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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955 - File 069. 1955-06. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. November 17, 2019. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1539/show/1538.

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Facts Forum. (1955-06). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955 - File 069. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1539/show/1538

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955 - File 069, 1955-06, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed November 17, 2019, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1539/show/1538.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955
Alternate Title Facts Forum News, Vol. IV, No. 6, June 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Contributor
  • Evans, Medford
Publisher Facts Forum
Date June 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 069
Transcript OT/.~ 11." hers. and puhli,ht•d l ll ardi n. )alla>. \ 'll'll" ,,.11 hcrti~inμ ,,a n· and ·ricani~111. hu ... irn•:--.. ould haH ('"· \\hilt• prc ... ti ~t·. ·11in:t the . if' ~ under I" d,., ire•. A~1 · rira11 ·· ... then• i., 1111 cu 1u111il\ lfhich u .~rt•at nation <"<Ill inrilt' u11ich t'</ UO!.\ that 1chich /ollolf."1 a .'\Upi1w ,u/nni ,.,.,ion lo 1aofl{!: and inj11>tir1· 1111d 1/11• nmwq11t•11/ /m.< of 11ali11111t/ 11'/j.rt'.l/)1'('/ aflif /totlOf lw111•ath 11 hi1·h 1m· ,/til'/d1•d a11d 1fr­fr• ndrd a 1woplt: ..., w1/1'/\ and ~n·al1w,.,:· C\KI. Ml,N.1.1. Fi>ll Tlw /'11th of /:11111:11• ·-rite ( 11it1•d St11/1•., lwg1111 it- 1•.1;.,/1•w·" hr maki11g "/ihrrtr' it., 1·hi1'f goal. /.i /,. l'f l r r1111c i., romi11g to lu• "'fJ!acl'(I In anotlwr ()hjt·ctin· ',,ecuritr.' Ind "'''" 11r1• lwi11g i11d11red into .111rr1•111frriflg lih ­l'rf\ i11 ordl'f to obtain it. 8111 al/ that haJJ/Jt"ll' i' that 1/11·1 low tlwir lilwrtin and t/11·1 do 110/ ohtai11 ll'C11rit1."' l.\HI 'I.I. B. II \\ \b ··1 , \i 'orlcl St'<·urit\ Po,-ihlt·"" T/11•,1• Timt'' lla[!a:itll'. \ pri l. 1955 ··Ont• of tlw ~n·at ca.\ualtit• .... ()/ our g1·1u•ration lw.'t lwt•n tlw dn·lint• of iucli~· 11atio11. II 1• hare lwromr .,o rnlloused h1· tlll' {!rit-f a11d tragi·dr of tlw 1mrld that our au..·an•nt'."' has IH•t•n <'t>lllJJ!t•ft•f\ h/1111/1•d."" Die \ BH\\I I.LO\ S\C 11 \H l'r1·-id1·11l of llrandt•i• l'ni\('r - it~ '·/fr 11 ho looks 1rith prid1• 11pon !hr hi.,ton· 11/tirh hi., /athl'r1 har1• 11rit1en IJ1 1h1·ir !tProir dPrds. ll'ho arr1•pts 11·i1h ~ratitudP thP iflhPrita11r1• 1chich thrr hrnP bPqw•athed to him a11d 11•/10 high/1 rt'.,o/rrs to presrnr this i11hrrita11cr wi­impaired a11d to 11a.1s it 1111 to his de­' c1•11da11/' l'liiar~1·d and 1•11rirlll'd. is a tn11· l111Nira11 .. hr his hirthplar1• or his /Wrt'tLfa[!t' 1l'lwt it mrn·.'' [,\\I\\ .\ l!BOl I from '"Th i11k" l lB\I maμ-,11i1w) F('hruan. 19SS '·11'1•f!• 111• direc/1•d from 11"11.1hi11gto11 tehr11 lo sou· and 11•/tp11 lo T<'ap. In' shoulrl <non 1rn11/ bread." Tt10\1 IS Ju FEHSO\ "To <i11 In ,ill'Tw1· 11h1•11 tlll'1 .,/wuld {JfO/t•.,/ 111altt»; l'01t11rd., of 1111•11 :· \ BH\ 11 \\I l. l\t Ill\ l' C" r ... o n ...... 11h111itti111! •111otatio11 ... "liid1 are u .. ecl in thi .. c·olumn ~ill r e c· C' i\f' one ­ye<. 1r '-Ub-.«ription .. lo Fflrl .~ f'orum 1\e1r11 . If a lready a ... uh ... <'rihf•r , rite c.·ontrihulor may d e ... i,:natC' another p e r ... on to '"'horn the 1n"larcl ~ uh..,c.· riptio11 will ht- ... ent ~ or he nrnJ '"'i ... h to e xt i' rul Iii .. IJrt• ... t•nt "Uh­seription. Be ... ure to Ji,t th <' author .. and .. ourt·t· ... of ~ill quo tati o n ... . Parents See Crux in SNUX 111 liundn·d .. ol l .~. 1·om11111nilit"•. ;!rnllp .. of pun·nt ... lrn\1' lwt·n n·lll'llinμ- aj!ain ... t tilt' .. diool l!radinJ.! ... , .. tt·m k1un,11 a ... "-i\l \ tlw 111a1 k ... i..t;.11111, 11"•pet·ti\1·I~. for .. \ormal j!J'O\\ th j.. takinp; plan·:· .. ,Ion· 1·Hort ... Jwuld lw mad1·:· .. l n"-Oti ... fadon \\fir~:· and .. \1·1·d .. .. ,w,·ial lu·lp." \Iara JHlr1·nt ... maintain th.11 t!lt' ;:-. or .. \01 ma/ !!TO\\th j .. ta~in!! plan:· ).!radt• do1· .. 11·1 rralh t1·1l !urn tlwir d1ildn·11 .m· 1loi11!! in .. 1·'1,.nl. Orw 1li ...... afi ... fi1•1l Jhtrt·nt 1·011111w11t1·1I. ··Thi ... t~ pf' of g:radin;.! t1·111I .. to n1nditio11 tli1· 1111111' for ... nl'iaJi ... 111 and 1·ornr1111ni ... 111." \ formn h. an ... a ...... d1ool ... upnintt•nd1·nt a ... ... crtt>d, .. \'\'lwn 0111· c;dl ... for tlw ah0Ji ... hm1·111 of all conqwtition in 1lw da ..... room .... and dn­in;.! a\\U~ \\itl1 rt'\\i.trd ... for ... upnior 1·ffm1 .... h1· j .. nwn·ly adH1"ati11g: for tl11· d1ildhood 11·\1·1 tlH' '-amr thin;,!"' that tilt' ( .0111muni .. t .. an• di·· mandin;.! in our ... oci1·1' for tlw adult l1·H·I." llr add1•d that ... twh a poli1·~ carri1·d to tlw 1'\.frt'lllf' \\Ot1ld prt'(Hln' d1ildn·n mort• fo1 1·ommuni .. til' n·1.dnw111~1tio11 than for fr1·1· 1·11tnpri ... 1· ... 1H"i1·t~. In Olli' i·it\. H:! ""'" tTlll or tllt' \otilll! p.11 1·111 .. 1·li11 .. 1· 111 al111li ... Ji "'1\l \ an1l to n• ... t11n· \ B< JlE 1t·p1111 1·ard .. . \ nothn 111'\\ ).!:ntdin:.! ... ~ ... 11·111 ... imph off1•r ... an ..., \ n·port 1·anl for ··r..;ati .. fodon pro;,!­n · ...... ·· an1I ··\1•1·cl ... i11111ro\1•m1·nt ... ""'nm1· «0111- m1111i1i1· ... lia\r 1·li111i11at1•d n·porl can! ... .1lto­g1 ·tlin tlwn· un· no j!rad1· .. of arn ~ind. .. Tlw r..;lrtl;.!J!l1• for Our ( hildn·11· .. \ l inil ... ·· .. ,•ri1· .. In lf1nqml \\ hi111u111 in Collier', in· <·hHlt·d 1Jii ... f..U"l'I of tlw \ nwri1·an -.dwol .... i111atin11 On the Firing Line Again ""1d1\rr-.h1· ;wtidti1• ... 111 tlw mid\\t' ... lt·rn and ... 011tlrn1• .. tP111 ... 1.1t1· ... an· !win;,! f'\po ... f>d thrn11;.d1 th1· ... 1•mi·mnnthl, l1•ttn. I \ fl Nt•1wrt. 1·dit1·d '" karl Baar .. la;,!. fornwr f'tlitor of tfw \nwri 1·a11 J.1·;.!i1111'-. Firi111: l.inr. and pulilii-hf'd Ji, \nwri1·an \ational R1· ... 1·ard1. liw .. P. 0. Bo, ~;. l>alla-. T1·'"'· For t\H'llh·ri\I· \l'i.H .... Baar .. 1,l;.! ha ... lll't'll hattlin;,!" 1·nmm1111i ... m. I It• "t'J°\l'd on tlw ( :o111- 11111ni ... 1 f), ... k_ of tl11• Offk1· of \ a,·al l ntPlli· ;.!t'111·1· in ~ ·a ... hin;,!"ton durinf.!. \\ orld "V;'ar II and i ... a fornwr national I .P;.!ion dirt>ctor of 1'<H1nt1•r,11ll\N .. i,1· a1·ti' it it"•. lbar .. laf.!.. \\ho l\\it·1· 1·1.11·!1 11111nth pinpoint ... tlw ... 1· hhO'-f' al'lion ... (and oft1·11 inadion) do harm to \ mnic·a. i ... 0111· of tl11· \l'I"\ f,.,, nationally-J..no,,n f'\.JH'rt ... 011 c·om111uni .... 1'1 '\Ito ha ... 111'\l'r lw1·11 " ( 01111111111i ... t part' nwmbPr. I \ U ll1•1uut not onl~ '''P""'''' tlu· \ ! Jr..;. T \k F.\ 11111 ,tJ ... o 1·rH1hl1• ... 1lw n·adn to icl1·n­tif, tfwm. On the March Against Communism \\'rit1· .. \,·i/ L \\ 1·t1n111a11 from ( 111n1111ati. Ohio: .. , Jia,1· rn1·11tl' 1111111.Jnl I lit• 1'111t1·1 t \1111·1 int l.t'i.lJ!lH'. lnL nl (,wain ( 1111·11111at1 \\ 1• an· an 11rg;.11111;.1tio11 drdi1·at1•d to tlw fu1tlw1 ann· of .. ,.Jf and 1·0111mu11il\ 1•1hwution p1T­tain111J! to tlw fc.11"1 ... and philo ... ophit· ... of tlw ( ommuni ... 1 n111 .. p1ran. "Thi ... 1iroj!1a111 j .. lwinu 1·;.11-rit·d out tlm11!• 11 tlw 11i...,trih111io11 of li11•ral11n·. th,· '-IHll1 ... ori11:.! pf '-l'lllinar ... and "lll'il~(', .. ror 1111' :.:.t·rn·r1.d p111,. Iii· and 1· ... p1•1·iall) hi:.d1 .. hool '-lt1d1·111 .... ( "111 n·nth \H' an· 1·ompilinu. in ,1ddi1ion to 1h1· ahm1'. an indh idual and nr)!anizarinnal "'}"t1·m Of, by, and for facts Forum News readers of n·1·ord ... '-O a ... lo i.1\.t1I c111 ... 1•h1· ... ol tlH' n1·1·p ..... an i11for111atio11 10 a:t 1 I 011r 1·itin•n .. of i.lll\ irnlf\ 1tl11al. 11rμa11i/.<tt1on·. m pr11j1·c1 .. that might .-11hann· tlt1· 1·;111 ... 1· of 1·11111m1111i ... m .... •· Books Beat Comics to a Pulp lli1· Fn·1· P11hli1· I .illl".;ll\ at \P\\ B1·dfonl. \la ...... ran out ol hoo~ .. ahn 1111h al.out an liour of 11 .. liook .... ror·n1111i1· ... "'"ilp. \Ion· 1h.;111 J.OCHl )111111;..:: ... tt·r .. ro1111dt·d 1111 m1·r 100.000 1·0111i1· hook. .. to dt•pl1·t1· tlw li/11.u-\ · ...... upph nf HfH) 1100~ .... olf1·n·d in ih lO·to-1 t'\('han~r flimit of fiH• lilirar~ lino~ ... 1u·r 1·liild) S\\<lllllH'd Ii} th1• '-\\Jp. tlw liJnar~ had !•1 n·ordt•r ulio11t :t:.!50 honk" lo k.1•t·p it ... i·JHI of llu· har;,!"ai11. l.ihrari;111 l .aun·111·1· C. ll il l ~aid lw \\ii" ·· ... urpri-.c·d hut \t'r~ pl1·a-.1·d" at th(' rc .. porl"'i'· r..;,.a ... tmi1• ... r1.111~1·d lii;,!h Oil t i lt' li .. I of ".,\\;ljl hook ... ·· 1·ho ... 1·n '" tlw old1·r 1·l1ild11·11. ll o\\l'\i'I gr;.1111· ... "l'\l'll to 11in1· put ··n<I" ( rnc~t·ll fir .. 1 l .. l1·adi11l! 11\ hundn•d ... of \atd .. ' .. a1·1·nrd in:! to tlw lihran I. Student Government Day Observed \f...,o in \1·\\ B1·dronl. S111d1·11t Cm1·1111111·11I l>,I\ j .. oh .. n\l•d a1111t1i.tlh Ht tlw '11;,!h ... dwol \ t thi" tinw, pupil ... """'llllH' d11ti1•-. of -.d11111I offi1·ial .... and t1·adwr .. . E\t'rl'll """· \llt·11. a ....... i ... 1a11t to tlw 1·ditor of Thi' '-,fr11Hlau/.Timn of \1•\\ B1·dford 0111li11crl for 1111· .... 1ud1·111 .. tilt' l11·n1·fit .. of tlw \ nwrictll1 hnita;..:1· for lodii\ · .... ~outh and trn1·1·d th•' "'H'iolo; . d1·;.d. l'('0110111i1·al. and "<'i1·ntifii· dt•\4+ opnwnt of \ 111nic·a. " 1)1• ... pilt" all du• ... f• ilfTOllljlli .. ltlllt'lll"' \\I' filltl ii haHl1·r to r1.1i ... 1· a n;.1tio1wl .... pirit in tl11' l nitt·d r..;1a11· ... tlwn in an\ othn i·ountn in tlw \\orld:' \ I r. \ 111·11 ;1 .... 1•nt•1I. ··Patrioti ... Jll '-OllH'linw .. lw1·1111u· ... u '1·11111~ · 1l1i11J.! ... I ii• \\t•11I 1111 lo 'ii\. "llii ... c·o1111ll} 1w1•d .. 161 111illinll ... al1· .. nw11 for tlw c·111111tn to n·alin· tlw fod \\t' lii.l\i' "ha! \u· l1a\f'. not Iii 1•11 ... 1" hut ... ,.If· :!U\tTJllllt'lll ADA Supports "The Investigator" ll1• .. pil1· prot1• ... 1 .. frnm tht• \ mni1·a11 I .1•j.!ioll· 1'11· P l1·a .. ant' illt'. \. ' .. Board of Edul"atinll 111Hu1i111011...,I} upprm1·d pn' .. i'n lation ol a ,·ofl trfl\n .. ial film and a phonoj!raph rt•1·onl. "'I ht' ln,1· .. tij!ator." in it .. junior liiμh "chool. .. I , 'J lw 1110' !''· a fi.lr~wd .1ra11...,1:ript o.r Ed\\,11; h. \ f 111TO\\"' t1·l1•\l .. IOll llll!'l'\U'\\ \\llli l lr. ·j Hohi'lt Opp1·11lwi11wr. a Ionμ- \\ itl1 tlw n·cofl ... atiri1i11J! 1·1111J!n· ...... io11al in''"" l i!!<1ti1111..... "''fll arralH!t•d for ni:!hl ... 1io,, llli! /" tlw ( 1·11tr•1 \\'1· ... lf'ill'..,ft'I' ( haplt'I o( \ 11wrica11-. for l kf11W n.llif" htio11 f \ ()\I. In dw \\ord .. ul 1111· l111f, l11111111 \i·lf' n·adn \\ho ... 11Ji11111!1·d d1i .. i11rw111a1io11. ··Tl.•I' "'llrfl'llf!n ol tlw l'/1-.1 ... a111,illt· ... 1"11001 hoard 111 rhj .. 1·i1 ... 1· \\,, ...... 111w~i11:.!. l>1· .. pi1t· tlw Llf'I th·11 .ill l1·h·\\tll;! t1•:wllt'1 ... ,111d tlwir prnp.q!;tnd-1 ill"t' han1•d (111111 1111' '-1·'1001.... 1hi .. parti1·1111•1 ~ ...,f"111111l l1oanl :,.!l"i.lllt ... 1wrr11i ....... io11 to 11 ... i' 1 11 ..;.c·l10ol for ptopug1111da JH lr flO'-r .. at ni:.!111 !" (0\ TllE \LEllT- K1•1•p 11i;, 1·0111111' 1 i11for111nl of JJ:•triolit· :u ·ti,iti e .. i11 ~0 11 r a n ·a It) \\riti11 ~ " Uf'.:ul Pr .. Hf' port .,, Furl· For111u , l>alla ... I. Tt•, a .... ) Volu1 Jun(', 1 Offidn intn11\I <'ontnin DnllaR • HOAIU Cilhnt, Go~st tt ADYIS I>. Stric VoJJm('l Hol1<·rt COM\11 ED ITO· If '\'OU I>RliaK F A('1 itn11ort11 Fort" activitit thnt it rom1· tn TO SUI l'lL\N( PACTS J> I~ 'II M(' I I-h nu !\,TS \T0\11 \\ '111.1i1 ~:\l'f.H' ()l'l\/O l·\qs To S1 i·\1Ts ( 0\11:! i.f.nu. Pou.< 1'01.1 ( °"J.oc,,, cfers \t' .. of tlw d1i1.cn ... of n1Jt'1·t.., tJWl uni .. 111 •••• •• \\ Bt·dford. \ ahoul on ·\Ion· 1lian ,.,. lllll.IM~I ...... upph of t'\C'han~e t•r d1ild) In had IP it ... t•ntl nf id Ill' \Ii.I"' t' li"•Pllll ... 1'. .1 of ·· .. \\•ii' l. ll o\u'\l'I· ( rod,.i'tl .. ..,! ' ' i.llTfll"lj. d ,o,t·r1111wnl l"h .. 4"110111. ...... of .. d1uol 1· t·ditor of rd outlint'd · \ nwrif'all tr:wt·d tl11• tifil' dt•\t+ 11-. '"' find rit in tlJI' t·ountn in ·Patrioti ... 111 •• 11 1· \\t'l11 61 111illi1111 ,t' tlw for! ·.lout ,,.If-an l .1·~i1111 • Ed111·•11io 11 nf a 1·0W t·ord. ··Thi' 1001. of Ed\\•1r1I i1lo l)r. J tlw n·1·11f'I 011"'. \\t'fil 11· ( 1•11tr:1 fm f)!'Jl1" 111111 ',.11 • lion. ··Th1 .I hoard ill . fad 1h·11 •rn1•·1;fan1I·; part1r11l•1 n 11 .. c 1hr ni:,!li l !'' .. 1·01&1111fl in .,ot1f r t.,. ,: .. , ,,.t~ FACTS FORUM NEWS Volume IV Number 6 .Jun<', l!l55. 9frit"inl publicntion of F'n<'l!\ Forum, Jn('., l!-t02 Mnin St .. Unllns I. Tl·xn!I. l'uhli lwd mflnthl~· in th1· 111tt•r1·MtM of Fn('tfl Forum purtiC'ipnntM nnd otht·r!I C'on('t·r111d with 1lis1wlling 1rnhlk airnthy. Any al'ticl1· ('ontninc·d in F'nctM Fol'um Nn\'Jol may b(• frt·ely r1·11rodu<•t·d. SN·orHI clnsM mnili11:.:- 11ri' ill-)!t·s authori7.nl nt Dallas. Tt·xns. Print1·1l in U.S.A . BOAHO OF DIRF.CTORS: Roh(•rt II. Dt·dmun, Pr1~i11t·nt: John L. Duh•, Vi··1· Prt·e.i1h'nt , Wnrrtn A. Gilbnt. Jr .. St•cn·tnry; Jot• Nn~h. Trc•n)(urn; Mrs. E. P. Lnmbt•rth, Mrs. Sut• McCrary, Hol>t'rt IL GuMs~ tt. ADVISORY DOA HO: Mnjor B. A. lfnrcl1 '" C'hnirmun; Dr . . \r1h11r .\. Smith. Linn! E. Skinnt r. Tlnvi<I P. Stric:klt•r, Hurn· F:. Hoi,d('r. William N. Blanton. Mrs. H N. RuM!<l'll, Jr .. Mrs. Wnllnt't' Sllrnl.!t', W. G Vollmn, Doak \Vnlkn. E. E. MC'Quillt·n, Gonrnnr Alh1n Shin·r!'.', l.t·n1·rul .\lh1 rt (', W1-clt·m1·y1·r. Ct·nl'rnl Hohnt r:. Wo•HI. Hanford L\h-Nidt·r, John Wuvut'- C'OM\tENT.