Democrat bill was the better plan, and
more sound financially. So I left my
partv both in committee and on the floor
of the House to vote for it and against
the Republican plan. True, an even better bill may be developed. It was frustrating to see partisan politics sway so
main congressmen who voted on the
basis of which partv sponsored tbe bill
— rather than voting for the best solution lo the problem. Would my colleagues say this is just a newcomer's
SOUTH UNITED ON NATURAL
The Natural Gas Bill found all Texas
congressmen solidly united — probably
prejudiced some might say, because oil
and gas mean much to the Southwest.
Prejudiced? I would like to think that
our concern with this problem caused us
to give it greater study. Hen- to nn -al-
isfaction I saw once again the fight of
free enterprise vs. the controlled economy. Free enterprise won by on I x six
\ "les. The controversv raged over
whether the price at the well of natural
gas would be controlled by federal government or by market supply and demand factors under government scrutiny. Actuallv. tbe latter would not be
completely free enterprise, but certainh
more free than complete governmenl
Many people in gas-consuming state-,
and their congressmen, erroneously believe that prices will soar without government control. Experience, however,
proves just the reverse. Without control,
gas costs the same today as it did during
the 1935-39 period, while other fuel
costs have soared to 191-225 per cent
above the 1935-39 average. Interstate
transmission and local distribution of
gen have been under '"controls" for some
time, and these services have steadil)
risen in price. Onh the free!) competitive and uncontrolled price at the wellhead has declined. Yet there are congressmen who doggedl) maintain that
they musi "protect the consumer"
through further imposition of federal
controls! Others, once more, just didn't
have time to study the facts before
Another legislative disappointment
was the new Social Security law the
House passed. No hearings were held by
the committee which handled the bill:
although I diligently dug fen f:iet~. do
information from healings was available for the congressmen to study em.I
5'eiin information upon which to base
their vote. **: el the bill committed oui
country to the vear 2929. with future
costs more than double the present cost.
I was told, ". . , it will collapse anyway,
and then the people will know (be program was heul."
With this background of doubt eunl
lack of information, ami having ob-
served some downright lack of political
courage, 1 of course voted against lhe
I siill believe tin- best "political sense '
is lee do what is right. Surely the people
should have the truth, and weiuld approve rather than condemn the representative who honestl) s,, strives and
votes. I for one di t intend to underestimate the g I sense of the "people'
Possibly an equally great surprise,
saved until the chesing dens, weis the
Housing Act of 55. Here again I saw
outright socialism take hold, dishonest
legislative procedure, and "politics for
The House voted down the public
housing provisions of tbe Housing bill
decisively as it had many times before
in other Congresses. Several days later.
however, when the House-Senate conference bill came back to us for a vote, we-
were Startled le. see all tbe socialistic
public bousing features still there, llie
President heul requested a program
closely related ie> slum clearance, wilh
priorit) in puhlie housing reserved for
those displaced in such urban renewal
work. .None of that here! Rather we seiw
iln- distasteful pure public bousing we
bad thrown out returned to us with the
threat that if we didn't approve it we'd
stay longer In session or return for a
Most M.C.'s had bags paekcil an.l
tickets anil reservations see ureal (some
bail even left) anil so a number of nun
changed their vote under ihi- pressure.
Further, it was tied to EHA renewed sn
that a vote againsl public bousing was a
vote against FHA. This is a dishonest
legislative maneuver, even if considered
a slick trick l.v -ome. Probably I should
not bene- been surprised, since the old
\cw Deal M.C.'s of the 1930's were
pushing it through. Yet I felt that the
people back home weiuld heartily condemn such legislation.
As I studied tins hill anil heard the
oratory fur "home consumption" — I
learned again the meaning of "demagoguery,' the technique nf appealing
for votes and support hy political misrepresentation ami speech-making. I
heard tin- phrase, " Vmericans have a
right to decent housing at prices they
can afford." What kind of talk is this''
Of course wc all want, anil we want eill
to have, nice homes hui i- it (be function of federal government to provide'
them wilh tax pen eis' money? 1 f se.. w In
nnt extend the thought to providing
food, clothes, transportation - - in
fail, all mir needs? Of course, this i-
-eieietlism. the- opposite "f freedom. On
the e\ iele-ne e ahead) in. elle' wc unaware
that a "little bit "f socialism heis been
aptlj likewieel In ee little hit of pregnane] ?
ll hulls to grow!
According to mj computation tin- real
...-I ,,i ei so-called ten thousand eh.lien
public housing unit is nearer twenty-five
thousand dollars. Would you 1
to learn that public housing t.
rarel) those most in need of hoU<"'""
In Dayton, families earning up to I, '
eight hundred dollars yearly can q* ' .
for public housing. Even the grj
mowed for them. Are they destitaj
QUESTIONS TO BE ANSWER^""'
How far have we strayed tr0'*'eH.lr.
Faith of our Fathers — their belif"4OI1 (
governmenl was to protect our },- (
given rights, and to he our servant t>„ |p,
than mil master? "The history of1,,, sur
is the' history of the limitation of
ernmental power, nol the increase 0WUES
as Woodrow Wilson said. In what' ] a(
is the "limited government' outlin*tcnt I
the Constitution limited today? ktrati
In our commendable zeal to Wireat
needs for everyone, we have perflated
the transfer oi tax monev and fl952,
from the loealilv and state to the wkriee
level. Today, the federal govefl4det|u
takes 75 cents of each lax dollar, If* rise
unlv 25 cents to the states and nrtoeiet;
publics. Thai ratio is a direct revcrtre .,
the lax distribution of some ycarS'lilrei
Has this transfer of monev and J**hcy n
to "big government" expressed tl*on. v
lention of us all. or did it gel eivveiy'rnme
us. sliding through our fingers bit" Iter
as we weakened our grasp? Is thi'i'iass
our governmenl "of. bv. and for''Hi"n
people." e>r a staggering bureaucrat*!* the
diel mil intend and which we niu^'j "H
reel as we can? Have we follow"-*!""1"
letter of the Constitution or liei'""111"
circumvented it without making tW, cn -
-I i t ul i ee n ;i I a me tld ment s that j
abridgment of the
be answered, or we shall lose by '
something thai no outside po«'«f
are questions which sooner tir leih'r .
iiii outside po"e ,„ .
he-en eihle- le. take away from us -^j^,
libeiIv. our freedom. Lrs
We would do well to remember, _(>|lls
government is hest which is clo-^n the
the people." Probably of all the a!Js |)v t
ments to the I ionstitution the •;ram?
Amendment has been mi'si .iltei* tusine
luted or ignored. Tbat ainendnie''laige
plv states, "Tbe powers not deh*Pa7 bad
the I nited Steilcs by the ConstMnrdin
nor prohibited by it to tlie state^hich
reserved to the states respectively!'ion t
the people." M>t.
In Congress I recognized very 'I'V'idil
the continuing bailie being waf-'™'lle
Iwiin those' believing iii free ente*ion a
and those believing in the goverfljlic pi
controlled economy. Many times tjpend
sine that some of those chamP™ '1V11
federal controls somehow I ><■ I i<•"•'.'''M ~ ;
ne can retain all the blessings ojpess.
enterprise, plus the added help i""'1'"'^
ernment through regulation. This*ra' £-''
breathing i e freelv while •j"1"*"
strangled, and I cannol grasp th' "
ol mv colleagues. Tr'''
leuiltl senile ul their constituents,
jure thai some
iceili/i' lhe sie-njheanee of socia.
1'vi is Forum News. Janiiai'll-'m