REPORTERS' ROUNDUP INTERVIEW OF
Gaganvihari L. Mehtd
Ambassador of India to the United States
This official spokesman for Prime Minister Nehru of India indicate-
that the United States is not winning friends through its foreign a'"
policies. India, according to Ambassador Mehta, would prefer direct
aid in the form of loans. Other aid, he emphasizes, should b*
channeled through the United Nations, removing any doubt thd
"strings" of foreign control are attached.
Ambassador Mehta states that Red China's admission to th'
United Nations is not urged by India alone. He feels that "recogi"'
tion of facts" is necessary, pointing out that at least a dozen othe'
countries have recognized the Peiping government of China.
As official spokesman for Prime
l\ Minister Nehru of India, His
J- *.Excellency, G. L. Mehta, Ambassador of India to the United States,
interviewed on a recent Reporters'
Roundup program, was questioned by
veteran reporters Ernest K. Lindley
of Newsweek magazine, Lyle Wilson
of United Press, and Jim Lucas, of
Moderator Robert F, Hurleigh,
Mutual commentator and Director of
Washington Operations for Mutual
Broadcasting System, outlined Ambassador Mehta's long and distinguished
career in business ancl public life. Before his present diplomatic appointment in September, 1952, Ambassador
Mehta was a member of the Planning
Commission of India, and Chairman of
the- Tariff Commission. He was bom in
Bombay in 19(X), and was educated at
the University of Bombay and the
London School of Economics.
Mr. Wilson opened the questioning,
bringing into immediate focus a subject which is uppermost in the minds
eif Americans whe-re the Far East is
concerned. "Mr. Ambassador, will the
Indian government persist in urging
the admission of Communist China
into the United Nations?"
"It is not a question of the Indian
government persisting only," replied
Ambassador Mehta. "There are today
in the United Nations a number of
countries which have recognized the
Peiping government. Indeed, some of
your allies, among whom are the British government, have not only recognized them, but want freer trade with
China. France also wants freer trade
with China. The first country which
recognized China (the Peiping government) so far as I know, was Burma.
Then India and the British came next.
There are several countries which feel
that recognition of facts is necessary
for a settlement of questions in the Far
East. That does not mean that we
approve or disapprove of the policies
of a particular country, or of that
regime. Indeed, there are many countries in the United Nations whose
structure of government — of the way
it came about or its policies — your
government, and our government also,
disapprove." [Ambassador Mehta's
reply ignored the fact that only one
government of a country is recognized
by the United Nations. Nationalist
China would be disqualified for
United Nations membership by recognition of the Communist faction as the
true representatives of China.]
Mr. Lucas said, "Mr. Ambassador,
one of the things most vexing in this
country is that your people seem to
feel there is little choice between us
and communism — that they are
equally good or equally bad, and we
feel that there is considerable more
merit on our side of the question. Is
that a fair statement of India's thin-*'
ing and policy?
"I am afraid that is not quite a i$
statement," corrected the Ambassaduj
"Are you referring to this recogniti""
of China, or a general . . ."
Mr. Lucas explained that he h-1'
no reference to China — his questi"'
concerned communism as a philosopW
or an ideology.
"Well, India has, by its own vo*]
tion, got a democratic constitutions
replied Ambassador Mehta. "It h*
free elections. It has had no censors'11"
of the press. It has constitutional opp"'
"Even our economic planning '
democratic in character," he co'
tinned. "There is nothing to prev-e*
us from going out of the conuu"'
wealth of nations — the British Co^1
monwealth — just as Burma did. **
are completely free. But we h"v
remained within the Commonweal'
We have said, and our leaders h'1'
said, time ancl again, that we bt-li''*
in the fundamental principles
"There is no question, therefore,
explained, "of India being in any "';
committed to a Communist philosop'
of Prime Minister Nehru's prop"5
visit to the United States. "Mr. Amb-1
I"''slit >, ,
»'9ed U. S
? so," (
r. Lindley introduced the subH -f nc*a
'rime Minister Nehru's movo&m ,s ut, fe
Facts Forum News, October, W Ads F