\TOR: Onn Smoot. . EDITOR: M~·dford Ernn .. If you ,..,j h to makt• n ('onti-ib11tinn tv Fnt'ls Fo1 um. addn s Jn1· Nash, Tn UP.urt•r_ Fuels Forum DnllaK I. T1 xn Su<'h contributions C'nrry a tnx-dt•rh1ctihh Rtatu!'I. . FACTS F ORlTJ\1 iR n nntion-wid1• puhlk t·durntionnl Hnlurt• dNli<'nled to nrmtMing puhli<' int<•rt'J'>t frt 1Mfl(1rtnnt ('urn'nt t•vt·nt.M and Mtimulutinv: individunl 1mrtidpation in the 11;hapinll of public: poli<'y. rru·t~ F11rum i)( nonprofit nnd 11on1inrtirnn. KUJ>!lOrtinJ! no politiC'nl C'nndidatt• or J)nrty. FadM l•'on1m· activith-s nrp dl'~i1:.rn<·d to prt•st nt nnt ju~t ont• vit•w of u c•nntrov('rMinl i!'li-:ut•, hut nil vit·WK, bt·li~·,·ini• thnt it i!'I th<• ris.~ht nnd th<• oh liJ.rntion of lht• Am1·ri1•nn Jlt'OPI<' thc·miwlv('!I to lt•nrn nil tlw fht·t~ nnd 1·om1· to th1 ir own C'ondusion-.. 1'() SlJBSCH.lllr:. Mt'<' P:wu~ .\:J-lli. ~11 :\NC;E OF A001l1':SS: S~·nd old 11ddn1u• tt•xn('tly n~ im11rintt·d on mnilinv: luhd of your copy of I AC'TS FORUM NEWS) und rH·\\" :uldn·10' tu 1''AC1'S FOHUl\1 NEWS. Dqrnrtm~·nt CA. nnlln. t. TH:t. , >lt·n c nllow thrN· w('(•ks for chnni:t•-o\'1·r. IN TH IS ISSUE Co\J\ll''IS\! \ '\ll h TEJ.U:<n \J.S. Or111 Smoot i11t1•ri•i1•11·' Dr. Fn•d Sc/11rnr; :1 T 11 r L lBUl \ I. \IJ '\ll. br 11 illiam F. l/uckln. f r. (> C1,,n"" L 1m.n \l .s , , T 111-: B 1.ll S J> uT111 "· From thl' Rr•po rt of th l' I Canadian I Nomi C'1m1111 i.1.1ion 7 Sr ITt'S ()) F'onn:s THE IT\. by n an Smoot hnnnE11 \\ JT ll '\[ \\ E 1sn1 \ '\. by llardv llurl T 11f: l '\TOLD 0 J>PD ll El\1Ell TOllL P \llT 111 . Ill !'au/ Crouch h Bu r \I.I OF () ppf:'\ ll J:l\ I EH. Teslimo111 of C1•orp• F. Kr'"""" ~ Hr '°l \IF:Hl!'\'\S St SPl !' JOt'S OJ h TJ 1 1.u Tl \l.s'> In ]a11w.1 Hu rnham. 1•/ al. '\1:r l'IUT\ h n:STIG \ TIO'\S, by Oan Smoot l·\ns Font \J's B. 1n 10 \'\ ll TV Sr 111 Jlt 11 :s h rn1u· BoTTJ.nE1 1,5 I'\ T ll E Sm JET l '\JO'\, by c,.or~e c . Rosu \\ ' 111:1u: L T ll E Sm 1ET S\'\ llJ \'? hi l/ 1•d/ord lfr1111s l-:\J>E1n's I li r. 11 H \T l'\G 0 1· Sm 11 1 h 1>1 STH\. hr l/ 1•11ri .I. 'f'a.-lor () J>J\ro'\ Font 11 i'\fTs FoHt' \I 1'01.1. J{r.11.Ts 101< \l\1 lo St 11S1 m n1. F 1cTs Frnn" Pt 1.s1. H \T J'\G <:o\ 1 rsT Ht 1.i:s J. 1:TT1 HS TO EIJIT<l!IS J>ol.J. !)t JSflO'\S 1'01.1 !)t l'S"llO'\ \\'!'\ '\J·.llS SJ.or,\'\ !'Oil Tllf: \1 0'\Tll PA.CTS FORUM NE\\' S, ./11111" l.?!i!i 2C>. :n. 11. 11 15 ] (> 17 11. 5n :t2 '\() ~<) 12 12 15 <> I (>2 (i2 <>5 (>5 (>5 '" \IE:\IOHI \:\1 :\ll'S. H. L. Hunt, \\'ifc of Fact£ Forum's foundel' and chief patron, herself a member of the Advisol'V Board, died May fi, 19~:;, at St. Marv's Hospital in Rochester, Minnesota. She was bul'i(•d Monday, May 9, in Hill­crest Mausoleum in Dallas. Mi's. Hunt was flo\\'n to Hochestel' in a chal'tered plane May 2 for spe­cial t!'eatment in the Mayo Clinic afte!' suffel'ing a stl'Ok('. · She was accompanied by lwr hus­band, ber daughters, ) [ rs. Loyd B. Sands and Mrs. Al G. Hill, and sons Nelson Bunker Hunt, William Her­bert Hunt, and Lama!' Hunt. She is also sur\' i\'NI by another son, Hassie, by a bl'other, N. W. Bunker of Lake Village, Arkansas, a sistel', Mrs. Hal P. Sessions, also of Lake Village, and eleven grandchildren. Pallbea!'e1·s \\'Cl'(' Slwrman Hunt, Jr., Stuart Hunt, Tom Hunt, Hunt Taylor, F!'ed Taylol', J1-., Floyd Ses­sions, Hal Sc·~sions, Jr., Rill SPssions, and Nelson W. Bunker, Jr., all nephews. Mi's. Hunt \\'US bo111 Janua!'y 2(;, 1889, in Lah Village, the daughter of Nelson \\'aldo Bunk(•r and Sarah Rdiecca Hunnicutt. She was a gradu­ate of the Maddox P1·eparatory School fol' Girls in Little Rock, A1·kansas, and of Potter College in Bowling Green, Kentucky. She and ~Ir. Hunt \\'ere married in Lake \' illage in 1914. In 1921 they mo,·ed to El Dorado, where they I i\'etl until 19:l2, \\'hen they mo\'(•d to Tylel'. In 19:l7, they mO\'Ni to Dallas. The home is at 400!) La\\'ther Lrh·c. Mrs. Hunt was a memb!•r of the boal'd of truotees of ll!an· Bald\\'in College in Staunton, Vir~inia. he also was an acti,·c wo1·kcr in the Highland Park Presbyterian Church. She was a memb(•r of se,·e,.al ci,·ic and social organizations in Dallas, including the Maria111w Scruggs Gar­den Club, the Dallas \\'oman's Club, the Public Affairs Luncheon Club, the Daughters of tlw Anwrican R(•yoJu­tion, the Lakeside Bro\\'ning Cl uh, an<l the Fronian Book J:cview Club. The following ,-,·rses \\'('!'(' written in lwr memory : l n /nu si11111lll'it !I of life Ktpl 1mrr and .-:U'('(f, hrr u·it and l'(r/'( To kinrlnc"s f/fll't' i'f/icifnl 11'Tl'£', .1s lad11. U'<JlllfOI, mof/i,r, l('i/£. Th£ lHrt11t11 of llf r !fr<lCl and trust f,'rli11sul th1 /111111/) 11/ ii<T c<1111111a1u/ · I n lit.:r u·c bdtcr 101tl£rstand ' (;or/'s inlflf/C in the mortal du.'{f . .-1 wl 11n1c, 111< <111sl lo d11.st rtlurnctl The Npirit n<>ll' in "''at•r11 at home' . \ s lwmu from f/,f houey(·omb- ' S/ir knows what'"'"'' on farf/1, hflt•r /('{(/'11(1/, ~age I DAN S)IOOT lntervielt's DH. FHED SCHW AHZ on Communism and Intellectuals Dr. Frrd . rhwarz. rurrrntlv on his fourth 11orld lrrtun· tour is.' as Dan "moot saY<. "orw nf tlw pitifulh- f1·w proplc 11 ho arr rnn•i,l!'nth- and l'ffrr­lin ·h 11orJ..in!! to J..1'"1' pMpJ,. n·mindrd lhat thr lialtlr 11 ith rnmmuni•m i• a hattll' to thr drath-our dt·ath. if we don't 11 in it."' .\ •ur!!<'nn and l"~..J1ialri't. Dr. C,.-J111 arz ldl hi• mrdiral practicr in t.\11:-olralia to ~p<•ciali1P in dia~no ... ing an­othrr dj ... p ...... f' communi ... m. \ (hri-1 ia11 J," pn·adwr. lw lwli1·11·, 1111' •pirilual 1•mpha>is i- ''"r11tial in romhatinrr nlmm1111ii..m. lfi, Chri ... tian .\nli-C.ommuni'm CrtNtdl' ha, offices at I,\' atcrloo. Iowa. • • • S\JOOT: Dr. Sd111au. one of vour f'0 1H'ft1.,.ion ... fo ... c·ina lt•..;. ITI(': that t"O~mu­ni ... m j ... a di ... pa .... t•. (If\\ \HZ: Comm1111i-.m j.., a di ... t'a"'C". II i- a di-•·•H' of tlw mind. a di•f'a><' of lhl' •pirit. hut al•o a di·1 ·a•1• of tlw lioch·. Tl ... d1 ·finilio11 of a phy.i1·a l di•l'a'<' is -onwlhin!! 11 hid1 d1 ·• tro,·· lwalth and lif1· . .\c·•·;ird in!! lo thi- nitl'fion. com· m11ni ... m mu ... t. IH' rank.~·d a ... a major mali!!na111 ·' of modl'rn limP•. \lrrad\' ii ha- d1·•lro\1·d till' lifl' and w1•ll-hc•i n; of •·011111lc-- million' of ,uffl'rers. and th prosprct of its ck~troying thp lifr of ma1w throughout the f rre world is 'ery rral. ~\JOOT: \\"lint do ,·0 11 nwan hv that ·; llm1'n°l w1· lw1' 11 moliilizin!! ilw r~a•si" · wralih and 'in'n!!lh of Aml'ril'a to fi ght rommuni ... m? Snrn 1Hz: Tia• hi•ton· of our ronflirl 11 ith thr C.omm11ni•ts ·throughout thr pa~l ~rrwration j.., onf' of ~ucc-e ... $in• drfrat•. Thl'Y ha\r acJ,·anrrd from •lr<'n!!lh to •ln'n!!lh. 'd1il<' thr frrr 11orld ha• rl'irral1.·d 'i<'Jl hy •tep. <\n imJi, id11al 11 ho had come• lwrnl,- Y<'ar' a!!o 11 ilh ihr prophr<'y of tlw situ~tion thal ••,isl> in ilw 1rnrld toda\' would ha\f\ ri ... J..Pd irH":.Hc(•ration in ar; in~titu­tion for thr insanl'. '\n honi•st anal\'si< of thr hi ... toric facls 11 ill lrad to the -Irr· rifyiag •·on..Ju,ion that thl' Communi,ls arr cnrH!tH' rin !! thr world. \TOOT: Th<• Commun isl' ha,·r madr !!l"l'al ad\ anc1•• in tlw past. ol" iou-h·. Do rnu thinJ.. thl'I' an· still adrnnrini? S111\\ 1nz: \r .. an' accu,lom<'d to thr authority of fi gun·, as tlw mra•urr of proim••s. \ hrid looJ.. at thr figurr' of C.ommuni .. 1 a1hara·p pn's<•nts a lt'rrify· in!! pi1·tun-. LPnin 1·stahli•hed Bnl>IH'· 'i•m 11 ith ''" 1·11tP1'11 supporll'rs in l 90:1. Lc·nin co11q111·rl'd B11ssia 11 ilh fort~· thousand supportrrs in 1917. In 1955. 1h1• party of LPnin is in iron rnntrol of 900 million. S1'\l'lli<'<'ll in 190:t fnrl\ thousa11rl in 1917. 900 million in 195S. 11 ilh a l1·nlali\I• dal<' for till' 1·01aru1-...I of ilw rntirl' 11orld alrrndy fi'd'fl. If l.od 1101rld onh hum th<' ~if!11ifil"a111"<" of tho"' figun·, into our hrart 1 If 111· had hul ihl' horwsl\' to a1"k11011 h•df!•" thl'm. th<' inl1•llig1·nc·r to 11nd1•r-.ta11d ilwm. ilw fa• ·r to tinglr "ilh ilw l<'rror of tllf'm! 1\1 thi, mom<"nl. 900 millio11 h11ma11 soul, an' in thr lahoratorv of Commit· nisl r·o 11ditio11in::r. IH'illf! irulodrinalf'tl. hrain11a,JJ1•d. fanalil"izrd. srlrcti\f·h liquidail'd. and t1•drnicalh- and miJf. laril" lrai1wd for world <:onqu<•st and mas ... {''\lf'rmina.tion. 'That j..., till' lione-.t. simpl<' truth. 'in dfort of tlw imagina· lion 1·a11 mak<' it untrrw. 'io hl'roic. deil'nniru·d :wt of th•· 11 ill can blot ii oul. Likl' a l1·rrililt·. d1·adl\' carH"rr. th<'r<' il ... 1a11cl .... dt·rna11di11μ- tlu: mo~I (•an1f':-I f'o11-.idt·ralio11 and 11r;.rt•11l a('tion. Thr only po•>-ililt· lia•i• of so1rrHI lrl'alnw11I for any disea•I' is an hon1»t acJ..no11 J. PdgnH·;1t of thl' -1·11•ril\' of ilw 'it11alio11. C.ompla ... ·ra·y 11 ith cwa·1·r is thl' com rad<' of d<'aih. • \JOOT: You S<'<'m lo thi11k "c !ta' e -Wide World Photos Dr. Schwan: states: " Once you deny God ; once you deny the special creation of man ; once you deny the love of God-you're naked and defenseless before the logic. of the Communist argument." The Bill of Rights grants to every American the freedom to worship os ht chooses. Above, left to right, ore but three of the many places of worship in America : St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York City, First Evon· gefical Church at Me mphis, Tenn., and Temple Emanu· EI in San Fran cisco. l'ag-c 2 L\CTS FOIUJM .:\1'\\"S, J1111 c, 1[1.;; fajJl'd 1 h;l\-,. ,, larμ"-p' "1 1 lo an j ogy of <1i·,·11ra1 tj,,, In "f'JH•n.J d,.r Ji, ,!!t·on rn at ion. di ... ,·u..;;r f .. 1111,. 1lli...,din ~ralh ni ... rn j ... J>loitali Primar da ... 1.;, ha, j,.. ~ l , • .., I \ \ I irnpro, i11~ lo <:111111111 ""'" '11 •· lira "" th .. 10 l'lin1 11 ill >tr lo f(· ... j~ f If\ ~lang-('n 1 ~ \"rrv '!>••ri-rl l'o1t1:u1 laundrv lllan 11t Cim1m1 't'll!-;<• tr Zot 10 ''"ll•·ilti 11 1955. control n. fort\ in 1055. 'Oll'flll''t i'!'d. rr 1ifif't.1Jl('t' I If \\I' O\\l!'d"I' ·kr,ta1~d <' tPrror human Commu· lrinatcd. r('tin·h· 1d mili· 1r~l and honest. maμ-ina· lwroic. I hlol it er. tlwre earnf'!:-1 )II. The ·patmf'nt 1l'kno"I· ituatiori. ·om rad<' 1rld Photo' re naked iip as he rst Evan· / I C 1 J!J,j .} V. I. Le nin ••. Sounds the Call -Wide World Photo failPd 11ttt'rl\ to n•,i,t l'n1111111111i-m' \\'In l1a," "" fa ilt•1l? <II\\ \HZ: T \\Otild -..uμ-gt'~t lhat. i11 larg" mPa,un·. our failurf' has IH•f'n du1· l<l nn irH'orrt'd diaμ-110...:.i"' of thr pathol­ogy of <'<1mm1111i ... rn. It i..: an :.1\iom that •1. 1·<·11ratP dia!!11n.._i ... mu...,I pn•rrdt• ,.fff'<·· 111" trPal11w11I. If thP lrnuhlP Iii'' in tlll' "Pp1·11di\. till' rt'nHnal of tlu• !!all hlad· di·r '" th•· 11nrld', mo'I hrilJianl '"r ~t·on tlHI\ t·on-.titult• .i 111ag:11ifirP11l op<'r ation. hut it i• i11adt'q11al1· lo tn•al tlu· d1,('a~<'<l rondition. Jr 1111' dia~110 ... is j ... f;1ull\. tlw ln•alm1•111 of tH 'l'<"''ilv 11ill lw 111i,rlirt>l'kd a11d irwffl'rtiY<'. The !!<' n· <'~alh a'"" 'pli'd dia!!nn-i' of "ommu- 111 .... m j ... th al ii 01i!!i11ate...: in pon·rl y. ('\ Ploitation. and oppn"<•ion: that it ;, Primarilv a lllO\t'llll'lll or tlw wo1li11~ "la," Tiii' r·orollarv of this dia:r110'i' has '"'"" 1lw ar·<·i·pl<'d ht·liPf 1hat tilt · lip,, \\i.1\' lo romhal r·ommuni ... m i~ In in1prou• 1·!'0110111i<' co11clitio11•. tl11" )('ad ­;'. 11! to llH' spo11tan1•ot1' dt·C'aV of lht' fln1m1111i-.1 nH•rwcf>. \l<H>T: B11t Dr. ~dmarz. it '''''Ill' to 1llt· that \nlt'ril'a·, fnn•i:rn polif'\ n''t' 0 11 tlw :t-'11111ption 1hat if \\(' can lwlp lo diminat1· pou·rl" in thl' "orltl. '"' 11 ill '1n·nl!lht•n till' p<'opl1• of the world to rt•,j.._1 romm1111 j..,.m ! I ! Ill\ \llZ: TIH'r(' is 110 ciPl11sio11 111ort• '. Urtg'Pr01h lhan thi• on!'. This ciplu-ion 1 ~ Ycrv 11 idt•s1n·pad and limited to no !J>"t·ial s<'f' lion of 'o"idy. lfre!'ntly. in I 011la11d. Or,.!!011. I '"'"l 10 :ret m' a1111dry, I nw111io11t·d lo llw launclry­( an lh". 1.1tlwr frid1lt·11inf! fi/!11r1·s of ·0 111m11111St ach a""'" lit· had t' nou rd1 "''llsp to μt'I rri !!hlt·n('d. l lt• :-;aid. ~ -\V('\t· ~l)l to do '""1"·thi11!!. \\'"."' !!Ol to do '11lll'thin !!. ""'"I' .!!OI to fl:l'd tlll'lll . \o ma11 t'\t·r l1i •canw a C:o1111111111i-..1 nn a full -tomal'h." I lookt·d al him q11i1·1h for a 111nnH·11I. -aid 1 C'ould nwntion orlt' or t110: Karl 'far\. Fri1·drid1 F.n!!l'k \ ' l:ulimir l.Pnin. Jo-q1h S1ali11. \Inlntm. \'om· -lrilm. Kali11i11. Bulf!anin. Ka/!a110\'id1. \lao 'l\1'·11111μ'. 01011 F.11-lai. Liu Shao· d1i. Chu Tdt. llo Ori \ l inh. \ lμ'l'r lliss. \\'illianr HPminl!lon. llal Wan'. Whil ­lakl'r C.hamher• a,; a 11wll1•r of fa"t. l' \f'r\' major \\Orlcl Com1111111i-.1 ri ;? llrt ' that's'" pr lw1·1i. \\ho hef'<tnH' a C.0111m11 - t1i"I in a 11on-C.ommt111i ... 1 1·01111lrY. did •o a• a stucil'nl inlellt'<'t11al. malt:riali-t in phifo,ophv and athei-1 in faith. \IOOT: Tf pon•rtv dof''ll't hrt•Pd 1'0111· m1111ii.;m whnl dor·i.;? flf\\ \HZ: C:omm1111i ... rn i'llH'r!!,·~. 1101 out of JlO\erty and '''ploitalio11. hut nut of /!odh·••ne•s and •cientiri1· rnal<'rial· ;,m, '\Vi1h one of thr }padin:r ,.,.f.nrnmu· ni!--I~ in lhi:-- <·011ntn. I rPcrnth· \\{'Ill O\ f'r lilt' 1·11t in· Parr;. lf'ackrship of the <\nwrirn11 l.ommunist part\'. Do \'OU know ho\\ man\" lllPll or workiniz rJrn:;s ori !!in 111· rnuld find? One: \lan11in~ JnJ;n,on. S\10oT: \\'h1·n· do lltt• Cornmuni,ts !!C'I tht>ir H'fTt1il1.; in Amt•ricn? Sc11\\'\HZ: The Communi't party of ·\nwril'tl has }l('en reduced to laking rnll1'!!r irraduat1's and 'rndin:r them to ti"' ;, orkhenches of the factories. Thrv find it much ca,ier to recruit them ;;1 tlw colll'f!es than from the a"rmhlv linl's. S\!OOT: Do{»n't communism claim to hc a mo\ement /nr the workin~man if not br the workin:rman'? ~CJI\\' 1nz: The idea that communi•rn is a rradion to had ('c·onomif' condition< i, imply a hill o[ goods that Karl \laT\ ha, •old to Lh<' un"u'p<'c-tinir inl<'l­lt ·c-tual. .