plants for 279
el ten million
ivernment had i
ff the taxpayers
j taxes like a
i iieet comprehl
•r I.ill the TVA
mild a steam pi
it) feel till' TV
um the Tenner*!
.5 million dollari
Iel l.e generatJl
ir, tl llii'i hall
eiwr-. For lllelt
TV \ niaiiiiiactut
a Function of
I lhe- lleeeeWT
ng in sennc 1 e
idings I leas i
hat the federal
until of all 1. ■
."> billion square
\ all'lll lee 1,250 '
- with im central
en- control. To
■alette and nnvv
ii. ihis hurts.
e' new iniiii 111111*1
ue>-ilei\ debate. '
K-e~t i r Jl I- ill .1 in'"
,m(. memhers „fSlate commerce (pages 102-4 of tl..
eoiisideriii" sir.'""1"'' ' ''"* ehairnian admitted the dif-
n elder -leil.-iHi'l*'U '"ll Pron*ised a definition would
mittee showed |f |l"1 '" lne record. This was never
i it was deterniiif''' >u "'' Passed a law> circumventing
imeree i.r..\ i-i<>"" state legislatures, without ever estab-
the reason f,.r *""■- the prerogative of federal gov-
lll'l, e.-keal to ek*""'"1-. . ,
jnquisitivel) trying to get the facts
learn, I never did hear questions
Ivered aboul what this bill would do
tin- lined economies of our nation, or
Ither we were by-passing the slates.
|v\hat is best for labor. Does federal
pdate weaken or strengthen labor?
luld labor be in politics? \\ hat hap-
- I" collective bargaining when the
eminent steps in? Is this economic
deem for the working man? Does a
iiiium wage suggest government has
right to set a maximum wage eenel
not? I assume a congressman has
prighl in ask these questions and kea-|>
1155. even though he gels no answer.
DANGER SIGNALS ON
Bier came the Mutual Securit) \. t
pign \iel. \geiin I listened em,I stud-
the committee material. Big figures
F "-"'cl I learned thai some mone;
0Priated in the last Congress weis
vet spent. In the new appropriation
e was monev to be given Yugoslavia
5, 1955, fro
the House of Representatives take the oath of office January
re Speaker Sam Rayburn (D-Tex), right, standing, hand on desk.
Tito friend or foe? I
hove we had gotten our scrap iron hack
from .lei|i;iu. Then' weis money feer India
— and Nehru is preaching socialism.
Should we finance him in this'-' Further,
our gee,,els 11ui\ not even get to the
people. I though "I "trade, not aid," and
of our generous gifts nol buying friendship, onl) weakening us economically as
we pile on debl. Well did I realize m\
ignorance in international matters and
that our own economy, foreign affairs,
world-wide economics, and rnilitar) de-
fense are interwoven and cannot be considered separately. I recalled Mr. Dulles'
Golden Rule in foreign affairs, "to do
for others what, if positions were reversed, we'd want tin-in to do l"i" us."
Then I thought liou our iele-eilism heis
blurred our vision in practical world
affairs in times past — so I voted againsl
it. This wei- et tough vote!
The congressional system is best
learned 1>\ active participation ami that's
how 1 Learned in my committee the'
Committee on Public Works. Here I sue
firsthand how it weis that each legislative
hill before coming to ;i vote on the floor
lllu-t lee1 slllelie-el einel developed ill the
committee which can expedite, change,
or shelve it.
The majorily part) in Congress has a
majorit) of members on each committee.
see the legislation is controlled by the
majority party. Men- then is the sharpest
c.Ts Forum News, Jai
conflict between thus.- who stress party
teamwork and theise who vote their convictions. Frequently, members of either
part) find themselves in disagreement
with their part) thinking and plans.
The) then either "wear the brass collar
following part) orders, or thev vote as
the) think best personally. There are
man) good arguments for either course
some hold thai the indii idual member must place his personal conviction
second to party teamwork — others will
not do so: in the latter group I found
myself. To me there was no choice —
the course was clear; I voted eis I
thought hest. even if and when in dis-
agreemenl w ith my party.
The highwa) program, -imlii-il b) the
Subcommittee on Roads of which 1 wets
a member, became a controversial piece
of legislation. We knew we needed the
highways which had fallen far behind
eun nalions growth in vehicular travel.
How tee pen for the roads was the difficult and touch) question. Should it be
financed on the installment plan over
man) years b) bonds "pa) as we use"
— or by raising the' money needed now
he "pen as we go" in building them'.-'
Months of thoughl com inced me the latin course was the better choice. True,
our healings were incomplete, particularly on the tax aspects oi the bill, and
ours was met a tei\ committee. Of the two
hills finall) enhanced. I thought the