,bv should an]
• done mi a naj
I,',1 Stale's in1
work lor a '']
ecurity." I hi*'
they could i*«
n their own I
rsons mosl lui
i'ir old age -'!
not the bill *
of their live-- -
. presumes il '
ll 11.a-- of |><*'
- al age 65, «J
hen one- e n
i- bound e'vcii"
ation of poVf*i
1 If llu- i- e"''
le. then bow \
nut of com]
ll SeeliritV f"r'
portion "f h'
' which uh'5"1''
i a quarter of i
, I, seems dete*|
deficit th.- l'
.nal security ('f'|
Hire than l'"' ,
lout in time "
iiule not nee*
al share" or <£
ih secure **
ixiely. and 4]
loin llie min" |
is thai he m
what wa- l""|
if 'IS.,-- ■; K 1.1! E II T III) (I VE II.
sped upon vvl'j
aim to those <'■
rsons mav n" j
forces, or in I
i-ioii- other ■»■
tpporl of big I e
(Continued ,"' '
The article below is reprinted, by permission, from the
November Democratic Digest, which had this statement
to make regarding it: "The September issue of the
Digest contained u critical article on the operations of
the second Hoover Commission. When Mr. Hoover questioned the conclusions of the Digest analysis, be was
invited to sum up his own views on tbe workings of tbe
Commission. He accepted the offer, and the Digest is
pleased to publish bis personal views."
THE Second Commissii n Organization of the Executive Branch of
the Government was created by
unanimous action of the Congress in
1953. Its members were appointed b\ the
Speaker for the House, by the \ ice
President for the Senate, and by
the President for the Senate, and by the
President for the Administration. Thev
included members of both political
It was the expressed determination eel
the Commission from the first day of its
existence tbut "partv politics" should not
enter into its conclusions. The Commission never divided on political grounds.
I never even heard mentioned a reference to political party effect of anv conclusion. A precedent for that hud been
set by the First Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch ol the
Government of 1947-49, over which I
Every member of this Second Commission had long public experience.
There were naturally divided opinions
mi the best methods of accomplishing
our purpose. But every recommendation
was voted by a majority und usually
by more of the members of the Commission. And all of them were voted for
l,\ members of both political parties.
No inquiry into partv affiliations of
lask force members vvas ever made:
however, they 'lid embrace members of
both parties. There was a Republican
complaint that there were three former
Democratic cabinet members and six
former assistant secretaries on the task
forces, lhe fad was that the Republicans bail been mil nl' office for twenty
years and bad no reserve of such officials.
There wen- et number of federal ami
-teite Supreme Court judges among the
task force members and lhe number
was aboul even between the two parties.
On the Task Force on Federal Medical
Services, which dealt with questions
concerning veterans, there were 80 per
cent veterans, and I presume from their
geographic spread it contained members
of both parties. However, all tusk force
members wen- selected for their experience ami ability. Something over 100 of
them bail 1 n in federal service at one
time or another, mostly in Democratic
Out of the 31-1 recommendat s designed to obtain greater efficiency and
eee,ne,my in the executive branch, then-
were some 16 per cent of them tbat were
bound to provide controversy, especially
from pressure groups, and f'4 per cent
tbat are winning general acceptance. Of
the total recommendations some 145
were "eubninisli eitiv e1" — that is. they
can be put into effect by the departments
with.ent legislation. More than 50 have'
already been adopted, and under President Eisenhower's direction special
machinery has been set up in the Bureau
of the Budget and the Department of
Defense to effectuate more of them. A
single one of the administrative recommendations already adopted is saving
the taxpayers the total cost oi the Com-
mission at the rate of five times everv
Some 111 of the recommendations
require legislation. Already more than
2(11) bills have been introduced into the
Congress for this purpose. Thev came
too late at the busy end of the last
session for action although em importanl
one pus-cil the Senate. It required five
years lo complete some 72 per cent of
the recommendations which were
adopted from the First Commission of
There was criticism from pressure
groups at that time — just as there is
now. Much of the criticism is based
upien lack of knowledge by the critics
of the workings of the government, and
loo often it arises from misunderstanding or misconstruction of the recommendations themselves, and eef course
criticism comes from special interests
For instance, I have -ecu it stated that
tbe Commission would deprive the fanners ,,l their loans from the government
on their commodities pending their sale.
No such recommendation was made. Tin'
Intermediate Credit Hanks were supported bv ihe Commission. Nowhere were
the obligations of the Commodity Credil
Corporation lei support such loans
opposed. A method of simplification and
economy wei- recommended which was
approved by officials of that corporation.
Another instance is the hospiteilizei
tion of destitute veterans with non-serv-
(Continual on Page 61 -