\c-tuaJly_ it i' \laf\i•rn. \\ hl'n accept<'cl. it pla~<'" a halo of hrnrfic•·ncr around the entire Cornmuni,t moY<'­mcnt. E,crythinir they do. hownrr <''ii. i" justifipd hy th!' t!'rrihl!' condition" airain<t 1d1id1 Llwy ar!' n·acting; and the rcquirrd emotional ha"<' for opposi­tion to <"omrnuni<m i" d!'"troyecl. Communi•m is not Lhr frirncl of tll!' working- man. It i' hi' ard1 !'n!'my. It i" not Lhr impro\!'r of hi' pconomic con­dition•. It i" th!' cle-trml'r of hi' 'land-ard of Ji,inir. - . \!OOT: A rt' you implying that the ronYrntional WP,trrn attack on the prohlrrn of n•,-i,tin:r communism is 180 dep:rrrs wronf:!? <:l!WIRZ: On this faulty diagnosis of c-ommunio;m lhl' stnwtur!' of trealnwnl has hren huill. Thr !'<S<'ncr o[ this treal­mrnl is to concrnlrale upon proYiding economic improYl'menls for thosr pro­ple 11 ho are hearing the secluctivc call of cnmrnuni.m in Asia and Europe. To impro1 <' Iii in:r standards is good. To feed the hun!!n' is a Chri,tian act. But to tak!' that · p~ogram as th!' hasis for fi!!hlin!! communi .... m i~ a~ fallacious a~ to' lwli~,·r that cancer can he curccl liy impro,Td nutrition. If our only hope o-f comhatin,:r <·ommuni~m i~ to ~o in1prO\"(' ihe Ji,ing standards o[ A'ia that no promi<t•s the Cornmuni•ls make can hm ,, any app<'al lo them. 11<' are already doom!'d. [[ the Iii in:r !-landarrls of A<ia 11·crc tomorrow imprOI ed hy 1.000 per cent. th er<' woulcl st ill IH' a 11 hole field of human d!'-in•, 11 hieh the Communists could , .. ,ploil for tlwir 011 n adrnntag<'. \c-tualh·. LIH' Communist> are usinir the '•·rr n;alrrial ach antair<'s JlTO\ idcd hy im1;ro,rd Pcorwmic conditions to recruit proplc to tlw Communist rank.. I heard of an industrialist in India 11 ho d<'•ired lo do Lhr he-t that cirrnm­slarH'<' s 11 otild permit for his workers. lie huill llH'm a hospital. a SC'hool, play­ing grounds, and sonw\lhal impro\l•d th('ir \\U~t·=-; and \\Or1'i11μ: hour-... Arter Lhrrc yea". a wry pual .. d man said, "I can't under,land il. Sirrn· I hl'gan th<'•<' impro\l'm<•nb. one-third of my 11 orkt'rs hm l' joint'd Lhl' Commnnisl party." The Communist agitator cam<' to the employee-. utilizt'd thl' !'\Ira ll'i,urc I imc JHO\ i<kll. and 'aid: '"Thio proH•, \\hat 11<'\l' IH'l'll ll'lling you. \r<·-,<· got him frighl1·rlt'd. J[,.-, bq:dnninμ; lo cli ... ~or~t· sonw of his ill­gotten gains. Look al all Ll11· mo111•y lw\ got. \\ht'rt'0d IH' gt·l it'? That's the monl'y he rohhed from you. 11 .. ·, now tryinμ- lo bribe ) 011 liy μi' in:z you a little hit of iL ha<k. An· ) ou going to fall for this '' lwmt• of Iris'? Siarul 11 ith '" and we"ll take ilw lot off him and rnu"ll haYC it all." \rrd tht'\ U•l'd tlw ; t•rv a<h an lag••, lw had prm.id1·cl to rl'- Page 4 c-ruil tht'm into iht• Communi,l party. Frequrntly W<' h<·ar !his rC'plr: "We agr<'<' lhal po\ <'rly dol's not cause com­munism. hut communism ('\Jlloils poY­crtr.'' Thi, i' lnr<'. Dul it ig-nor<'" tlH' \<'TY imporlanl point. Whal io; Lhio; com­muni< m? Or, morl' acnrrall•h·- who an' ihes!' Communisls 1'110 do ih<' <''ploil­inir? \\ lwr1· an· ihf'\ rt'<TuiLC'd? How are th!'\ LrainC'cl? \'l'hal arirunwnls arl' th<'d lo win tlwm in ilw first placl'? Comrrnrnism is oil\ ioush· nol Llw spontarH'Oih fruit of po,·prty: If it wcr.­so. th<' 11 ho!.- world musl han• hl'cn communi-Lic n·nluriC's Pr!' this. S1100T: Tlwn 1d1C'r!' doro; communism fir:;t Lak<' hold? Sell\\ \HZ: f.ommunism alway' hl'gins hy tlw r-onq111·<.;t of thr studl'nl mind with hooks. \\hil<• Lil!' frt'<' 11orlil is <prndinit hilliono; on Llw hodirs of mrn. llH' Communists art' conc<'nlralinir LhC'ir l'nlirl' assc1ull upon Llw mind. TL is para­do, ical in 1lw C'\lrl'mr 1hat 111· who ar!' proft-ssed ilkalisls limit our trralmrnl \ •·ry larirely to lhl' material thinirs. 1d1!'rcas ih<' Communists. 11 ho ar!' arro­g- anl mal<'fialisls. arp r·onqucring tlH' world throug-h th.- di•sC'mination of idPas. TIH'ir major a"ault is llH' lil!'rarr attaf'k on tlw 'tudt'nt mind. I pr1•adH'd on<' Sunday •·n•ning al a dwrch in \lid1igan. J\ft<·r Lhr mr.,.ag<'­a man f'anw up lo nw and inlroducrd himsdr as a n·lin•d nH'dical mi"ionary from China. lie had iri"'" thl' h<'<l yl'ars of his lifC' in ,..ifll»S s('rYicc lo th.­hodi!' s and souls of llH' Chirwsl' pl'opl.-. Th.- Comrrnrnisls had come and con­qu<' r<'<L and lw had IH•en !'\pcllrd. II<· told m<· l his: '"In 1926. in onl' day, I saw go Lhrou~h thr mails of my pro1 inc<• tlm·1• thou•and pounds of literature directed lo tlw hi~h school sludl'nts:' That's 11 IH'n tlwy c·oiHJUl'r<'d China-11 hl'n tht•1 <onqut·n·d llH' slrrdt•nl mind. Thcy are <orHJU<'ring- LIH' slrrdt'rrl mind of all Asia al thi• momt'nl through the 1·ast<·st lilt'rnlurt' cnrsadl' ilw world has el'!'r kno11 rr. Coirr" homr lo Australia. I wrotl' ahrad ~> a fri1·11d of min<' and said: '"Go lo the Communist bookstore and hu) for nw ilw Communi-t cla"ics." \'i°IH'n I irot home, thert' was a pill' of hook- :111aiting mt· that would ha\l' co,·C'rl'd an ordinan-sill' lalrle. I said lo him. --1 Jm1 """ h <lo [ 011<· you'?" I almost fell 01 t'r 11 ilh 'ho<k 11 hl'n ht' rl'plil'd: ·- l 1.00." Two or Lhrl't' of the hook- alonl' w<·n· 11orlh that mudi. Take this Ont': Jos<•ph Stalin', l'rolifrm.1 of /,1•1Li1Li.1111 magnificl'ntly bound, h1•aulifully prinlt'd. fir,l quality papt'r. 11011 mud1 do you pay for a hook likt• thi, IH'n' in \nll'ri<'a "? EYl'T}'­ont' 1..JJ, OH' from fi, (' lo [('ll dollars. Do you know 11 hal it c-o-l nll' haC'k in Aus­tralia'? ~"'"'11ly tTllb. Thl' st'\('nty CC'nts 11ould hardJ, l"O\l'r lran-porlaliorr and duty. \'I ho paid for ii·? IL is Lill' rn1t•r­national mi ... -.ionary literature rmnpaiμ:11 of ilw Communi,ls. \rh<'rC' wao; it pulr­lislll'd '? Fon·iirrr Language Publishing llousi·. \losc·o11. \ow. st'\l'nly <'<'nlo; scems cheap. B11l Id's st'<' 1diat il costs in Japan. I IHI\!' h.-n· a ll'lil'T from \losc·s Sabina. con­<.; pn ati\C' Baplisl ror<'irrn mi~sionarv in S!'ndai. Japan. Lisll'n t~ 1d1al he 11 rilrs: '"Bight 11011. 1d1il1· 1!11• \nwri<'all O\l'r­~ c·as lihrari<·s an· trimminμ: do" n tlll'ir 'lo<b a11d JH'rso111H'L her!' ilw Commrr­nisls an• off1·ri11~ 11 holl' St'h of Sialin"s and LC"11i11\ 11 nrks for 11·" ihan a dollar. Think of il. T111·l"· 'olunws a11d mnrl' of laritl' hooks for less ihan a dollar. \!any Japant'><' honkston•s conirollt•d hy Comm1111isb , .. 11 tlris kind of propa­iranda lilnalun· for ih<' price ilw !'11'­tcnner can pav. 'Pav \\ lw.L you want' i-. tlw .. loμ:an they usP." TIH' dn•ad co11sl'qt1t'rH'<' of 1his is si·•·n in an ('\lrac·I from anollwr il'llrr daied S<·plemlH'r 20. 1951. lit• is rderring 10 ihe >l1r<l••nh i11 illl' uni"•r•ilil's: '·Of 1lw h111rdr .. cls of ,lurknl ne11s­papns. LIH'r"l' i• nol on<' Lhal is rrnl t•iilll'r 11 holly c-nrnrnu11i.•Li<' or al lensl r-onlrolll'd J,,: lilt' ldii'l Socialist-, 11 hit Ir hne an• almo'l llH' same as Lhl' Com­muni~ ts."' If ilw pn·si·nl ralt• of Communist co11- q11<·sl of 1111· slude11l mind i11 A,ia co11- linuc•s u11aha11·d. all lhl' alorn a11d l11dro­gen homhs i11 Liu• ars<•11als of Liu• frl'<' 11·orld 11 ill lit' ohsolt'l<' and redunclanl lo halt lire Comrrn11ri'l arh a nee. S\roOT: \Vhal an• Lhos<' Comrnuni,t hooks lik<'? Snrn 1nz: Tilt' Communi,ls di' id•· Ll11:m _into ,~110 llJH''.'' propaganda anti agrlalron. I IH'Y ddrrw propa~anda a• ihal whi<'h rnn\('\·s ma111· idt'a'\ Lo a fl'll peopll'. IJ..:ny 1lu·111Tli<·al L<•,thooks of this nalun· ro;. llH' limilC'd studt•nl i:roup 1.!10111 tlrl'y <ksirt' lo rl'<'nrit into thl' Communisl parly <'Or<' and s<'it'nlific-alh indoC'Lrinale. l'ropaga11da is for Llr.-m. For tlie nutssPs~ thC'rc is a~itation. Agilalion illl') ddirw as ihal 11hirlr con\!')' 011<· idt'a lo many peoph·. Thc1 lakt• arr ('\('Ill likt• Llrl' unforlunale dt•allr of tlu• JaparH'>t' fisllt'rma11 du<· to tlrl' hydrog.·11 homh C'\plosion. Tilt') dwell 11pnn il. Th1•1 ti-t• il as a harh lo in· flame pul1li<·· opi11io11 to stir up fl'ar. hilll'rr1t•-s. and haln•d that Lhl'}' null sr·il'lllificalh t'\ploil it for thl' O\Tr-all Communist olrjl'l'lin•. Two l'<•nlral id1·as of Communi'l aμ-i­lalion arl': (l) that thl' • O\ il'l l-rrioll is ilu· most ht'auliful, p<·twe-l<n irrg. pro­gn ·-si1t• plac(' in ilu• 1drol(• 11orld; and 12) lhal Anwrin1 i,; ,.,iJ, ,iJe, malig· 11a11t. irnpt•rialisli<". and warmonμ;crin~· d'"l"'ral<'ly ilrrcalcrrirrg ihP p<'aCC' of th<' 11orld. Thi, first icl1·a is di"<·minall'cl Lhroudr till' phnlo~raphic· ma~aziru·. Th<' FA('T8 FOl:UM XE\\'S, .Ju11<, JH.1-' S1ni1·t J,..,. of ~raphi1 lly J>'1J ..,llliJino of ~111~ happi f'PtJtr~tl """ dt• Th1·n· i zinP. n life it hf'a\ I'll <lt-n1s ar fr()rn ii l11r1·. Tiw, li1·i/(•d ;l c·opy •111 lht• 1'0pj(' ... , <·rrti1J .. r1 1-,·11 r1•11 • I . 1'rl1·rnat «l\\ \('I' ' r1j,t .Im. lh,. Pro ~'''<'rrth 1h1ti,._1 11111 loo ''l>t•rrJy ~ ,,.,.,.,~. ··\1 \ : fl"JJJFH \\ .. \,.,., on <i l(' Hllt'I · 1mpaiμ:n it puh­hli:- hinp: Pap. But . I han· na. con· mary in ' writes: an O\Pr· 'n thcir Com mu· Stalin-,, a dollar. id mon· 1 dollar. •ntrollccl f propa­the <'ll>­wnnt' i~ :; i.s ~cen Pr clatl'cl rrinp; to Jt Jl('\\'S· is nol al I""'' s. 11hiC'h H' Com· nisl con· sia con· I In clro· the: rrc!' <lunelanl cli1iek Hla and uncla u' to a ft•\\ •ooh or il p:roup into Lhl' ii ifir-alh them. gitation. l 1d1iC'h ll'. Thl'I le cll'ath • Lo th<' ') clwcll h lo in- 1p rcar­l')" mal 01cr-all nisl a.~i­l l·nion 11 μ;. pro· lei; and . malig· ngerin~· ... of thr 11 inatcd in<'. The -Wide World Photo Liu Shao-chi Sori1·/ { '11in11. pul•lishe·cl in a ""' '""" l11·r or la11."11av1· .... 11 is a hcaulirul photo ~rupfiif• llla!.!<Jli!lC. prinl<•d Oil rir~t qual lly papl'r. Ii sho1" 11cll-cln•sH•cl. happ1. 'lllilin!!. and C"o11t1·11ll'cl 1u·opl1·. a J,11;cl r1r 'llll,hi1)('. rl'riililf. ancl pca!'e'. II ith happr and plarin)? diilclrt'n. 11ith con· r·t·ntration 011 thP arb and h11ma11itiP~ a.ncl cle·1 Oil'cl to thl' pca<'C' of mankind. l.hf'n• is not a ~u11 in the \\ holt' nwμ:a- 1.111<·. llOl a si~ll of tlH' St'tllll\ sidl' or lirl' it prc-e•nis a pie-lure or a \ l'ritahl1· ""a1e·n ())) 1·arth. \ncl m11lti111clcs or ... tu· rlf'nls an· aC'quirin~ their idt'as or Hu~~ia rrorn this maμazine and kindred litl'ra­lurc ·. 1 . Tiu• c·omplenwnl lo that idl'a is p11h· 1"11c•d II 1lh e•q11al rcnor. I kn<' l)('r(' a f'Op) or a hookll'l C'irndaiC'cl throup:h­'' UI llu• 11cnlcl in mullipliC'ci millions or •·opi ...... This i' th<' •\ ml'ri<'all <'clilion •·ntillPcl. R1•port 011 II ar Crimi•., in ~0 r1•a. J_>tihli ... hl'd h~ the· Commi ...... io11 of 1 llli•ruai1011aJ \.._,OC'>a(JOll or })C'lllOCTa[JC -~11) C'r .... I p11rcha"'cl it al tlw Comm11- ;11'l hook-tore• i11 Lo, \ nμc.Ji.s. c·allC'd }i,. Pro~n· ...... i1C' llook ... 1on•. Hl0(> \\ "'' r·"'''.ulh Sirl'<'I. lt"s a C'Ompilalion or tlw 1hluc"t a11cl mo ... l t re•a,011'd1IC' Iii•, "' n Piii lo!!<'lllC'r in on<• 1ol11nw. 1 t'l it '1J•c·nl1 c·irnibtcd on ihc i\nwri<'a11 lrc·1·1:. 1"11 rc•acl you an l'\lra<'I: r .. \J \SS\CHES. \ll l{l)f-: 11. A\'D l'i111:n \TllOCITll·:S. \\· .. \1·1·nrdin!!: to tlH' ,., iclC'1lC'<' or Pyouμ 011 r.oon. the l.l1airma11 of tlH· J;'Af'T~ FORl'M NEWS, .!1111r, rn:;.5 Pt·oplt·\ Commillt·t•. ;;5.:;~n ('i\ ilia11~ ( 19. l 19 nwn an cl l (1.2:\ I 11 om1·n I 11 en· n>tircl"rc"I in the cli ... 1ril'I or "inc hou cluri11!! the \nwrif'an O<T11palion 11 hi di la ... tccl r rom Ol'lolwr 17 to D<"·cml"'r 7. 1950. that i' for I"'' than 1110 months. On tllC' "' idC'n<'<' "'aminC'cl. th1· rollo1' in!! ract... """ '"' C' ... tahli-IH'd IH'Yoncl do11ht. "On O"toher 18. 1950. in till' "ity or Si11c·ho11. hc·hind the h11ilcli11!! or. ti"' P"opl"\ Commill<'<'. a ma ...... n111rcl1·r or aho11I 900 nwn and 11 OlllC'll. inl'l11clin!! aho11L ~00 children, '"" commilll'd. "OllH' or tJw WOJllt'll \\Pr(' Jff<'!.mant. "Thi' murder 11as commilll'cl by orclC'r or thC' rommandn or till' \nwri­r ·an Of'f'llpyi11~ ron·t·~ in IJw f'ilr: lfnr­ri"' Oll.,, This rckrs lo \Tajor r.1·nc•ral Harri­... 011. " rriend of minr look him a copy or this anel showed ii to him in Korc'a. lie '"" litcrall\' hcarlhrokl'n lo lhink ihat it ""' allo;,.ed lo l'irl'11lalc opc•nly in lhC' l\meri('Ull ~tl'('('h. ·'J larri-on 1rn' prl' ... c'nl 11 IH•n his onkr \\a ... r11Irillccl an cl look photoμraph,; of llH' P\f'f'11lio11. Tlw murdt>r wa..., <'Om· milll'cl ,,... rollow ... : ··\II lilt' people· 11<•rc• p11-IJC•cl inlo an OJ)('ll. cl"''P f!ra1c . I larri ... 011 orclC'rl'cl tlll'm to la kl' orr ''"'i r c-lolhC' ..... illC'll orcll'r!'d r1lC'I oil 10 h<· thrn1u1 o\C'r tllC' 1 ictim .... 11ho \\('rC' S!'l on rirl'. Tho-(' 11ho lril'cl lo f!C'I 0111 of thl' μra11· l\l'r<' -hot. \ 11 ilnc" cll'c-larccl. 'Tiu• ni"' ancl shri<'k ... or th<''1' p<'opll' 11crc• lu·arlhrl'akin!:(. Tho-I' 11 ho 11 <'rt' 1101 hum I lo cll'alh wl'rc l111ri<'<I ali1 ,._- l farri ... on c·am<' lhl' lH'\I elm and look photoμraphs." S\IOOT: 1.. . thi ... "pic·al or thl' st11rr I hc1 put out? Srtrn \HZ : Thi' i' mile! C'Omparc'CI lo -onw of the othn, 11hich. ir I lril'cl to rc·acl. 1101dcl C'ati...1· tro11hll' 11 ith Lill' l1·l<'­\ i-.ion authoritie!-;. S\IOOT: Bui ... un•h no one• in \ merica IH'lic1 cs su<'h monst ~011s Ii<''· S< 1111 IHZ: Ye .... lhl'r<' ar<' pcopl<' in \nwriC'a 11 ho lwlielC'd it. I ha1<• ml'I illl'm. Vast src-tions or 1lw popula1io11 throuμhoul the• 11orlcl lw li<•1<'cl it. That's all thl'\' hl'ar. ancl hr not dl'<'l'i1 Pel c1 ii r·ommt~ni<'alions C'orrupl ~ood nu111ncrs. \o man', judp:ml'nl is a111 hl'lll'r than hi' information. And lhl'rl' is !win!! huilt up to1rarcl thi ... rnunlr)' l'Olcl­hloocl<• dh. 