'K't lljv ^Jl Lipil of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish
Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the General Welfare,
and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establisli this
Constitution for the United States of America.
Section 1. All legislative powers herein granted shall be
vested in a Congress of the Lniteil States, which shall consist
of a Senate and House of Representatives.
Section 2. The House of Representatives shall be composed eif members chosen everj second year b) the people of
the several states, and the electors in each state shall have the
qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous
branch of the state legislature.
No person shall be a Representative who shall not have
attained to the age of twenty-five \ears. and been seven years
a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected,
be an inhabitant of that state in which he shall be chosen.
Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned
among the several states which may be included within this
union, according to their respective numbers, [which shall be
determined by adding to the whole number of free persons,
including those bound to service for a term of years.] and
excluding Indians not taxed, [three fifths of all other persons.]' The actual enumeration shall be made within three
years after the first meeting of the Congjess of the I nited
States, and within every subsequent term of ten vcars. in such
manner as they shall by law direct. The number of Representatives shall not exceed one [or everv thirty thousand, but
each state shall have at least one Representative; and until
such enumeration shall be made, the Slate' e.f New Hampshire
shall be entitled tn choose three, Massachusetts eight. Rhode
Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New
York six. New Jerse) four. Pennsylvania eight. Delaware one'.
Maryland six. Virginia ten. North Carolina five. South Carolina five, and Georgia three.
When vacancies happen in the representation freem emv
state, the executive authoritv thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies.
The House of Representatives shall choose their speaker
and other officers: and shall have the sole power of impeachment.
Section 3. The Senate of the Inited States shall be com-
posed ol two Senators from each stale, [chosen by the legislature thereof,]* for six years; and each Senator shall have
Immediately after they shall be- assembled in consequence
nl the first election, they shall be divided as equally as may be
into three classes. The seats of the Senators of tin- lir-t ela--
shall be vacated eil the expiration of the second weir. ..f the
second class at the expiration of the fourth year, and of the
third class the expiration of the sixth year, so that one
third mas In' chosen ever) second vear: [and if vacancies
happen by resignation, or otherwise, dining the recess of the
legislature of any state, the executive then-ief men make temporary appointments until the next meeting of the legislature,
which shall then fill such vacancies.]3
No person shall be a Senator win. shall not have attained
to the age of thirty years, and been nine years a citizen of the
I nited States, and who shall not, when elected, be an i
taut of that -lute for which he shall be chosen.
'Ihe Vice President of the I nited States -hall l.e- l!
eef tlie Senate, but shall have no vote, unless they be eqt"
The Senate shall choose their other officers, and nl-'
President pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice l'lcsi'"
or when he shall exercise the office eif President of the I '"'
The Senate shall have the sole power to try all iin|"
incuts. When sitting for that purpose, they shall be o" *
or affirmation. When the President of the Inited State* ^^
tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: and no person she"
convicted without the concurrence of two thirds of the **!
Judgment in cases e.f impeachment shall not extend
ther than to removal from office, and disqualification 1°
1 tth Arnenilment.
"See lTlli Anieiiilieie'iil.
and enjoy am office of honor, trust or profit undet
I nited States: but the part\ convicted shall nevei■tlieh'** w|,j,
liable and subject to indictment, trial, judgment eunl p"|:
ment. according to law.
SECTION 1. The limes, places eunl manner ot holdin?'
tieeiis (eer Senators and Representatives shall be prescribe
each -late by the legislature thereof: but the Congress n1" take
an) time by law make or alter such regulations, excepl ^ him
the places of choosing Senators. "f I
[The Congress shall assemble at least once in every' S pres
and -inh meeting shall l.e em the first Monda) in Deecv
unless the) shall 1>\ law appoint a different day.]4 . •'••ll'
Sei mix 5. Each House shall be the judge ol the elecjj proi
returns and qualifications of its own members, and a m3! lu
of each shall constitute a quorum to do business: ~ u,,'l
smaller number mei\ adjourn from day to day. ami "'"
authorized to compel the attendance of absent men''"'1
such manner, and under such penalties as each House ie
Each House men determine the rules of its procef ">ii
punish it- members Im disorderly behavior, eunl. «' '",
concurrence <>l twee thinls. expel ;i member.
Each House shall keep a journal of ils proceedinr!5j '"]
from time I" time publish the same, excepting such pa
may in their judgment require secrecv : and the seas a"a
of the members of cither House on an) question shall.
desire ol one filth of those present, be entered on thc j<*1
Neither House, during the session ol Congress, sha 1". ,
out the consent of the other, adjourn for more then'
dens, nor lo an) other place than that in which l"
Houses shall he sitting. t|
Si ' mix ti. The Senators and Representatives shah r
ei compensation for their services, to he ascertai ' ''-, ,
and paid out of the Treasur) ol the I nited States. I nf)
in all cases, except treason, Eelony and breach of the pc*
privileged from arrest during their attendance at th'1
of their respective Houses, emd in going to and return'™(
lhe same; eunl her em\ speech or debate in either lloii--''
shall not he questioned in any other place.
"See 20th Amendment
Facts FoRUM Xfxvs. Jiiiuiin':