appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, with such
exceptions, and under such regulations as the Congress shall
lander m l-'' The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment,
and of the nil shall he by jury; and such trial shall be held in the state
itual service o I Hnere trle saj(( rIjmi.s aaa\] have been committed; but when
iu w riling, o not committed within any state, the trial shall he at such place
departments, w ,,r p|aces as the Congress may by law have directed.
respective « I Section 3. Treason against the United States shall consist
s and pardons ] on|y in |ev^
cases of impf8! e
ying war against them, or in adhering to their
enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be
convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses
c0 1 In the same overt act, or on confession in open court.
s o lhe Congress shall have power to declare the punishment
tinate. and b) ,,| treason, bul no attainder of treason shall work corrupt
... _l 11 -mild file c . .
ife of the person
,ate. shall app" of hhxid, or forfeiture except clurin
consuls. Judge8] attainted.
[ the I nited St«J
wise provided Artirlr 4
ih,- Congress I
officers, as V Section 1. Full faith and credit shall be given in each
rts ..( la* state '" the Pul>'ic acts, records, and judicial proceedings of
I'yery other state. And the Congress may by general laws
all vacai^l"'-'*;''''1''-' 'he manner in which such acts, records and pro-
gjjceedings shall he proved, and the effect thereof.
," ,.oi Section 2. The citizens of each state shall be entitled to
i next -' ...ii ....
;ive to the Cone*"" Privl'eges and immunities of citizens in the several states,
recommend to •] M ^ Person charged in any state with treason, felony, or
necessary!"' l'rimc- who shall flee from justice, and be found in an-
sions convene )>"""'' >l111''- shall on demand of the executive authority- eif the
f elise.grccnie*'1'^"''.'''"",' which he fled- l,e delivered up.
it clisagrcemc"- , -- — "„..,„.„
|||urnni(,||1 he the state having juri.-iliction „f the cr
nk nroiicr- he* lN" Person heIcl to service or Ial
', , ll ,„„i?"' "".' Iaw or regulation
"d shall comm' sen ice orlahor: but shall b,
.. JDartv tn
lee lee I'l'IIH eye'l I to
abor in one state, under
into another, shall, in consequence
therein, be discharged from such
1 he delivered up on claim of tlle
•art) to whom such service or labor may be due.]8
d from off*"*- Sf:';T,ON '■''■ New s'ates may be admitted by the Congress
'l l'rv or0'"'1',' 'llis "ni"n: llut no new state shall be formed or erected
m, in in. ry, withm the jurisdiction of any other state: nor any state be
formed by the junction of two or more states, or parts of
Slates, without the consent of the legislatures of the states
I ni,ed States f""^'^ as well as of the Cong,,-.
such inferior6! Congress shall have power to dispose of and make
r I iin and i-l'1' "'v'lful rules a"d regulations respecting the territory or
1 | i|K *lher property belonging to the United States: and nothing in
""" " jtgns Constitution shall be so construed as to prejudice any
,- „|,ichfa"ns "' the ' "il"1 -Stat^, or of any particular state,
nsat.on. win'i Section I Th„ Ii..:....i c... iii . ._.
ice in office.
extend to ed1
SECTION I. The United States shall
Jjate in this union a republican form
fall protect each of them against
uarantee to every
I government, and
invasion: and on applic
ha||ion of the legislature, or of the executive (when the legisla-
en whn ti |iiture cannot be convened) against domestic violence.
Is; —to al
to controvi tm
; — to control" The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall
i a state and '' ln'»' 'I necessary, shall propose amendments to this Constitu-
I different '^aI'"', W' "" the application of the legislatures of two thirds
g lands under ? the several states, shall call a convention for proposing
r the citizens th*»cndments, which, in either case, shall be valid to all intents
, iiid purposes, as part of this Constitution, when ratified by
|h( r |)ul)li(, ,iiii**e legislatures of three fourths of the several states, or by
■ shall be part?'*1"'"*110"8 in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other
isdiction. In alf( °f ratification mav be proposed by the Congress; pro-
inc Court sliii"
||*lode of ratificati,
BSee 13th Amendment.
'"acts Font xt News, January, 1956
vided that no amendment which may be made prior to the
year one thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in the ninth section of
the first article: and that no state, without its consent, shall
he deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate.
All debts contracted and engagements entered into, before
the adoption of this Constitution, shall he as valid against the
United States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation.
This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which
shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made, or
which shall be made, under the authority of the I nited States,
shall be the supreme law of the land: and the judges in every
state shall be bound thereby, anything in the Constitution or
laws of anv state to the contrary notwithstanding.
The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and
the members of the Beveral state legislatures, and all executive
and judicial officers, both of the United States and of the
several states, shall be be,und by oath en- affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious test shall ever be
required as a qualification to any office or public trust under
the I nited States.
The ratification of the conventions of nine states shall be
sufficient for the establishment of this Constitution between
the states so ratifying the same.
DONE in convention by the unanimous consent of the
-talcs presenl the seventeenth day of September in the year
of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven
and of the independence of the 1 nited States of America tin-
twelfth in witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our
Go. Washington — Presidt.
and deputy from Virginia
Wm. Saml. Johnson
\\ in. Paterson.
Cunning Bedford jun