'C'il'ntiricall\'. ancl <'rfl'cli1C·h a tc•rrihl<· hoc!\' or h;irninμ ancl mali!!­nant halrc•cl lo JHO\ id<' its CTl'alors 11 ith ,1 cl<•aclh ins(rtlllll'nl or ma ... .._.HT<' and!'\· IPrminal ion \\ h('n the moment is co11- ... icl<'r<'cl appropriate. Ir tlwr!'\ onf' prioril1 mor<' d"'ll('r· atl'i1· ur!!:<'nl than any ollwr. it\ that lhl' In)(' ... 1ory or AmPriC'an Chrislian C'il il­ization ,fiould reaC'h lhl' ,1ucli-nl ma""' or •\ sin. in hoob and 1ol11ml' ... as \\I'll prinll'<I. a ... 11<•11 pr<'parc•cl. and as C'hl'ap '" thost• orrl'recl hr till' C:ommuni ... 1.. .. l nil'" 11<• rnl«r and 11 in lhl' hattl<• for illC' 11orlcl stud1·11t 11111111. th" outlook lot the• fulurl' i ... pl'rilous and dl':iJl<'ralr. c;,roOT: \\"!11 clo <•ciut'all'd inlt>llcc-t­ual ... ll('<'Omc C~mmuni ... ts"? \rhncin lif-... lh<' app<'al of comm1111i ... m to th .. m? S< 1111 IHZ: To athll<'r this. 111• 1wed lo undC'r ... tancl th" '"n nature· or the Com· muni ... t promi ... c 11 hid1 has sl'clu<'rcl 'o man1 intl'lle<'lua} ... throu!!l1out the 11orld. C.ornmuni .. m j, not primaril~- a pro­!! rnm lo <'han,!!<' ... ocicty. It j...; a pro­!! ram to chan!!<' human nalurr it ... f'lr. \lcn lrn1·c <kclil'all'cl tlwir li\C's lo the imprO\C'lllC'nl or lhl' <piali11 or a plant. -\ man \\ho \\"i.l"' OtlC'(' \ icl'·Jlrf'...;idrnl or lhi ... !!r<'al Ian cl i ... tocla1' <•ncl<'a1 orin!! lo impro1·c the q11ali11· of C'hic·kcns. Su<'· I'('" in thi ... ril'lcl \\ill con ... tituh· him a })('ncfoctor of the human race. Commu­ni ... m promi ... <'s lo ullrrly· r<'makc human l'haracler. JH·1-...onali11. ancl culture. lo redeem mankind from sin. and to popu­latl' ihC' rarth \\ ith a <piali11 or inclustn·. inll'ill'cl. roura!!c. and scHl!'•snr" 11 hich hi~torv ha~ IH'n'r known. C.ommuni:o.m j ... a n·li~ion. promi ... ing n 11<''' lwa\en and a 1w11 <'arth 11lwrc•in th<' rl'cl<•<•med ... hall dwell. L<'t th quol<' Li11 . hao-dri. Chairman or ti)(' . Landin!! C:ommillt'l' of till' l'<•ople•\ Con!!:rc'-~ in China. oul ... tanclin!! the·ori-1 or Comm1u1i ... 1 China. from hi· ... hook. //ore To 11'- 11 Good Co1111111mi.1t. puhli ... lwcl h) Lil(' Forl'if!n Lanpraμ<' p,..,,.,, of Pl'kin~. China. Oc-toll('r. 1951: '"\\'hat is the runclamenlal and com­mon clutr of us Communist party mrm­lwrs? A ... c1er1hocl\' kno1r .... it i' to <'-lah}i ... h comm;rni.._n;, lo transform tlw prc•-..c•nt 11 oriel in lo a Commun isl 11 oriel. J, a C:ommuni'l 11 or lei !!OCH! or not'? '\\'" all kno11 that it i ... ;cry p:ood. Tn su<'h a 11 orld. therl' 11 ill hl' no "'ploill'r,. opprc·.....,or,. lancllonk capitali,ls. im­periali'I'. or ra ... ci ... ts. TIH'r<' 11 ill lw no haf'k11ardnl'-s. l'lc. In '!u·h a 'o<'i<'I\'. all human ll('inμ-s 11 ill l1e·l'o11H' un...i·Jri,J; and intclli!:(C'nl Communi ... ts 11 ith a hiμh li-1 "' or culturt' and il'drniqu<'." , '100T: \rhal a pidurl'! S(ttllllU: lie- prc-...l'nls a piclur(' or Communi'l 11orlcl COIHJUesl. 11 ith a con­'" CJU<'nl J)('rfcc-tion or tlH' human raC'C'. \!any 1wopll'. -hallo11 in thouμht pro<­"""'- imnwcliatl'h "'l"· "\\'<'II. commu­ni~ m ha ... a \Pry ~ood ~oal a :;roal quitP akin 10 tlw ~oal of Chri-tianitl'. Tlwrc· mu ... 1 he muc·h that\ ~ood in it.'; Thl're• is no form of thinkin~ morc danp:<'rous than lo acljuclicall' a mo1<·· nwnl hy it... !:(oal ralhl'r than it ... methods. !·:1 cry· charlatan and haH-11 it or hi ... ton has ha cl a ~noel !!:Oal. The rl'al qu<''I io;1 is not ho11 !!:Oocl is llH• !!oal. hut 11 ill thl' nwthocls a<hocall'cl h;·in" that «oal to pns:-.? I --av lo the C~n11muni:-.L. ... ""lluh. :-o you"r«· μ-oin!!: to rl'makl' tlw human ran•. Thal-.._ 1 <'!"\' inlcrrsling. I low're you μ-oin~ lo do. it'(, rrontinunl 011 f>a![1' 59) The Liberal Mind By William F. Buckley, Jr. \\-illiam F. Bud"le). Jr., author of Gml 011111-1011111 l nlP. 1·0-aulhored "ith I .. Brent BoLell th€' \\i1lrl)-di ... n1 .. :-ed book Wcl . nrth~· mu/ I/ is f j'1w111ies. Bu1·kle"• a 19.30 \ale ~raduute, j .. a let:turer and 1·t-~11lar pancJi ... t on F~u·1 .. Forum:, \ \S\\ EHS FOii A:\1EHIC.\:\S. lhll·kle} ha- proje .. 1ed a ne" 111aga- 1:ine, 1\atiounl JI ,.,.kl~·- '"hirh, al·t:ording to l\eH'.'i tc'eeh·. j.., .. Jated to he~in publit.·ation in cptcmbcr. I\ r!'C'!'nl year•. a numh«r or important hool-., and articJ.., ha\t" i>t"t'n 11 rittt'n. and important thing, 1hou1d1t and •aid about th!' Comnrnni•I. \\hat i' lw liJ..t"' What ~Ol'> on in hi, mind'( \\'h at i' lw alraicl of'' 11011 !'an 111· lllO\l' him'? 11 011 do .. , he operal!· '( \\"hat i, lw likdy to do in thi- -ituation. or that om•"( 11 011 can 11(' \i1nqui-h him her!'. rnntain him llH'rt'. c·o1•\i-t 11 ith him O\l'r tlwr!' '( "'e ha\en·l ma~ler<'d tlH' Lommuni ... t lt·m· /tt'ri.llllf'lll. or 1h1· Comnn111i-.1 mind. tru(': mu1·h of tlw l.ommuni,t n ·main, iu­'" rulahlP. But tlu· prn~n"""" "t' han· made i' rn•t. \\'i· ha\!· le-a nwd -o much ahoul lhi- man. and al•nul hi- mo\l·nwnt that. I think it i,, •ar1· lo •:l\. tlw I.om· muni"'t f'lllf'q!c ... a1.. the mo ... 1 pn·dif'tahl<' 1•oliti"11l animal :din· and a!'li\I' toda\'. ().,,. 11011ld think Iha!. in this ra•l'. kno11 ing tlw 1•1H'm' i- ni1H ·- lenil1' of tlw l•attlc" \rtn .il l. 11c· art• pll\ •i('alh ... 1ro11!.!1·r lhan llH' l.omm1111i ... I!-'. and \\£' rirml\' lwlic\f" ihal our "iluc·s are inlH'r· !'nth·· •upcrior to tlwir-. Yet n•ar in and n ·a r oul we not onh i'O mf" in 'l'f'Oncl in I"\ l'IT lap or ou'r mortal ra<'f' \\ ilh thf' f.ommuni ... l'-'. \\P arc nrnd<' to look 11• thouμ-h '"' had dertc-d to r!l('I' 11 ilh hall• and fhain• tied to our ankle•. and hlindrold, o\cr our r\'es. f:ould it hf' that 111• lw\f• funda­nwntalh · mi•undcr•lood tlw \.ommunii>l!'. 11ilh th~ n••ult that. like the man 11ith the 'lwll μ"ll DW. tlwr an· ahlt• 10 rool LI' P\en· linw ? Did 11e lo•e \orth Korea h{·cau•c ihP \.ommuni•I' up,ct all our 1·,irf'f11l n1l1 ul111io11' In actiuμ- al) pi­"""'? Did 11<· lo•<' 1 ndorhi na hc!'au•e the Communi't' pullc·d •omc · thin ~ out of tlw hag that no n·a•onahl1· \X'P•lt•rnf'r f'OUld r;o,·ihh- ha\f• ant il'ipaled '/ Do th• Communi-ts <·011lin1w lo han· •url •tn•ngth in Ital, and Fra1WP hc ·<'a u-c of an inYf'ntin•nf• ........ o diahoJi, ·.:dly in2eni- 011' a• In in<'apa!'ilal<' tlu· \r .. -1, ·rn •trat- 1·gi-1? I lwli"' " not. \ , I •a1. I ! ... Ii .. "· the Communi't i• 11 hi!!l1h- prc·dirtal1ll' creature. I h1•li1·\!' that as the n"ult of our tortuou .. jo11rrw\- 11110 tllf' n·n· ....... p ... of the f:ommuni-1 mind. '"' ha\l· ('0111<' do-c to und<'r-landing him. But 11<' do 110/ uruln-tand th!' p<'opl!' ..J1arnl'd 11 ith "oping 11 ith tlw l.ommu- Pa!!e 6 ni,to. and thq. quill' t '\ idl'ntly. do not undc•r,tand th1· Cornrnuni,t>. I helie\C that our 1110-t i111nH·diate dialll·nl!t" i> to urull'r ... tand our l1· tuler..;,~ and lun in ~ under,tood th1·111 II!' lllt"l l'ither di,. pO>'l'-' ihl'lll or pol\C'I". or make thl'm uncll'r,tand. or prl'parc to die·. For our il'adn,. rail th!'m 11 hat you 11 ill ,,,..ial dcmofrai,;. Fahians. pro:gn•,,i, c• mod1·r· all'-: l f'all tlH'm f ,ilwrals. and I -pc·ll that word 11 ith a !'apital --L·· ar!' th!' 1111knO\\ n in thr μ:n·at t'quation. l think it i, ""'' to d1·mo11'lral<' that \\ P l...nO\\ mort' about th(' worJ...inμ~ or tlw mind of \ikolai Bulμanin than II<' k11011 al>Olll ihl' II orkiug, or the mind of 011 iμ-ht Ei,enho\H"r. For. 11 hill' !'Om· pan•d to 011!' another 11 ith r!'ft·rrnce to almo'I all\ ac!'q1tahl1· •landard. """ 1- a >f'OUndn·I and OIH' r!'lati\f•h· a ,ainl till' lifl' of Bulganin makl', ',"n"' in a 11a) that the lifc of l·: i"·11ho\1t•r do1·- nol. .\ n•\ it•111 ·r of Ill) la-t hon!.. drnrw·d that in u-ing tl11· 11 on! /,i/wrn/ l «onld onh ha\<' .in mind tilt' C'li!'ntele of \ aiio11 ma!!Mint·. I haH• heen eardul in tlw pa,1: and 11 ill !'Ontinue to hr. lo lw pn·c-i-l' enough to cld!'nd nw•!'lr t•a,ily aμ-ain-t -1wh a !'harw·; so that "hen I talk ahoul /,i/wrni< it i- cl1·ar that I 11111 not rd1 · rrin~ on ly to tho•P f rc-n1icd 111al!'ontenl• 11 ho support the Nation. I han• in mind thf' pleasant aud 1wnsi\!' man \\ho 011 ns vour local bool-. ­,1on• and fills his 11 i11do11 full of tlw rollrrtP<I complaint' or I·:. B. \\' hite. ]am!'• \\'edi-ln. and Elnll'r Dm is. that good and lornhl1· lach "ho reμ- ularly cit" •l'rb lwr hn11•e11 ireh dutic' i11 tlw 'prinμ­lo lwlp rai'e mo1wy for th!' l ' 11itt·d World Fedt•rali,ts. aud the amhitiou' and ordt>rJv \-o unμ- lllUll \\ho \\ orJ...~ ror a \\'a ll . treel hrol..1·r and map< proμ-ra 111• and dra11s up manif1•-tn1•s for the 1 nun~ Hl'puhlifan \.!uh lam!'nling our a~t· of s11•pi1·ion. I do11't nwan lo imph· that thPrl' is no >1H'h thin ::r as tilt' ,ini;.tn. tlw μuih·ful. or tlw tn•adH·rous Lihl'ra l : 1lwr!' are 11111m ; hut th!' majoril) are in most rt'>llf"('ls good and amiable and talPnted people. c;o I am 1111/ talkin2 ahout an unruh little Niel\'. " 'hen [ talk ahout modnn LihPra li-m I am talking ahoul the main-stream of ronll'111porary politi .. al and philosophi!'al thouμ-ht. the "'olll'n an.I irn·pn·:-.sihlc slr('am feel for .... o nwn~ )"l'ars hy till• 11atns or rationalism. l'o,i· ti\ j ... 111. \1 ar,i1..111. :111d 11topia11i ... 111. \ ..., rq.wrd .... ,·011!(•1nporary ·\nwrica11 • c111l1"<•1C'l•i<'-. 1111· l.ihnal i- lik .. h to feel that 011f•n l.attim orc· ha, lwc·n unju-th pt•r ... t•t·ult>d and that our loyall' proμ-ra111 ha ... lwcomt· a11 i11~1r11nwnt of rid1l · \' in~ f'onrorn1it\. 111· tc·1ul, to lwli""" that the l1rif'l...1·r \ ;nt· rulnwnt j ... a n ·: H'I io11a n plot lo i111mohili1<· the '""'('llli\(' lm111 ch or gm 1·rnmcnl. I le is c·a•il) pc·r-11'1tlc ·d 1h:1l "1·1wln1 \l..C :a rll11 11·111«·-pnl, ioda\ th<' •an11· kind or lhreal that \dolr lli1k1 llt'ld oul to lilt' f.c ·rnian- l\\t'lll\ \t ':1r· aJ.!o. \nd \\halP\t'r littl(· di,a!! n·1 ·nw11I· 1he1 hill< ' in tll<'ir c11111 1ank-. lhc· Lil>· l'rai .... 1111il1· lo honor tlH'ir lu·rot· .... I 11 la\\ it i' Oli\ '"' \\"1•nclt·ll ll olmf', : in 1•clt1fil' lion a11cl philo-ophy it is John l>c·\lt'\: i11 politic- ii i- Franklin lloo•f'\elt . Till' pidun· I hm1• drn11n of thP Lili· ('ral i ..... of f'Ollf"'('. fraμ-nwntarv and iJJi <'On!'l11-i11•. It has onh· tlw purp<H' '~ !!i\ in~ a !!l'IH'ral idPa of j11 ... 1 \\ho ii 1 • I am talking aho11l. of dispc ·lli11~ tli•i notion lhal \llH·n I talk about a / ,,/1N11 1 I f'Ou ld only he rdnrin ~ lo nwntn .... paslit·' .... 11d1 a..; 1\,e Bt•\an or Aμ-nt'· \l1·yn. PERILS OF THE LIBERAL MIND TIH'n \\t' <':1111101 "uni\t' 1111lt· ... .., ,\,. 11nd1•r,t;11ul our O\l n leader- tlw nil· i11g t·lilt• of tilt' \\'c•-lcrn world th•' /.il1n11k I urg<' tlH ·rdore that tho><' "ho nr" rn111pd1·nl to do so sd oul. a' a 111allfr of 11rμ-1·11t t·on<Trn to'" all. to ,.,plon· th•: f.ilwm/ mind. I n11-c ·lr ha\l ' 1lt'iillt'f th' pali1·111·e. thP , kilk uor the trq1idatioj'. to 1·mha1k 11po11 ~o friμ-htc11inμ- an :il \f 'lllurt'. \ •of this mnment l am nH·rcl' rf'porting on \\hat I <'an ""''(' from ht'ft'· '"'a re that th1· di'1an!'t" that •q1arnlt" mP and mY tar ~t'I may rt'~111t in ii!~:· f('m1firlfll'd 1111 ,,flt!I' 1 ' !"AITS FOlll':\I \,"F.\\·s . ./1111. t!11 A (/l"(li/ ,,, f'ifJU' i."l ''·"' tnort llll111 1 " ti/,, p/i II rp prt rp/p , ICA' S/O' l'P(l /(J ,,, I/int fl .<if! thoro l/i p orig;, ""'' l f{f111/ n,·11·/i Tl11· tlw ur lion~\ or I''\ 11111li•r ''''·tim Pnliti1 -. "i\'f' 11 ada): 1·our .... P: lhan 1 that th llt1gf• I Pan i 1·ou r...t· ~ "a lrula """ .. ti1·r p;i flf>!\\Of Tlw <if a Ill 'ilrio11~ .20\ f'rt f{llil(' j, :1nr1 , ... ; 'llf·h ii iPc·t1•rl 'l'l1•a 11 .... Fnr \\ ith ,, lion nr 1'1llpl1)\ llloral ; r:anadi fornwd tl"'lll. In ,. 'iat .. d. iln1011 11 lllP1ni~• !•arty t ( ' It""' ·'lll1m11 1 irnl a11(l olh-11 a11d .... o man~ j.., 111. pn .. i· .. 111. ·\ mt•rit·~111 1·h 10 fc•·I 1 1mj11-th proμrall1 ·iirhl·" inμ 1•-lhal lh1' ""'" plol 1ra111h of adl'd lh"I lodcl\ I h<' olf i'l iil1·1 nl\ , c:1r .. tr rPt • 1~11·11 1 .. ~ 1111' J,ilo· 1·-. I 11 la•• i11 .. d11r>l· 11 D1·" cr: '1·11. f illl' Lil" " and inf urpo..;t• '~ "ho it 1 .. 1'1li11!! 1h•' a f.i/)l'f{I~ o mcnl:t or A.:tn1·~ AIND unit'"''.-' ,,t 1h1· rul· orld 1h•' A rl' f>ly lo llr. Rm·l•h•y i.< no t fll'flila/1/ t'. R 1'11li1>.< arl' in ritNI. Irr 1·1111/ras/ with llr. llu1·M1·y·,, 1·i,,11· ( I) that 1/11• " l.i/1,,ra/' 0 mi11d i,, '"'·"·ntially dif f 1•rn1/ Jrom- <1111/ ll10r1• i11 .w·r11ta/1h• thw1-tl11• Com· 11111nist mind. a11d ( 2 ) that 1/11• " J,if>Pral" mind is 11uitl' undi.•ri· (llin Pd , F AC1'8 FORl ' l1 Yf: Jr'. r p protl11 rl'.• rm l'Xrt'r pl fr om t/11• rl'/r•hrat Pd Rl~ PORT OF 1'//f; I CA YA DI.I YI ROY A f, COltlllS­S IO Y 011 '"" 8ori1•t ·'fl." rin1t ,..,_ l'Pflfl'll ' '·" f f!o r <: ou::wnf-w. 111 this .~ t-'lt•t • /io11 fl 1·i p ff flJJJJ t-'<1rs tlwt (I) t/11• ' ·/,ilu•ral" mind i.< in " .~ i{! nifit·f111/ 1111111/u-'r of i11 .dt1t1t't-'."' tlr oro111tlrly di.<r iplin l'd , wul ( 2 ) t /, p diu iplin l' i.< of Co111m1111is1 oripi11. . 1•!t·1·1in1" /mm 1/,,, "l lotirntin11 n/ l~()fl/..,'' ·"'''<'lit~n 1111d1•r tltt• sul>titlr•. HTf,;. n,.,,.,0/11/f('/I/ of frlt·nlngiral lln1imtio11." Thi' Pl id1·11r·1· lwfon· 11' •ho1" Iha! in 11w :rn·at majoril\ of ca~ri;; thf' moli\'a· lion "a" inf'\lri1·ailh linkPd '' itlt 1·0111"•·('" nf '"'' hnlop-ind dl'I dopl111·111 1·a rril'd on ll11d1•r 1111' [!"llj ... 4• or :tf·li\ ii it·" or a '-'l'<'rPI 'l'1·1io11 of 1~ hal i- n-ll·n•i loh a C11rndia11 /'~>Iii ir·:d 111011'1111•111. 1lw I .:d1nt11·- l' ro;:m•,. '1\1• parll u-:um1111111i-1 parlv of I.all· ada): Iha! 1111''1' si•nt·I ''ilf'11•lopnwn1·· 1·our ... p ... an· '1·n nnwlt mon• "idC' .... pn·ad lhan 1111' '"l'io11aμ1· 111·l11ork ilsf'lf: and lha1 1111' C:a11adia11 1111·111 lo1·r< or lhr l'~pin· 11ag-p 11t'I" ork 1 lu·111 .. i·J, , ... took n11 ;:wt j, 1· Par1 in din·t·ti11;_! and r11r tl wri11μ- .... 