""Bpeeifi
judicial interpretation. Tbe plan eluded
accomplishing ihi- lawless aim w ablative
almosl ei- soon .'gi.im ,
him. This was ;,- u,.|
.nfeunous scheme 'lo pack the Sup'Vas in
Court.' " (The direct attempt failed) [i(.
the same end was accomplished in1''.!, a .
I) through enactment of a new <e Wovid
menl law.) ,.""' a
"Willi the appointments of fcfeati
Black. Stanley lie,I. Felix I'rankK "If
William I). Douglas eunl Frank MiifljVhtiil
Roosevell had a majority of the i11*™' so
and a Courl the radicals could in.."'hew „
to perform whatever surgery wei- "' heir
on the Constitution le. open the wa^eache
the collectivisl State. »ansh
"Once a Supreme Court -iib-cn'1'1. '"ism
the Presidenl and the new eolli'c*'Ja»ds
revolution was installed, the i''.1' **n"'g
easy, ll wei- simplv neccssarv f°r ' "'
Supreme Court to give new eiml f*'"""
differenl meanings lo four words l< M*'
Constitution meanings those weii''''*' lal
never had in the preceding H'\'i '
The four words eire' conipri-cd ' ,
i ir ■ i -' ii'F*ent
terms general wcllarc and ml- .
commerce. . , ,
W .■ have heard and read much ' ..."
i -e i c- .■ ehil ' I'-
way nl Liberal assertions ..'- I
Constitution is a "flexible" or
able" document, able to meel '.''' I
needs and changing limes. M-.'-
eef our mosl prominent internal
have candidU proposed iheei the .llt(. f(
Nations Charier be amended by r .bntrai
pretation. rather lhan by tryins _,,,.,. ,
the Soviets in agree 1.1 the cha'V f/lr
Our Constitution is flexible. '",
it provides the lawful and orderly "'i|| ;|r
of amending il bv returning tfiposs
original source' eif emthorilv llu" * is-,-,1
and the people. I vve a
Bul if the practice is eidop1 -.blle
amendment bv reinterprcteilioii. " ,'t'-nn
the Constitution meaning wI'-11 ^Mr.
.i ■ . :. in1*:
present!} in pow er v, anl i
and justifying whal they ".."'
Facts Forum News, JftnitafU'