pi-rity based upon armament production
is a fool's paradise.' Bul then be looks
around for something else lor thi v-
, rniii,ail I,, spend money on: "But there
is plenty ,.f productive work thai needs
I,, !"■ ,l,,nr in \iniriiei. and in the- world
—work that will pay fnr itself in social
emd economic benefit.' Thi- -n-m- te.
In- littli' more than the Keynesian concept, ll mighl work in a dictatorship,
but thr plain fait i- the- simple one that
politicians who musl stand fnr reelection
are jusl nol going to discontinue thr
spending hinge- eis I.unl Keynes held
should be done during times ol prosperity. It is tin- "planned economy,"
lml withoul thr brakes Keynes proposed.
And there i- the little matter of lln- national debl something Mr. Canham
due'- not mention. Nor does In- mention
the- attendant inflation thai has, in effect,
confiscated savings <,l citizens and reduced many ol them in ei degree ,,f de-
pendenc) upon government.
In hi- closing paragraph Mr. Canham
places much-needed emphasis upon
spiritual values as he expresses a high
degree of hopefulness.
"If tin' Miii-riiem economy continues
I,, evolve toward more ami more evenly
balanced power, if tin- American people iniir,' deeply understand eiml exemplify their destin) as ;i part ,,l emergent
freedom in the world, if the thorny road
of diplomacy and power politics is
trodden with wisdom, zeal, ami practi-
cal idealism if the definitely marked
turning toward religious ami spiritual
values i- followed u|, hv people in daily
living «'■ mav surely -;i\ that em age
eif deepening, widening progress can Iii'
Bul earlier in hi- book In- adopts eiml
propounds a basic collectivisl tenet
which would point in quite another direction. Advanced em' two so-called
"principles": self-determination and interdependence. \ world is contemplated
"where the well-being nf one is clearly
dependent upon the well-being of all."
In a system of complete interdependence, dependability mighl he considerably wauling. Certainly, the habit of
dependency upon others or upon governmenl would not augur well I'm individual freedom ami ils handmaiden,
If we- will leiok eil our Declaration
eef Independence we will find llu- tenet
of interdependence to be a drastic departure from our original Foundation.
Firsl lie- acknowledgment wa- made thai
all nun are created—that i-. I.,,,I was
acknowledged. Then wa- acknowledged
the facl thai men eire endowed by the
Creator wilh certain unalienable rights
that i-. God, nol government, was
acknowledged a- lhe author of liberty.
ll wei- from thi> standpoint that llie sign-
ers were able to "pledge lo each other
our Lives, our Fortunes, and our -ee, red
Honor." Thi- seems i<» !„■ the logical
order in line human cooperation cooperation freely given from the' strength
of individual independence rather than
commanded by ei doctrine of interdependence, lhe Declaration of Independence was effective because it wei-. firsl
ol all, ;i declaration of dependence upon
(nul. Observance of ihis starting-poinl
distinguishes individual freedom from
anarchy ami it should also discourage
ihe tendency to place demands on others.
Mr. Canham reflects ihis standpoint
when he' write-. "The drive of competition emd of individualism, when wedded
to llu- -em-,' ,ef social responsibility, is
an imperative mandate for growth."
"Social responsibility" i> one of those
vague terms, hut il should certainly in-
ihiile restraint of impulses to impose on
others and lo conducl their affairs for
them, a- well ei- maintaining the humanitarian attitude expressed hv the Good
The author give- us a clear definition
of iln' inner strength of America. \-
we hold io thi- we may, indeed, find
occasion for hopefulness.
"Any society, rooted ;e- American society is. iii tin- infinite Importance of the
individual is ;i -e.eieH with ;i spiritual
and moral base."
<;. W. DeArmond, .Ik.
The Decline of the
By John T. Flynn, The Devin-Adair Co., 23 E.
26th St., New York 10. N. Y., I?5S, 226 pp.. 53.00.
"\\ '■ have passed through ei i, \ ■,lu-
tion. World Weir II em.I our presenl embarrassments in Europe ami Asia are
merely ihe material manifestations ,,l
lhe basic eli-eei-e. Thai disease is I
ing less than Ihi-: lhal we hei\e- ■
eh,ni-el the' Fundamental principH
which ih, Vmerican Republic was I
For ihe perplexities in which wi'
trapped in Europe, for lhe ronfj
and frustration we ele, not kn,,w ha
end in Asia, for the crushing debS
taxes at home and the almosl mil|(,B
able infusion of treason in our
ment and ,,nr society, there is
remedy -<> long a- we continue to
eem ourselves wilh lhe symptom* less
ignore lhe roots of disease. We w ill i*j quit
In make some headway against • New
tragic problems when we have tin'' our
age In look with utter realism »• by
cause and recognize tbat il will be IJ 'bat
not in Europe or Asia but in lhe ''' onl,
we have' committed against our lu** lor
our heritage and destiny when we I" wipi
to i|t'-tlie\ lhe Mil,'I'i,5111 111 |>uhlir' . A
This. then, is the basic thesis of' revi
T. Flynn's mosl recent I k. Mr- " ',,ul
undoubtedly, i- hesl known f"r '"«
pungenl Jeremiads. Hut Ibis il"'**.. ." '
make him an easy person for bis asi
eral" critics in dismiss. He ha- '"
up loo much of a record of being
for lhal. for instance, Mr. I'I*-"".
being howled down in lhe III,' -'
hi- assertions lhal had bankinS
speculating practices were iiiii'11
dangerous instability into inn ni*»
structure. In lent, the' night I"'1"'! ,'",'.
stock market crash in l<)29 a Weill' ^j'
personage was engaging in lln' I'." (| ,
pastime of ridiculing Mr. I'lvin'' s(
lo foil"* '•
dictions of ;i depression t<
hen in pr
Mr. Flynn wa*- kn
frequent writer for lhe \eir K'F ((f j,
and other Liberal journals, as aJ v\\ri
eipanl in the revisionist studied Sp,M,
World War I munitions scandal S()0n
relentless critic of the financial ' ,M.|(|
which were then threatening "in ..;.,,,
of private enterprise. In those '^'-i. n.iti,
Flynn was called "a dangerous '-' natii
CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION IMPORTANT
* When General WilBam F, Dean was released from a Communli
prison eell In North Korea iwo yean ago after having withstood ••■■■■i1"
of "brainwashing," he came home to Washington and had break!8*
wilh Presidenl Eisenhower, Following llii- breakfast the President He'1
;i press conference. He said to- sometimes wondered wh> more of °11 , ^
Boldiers had not mcenmbed to Communisl Indoctrination,
teli itii- wa} because of the meager education given our >(
ml 1"' ,l( "I
prol'1'' of l!
whal their obligations are to a free form of government, what l S|ttoi
means in support It, ami whal i( lakes to Keep ii ami miss it on. •-',' '" re
Presidenl was saying in effeel lhal 4merlcan citizenship education ' \,
vitally important to tlie strength ami securit) of our nation, anil •-■•' in /
enough of it. Even as Mr. Eisenhower expressed ''"^ (
there wasn t enougn ot it. Kveu
anxiety, some school systems and colleges were conduct ing ouursri* * Jv .J(
American citizenship education, ami some were planning such coin"-'"" nf ■-
Vmiiiiii*- school system i- versatile, and mam schools are begin'1', n]ov
to recognize the immediate Importance of more positive leaching ' l
Reprinted from The National Pi
Letter ol (>. tober, 195
I m is Forum Nei