11d1 f'Our ... t' ... ror otlH·1 Canadian ..... \\ ltid1 \\ 1·n· "alrula11·d lo allo11 1111'111 In dra11 >uil­ahly "d1·11·lo1wd" p1·r-1lJ1' la!('r inlo al'· 11\·p p~nlicipalio11 ;111d lh11 ... In <'\IHlnd llw '1f'll1ork i1-1·lf. • • • Tiu• I 11qnin ha- n·\t·al,.,J 1111' 11an11·­or a 1111ml•l'r nr Ca11adia11-. 1·mplo11·d i11 \ario11 ... dt'JHtrllllt'lll .. and a~t'IH'it• .. or tlw ;!°011•r11nw11I 11ho. 1d1iit' prt•,11111ahh f(uitf' i:r110ranl or tlw (•:--pinnaμ-(• llt'lwork anrJ 1·1·r1ai11lv i11no1·1·111 or implil'al ion ill ~lld1 ill1·:ral a<'li\ il il ..... \\t·n· !winμ- '-'uh· /l'f'l1·rl In "d1'11•lop1111·111" I" lilt' -anw lllr•nn~ ror 11 ... 4. in tltt· r11 111r1•. For lfll' .. i· n·a .. 011-. "'' an· ;111ah1i11!! 1 ~ilh '01111' l'an· 1h1· 'flll''lin11 of moli\'a­lion and 1lw hil!hh n1μa11i11·d 11ll'lhod- 1·rnplo11•d lo d1'11•lop a11 :q1proprial1• tnoral and ntt•111al 'iat1· amo11μ- pol1·11tial C:anndian n·,·n1i1 ... IH·ron· 1'14'\ :ut• in­rornwd or 11 ha! ha' Jt1'1'1l pJ:nllll'ti fnr lh1·m. In 'irl11alh all 1·a''''· "' 11:1' J,..,,11 'latf'd. lfH' a!,!1'11( ... \\t'rt' nTltlilt'd rrom ilfl1on~ ~.t't'll-.·· or ... 111d~ ;_!ro1q1-.. or "'t'('l"l'I h11>rnlwr... or adl1t·n·111 ... or 1111· Con111H 111i ... 1 l•ari\' ll.ahn11r. P roi!'n·--i"· parl1 I. • • • II "'l't'lll' !O i•P μ't'IH'l"al poJit'\ or liw ('.()fllllltllli-.t par(\ lo rJj'-'('Ollr:J!!t' f't'l'laill !'ACTS FORUM NEWS, Junr, J.?.5.5 Canadian Liberals in the Red Spectrum The Report of the Royal Commission was based on hearings held between February and June, 1946. It was Igor Gouzenko who revealed the existence in Canada of a widespread conspiracy to obtain secret official information. Gouzenb:o , " civilian employee" of the Soviet Embassy of Ottawa, had served a ~ cipher clerk on the staff of Colonel Zabotin, Military Attache. Perhaps the most startling a spect of the spy network in Canada is the uncanny success with which the Soviet agents were able to find Canadians who were willing to betray their country and to supply the agent with secret information despite oaths of allegiance, of office. and of secrecy. Many of the Canadian public servants implicated in th is espionage were­extremely well educated persons of marked ability and intelligence and well regarded by those who worked with them. ... ,.Jt•f'lt•d "'~·mpatlii11•r..; :11no11~ ('f'rl:ii11 rnl· t'p-Ol"i('S or ( }!(' pop11Jalio11 from joinin~ lhal polilil'al parl1 n11<•1il1. I 11'l•·ad. lh"''' 'lmpa1hiz1·1"' arl' i111 ill'd lo join >l'('r!'I ·',·rll .... ·' or 1o.l1uh μToups and lo lnkf' pain ... In k1•rp lhl'ir adhl'rt'IH'I' lo !lit' parl1 from 1111' ku01'1(•d;!<' of ll11·ir :lt'q11ai11l­a111 ·1·• II ho :II'(' no! al-o 1111·111IH·r- or !hi' Conrn11111i<I parll. Tilt' t':!lt';!Ori1·- or !Ill' populal io11 frnm 11 hid1 'l'l'rl'I 1111·mlll'r., ;1n· n·cn1itPd i11<'lt1dt' ... tudPnl~. "l'it>ntiric \\ ork1•1 ... IPadH'r ... oHi('t' and J111.,.i1H''-'S \\or kt•r-.. JH'r ... on-. Pnμaμ-t·d i11 <111\ IYJW or admini ... trali\I' :ll'li\il\. and all\" "l'OllJ' lik1• J\ lo ohlai11 '111\. II JH' of i!OI· 1·r11llH'lll t·111plo~ Illt'lll. Tilt' rt·a .. 011 -.11;r;r(· ... 11·d h: ~onlt' of I ht• i1~1·11f:.. in their ('\ idl'lll'(' ror !ht• 1·11riou..; pral'lif't' of k1'<'pinl! llll'ir poli1i1·al affilia­lion' 't'l'l'l'i ""'Iha! In !hi, n11·a11' lh1'1' 11011ld a1oid unf:l\oral»lf' .Ji,nimi11alion i11 oh1ai11i11:r po-.ition"'. Tht'n' '"'rP ··11011μ:h -.11<'h 1·a"'l'~ to j11 ... 1ir, 11'-' in '·on· d11di111! Iha! !hi- pr:ll'li1·1· i- a parl1 l1·1· l111i<ftll'. !hf' rl'a l ol•j1·1·1i11·- <1111111·-111!­nf 11hil'h '<'I'm lo IH' qnil1• difr1·n·111. • • • 0111' ohjl'l'l i\I'. 111· 1·mn·l11d1'. is lhal lhis ll'dmiqul' ral' ili lal1'' !ht' :ll'hi1•\ ('· nw11I of a ha,ir polin of 1111' Com11111- 11i1o.t pail\. 'i7. lo ;rt'I t·o11trol. throu;rh lilt' 1·l1·1·1io11 or '<'l'l'f'I m1•mlw" lo 1111' dirr,·ti11~ <·om111it11·1·-.. of a ... marn l~pt• .. or r1111('tional oq!ani1alio11..; (\lo. po:-;-..ihll'. i11d11di11μ trad1· union-.. prnr1•-. ... io11al _a ... 1o.of'ialinn ... and hroad 11011parl\ oq!a1111a· 1io111o. '-'11d1 a:- \O!llh 1110\t•nu·nt ... and C'i,il lil1t•rli1· ... 1111in;1 .... ~imilarh. "'t'' rt'I mt·m· !14•1 ... or adh1·n·111-. or !hf' Co1111111111i ... 1 parl1' may h1' 11-1·d lo lak1· lhl' 11•;111 in 11r•ta11i1incr IH'\\. l1road . n11d n .... 11•1i-..1hh 110~1poli1 i<~d oqrn11ia11 ion.... aftl'r \\ hil'h 1111•\ ohlai11 for lh<'nN·h1•, a11d olhl'r ... 1•1Tt'I ad ,ll'rt'nl-: kt•\ po:-.ition:- on con· lrollin,!! 1·0111111illc1· .... or th(' oq!ani1alio11. Ill 1h1•,1· n11·an- llw l1· .. hniqu1· of ><'tTl'l lll('llllll'r'hip i' 1·alrnla11·d lo facili1a11· ,.,,1·111ialh di-hont"l hut 11ol i11df<'l'li1c nwlhorl< of propnp-anada i11 !he inlcrcsls of a fon·i!!n -lalt'. 0111' illu-lralio11 or !ht• "''' of this ll'chni<flll' i• furni,hed hv the Canadian \ «ocia1io11 nr "l'i<'11lifir. \rorkl'r,. Pro­f1 ·-sor I ll.11 n11H11l j llm t•r. in 11 hoe!' '1011 .. (' 1111' i1doimal llH'(",lin;r:-.. al ''hi<"l1 !hi' <''lahli-h11w11I or IJ11• 01'"'111italion llt'n· hPld. lw1·anw 11alio11al ~lrt'sidrnl. \orma11 \'1·nll. upo11 11 hom 111· n re al,-o rq1orli11!!. !old 11• Iha! he "look an al'li1 I' part i11 !hi' formal ion of !he or­.!! a11i1alion": a11d 1lrn1 ill' h1·l'nnw a nH'mh1·r or 1111· \ a1io11al J·:"'1·111i1" Com­mittc('. char_gcd '' illi mai11tainin~ l iai~on '' itlt <'Ol'n''fHHtdi11.!! or:rnnizalion-.; in otJwr c01rntri1•..;_ Tlwn· j .. ('\ idern·p c;:urr. ;?t·~tinμ- tJial h1· 11 ... Pd thi ... po:-..ition ;..., ~1 CO\Tr i11 makin!!' f·onUH'I ... '' ilh m1•mlH'r~ of !hr •lafr nf lilt' ~111 i1·1 Enilia,,,· in 011a11a. J):11id "h11!!ar 1 .. ,1iri1·d Iha.I hr had lt('Pll \('n <1f'li\P i11 orμ-nnizing nnd t'\l('ndinμ Iii(' \ .... of'ialion ;t11d \\as <'IN·t· 1·d a 1111•111lwr nf !ht• F\1•1·11li11• of tlw 011a11 a llra11d1. I 11 r:ll'I. \ ' .. all a11d Shu­!! ar 1·ad1 -.lio''"d an i1H'li11.:tlio11 to dai111 l'J'('dil for ro1111di111! 1111' \ --1wialio11. I Ed11ard] ll a11·rall slal1·d Iha! !hi' \ ,~o­<' ialion wa-. ... 011u·tlii11~ "" hiC"h JH'Oplt\ 111 the :-otwh μ.roup~ \\(')'(' inl<•n• .... tpd 111 rormill!! ... 111 nddi1io11 lo llml'r. \'l'all. a11d Sh11- !!ar. J)r. \ lall \111111 ll a1 and Frank <.huhh. loolh of 111111-1• 11a;11t'' fi;r11n' in lhl' "'l'io11a.!!1' 111111·11110~' of Colo1ll'I Zah­nli11. hold or ha11• ill'ld offil'ial po<ilion, on I h<' \ .... rn·iat ion· ... 1'\t'('tJI j, t' £'0111111il· 11'1·-. l'rof1·--or llm ...- diar:11 l1•ri11·d 1lw majoril1 nr olllt'r m1·111l11'r' of llll' \'\('I'll· li11· as "·r,pp·· I i.1'. l.al•n11r·l'ro!!n'''i'P parll or C:omm1111i-11 "or l..f1.11'i111!·· in poli1i1·nl id!'olo;!I: lho11;!h ill' -1a11·d Iha! 11·n f1•11 of !he \ "ol'ialion» l:11i!'t' 1111·111- IH•r ... hip amon~ 1o.1·it•nti ... 1.. .. \\011ld :-.hnn· !his poliliral 1 i1•11. Till' propa!:rn11da 1al111• ... uch an oq..w 11i1ation j, C'Ol"l"l'!--JlOlldt•Jt('(' fit.'I,, l'l'll of 1'0111 rol or ill11-lrall'd 111 ~l111~ar and Pag(' 7 Hover di~cu~~in!! \\ lwtlwr ~huj!ar or \'eall >hould "~itt· an articlt· in Thi• Scientist. the .\~ ... o"iation·.., ma~azin<'. regarding plan' for tlw 1·011trol of atomiC' C'nrrgy. Control bi till' Communi't part\ mer a broad oqwnization 'uC'h ao; the Cana· di an A~'ociation of SC'il'ntifiC' \\ orkn;. ('ould he u,cd in a \aril'L)' of 11ays not only for propaganda pmpo"''· hut <'ll'nlualk a' a kN· for n•cruiting ad· herenb t~ that part) from among "·i1·11· ti-t' and in du1· C'our ... <'. no douht. for n·< ruitin!! additional P~pionaf!<' U"<'llb in kc) ,;o ... ition' in tlll' national life. • • • nut tlwn· 1101ild app1·ar to he a further ba,;ir ohj1•1·t and n·;.ult of thi,; tl'1·hniqu1• of ,,·nt'l nwml11·r-hip of tlH' Communist part~ oq.ranizcd in ~t·c-r<'l ··rcll<' or 'tudy group,;. This ohjcct is to aC'l'tblom the young C:anadian adlwrent :zradualh to an al· mo,,phere and an ethic of rnnspiracy. The :zcrH'ral dfe<"l on tire youn:z man or \\Oman O\C'r a period of time of .11•cn·1 met'lirl!!~. .'\f'<'rt'l acquaintanc·e~. and '<'en•/ ~hj1·din·'· piano;. and poliC'ie.; C'an ca-ily h1• ima:zirwd. The le<"hnique "'<'m' rnkulat1•d to dnclop tlw Jhychology of a douhl1· life and douhll' starulank To jud:ze from muf'h of till' e' id1·rH'I» the -errct adlwn·nt is apparently 1·n· coura"'ed n<'Yer to IH' horw-t or frank. ouhid~ tlw "'<·rl'l ··c .. 11'' ml'l'ling,.;. ahoul hi' real political attitud1•,.; or \ i1·'" and appan•nth is led to l11•lil'\I' that frank· r11''' in tiw ... c maltl'r' is till' l'quirnlenl of dan.,.eroth indi,nl'Lion and a potent· ial mr~1ace lo th<' orμanization as a "hole. Thus in a pn·liminan report "hiC'h Lunan "rote on '\larf'h 21l. 1915. to Lt. Col. Bo:zm. lw r...fl'rrl'd to a ·-.·ell'' or -tud\ :zroup in Otta" a to "hif'h Durn· ford . mith. IL1lpl'rin. and '\la11·rall lw· longed. a' folio"': tlwy aln•acly fi·t>I tlw llt't'd for maintain· in!! a H·n hi::h 1lt·:.fft·1· of ... ~·1·m11\ an1I takin~ af1normal prt•1·0.rnti1111... at ilwir normal mt·1·tin:,.! .. (about 1111c1· 1·\1·n l\\O \\f'f'k .. ) ... inc1· tlw\ an· d1·fi11it1·h not lal><•lt·d \dth arn political affiliation .... Orw or t"n ha\i' t'\t'n nppn .. 1·d tlw intro· dunion of rw" m1·mlwr .. to our i.::roup on thr ~'Tot1111I..; that it ''n1ild t•r11lan:,!t'r tlwir own srcurih. Thi, d1'-.nil11•, pn·1·autio1i- tal..1·11 Ir) thi' :zroup /1r/11n• un~ of the nwmhcrs were" a~ked to ('11~;,.q!t' in t• .. pio11agT or otlwr illqrnl ::tl'li' iti1·,.;. r:, iderll'l' that thi' tt·dr11iq1u· of '''<"· n•c·\· amon!! Communi-t part) nH'mlH'r· ,hiji is farnrPd if ind1·1·d it had not lwen inau:zurated 11\ \li>-1·0". i-. four~! in a telegram datPd \u!!u ... l 22. 19 I::>. from Tlw Director to Zaholin, \1hich reads in part: To Grant l. Your 2H. \i;'r ha\t' IH'rP no <·omprnmi ... in~ data a~ain ... t \ 1·all. 111·\ntlwlt·.... tlw foct that lw ha .. in hi .. lw.nd:-. a IHtn of rerommf'ndation from a C'Orporanl Page 8 ,,ho \\4'~ urn· .. tt'd in England f,,hid1 lw did not ta kt• fun· to dt· .. tror) t·om· pp) ... 11 .. 111 n·fu ... i· tn ha\t' arn nmtad \\itli him ,,1in1 .. 01•\1·r. tht· more !-'O that nrnn) alrt•ach t'<.ill him '"a lfr1I." (Corporan! i.; a 1·m n·nanw used for a nwmlH'r of all\ Communist part) C'-C'q>t lhat of the l .S.S.H.) \11 irll'\itahle rl'-.ult of tlri, cmpha,is on a l'Orr,pi ratnrial atmo-.plwre and hc­h: n ior ('\('ll in political di~<'ll'."~ion~. C'Or· n•..;pondPn<·<·. and mectin~~- \\hich arc in tlwm-.l'h ,., p1•rfectl) l!'μ-al and indeed an· tlw 1 hPri-.lwd right of C'\l'ryone in a d!'monaliC' -.ol'iety. \\Otrld "'''m to be th!' !!radual di~inlq!ration of normal moral prinl'iph·o; 'uch a' frankn1•,-.. horw'l). integril\. and a n·,pcrt for the sanC'lil) of oath-.. \\'(• IH'lic,·e that thi, technique played a ddinile part in hrin:zin:z per•ons ... to a ... tall' of mind '' lwrl' thn could dis· reμ-ard the· moral ohli:zation~ '' hiC'h tlwy had und1·rtakl'n in ronnedion with their puhlir duties. \ readinf! of the ,., id1•nce hcforr u,. tak1•n as a 11holt'. indicalt's al,o that tlri-. technique "l'<'lll' cakulatl'd to aff .. c·t :zradualh· and unrnn,ciou.;ly the $Ccrct adlwn·nt\ attitude lo\\ ttrds Canada. ()ftpn sonw of tlw agenb seem to hml' lw~un their Communi .... t a~~o<'iation~ throuuh a hurnin!! dt>-..ir<' lo n·form and impn;\I. Canadia;t 'ocil'l) arrnrdinμ- to th1·ir light>. But Olll' effe!'I of prolonμ-l'd habituation to rnn,piratorial ml'lhod' and tlw condition' o[ s1·c·n·n in \I hidr th1·s1• JH'opll' \1ork is to io;olatt: tlwrn from the :zn·at nH1'' o[ the Canadian peopll'. • • • h tlw <·oursi•s of ... tu1h in the "cells'' u11d1·nnirw :zradualh tl11: lornlty of tlw youn,:r man or woman \\ho join:-; them. it is nt'ct""'an lo ~a\ sonwthirl!! as lo thl' 1·ontl'nl of 11{,. cour-1·,.; pur-u1·;l in thl'm. a' that i' r..Cl1·1'11·d Ii\' the C'\'id1·n<"l'. Tlw f'urril'ulum irH'iude• tlw stu1h of politi1·al and philo-ophic \\orb. som.1· of tlwm far from 'UJH·rficial. o;eft-ct1·d to dl'\l'lop in tlw 'tud1·11t-. an e'"'nlialh critif'al attitudl' to11 ard, \\ 1·-.h'rn d1·mo­r ·rati<' .. o('if'I~. Thi.., pha-..r of l~H' prt'para­tion al'"'o i1wl11dPs n ..,,·ril's of clis('11~~io11.., on 1·urr1·11t affair' ""'i!!111·d to further a nitil'nl attitud1· lo\\a~d the idl'als of d1·monatiC' 'ol'i<'ly. But tlri, l'urril'lrlum 11 ould appear in rl'alit\ to Ill' d1· ... if!nl'd not to promott· -.ocial rd1>1m ''hen· it might he re· quiml. hut to '"·ak1·11 the loyalty of tlw ~roup m4'mlwr lo\\ arcls hi.., or h<'r O\\ n 'o<·il'l\ a~ ... w-h. Linkt>d 11 itlr tl11·-1· ... 1udi1·-. at all sta~1· .... mOrt'O\('I". !!O('~ an fH!!anizPd incloctrina· lion l'al1 ul ;tl<'d to ,.,..:all' in thl' mind of tht• stud~ ~roup nwmlwr an c .... scntialh uncriti<'al ~H'('('planr·1· at ii~ facP 'al lit' of the propaf!anda of a forei:zn 'late. \C'«orclinμly. tlw ~11uh μrot1Jh an· ('11· <·our;,.l_g('d lo suli .... <·rilw to Communi .... t hoob and J><'riodi1·ak The C111111di1111 Trilmne and Clarion of Toronto. Xew l/a.rn•1 I a JH'riodi1·al puhlishl'd in th1· l nitrd ~tat1•s). \aticnwl Ajfair.1 of Toronto. and C/uh Ufr hml' IH·1·n amon:z thost• ml'ntioned a' reμ;ular oh· ject' of "tud\' and dio;rn...,ion in the.;<• ~rou !>'. as \\ l'll as seil'ctcd hool..s 011 f\ll~SJa. I 11 "ome casi·s th!' dfe!'l of thl'SC stud1 c·our-.1·s "''<'ms to lw a :zradual d1·' elo1;· ment of a "'rt'!' of di,idl'd loyalti<·'· or in !'\lrl'nll' 1·a"''' of a tran;;fcrr~d loyall\. Thu, it st•1·m-. to happ<'n tlral throuμ-h till'-.