ted, be an inh*
shall be Presl
ss they be eq**^
Ificers, and a'8"
he Vice Presidj
dent of the Uoj
0 try all imp
y shall be on I
e Inited Staf
no person sha
thirds of the
eill not extend!
r profit uiidf't
Ignient and p«4
ner of holdinfl
ill be prescrill
he Congress "';1'
ations. except I
once in everj '
enden in DecJ
dge of il^ etoj
bers, emd a mf
to den. and <j
as each Hon-1''
. „[ its procei
ivior, and. «'
epting such M
nd the yeas a'"1,
tered on the m
for more th''"
t in which l1""
mtatives shall f.
ed States. Tin"
each of thepf^J
idance eit the I
,, and returnU*!
in either Houi
No Senator or Representative shall, during the time for
which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under
the authority of the United States, which shall have been
created, or the emoluments whereof shall have been encreased
during such time; and no person holding any office under the
I nited States, shall be a member of either House during his
continuance in office.
Section 7. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in
House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or
concur with amendments as on other bills.
Every bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before it become a law. be
presented to the President of the United States; if he approve
he shall sign it. but if not he shall return it, with his objections
to that House in which it shall have originated, who shall
enter the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to
reconsider it. If after such reconsideration two thirds of that
House shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together
with the objections, to the other House, by which it shall like-
wise be reconsidered, and if approved by two thirds of that
House, it shall become law. But in all such cases the votes of
both Houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the
names of the persons voting for and against the bill shall be
entered on the journal of each House respectively. If any bill
shall nol be returned by the President within ten days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him. the
same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had signed it,
unless Congress by their adjournment prevent its return, in
which case it shall not be a law.
Every order, resolution, or vote to which the concurrence
of the Senate and House of Representatives men be necessar)
'except on a question of adjournment) shall be presented to
the President of the ( nited States: and before the same shall
Jake effect, shall be approved hi him. or being disapproved bv
him, shall he repassed In two thirds „f the Senate and House
ol Representatives, according to the rules and limileitieens
prescribed in th,. cum- „f a hill.
Section 8. The Congress shall have the power to lay and
collect taxes, duties. ii„p„sls and excises, to pay the debts and
provide for the common defence and general welfare of the
'"I'd States: but all duties, imposts and excises shall be
uniform through,,ul the United States:
To borrow money on the credit of the United States;
To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among
lhe several states, and with the Indian tribes;
To establish a uniform rule of naturalization, and uni-
orm laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the
1 nited States;
To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign
coin and fix the standard of weights and measures;
lo provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the
Becurrties and current coin of the United States;
To establish p09t „Hices and post roads.
I" promote the progress of science and useful arts, by
-''in nig for limited times to authors and inventors the ex-
•' usive right to their respective writings and discoveries;
lo constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court;
lo define and punish piracies and felonies committed on
Hi"' high seas, and offences against the la
law of nations;
eclare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and
make rules concerning captures on land and water;
lo raise and support armies, but no appropriation eef
money to that use shall be for a longer term than two years;
To provide and maintain a navy;
lo make rules for the government and regulation of the
land and naval forces;
Pacts Fohbm News, January, 1956
To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the
laws of the union, suppress insurrections and repel invasions:
To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the
militia, and for governing such part of them as may be
employed in the service of the United States, reserving to
the states respectively, the appointment ol the officers, and
the authority ol training the militia according to the discipline
prescribed bv Congress;
To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever,
over such district I not exceeding ten miles square) as may,
by cession of particular states, and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the government of the I nited States,
and to exercise like authority over all places purchased by the
consent of the legislature of the state in which the same shall
he. lor the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals, dock-yards,
and other needful buildings; — and
To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for
carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other
powers vested b\ this Constitution in the government of the
United States, or in any department or officer thereof.
Section 9. The migration or importation of such persons
as any of the states now existing shall think proper to admit.
shall not be prohibited hy the Congress prior to the year one
thousand eight hundred and eight, hut a tax or dutv may be
imposed on such importation, not exceeding ten dollars for
The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when ill cases of rebellion or invasion the
public safety may require it.
Ne. hill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed.
No capitation, or other direct, tax shall be laid, unless in
proportion to the census or enumeration herein before
directed to be taken.
No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from
No preference shall he given by any regulation of commerce or revenue to the ports of one state over those of another: nor shall vessels bound to. or from, one state, be'
obliged to enter, clear or pay duties in another.
No money shall he drawn from the Treasury, but in consequence of appropriations made by law: and a regular statement and account of the receipts ami expenditures of all public
monev shall he published from time to time.
No title of nobility shall be granted hv the United States:
and no person holding anv office of profit or trust under
them, shall, without the consent of the Congress, accept of
any present, emolument, office, or title, of anv kind whatever,
from anv king, prince, or foreign state.
SECTION 1(1. No state shall enter into anv treaty, alliance.
or confederation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin
money; emit bills of credit: make anything hut gold and silver
coin a tender in payment of debts; pass am hill of attainder.
ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts,
or grant any title of nobility.
No state shall, without the consent of the Congress, lay
any imposts or duties on imports or exports, except what mav
be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection laws: and
the net produce ol all duties and imposts, laid hv anv state on
imports or exports, shall be lor the use of the Treasury of the
United States: and all such laws shall he subject to the
revision and control of the Congress.
No state shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any
duty of tonnage, keep troops, or ships of war in time of peace,
enter into any agreement or compact with another state, or
with a foreign power, or engage in war, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as will not admit of delay.