<' "twh μ-roup" 'ome adherents. ''ho hc·gin lry r .. Plin:z that Canadian sori1·ti i' not d1•moc rat ic or not 1·qualitarian 1·11ough for tlwir ta'1l'. an• :zradually led to tran;;fc•r a part or mo"t of their loyal ties to anothn counlr). apparently \\ ith· out rdc·n•111"1' to" lwlhcr that other coun· try ;, in actual fa!'l more or lc's demo· rratic or l'qualitarian than Canada. I nd1•f'd. a serN' of i11ternationalisn1 sl'<'n1' in man) C'asi•s to pla) a definitt' roll' i 11 0111· sta:ze of the com"''· I 11 llH'"'f' f'H"'''"' llw Canadian sympathizer i~ fir-.t 1·n1·ouraμ-1·d to dewlop a "'rrs1· of lo) alt\. rrol di rl'l'lly to a forl'ipt stall'. hut to "hat he c·oncl'in·, to he an i ntl'r· nntional id1·al. Thi' "uhj1·1·tin· interna· tionali-.m i" tlwn uo;ualh· linked almo'I irH'\lricahh through th;• indoctrination <'Otll"~<·s and tlw inl<'nsin• (''\post1rl' to the propaμ-anda of a parlicular forei:zn 'talt', with tlw currenl 1·011<'l'ption of the national i11t1·n·,1>; of that fon·if!rr stat•· and "ith tlw c·r11r1·nt doc·tri111•,; and pol· ic·ies of Communist parties throu:zlrout tlw \1orld. 1·.μ-. Prof!'...,or llo)..,. 'tatl'd that he μ-mt• s(·n1·t information to Frl'd Ho'<' d1•,pite tlrl' oath of "l'l'l'l'I'\' \dridr Ire had tal..Pn. h1•li1·\ inμ; that this step would furthl'r "international scil•ntific collah· oration." l'rof1·"or llo\'l'r had not apparenth irrquin•d ahout tlrl' OJH'rations in prac· lie(' of tlw ntrious ofri<·ial oq:~anizations ('ll~a~t·d in allf•mpling lo orμanize ex· l'ira11~1· ... of military and other informa· tion "ith tlw SO\il'l l ' nion, nor ahoul tlw dq(n'l' of n•l' iprocil) or rl'lati\I· hal· a111·e dl·\l'iopl'd irr "twh official ('\· f'ha11μ-('-... nor ahout tlw relati\'t' nH·rib of \arious po~ ... ihlc methods of i11<·n·a,i11~ internal ional C'onp<'rat ion i 11 sl'i1•11t ifir and othcr fil'lik llis approach to ti11· "f'fl('ral 'flll'~lion of i1H·n·a .... i11° i11t1·r11:1 Gonal "'<'i1·11tifit' coo1H·ration ,..thus ap pear,.; to r" to lrm1· 111•1• 11 relati' 1·1\ uni· fornwcl and llll"'f'i(•ntific-. as \\I'll t;.., ~in· g:11larh Jffl'~11mpl11ou~ and u11d,·11101·rati 1-. i11 arro:.ratin:,r to him~wlf h, s('crt'I action llH' -..olP ri;.d1t of d('f'i-..ion 011 sud1 rnal· t1·r... aff .. 1·ti11~ all tlw prnple of Canad:i. tlw l 11it1·d l\ingdnm. and the l ' nitl'd Stat<». llis action' al,o ill\·ohcd u lrrl'adr of oath. \\'1· "''" ho\\l'\l'r. no n•a,011 to dnuht tlw 'illf't'rit\ of his nro· ti""' a" '1alf'd In him,1·lf. This ,irr!'t'ritY \\as play1·d on . ..,IJC.('('~..,fully hy an 11!1' .... f'r11p11lo11.., and mon· sophi~lif'ait•d n~crtl. I 11 \lazl'rall\ rn"· al,o. lri' """in· to FACTS FORUM NEWS, June, 1955 furthe lion " ~ti(' "l'S! lrrou"I \Iaz~· rnoti\ r fratrk \. id,· a put t infon eithr1 wrn• a ... krd rf"cip1 o. \. o. lion 1 ~ia? \. \ ft tlw ,tu ''HI<' ir C:onunt ohl'di<'r hrr::; 1111 This is n ronsl lion cor ization lion. in '"mpat "'f'llS{' ( "loralt1 takes ti the car J>rofe"l T n , i .[!anizat lir·ularl• 1·1•pt or' J>ral'tin tho,<' pi as orctJ hiPrarcl Tlw 'ltrdy I! •rot onl• "loyalt1; th1• pa;.1 lhe adh 01>1·cli1·11, ~nnizati nltv to ( his oath thus cit~ The< '1 'lriki 1d1id1 t " 11 <1 olr" :•iu, ll·a1 h.. indo 1 ''1rnplt·tc 'llw Ir <.0 ni11111r ·11.!r1•pd t h,. olrta fr,'(• o[ I 1 rrit1•d f 11' that • that this Urr1·p of c,>rr1111u1 I in th<' fair,, of :r hPl'n ular oh­in llws<' ooks on ·sl' slu(h cle1C'lo6- dti!>s. or loyah). throug-h nls. 11 ho ~ociel' 3Jitaria;1 tally IPd rir ·loyal tly wi°th­<' r coun· ;s demo· 1ada. ionali~111 ddini11· rs!-s. In thiZ<·r i, '('flS(' of ~n qatl'. 111 inter· interna· I almo>I ri11alio11 l~11n• to forri~n 11 of thl' gn slalt' a11d pol­ouμhoul that he ·d H<H' I hC' had 111111ld t'ollah· parC'nlh in prac· 1ization~ nize C''-" nformn· >r ahoul li\t' hal­ ·ial <''" 1wrils of cn·as.in~ ('i1'11tifiC' J [O titl' i11lt'J'IHI· hu, ap· ·eh 1111i· I ~; ... :--i w 11ocrati1 •l :HI ioll di llllll· Canada-l1nitcd oln·d '\.('r. no his nio· .. inct'ril' an un­ ·d a~e11I· lc'i re 10 further international scientific collahora­lion "a' among the comp]<', of ('motions 'Ut'Cl»>hJJly pJu)'Cd upon U] thO,l' \\ho hroughl hint into the C'~pionag(' rn•l\1ork. \lnzrra!L "ho,r leslimon1 th lo hi, moti' at ion serms to "' lo ha, t' hrt•n fra11k and "inrrrr, statrd in nidrnt·t•: \. \t tlif' sanw timt• T die.I nol likl' th<' idt·a of "upplyinl-!: information. 11 was not put to me so n11.td1 that l was suppl) in:,!; information to thr SO\ irt g:O\Crnmrnt, rithrr. It was more that a'.') scientists \\t' wrn• poolinp: informatjon, and ] artuall) a"'kf'd him if we could hope to find this rf'ciprnral. Q. J)j,J you <'H'r han• that experienec? \. I flid not; no. Q. lla\t' vou f'\f'r knO\\ n of informa­l ion of an~ kinil lu·inμ; supplit·d by Rus· sin? I. Yn) li1tl<'. \ furlhPr ohj<'"li11'. pt11'""'" through llw ''""' group. is graduallv to incul­<' alr in th<' ><'<'rel l11('111lwr,hip of the C:orn11111ni'l party a hahit of 1·0111plt'i(' nh<•diencc lo the diclalPs of sPnior nwm­!'. rrs and offici11!s of the party hiPrard1\', I his is apparrnlly acrnmplislu·d through a ron,lanl emphm,is. i11 lhC' indoC'lri11a­~ ion courH':-.. on thC' importance of oqran- 1zatio11 as .'11ch. and lw I h(' gradual cr('a­lion. in lh<' mind of ti;(' nr11 adh!'r!'nl or '1 mpathiz<•r. of a11 O\'Prridi ng- moral ~<'n>r of "IO\·alt)· lo ,t,lu: part'."' Thi' loyalt,· lo th<' par11· "' d11C' cour,<' lakes thr placr in l ht' nwm lwr\ mi ncl of lhe t'arlier loyally lo ct'rlain principles Jlrofe'Secl h)' thC' part)' propaganda. In 'iC'w of th!' rigidly hi••rar('hic or­~ anization or 1111• C:omm1111isl parl1. par­l1<• ti!nrh in ib "'<'<·n•I "'('c·tio11 .... thP f'Oll· •·(•pt of "lo):tll1 lo tllf' parl1" 11H''111' in Practin._ rigid olwdif'n!'<' of adlu·n·nts lo lho,r part\ nwmhrr' 11 hoar(' J('l'Og11izf'd a~ occupying a ~enior posilion 111 th<' h1<•rarrhv .... Th(' incloclrinalio11 cour'<'' in the 'Ludy group' ar(' apparenth calculat('d '.~ol 011ly to i1H't1i<'ale a high d<•gn'(' of loyalty lo lhP •1arl1., and "olH'di<'ll!'(' lo lhp pa;h." h111' to in,lill in tlu• mind of lhr adh(•n•nl the virw that lo1ah1 and '1hf'die1u'(' lo tlw lead('rship or this or­~ a11izatio11 lakrs pn·et'drnrr 01n his loy­fl. 11· lo C:anada. C'11lillrs him lo disregard lJs oaths of all(•gianre and s!'rn'"'. a11d lhus d(',lroys his inlpgril\ as a l'iliZ('ll. Thr rase of Kathl<•('Jl Willslwr off('rs '1 Slrikin"' illu,lralion of th(' ll'('s lo 1'11i"h thf, allitud" of '·paril !mall\" ·lnr] oh('diC'lll'(' !'an II(' put I" 1111><-r11p11- lou, l('ad<·r-. ('\('fl 11 IH'n ol IH'r "'I"'"'' of lhp indo('lrinalio11 l'Ot1rs<'• ha1(' nol h('rn "11lllpl<·td1 '"''!'('"ful. ( lw h~d joi nPd a '('<'n·I •·""Ir' of '!"' ·0 n1n111111sl pa ril and th ('a rh a,; 19.lS ; 1i:trPt·d to ~i' t' "-t'c-ri•t informnlion. "hi('h rh" ohtain(•d frolll l1t·r 11orl. in tlu· Of­t(' of 111<' 11 i «h Colllmi"ion<·r for t l1t· llit(•d 1-.:ingdo~n in 011a11:1. ... Sllf' told :\'that shr \\th gi\l'll lo undC'rsland ... r'l'a"t ' this information "'" for llH' l!t1id­of tl1t• \alio11al 1-:,('rnli\l' of lhl' ·%11111111i,l parl) of C:a11ada. t'A.cTs FOR M EWS, J11ur, 19.55 Sh(' also said that 11 hen thl',l' requ!'sl~. 1d1ich slw recogniz('d 11 ('J'(' i mpropcr. ll('rt' fir,1 put lo her ... slw had somr 'lruggll' 'lilh her con,ci!'nt·!" hut tbal aflrr a fe11 11 erl.s' lwsilalion >'hC' !keided lo !'omph l1<'('Ut1'l' as a mt•mhn of tlw Co1111111111isl party she f Pll that ,.Jw 11 a' <'\prc·trd lo do 11 hat she 11as asked re­gard!('" of any obligation which she might ha1t' in any other direction .... Sh!• testified: T It'll that I should rontri1c to con­tribuu• (.;Om<'lhinμ: to,,ards the h<•lpinA of thi~ policy, hrrauo:.;r 1 wa'> n•ry intrr~ted in it. I found it 'f'l"Y difri«·ult, and \C't 1 fpJt I ,Jiould try to IH'lp. Iii" \\'il!,hrr\ ,., id<·nc'('. lal.l'IJ as a 11 hol<'. 'ho11s that slH' fPll her own pm.i­t ion in llw Communi'I paril lo he a rPlali\l·I' h11111hl1• on!'. that h(•r one im­portant <-onl ri hut ion to I he t·au'C' of thr part\ lay in tlw transmission of the secret informaliou lo 11 hich her official position ga1<' her access. and that it was ('xprcled of her that sht' should not hcsi­lalC' lo make this information aYailahle on rl'qncsl lo the party leader,hip. • • • In many cases prolonged memher,hip in llw C:ommunisl party seems lo haYC' resulted in a \'ery high drgree of dis­cipline' and lo havp indueed a semi-mili­tary hahit of large!) unqu!•slioning nlH'di1•111'P lo "orders" and "party pol­in." S11d1 habits. onl'<' d(•,·elopPd. nalur­all1 · mad<• lht• lask of llH' Pspionag<' r<'­C'l'lliling- ag-c11l~. \\ho arl' !-<l'nior m<•mhl'rs of that parl1. n•lati1Plv 'imμI('. It app<·ars lo hP an <•,1ahlislwd prin­( ·iple of al IPasl the si•t·n~ ''cells" '\'!'lion of th(' Comm1111i'l party that rl'jcl'lion of ''parl~ order~·, entail"' automatic rl'si;:r­nalion or !'xpu!,ion from th<• part1·. This prinC'iplc in il:-;<'lf a,:-;j~1.., in inducin~ nh<'lli('J)('(' from members 11 ho might olh('l'\\i-(' IH' indirH'd lo 11a1<·r. hut 11ho hme hpc·onH' hahiruatpd O\l'r a p!'riod of months or 1!'ars lo nwmhPrship. • • • ... L('adcro of till' Fifth C:olumn sohPd what 11011ld app<•ar al fir,;l >'ighl lo lH' their most difficult prohl!'m that of moli"'11ion. or finding !'apahl!• and 11<•11-pla!'<'d C:anadians 11 ho 11otdd h!' "illinμ to enμ-a:re in <·~piona~l' aμai11:-;L Canada for a foreign po11!'r h) means of a 11 id<•spreacl ')·stem of propaganda and in parti('ular b' oq~anizinμ- a :--y:-;­lt'm or i11k11 .... i\t' .... ,wh f!rOup:.-. Thi .... :o-\·:-;­lt'lll ha" !1t 01'11 f1111<'lio11in~ for ~t·ars and "a"' aln·ath a μoi11μ: <'OIH'<'rrt 11 .... ed for ('-..pion:q:rt> i 11 19:)5. • • • \ f11rtlu·r i(Tl111i('al ad1a11l1ll!('. 1d1id1 thi> "slt'm I"" prm id<'d lo th(' l(•ading O!'frallilf'l":-i or lfH' t•...,pionaμ:t• IH'l\\Ork. ha..; l1t•1•11 a :.-urpri .... inμ- dl'μn·1· of '-l'l't1rit~ from d<'i('rlion. B1 ('Oll!'('nlraling their n·qu<'"'b lo a:..;:..;i:--1 in t""'pio1wp:l' "ithin tlil' 111<·mh1·1,hip of '('('J'cl s<'!'lions of lh<' Co111n11111i,1 party. tlu· lt·ad<·1" llL'IT ap­pan ·nlh ahl<• lo f('l'I quil(' confidrnl and apparently 11 ith rea,on ha,t•d on an c\perience in Canada oYer a 11C'riod of al lea'l rlen·n \l'ars that ('\ rn if lh(' ad­hrrl'nl Or me!ll!lt'r should rC'ftM' lo ('11- gagc in acli,itie 'o clearlr illegal and "hich !'Onslilulr •o drar a bcl!·ayal of hi, or hrr 01111 country such adherent or nwmher 11otild in ~nv case not con­sid(• r denouncing th<' !'SJ;ionagc rrnuil­ing agent lo thr C:anadian public or lo the Canadian aulhorilie . [For a 'ignific·anl C'\amplr. Kathleen \'\'illsher wa' first a'ked in 19:~5 lo sup­ply srcr!'l information al a r<'gular meet­ing of her study l!roup. For fonr ~ear,; she lran,millC'd ~urh information oralh­al the study group m<'eling>-. \\'hilr th;, com·ersations 11 err pri' al<'. \Ii" \Viii­sher testified that no parli!'ular pn•cau­tions \\f'l'C' taken aμai11:-;I lwin::r OYC'r· lira rd "as 110 0111' "'"" l('Oldd ha"" br1'11 interested."l It is sig11iJica11l that nol a single oue of the sci era I Canadians. memhcrs or adherents of thr Communist party (Lah­our- Progres i,-c party). 11 ho were ap­proached bv senior members of that party lo eniagc in espionage on hchalf of the , oYiel Union. reported this ap­proach lo the agenri!». departments. or armed forces of Canada in which theY wNe employed. · 'iot one e\ rn of lhm•e 11 ho have de­scribed. in e' idenre heforr us. seriou' hesitation and struggles 11 ith their con­sciences 11 hkh they u nderwt'nl beforC' they agreed lo act ; spirs against Can­ada. ever guggeslcd lo us I hat I he)' con­lcmplated taking lhC' onr lo) al or lqrnl cotm•e of action ·i.r. n•porliug thr niminal requt'sl lo lhr Canadian au­thorities. This is a >'lriking illu,lralion of Lhr dficirncv of the Communist studv p:roup~ ir~ in<lurin{! a moti,·ation Io.r clrarlr illegal party as,ignmenls dircC'led a~ain~l Canada. Whal appears from the eYidcn e lo I)(' lht' real purpose of the study group or "cC'll" organization-as a wicle and evcr­!'\ panding hm;c for the rrcruiting, psy­chological dr1 rlopmcnl. and organ.iza- 1 ion of a Fifth Column operating in lhr inlere,ls of a forrign power-would ha1 c bren frustrated if rank and Ii!C' members of these group- or junior ad­hrrcnls of the Communist party of Can­ada had bC'C'n a11 arc of the real oh­i('!' li1 es and polieie"' of flhr organizersJ and thr othrr '<'nior members of lhC' c·on~pi rac~ . The r1·idl'nt'l' \It' hmt• heard sho"' that al each stage of "dcvelopmcnl" the adherent i' kept in ignorance of thr wi<ler ramifications and real objrclives nf th• organization. lo our of the fi;ng<'s of "hich hr ha. allowed himself lo lie allachcd. I ndl'c<l it appt•ar, frnnt the c' idcnce that some al least of the atU1crcnls re­nuil<' d lo 'ludy group~ :irr not told that lhe,c groups arc in rc:ility secret "!"t'lls" Page 9 or units of the C.ommunist party; e.g. ~lazerall tPStified that he was first in· Yited by a frirnd to join an informal dis­cu~ sion group and that IH' did not for a considerablr period rccogniz1· that it "as in reality a H'cn·t Communi't "eell." al· though he later krww it to have been such. Kathlern Willslwr \\as fir't a mrmher of a p:roup discussinp: thr "diffi•renc(' be· tween sociali~m and communism" and after a few yrar' joinrd a smallrr secret group of Communists. Any small stud,· l!roup. ho" 1•,·rr call· rd. "hich "ill allo\\ more e\perirnced Communists to influ1·1w1• and simultan· eously to study thr ps)Tholol!ical cir\ rl· opment of potential '·recruits" will do in the earh stal!cs of thc new recruit's "cfeyeJopmcnt." • • • The e\trnt o[ thr sccret scction of the Communist party is not normally dis· closed at any timc lo the junior mrm· hers of thr '!'crd l!rorrps. "ho krw" only the four or fi,·r otlH'r mcmhers of thri r O\\ n g-roup. Tiu• lead1·r of each such group. \\ho atl('Jld<;; "'P<'f('t m(•t·li n~s of fin• or ,i, siwh g-roup leadns "ill kno" thrm plus thc sc<-rct '·chairman"' of these mcetin~s .... l!o\\C\'e r. O\'f'r a prriod of tinH' secrct members will get to kno\\ many others through joint participation in \arious '·front orl!anizatior1'"' and otlwrn ise. thoul!h they may not know the e\tt>rrt o[ their "de\'elopment'' unlcss desil!nated to work with thcm for some purpose of the party lraders. It is. apparently, not thc prc..,·nt prac· tire for srcn•t nwmhf'rs of th1· part) to fill out an) mcmlwrship forms. or sil!n any dr<·laration. or to lw μ-i' t•11 any membership cank This n·latin·I) loose ~r~trm oh\"iou ... ly a ... si ... t~ in maintainin~ tire secn·1·\ of tlw or1rnrri1.ation. But it appears also to play a role in tire t•\pan­sion of the orl!anization. si rrn· at each >tal!e of his "dr' rlopmcnt" tlw adht·n·nt is allowed to fcrl that he is still polit· ically indcprndrnt and men·ly a"istirrp: in the gencral actiYitirs of the mm cment "ithout takinp: at any timP 11 hat he might considcr to hr a specific and hind· inl! step to arquirc or ratif) ddinitc memhrr;hip. This trdrniqu1• allows the de,elopmcnt cour,cs to proceed and to have their l!radual effcct on !hr ad her· Pnl without raisin~ any unnr<'f' ... ~ary rr­.; istance in the adh!'r!'nt's mind to any spt'cifir >lag<' of rarlv clPvrloprnent. Thus r\!'n Tlop•r. llaz1·rall. and Lun· an. tbr last-nam!'d an a('li\!' espionap:e rccruitinp: agPnl. appar!'ntl) frlt that thrr had not allo\\ cd thrmsehes to be· co~e full memh!'rs of thr (ommunist party. thoup:h thn had paid "rltl!'s·' for Fars. because tlH') had at no time sign· eel memher.;hip doc·unwnts or takrn out member-hip cards. noycr. \\ho stat!'d that h!' joinrcl a Page 10 Communi't stud) group in 19:{9, oaicl 11 h,.n askrd to rxplain his relations 11 ith the ommunist parl): \. I haq• worJ...t·d in oq.~anization" in w hi1·h thne \H'rt' Communi-..t... and in ,,hil'l1 I J...n('\\ thnt• \\l'rt" Connnuni ... t..;, and I ha"e '' orkt·d 'rry rlo .... (·ly \\ ith Communi .... r..., hut I ha'c nt'\Cr held a party <'ard or paid duf' .... Plc. Q. Ilaq• you <'H'r mndP c·ontributions to the ''ork of thf' Communi..,t party'! \. I made C'Onlrihutions. Q. Finaneial contributions? A. y,.,, Appan•ntlr at !'ach stap:r of "drvrlop· ment" th!' adherent is cardully kepl from an appn·cialion of the natur!' of ta,ks lik!-1) to h!' a"igrwd to him \\ ilC'n hr is rnnsidi•n·d adrquat!'ly .. drvelopcd'' for tlw rw' t stagr. Appan·rrlh also man) !'\I'll arnonp: rclati\!'h "rnior and "dncloped·' srcr!'l m1·rnlH•rs of !Irr (ommunist part) ar!' kcpt una\\ an• of the natur!' and r,i,t· rrH'!' of sp!'l'ificallr illegal adi1ities. di­recl<' d ag-ai11-.;l Canada. ,,Jij"h an• car­rii• d on h) a Sl'C'tion of th!' orl!'111ization '' hich tiH') support. I ndt'ecl. rnosl p!'r· ~on=- aC'liH'I) Png-a~<'d in "llC'h illcμ:al ac­ti\ itir .. an· apparP11ll~ ~iH•n to undc-r­sland that tlwir al'li1 iti<» are !'\<'Pptional and an· kq>l quill· unawan• of the !'\· tent to" hi"11 tlwi hmr hrrn carricd on Jry top l1•adrr, ... '. In 1i1·11 of Llw ··11·ad!'r pri11ripl1•.'' that is. tlrc !'slahJi,Jwd prin· ciplP of olwdierwe to hil!lll'r parl) au· thoriti('s. !-'uc·h urutwan•nt• ... :-; amonμ; mo:-..t mrmhcr' of the orl!anizalion \\Ould not hinder the orp:anization', dfi('il'IH') for Fifth C.olumn purpo'!''· For P\ampl!' Lunan. "ho und!'rlook ... to or;:rnniz(' a :rroup or ('!-'piona~t· ag<'nb. ''a" {!i\t'n lo und<'r ... tand that thl' onh JH'r,ons 1·n«a«ed in thi- illP«al ac· ti1 i't\ \\Ou Id IH• lii~l'!'lf. tlw thn•1•rCa11a· dian· ... <'if•11tisb ''ho ... <' <'"'piorrnμT ~l<'ti\ilil'~ he din•('tr1l. and HogO\ of the ~01 i!'l Embassy. In t1»tif)illl! lrdon· '"as lo hi' motirntion. '' hich he stated was di­r!' ctly link1•d "ith his political id!'ology, hl' 'aid: I would al ... o likr to 1.;.ay that l had no idt·a of tlw "'<'O(lf' and r\lt'nt of 1hi1.; work. I \\U:o. ama1rd \\ lit•n it fir .. t h<·<·anH' rlt·ar to nH' durini.: Ill) intnrnμ:ation. I rH'\t'r thou_ght of nn .. 1·1f a .. !winμ: mnn• than one 1wr ... on in a ... mall j!roup of fhp proplr. 1 do not offn thi.., in anv ""t'n"'" a.., an rxru ... p for Ill\ work, hut l "a"' ...irhinμ: to "'CfllUrf' m~ .. t·lf '' itl1 my idntls "ithout a full knm' l1·dge of the po!--ition in "hirh I rrally found m)"t•lf. • • • Rrl!anling the ,~riginal attr~,ction of Canadians to thr cir\ elopmPnt courses or study group orp:anizalions. it is dif· finrlt to 'JlC'ak \\ith cntainly. The ap· peal naturally 'ari1•d l!rl'atl) 11 ith Pach indi,iclual. ln ~onw !'asr' it la\· appar· rrrth- in the lri:;d1h S\ •tcmatizrd m<'ln· phy'i!'al !'Onl'1·pls u•1·d Ill Lire Cornmu ni't parl1· in its propa:rnnda dir!'!'trd lo <'!'rlain t~pcs of .. intl'llP!'tuals'' and stu· dents. Thus Durnford ~milh. \\ll!'n a•k· er! "hat it \las that atlra!'ted him to the mo\!•nwrrt. rt'pli!'d: "tire lo[!,ic of it." A fal'tor "hil'h app1•ar, to ban· pla) · !'d a part irr first atlra('tirrg al leas! 0111· of th(• <.a11adia11 l'~pionagc agl'nb '' ho:--l' !'\ iderH'l' \\!' IHI\!' heard, '"l' the belief that through tlwst• >tud) grou1» Ire !'ould fight ap:airrst th<' 'O('ial c'lil~ of anti· Semiti'm and ra('ial inlolerarl('l'. C('r· son said: I <·on ... idn my ... t>lf a... a "t'<'ond·clu ...... Canadian not as n fir ... 1-da ... s Canadian. That is not u latq.diing mallt'r, :\Ir. Lom­mi ..... ioner; it i ... \t'I"} !--t:riou .... I IP eltwiclated this point: Q. 't 011 lunP lwt·n "'JH'akinJ.!; ahout rom­muni .. m and you al ... o mentimwd fa .. ci .. 111. \\hat j ... \cHir iflt>a of th<' diHnt'llf'f'. ii an}, 111·1,,;.,.n ,·ommuni ... m an1I fa._,.j..,m ·~ \. Wt·ll . m\ id4·a i ... that it ''otdd he ha .. 1•d on n cpw ... tinn of anti-St·miti-.111. 0. I s'"" \. '011 '-t't'. '"' wt'rt' q·r) aC"li\(· at that time. Tlwn· \Ht-. tlu• clanJ.,!;n of llitln: '"' reali11·1I it. T'w 1loctor and hi ... ,,if1· ,,1•11· O\t'r in C1·rnrn11\ in 19:~1: 111' ''''Ill 10 Lni\l·r ... il\ tlwrt• and ,,,. n·ali1.t·d it. (). \\"hat d1wtor '! \. lh. Co1tli1•h: that is tlH· [ hn..,Jiand of tiH' I ... j ... 1n or tlw Sr!dPin famih. \\"1• n·ali1.1·d ''hat ''a..; μoing: to hup1w;1. \\-1' "ll" ''hat happt•nf'd in \lontn·al and l\irklan1! l .a k1• ,,h•rr pt'oplt· \\f'rf' par;ul· inμ: in hint· ..,hirto.; and '-lickinμ: -.;iμ:ns i11 "indo""'· anrl we ft·h "" ..,Jionld cln "'011H'thing: ahont it. ... I nwan ii "'-'"' rrom thal: ii \\3'- not from an f'C'OllOlllif' point or 'if'''· It \\i.l" rrom tlw point of 'ii''' nf 1,;pJf-pn·-.;1•na1ion. \\fr fiμ:urt•d that if wr wcr<' ron ... idt->rt•d ai.; l!ood tanndi::111 ... lwr<' n law ... 11011ld lw pa ...... rd to rnakC' that ill<'~nl. Tlr!' '" id1·ru·1· bdore u< strongly su~· /!<'sis that anli·. emili'm and tire natural r!'a!'tion of pnsori' of }<'" i,.fr oril!iri 10 racial di,criminalion 11as onr of tlw far· tors plan•d upon I" th<' C.ommunisl rt" <'ruitin~ il~l'nl .... It j.,. ~iμ-nific-anl that ;I numlwr of lhl' docunwnts from till' Hu,· sinn Fmhass\ 'JH'cifinrlh- nol!' "]corr" or .. ]Ptl't'\.\ .• in ('lllrit•" on tlwir rt>h'\i.1111 Canadian a;.rt•nt~ or pro ... p<'diH~ a~cnl~· ,Jio11in1? that till' Hussian Fifth Colunt11 lradrrs altad1Pd particular signifieancl' to tlri" rnattn." In somt' <·a st'"' a dt'~i n· for <·ompa11ioll' ~hip and irllt•ll('f'l11al di .... ('11ssio11 nHt' Iran· pla)cd its part. \ri1h <'!'rtairr per· (Continued on f'uf(<' .SB) *Enrro11'.., 1\011.: Communi..,t int1·nt to r'ploit .lt'\\s j..; 1·0111· pll'llH'lllf'd '" llH"ir t·fforl lO (''\ ploit and ru~· lher lwfuddlt· tllf' lunatic frinf,!:1' of 11111 1· :;c·rnitt• .... Orw ··Politi1·11 .... " in a manrwr oh'' 011 ... ly <:ommuni ... 1-in ... pirt'd, ... a, ... in a rt•rt'111 j..,..,Uf' of an unli·"-ic·mitc pnio1ii1·<.d: 1'Tlu• H11 ...... ian"> an· kif"kin~ the .ft•,, ... out .111 Hu ...... ia .. . \ 111 ·" "orld l1·adi1w c11lt11n· \\ 11 11 c·hili1ation ,,jlf lw IHlrn tlu· lft1 ...... ian. It i .. ~ hi ... torical prot't'"'"'• '' hi1· l1 l'annot lw ... 1oppl' al all. l\t>itlwr \-liornh. nor 11-bomh. ll(lf '" i..;clom • Jlnnanl Baruf'11 '.., and Lazar 1'H;!:111 mid1's \\ill '-lo1• it. ... \nwri<·an "hit1• j!l'Jl" 1il1•..; "ill not do an)lhing: to -.;poi! thal hi~· tnri<·a l proc·1• ......... . " . 1 I It \\U"- pn:di(·tal.1IP that J111.la1•oph?lw..; "0.11 :1 f'H'11t11alh "tdl" \\1th tlw Scnlf'I l 111011 al!1.1H' tlu• I nitt·d Stall' ... on tlw IJa..,j.., of 1h1• /.!1'~1 · !!Taphi~·nl ful'I tlw1 thn1• arc mon• .If''\" '.J: "'\f•w "\ ork tlian tlwn• an• in \fo ... cnw. But ~ 111 hlntunt \L.1ni ... m and ... ,·arcf'l)·<'orwc•alrd tll" flf'al 10 tn'a'-011 in \\lint tlll' nai\r n·~ard •1" •• JO() pn H'IH .\m1•1 ic-:m n1rirty of Jun an l-! -.; tartling-. FACTS FOitUM NEWS, J1111e, J955 Do Force, \ , lion 'iew, th o-.e TllE f tlw lion a 1 nil!•d lri1· ... , \pril I \, ,, Jltrrpos( lari:i· 1 fri1·11dh •-r .. d !Ir rlurin:r "raJ,Ji. Th1·n lllrnt "I "'IUsr ti !\not I lhe rorr of tlw r11·'a'"r ..\,, 'ltr<'ntlv l>f'ttl'r ·, 11"nt of Tlw r "lld1 a! h<·in" ~ I !>Pans ,, •·an,. ~ lif)JH(• i.11 tt•;tc·tio11 l'iJ?nt·1...,: f)\\ll '.-.J>(' of i1.'' Ja\t' pJa, · lt•a,t 0111· nb \\hO~t' the helicl ,; he could of a11ti· nn'. Ger· 011d-1·lu ...... :anadian . 1lr. Com· out com· ra .. fi ... 111. n·n(·•·. ir ..,ci-.m·! ,\011111 lw iti ... m. e at thal itl1·r: '"' \jf(• \\('II' \\t'lll IO it. 11i11 ... h;.111d 1ii l\ . \\ i' 1pt>;l, \\ (' ·1·al and rt• parad· .... i ~n" in ould 110 it \\tl" f'f'OllOllliC roint of 1n•1I that :n nn1lian'" rnkr thnt IJl CYly f'll~· H"'C!rwlural ori"in to >f ti~' fur· nu11i~1 rt" 111 that a 1 the Hu•· "}t'u:· or n·Je, ant .-C' aμc nl~· h Coh1n111 ! nificarl<'l' >mpa11io11· .-ion nHl' rlain per· 11 f'af(C 58) ~ ws j,,. rorll' it nnd ru~· (' nf nri 1 ~· rnrwr oh' 1· l a rcr<'111 I flf ,:·1';,:n:111"j1h ian. It j .. . ~ I"' .... 1npPt homh. 1111r 1.ar 1\. .:11!•111 " hi ti' J.!f.Tl" ii that Jn·· olit•s ,,ould ion ai,!<til~~'. 1( tllf' J.!l, rt' .J (' \\ .. ~ 1: , But ._ut ;~t·alr1I nr· r<'jlttrtl !\'" r £ )111Hlf·\ Do you approYc of the talus of Forces Tr!'al) '? • • • \.., ""'uni , IN".., ~xuminc tli<" q11t"'"'­tion from l\\O oppo ... itc poinh of 'iew, lnkin~ rirsl 1he argum('nt.-. of tho~c who suy ye.~. • • • TllE formal pads C'stah li shi11~ \ATO. tlw '\orth '\tla11tic T1eatv Oq~anild · lion a multilateral allianc<' iwl\\('<'11 th1· I nit(•d . tatPs and thirteen oth<'r cou11- lri1·... \\ t'n' ~i::rrwd in \Va~hinp;ton on .\pril I. 1919. \, ,00 11 as "" hqw11 lo impl<'nw11t tlw P11r111>'t" of thi, alliancr hy s t a lionin ~ larg-1· 11uml>t'rs of Amrrican troop' i11 fri1 ·ndh F:uropran nations, W<' discov­• ·r,.d that thr pn'H'IH'<' of our troop' duri11 g- tinws of prar<' neatl·d i11111m1 - 1· rahl1· f rir·t io11<. Tiwn• i'. natura ll y, some local res('11t­tnrnt a1!ain'l thl' Americans merely he ­f'aw•(' thf') :ire roreiμ: ru•p.;_ Anotlll'r 1111d1•r,ta11dahle irrita11l thr romparali\l' "ea Ith and nf th,. A nl('ri('(I n sold irrs. " ('a~y li\ in μ: '\n \nwrir·an army priH1l1· stalio111·d llt·ar ,onu• E11rop('an 'illa1!t' is fr!' · }fUr•ntly lwll1·r hou><·d. heller doth('d. ' 0 l1Pr 11011ri,JH'd. tha11 the most promi- 111'nl of lrH'al citi11'11,. Tiw normal human H'>e'11lnw11t "hidt jll~·h a ... ituation ,,jJI al"a)"!-i μ:('ll('ralt· j ... 1 1'tn~ p<'rpt'lually prodded hy Euro· l>r•ans 11 ho , impl ) do 1101 liJ..1• Anwri f'Ull1.;,, '-'onu· or llwsc ar(' f.ommu11i..,t~: ' 0 n1t· an· lik(' our O\\ 11 11arro\\ -rni11dt•d r~·a1·tio11a111•, \\ho j11'l don't liJ..e for ­• ·t~ll(·t,: and 'O lll( ' nwn·h J,," t' thPir ''' 1n ' fH'ci;1 l phobia a~ai11sl Amnira. !'ACTS FOH M NEWS, Ju>1(', 1955 r ma~inC' how quickly thi~ l!'lllfl!'ralurc of local rt'sentnwnt can ri•e to lht' dan­~( · rou ~ hoilin μ: poi11l ''hen ~onw \nwri- 1·a 11 :--oldicr <·ommit!"' an o H('thl' or out­nq.! t> aμ:ai11~1 a lo('al citi1<·11. \ nti .. \nwri('an af!ilalor, ha\! ' 011ly to poi11t out that thPH' \nwri cau soldin' 11 ho Ji,<' so rioton>I)' a11d o't1·11taliou,h an· a hoH' local la'": that European ('iLizPns lut\ C' 110 clef('ll!--C' aμ:ain~l the law· 1<'~'1H''s of Amrrican soldiPr, . her·a u.'t' <\mrrirnn sold iers an· nol 1111"'·pra J,Jp tn l·:11ropran la'"' they ar!' arh\\Prah!t· onh lo thC'ir commanding- offil'n "ho. 11111"" lw happPns to han· a lend1'r rt'1!3 rd for th<' for<'i ~ 11ers amon~ "hom lw is "'('l"\'ing. "ill ct'rlainly 11ol e'\t'rl himsrlf to restrain his soldiPr' ! This co11dition " ~" j('Oparcli1in 1! th1· \\hole l\'ATO pro ~ ram in \\hi ch the l l11ited Stales \\as to in\(»l hillio11s of dollars: on "hi ch the 1kfc11s1· of "(';.t­ern E11rope d<'pl'ncfPd. Our co,tJy rfforl' to ncate g-ood "ill. harmonious cooperation. nnd !-ii11;.rl1•111· ..... of purpo'r among- 011r friend, i11 \\TO could lw nullified hy a f1·\\ ht'edle,, 1\mpri"a11 !->olcli<·r!'i f!O i11 ~ 0 11 a \\l't'kPnd hinge. FOREIGN LAWS FOR AMERICANS? If thr Anwri(·an army turn , 25.000 \nwrica11 ,oJdin, loOH' on Paris for a ll!'!'kr·11d and tlwn t<'ll' tlw French ,,ffi<·ial' that thl'' r·a1111ol prot1 ·1·t their '>" 11 pt'ople aμ:ainsl an) t.H' I"' of la" l1· ~-.;- 11t"··...; 011 the part of a11y of tlio ... c ... oJdit·r~. thl' F11·1wh rlo11"t ft ·(•I that tl>t'I a n· h('ill!! tn·atl'd Ii~ .. a11 t'qual and fric11dlr parl- 1wr in a μ-rand allia11C'e. Tlw ,olution to this knotty prohll'm is oln ious: g-in' the French offil'ials crim­inal jurisdiction OYC'r thMr Amerirnn,. '0 that Amrrirnn soldiers and their familie" "ill he ;.uhje<·l to the 'amr la"' '" the Frl'n f'h JH'Oplt' mnon1! 1d1om tlH•\ Ji,·r. Thi,; is (''act Iv "hat "e ha' e done not only\\ ith rega rd to Fran r <'. hut "ith re~ard lo other nation> 11 l11•rt• Anwri­l'an soldicro are 'lationecl. At the outset of the '\ ATO allianc('. our , late D<'partmrnt 1w1!otiatcd. "ith all of the nations inrnhed. trmporan t'\('Ct1ti\f' aμ:rf'<'mf'nt~ concf'rnin p: tht· Jlrohlt·m of criminal juri,ifi,.tiou O\t'r \nwril'an ,oJclit'rs and nwmhl'r' of th(· ir familit». Thr aμ-n~<'mt•nb ''<'n' not uniform in all ('Ountrit'>'- ho\\('\(' r. Tht' \ nealt'cl .. om<' jealou~y amonp: our allit's somt' of "hom felt that\\ (' \\t'rt' makin~ mon· f;l\orahlt> a~rrrnwnl' \\ith otlH'r \'ATO nwmhers than "ith tlH'm. A11d numcroth difficultir' aro'l' i11 appl) in 1! the \lHi­""' · di ffl'rl' nl agrr'l' lll t'nl,. \rlwn l.t•11f'ral Ei>1•11ho" er arri\ eel i11 l·: nrope a' Supn·nw Commandn of \ ·\TO. ht' in,ta11th '"" and unrle"toocl the prohlt·m. Tukin ~ achin:' from and \\Orkinμ \t'r~ <"io>l'h· "ith l.etH'ral Ei>('t t!10\\('r. our Stall' · Oepartnwut offi cial ... "orkl'd out formal trea t\· a~ rt 'l'mt• 111, to ... 1a11clardi11· and >implif, th1• H1rio11' C'-t'Cuti"· a~n·<•nwnt ... alrt>ad~- in operation. D11rin f! 1951 a11d 1952. rqm'sl' nla ­liH•, of tlw fourt1 ·1·11 \\TO <'O u11lrit•, nwt and ... ip:n<'d thrt'l' lrt>alit·:--. dPalincr \\ ith prohll•m, "hidt had ari,en u11d1·~ the \\TO a lliann·. Tht''1' lrPati1· .... dra\\ n up during lhl' Truma11 admini-. Page l l -Wide World Photo U~. occupaaion forces debark from Bremerhaven Port of Embarkation for assi9nment witlrin the U.S. Zone. tration. \\NC' 'ubmillt>~ to the Senate for ratification in 195~. One of the lr<'ntirs ddinrd the 'tatu' of the military headquarlC'rs of 'ATO. Another clcfinrd tbc 'tatu• of the diplo­matic reprrsentat iH's in , ATO. guar­anlC'Cing thrm propC'r immunity from pro C'CUtion in foreil!n courts. :\ third prescribrd thC' ci,·i! ancl criminal status of rnrmbr" of thr arml•cl forc!'s of onC' \"A'TO rnuntrv whilf' "tation!'d in an· other 'IATO country. This third trratv. rallrd the talus of F'orces ap:rprment.. indudes a pro\ ision known a• \ rtirl<' \'I l. 1d1ich l!i'r' a \:\TO nation r"·lu,in• rriminal juri•· diction. "ithin it> hord1•r,. O\rr fot1•il!n \:\TO •oldi1•r• "ho commit niml'' "hi le off duty. This mran' that an \rnrri<'an >oldi<'r •tationrd in Francr. Turkry. Italr. Por­tugal- in any of thP thirll'l'n \A.TO rnuntrir -\\ ho commits a crime while off dutr. can br arn•strcl. trird. sen· l<'ncrd. and puni•lwd undrr tlw laws of that nation "itho11t any n·c-our•r or ap­peal lo :\mrriC"nn militan authorilir-. .\ mC'ric·an rnurh. or th!' :\nwrit'an ~O\ • Prnmrnt. If the· !\m1·1 ic-an i, aduall\ arrt••l!'d Ii} .\mnican militan poliC'C'. !;!' m11•l he -um•rHlered imnwdiatl"I\ to lorn! author­iti<.,;. Local authoriti1•s r.an. in fac-t. r!'­CJUC'' t Am<•rican military a11thoriti1·, to arrP't Arrwri<'an militar} pl'r•onnc·I _,,,_ pectrd of rrimes. If there' is any question "' to 1d1clher the soldier was on or off dut) whrn hC' c-ommitted the erim!'. tlw quP~tion will lie n·,oh-ed by a "P~cially appointed j ud!!l' of the counlr) "hC're the <:rime OC'<"UTTC'd. Page 12 lf thr rnldiC'r 11a• unmi-takahlr on dutr 1dwn hC' committC'd thr crime'. th<•n th!' AmPric·an arm\ and th!' for<'il!n !!OYrrnmrnt ha\ r conc·urrrnt or <'qua! juri,dic·tion. Whethrr th!' soldirr i tried bv Amc•rican officials or hv forrian official, drp<'nds -.omr11 hat 0;1 11 ho ;;r­rest-. him fir•t. and on thr circumstances of lhr indi1iclual C'a'-C'. :\nd. of cour•<'- tlw agrc·c•mc·nt is rr· f"iprocal. In ~i' in~ rorri~n nation~ this kind of juri,dietion O\!'r our troops abroad. 11C' acquir<' tlw same jurisdiC'­tion O\l'r thl'ir troops ,1atio1wd lwn·. Th!' , tatu' of Forc-c» Treaty was Yig­orou, Jy •upportl'd II\ Pn-,,id<'nl F:i.rn­ho11 Pr. !" tlw lihc·ral 11 ing of thr Rl'­puhlican party. hy all progr<''-'iH• Dcmo­r- rats. and 111 all lilwral C'!1·mC'nts in \m!'ri<'ll. · In urginl-( ratifil'ation of tlw "talus of FOTI"<'' Tn•aty. PrP,icl!'nl Eisenho11c·r \\rote: ··1 can 1·1·rtainh appn·c-iat1· thl' ron· n·rn of tho-1• 11 ho fpar that tlw•I' ap;n·1·­mPnt• mii!hl -uhjert i\mrric·an •oldiers to sy-.ll'm-. of niminal ju-.til'<' for<'ign to our O\\ n t raclitiori-. I do not -han· 'u"h frar-. hm11•1t'r. h1·1·au-1· of thl' nian\· }!'UT,· l''Jlt'ri1·nn• [ ha\t' had in C'Olll· mand of ,\m1·riC'an troop• O\l'r,l'a,. Thi­<'' P<'rit'nC'l' con\ irir-1•s ml' that our friPncJ, abroad 11 ill continul' to C"oop...-alt'. as they lune in thr l""t, in turnin~ Oll'r those char"t'O 11 ith offl'n•t'• <l"a in,t their laws ~o our O\\ll militan ~~ourb for trial." · I\ small i,olationi•t μroup. h!'adl'd !i) Senator Brirker of Ohio, tried to nul­lify lhP latu' of F'orl'('-. Treaty by rl'­m01 ing \rtidc• \"11 frnrn it. Tll<' Brickt•r 11101 ('lllt'nl was dd!'atcd, howC'\C'r; and on July 15. 195 :~. by an O\(•rnhl'lming majori.ty. thr Srnale rati· fied all three Ni\ TO lrealic as sub· milled. St'\l'lll y·t110 sellalors 'ot!'d £or thr Status of Fortes Trraty; fifteen \Otecl against: nill' senators did nol vote. The fift!'en 11ho \Ol!'d against it: BriekC'r of Ohio: DirkRen of Illinois: Dworshak of Idaho: Jrnnl'r of I nclialla: i\lalonr of J\erncla: i\lcCartln of \'i'i.­ronsin: SC"boeppel of Kan,as: \VPlkl'r of Idaho: Williams of Delaware; Frrar of 'l laryland: .lohll•IOll of . outh Carolina; Long of Louisiana; 'I Ir-Carran of '\r· 'ada; Ru.sell of Georgia; and Smathcr; of Florida. The nine 11ho did nol \Oil': 11utln of 'I Ian land; Taft of Ohio: ChaH'Z of \t•11 'l!e,ico: Da11i1·I of T1·,as: Fnlhri ght of I\ rkansa-: l\:1·11111•d1 of 'I Ja,sa1·l11hclls: Stennis of \ l i-si ... sfppi: 1\lor><t' of Or!'· gon; alld Kill-(on· of \Vp-.t Virginia. The Status of Forcps Trl'aty elarific»­specifies. and makes uniform thP lcp:al slalus of Anwric·an ,oJdiers in all i\TO <"Ountric»: and it prm ides a model for 'imilar U"r<'l'llll'nl' 11 ith all othPr na· lions 1dH~rc· Amt•rican troops arc sta· tionrd. IMPROVES LEGAL STATUS TIH' tn·al)' ha-. artually imprO\C'd the lrp:a l slatu• of our troop' ahroad. It has obtai1wd more c-011n·"ions for our rnl<lit•rs and thrir fami lirs - firmer guarant1·c·s of ju ... tice for th!'rn than thpy pr@\ iou-ly c·njoyrcl unckr the cv pc-11tiH• ap:rc·•·ment' hdort' thr treaty""' formal!\ ratifi!'cl. Should '"" <"a'e of '"'Jlt'c·tecl irr­ju~ tir·<' ari~(·. tlH' AmPrif'nn <'Ommandin~ officrr <"all. thro11 ~h 011r Stall' !)ppart· m!'nl. lTfJlll'•l the a11thoriti1•' of tlw for· eiμ-n quit· to \\ai\I' juri .... dif·tion O\t'r thr ('(IS('. If till' fon ·i~ 11 a11thoriti!'s fail lfl l'omph. tlu· l 11itl'd Stall's r-ar1 c-011,id1•r 11ithdra11al of it• troops. In ... horl. a11 \ 11w1ic-a11 011 lri<d i11 •1 forl'ip:n co111llrv 11ill ha\l' all tho'<' ril-(hl> lo 1d1id1 .a citiz1•n of that <'01rrrtr) is rnl itlt-cl. This "a till' orrl) adl'qrrate a11d l'qui.t· a hie -.olnt ion of a ddiC'alp problem. 'I" i11si .... 1 011 t·,clu..;i\ e J\mpriC'an _juri~·;(!Jr· lion 11otdd nll'all a ruthl1•-., trarnplinμ 011 tlw .... O\l'n·iμ-nly and f('elinf!"' of our !!Ood fon·i!!n f1i('11d .... . It 1111uld Ill' " rw1·dl1·...,. irr-11lt to ,urh ci1 ili11·d rration ... a- Frarw1· arrd E11p:Ju11d all implic-ation that tlH'ir 'Y'"''"' _.,r juri•pr11d1·lln' an· hal'k\\ard. harharll'· not ~nod t·nou.!!h for \ mt·ri('Uns. \ lld it 11 onld ;ri11· cr!'dihility to ~h1 ' claim .... of our t'twmiPs that Anit•ril'•1 is trying to ;ro bhl1· up and l'\p!oil -.malli•r nutiorr-., n·durinl( tlwm to th<' status of -.utellitl'•. \ i\TO is a mutual d..f1·11'1' oq~arril·1 · lion. \\I' <'<1111wt. tlH'rPforc·. a'~ fro•" otlu•r:-, "hat \\f' \\ill not our~('h<':-i gi't" FA TS FOR J\1 'EWS, June, J955 If t had ti rigid. tlw a•• h<'raw lo opf \\ ith l If , •oldi1·1 abo1!' 11 lwrc• ahronc lll'lt•r c forpi~1 T!w 'llll'rin hrandc· ti .... tilt' Int hat!'d. 011 .... tol Tl \\ iU I 111 ~•pp r 1 rt"a TUl ~ ha ... i 1·un '01 r"pudi 11 finht \nwri1· \ inrri1 ili<·r ... ,, I 11 \ r-riniina a fair rr11ok .. lt·Hif\. r1·pn· ... p1 •11l A.mr for,.pc) r1'>tl'd o J>oli<·i· c 'f'll((•11<•( ha, in" hi, tr[d \nwr fo111-11ir fon :1·d 1hi·ir 011 ~o .. tl1r( rhrl'i1tn t·rrciu~h. ~hi·ir me 111 ordr fri1·ndh. In i1 '.'"d"r th ''lration land u 1h 1 1a,, ill;,.;_ () 'Jlrundl' tr·ull lrt·t- 1 \dini1 '11nali,t · l' '" IJl·l (I I I r1•aty a •· tril'r! ·~. by an nale rali· as sub· [or the en yoted /Ole. ain't it: lllinoi<: Indiana: or \rj,. VPlkPr of Frear of ~arolina: 1 or '\('· 3mathcr' Bui In of I of'\('\\ hrighl of d111'cl1': of On" ginia. clarifie>­lh<' legal 11 l\ 1\TO 10cll'I for other na· arc sta· s ·01ed thr 1road. II , for our -firmer ·m than • lhr CV ·ealy wa· '('!<•d ill' 1rna11di11~ lkparl· r 1111' for· O\l'r tht' ., fail 10 ('()!l'."oidl'1 ritd i11 •1 111 1ho'" L cou 111 r~ nd l'Cfllil· hlcm. To jurisdir· rampli11~ ., of 0111 I to ,urh Enμ-land ·sll'm- of harharir- 1!'>. :y 10 1h•' An11·nf'' c,ploil n to 1ht' Jq~<..lllj1;1· ,,~ f ro"1 \{':--i ght" !lllC, J9JJ If th<' n·a<·lionarit'> and >t1pcrpalfrnh had lhl'ir 11 •1' . .\merica 11 ould pur<ut• rigid. nalionali•lic poljcie- founded on llw a••umplion that we Arncrican,-Ju'l l"•rau;-<' "" arP 'lrong ha\'e lhl' nght lo opPrale on a lakl'-it-or-IPa\·<'·it ha'i' 11 ilh lht• rl''I of lhl' world. If \\(' in~i:--l('cl on sf'Lting Amt>rican •oldil'1» aloof from lhl' ritizen• nnd abo\(' thl' '"'" or tlw forl'ign land, '' lwrP they ar<' ~Pr\ inμ:. our fore<'~ ahrond 11 01dd no longer ha\l' 1lw rhar­Uf'l< ·r of frit'nd< parli~·ipaling 11 ilh llwir fort'iμ-n l1rotlwrs in a ('Ommon <'UU'"-C. Thn 11 ould h<· look" I upon a' <'On· 'fUl'rin·μ- lq:ion,. !\mt'rica 1101dd be brnrnl('d a~ a militari!-ilif' a~~~TP~~or ju!-il "' llw Smil'l, art'. 1 n llw l'JHI. '"' 11 otdd find our•eh "' halt'd. i<olatl'd. and alonl' in a dang<·r· 011, lolalilarian 11 orld. • • • T h at nuo., o ne .!'l idc. The o th <·r ~ id c ,,ju l"OIU ll f'' I. ll C' r (' urP ,jt' ''"' o f .. umr nlio do " " ' a 1>proH' of t he' S1a 1u.. of f'n rt·t~ ... Trf"a t,. • • • Tu L Sialu• or , .. ()!Tl'' '!'real\ al11oiiat1·­ha- i1 rnn>lilulional riid11; of .\m1·ri· t·an -.oldit•r:-- ... pn in~ 011 fon"ign ~oil. It ft•puclial1•, OIH' of i\nwrica", oiJt•,I and fin<·,1 tradil ion•: 1tanwlv. 1ha1 1111' \nwrin1n flag and thP pro.lection of Lill' \mrrican Con•lilulior1 follo11 our sol­d;,.,., 11 lll'n'' pr 1l1P\ go. 111 \ nu·ri1·a. a11y :-.p). ~11ln1·r~i\l'. or <·riminal of "hat<•, l'r kind i,; guaranll'rd a fair jury trial in op<'n court. Il l' can 111\ok .. lhf' Fifth .\nwndnwnl. r..Cusl' lo l1·s1if\. and hl'ap al1ti-<' upon nfficial ff'J>n·-l'nlaliH'< or our f(O\l'rnnH·nl. Bui •'n AmPri<·an •oldil'r "ho ;, draftrd and forr·pd lo 'l'f\ e ahroad can no11 lw ar­r1 »11•d on trump<•d-up charge' hy for<'ign Poli1·1· offict•rs. lriPd in a forPign l'ourl. '1'1111'11<·1·d and puni,hed. "ilhoul t'\l'n ha1 ing an \nwri<·an offil'ial prt•st•nl at 111, lrial. \1n,.rint11 .... 0Jdi1•1" .... ~talio1u·d in 1..omc ~1 >rl~-11i11t· fon·i;:rn nation~. lrn\t' 1><·1·11 Ort·pd to ~j, t' 11p th<"i r o\\ n t'ttrt't'r ... 1hf'ir O\\ 11 familil':-.. thPir O\\ 11 hortH''.-i. to ~o al1road and ... ,.'"'" llH· i11tt•rp...,ls of for1•ign p1•npl1'. llut thi' apparently is nol •·IJriugh. Th1·1 11111>1 alsn hr dqiri\l·d of th,.;, mo-1 111.1·cio11• l'On•lilutionul righh ;11. ord<'r lo k1·1·p our forPign frit·rnls rr<·ncllv. In thr pn•,t•nl admi11islralion. a• "'1d1•r llw llotht'\t•h and Truman admin· "lra1io11-. ii i> l1acl la.ti' for \ 11wrica In ~land up fo1 \nwrican right,;. \\,. 11111,1 h1a1' I i1·ld In liH' d1•n1'1nd, of Olli .iii;,.,_ or '"' \\ill lo"· 1111' pri' ilt'"'' of '.'Juundnin" \ nwric·an hlood and lll<'r· ''·an lr1·a•ll~<' lo drf<'nd our alli1·•. 1 \dmini•lralio11 if'adt'I» and i11tt·rna· 1'>naJi,1, in 1lw S!'nai<' argtll'd that if "" ~· I I . ,. r 1· 1 . 'llC not tHTt'pl 111-. ...... 1a111 ... o ~on·1·:-. I ti•aty and fl('rmil •\ m~rican ,oldj1·r to •· lri1·d in fnn·ign <·ourh. 0111 \ \TO t'A<'TS FOHL'M NEWS, ./1111c., 1%.i alliancl' might break up. To an Anwri­can \\ho knO\\ ~ and <'art•:-. anrthin:r ahoul our con>lilutioual ")•lem. and 11 ho has any pride in American tradi­tions. it •hould be obdous tbal an alli­a1ic ·c whkh ran be held togetlw.t· only al lhl' co'I of destroying the inalienablP rights of our o" n •oldirn; is not worth mairtfaining. When u1'fi11g llw ratification of thr talus of I· orccs Treaty. State Depart· 111c111 official, promised that the treaty pro1 i-ion• \\ ould not set a preced nl for agn·enwnts "ilh any othrr nation• rx­n• pl lho"' in '\ATO. The prom is<• "as >ill) and di,honl'st on ih fact'. If lhr l niled Stale gowrn­nwnl 11 ill gi1r a"ay th!' rights o[ its own soldi1•rs lo thirteen of its .o-call1•d alliPs. what 11 ill it ,;ay lo all ii• other allies who want similar arrangeml•nh? Tl1l' answN has already been gh t•11. Within a matter of weeks after thl' Stalue of Forres Treaty wa' ralifird. our Stal<' Dcparlmcnt-ignoring its O\\ n "no prert"drnt" promiees - U>ed lh1• I n·ul1 fHOI i'ions a' a preu•dcnt for 11ego1iali11g c\.ecuthe ~gr~cmcnb with Japan. gi' i11g the Jap~ne:,e C'riminul jur· j,cl'klion O\ l'r American ..en iccm<•n and llwir familiP• slalionecl in Japu11. Mdll't I on lhal for a monwnl. 01111· \nwrirnn •en iceman "ho fought thf' ""Hg'<' JapancH' from Guadulcanal to Oki na 11 a 11011 gets a rresled br I ht· Tokyo polif'(' a11d lHTll•l'd or ("011111lilling­: i ('riOH' . Th<' !\nwriean ann) can no lo11n-t•r lak1• lhut >o ldil'r inlo cu'lody and gfn• him a fair lrial in a11 Am1·riC'an rnili­lan court. Th!' Aml'rican arm) cannot t'H'll 1·01111>t·l 11 ilh hiJ11 or ob~t'nr bi, lrial lo IH' -ur<' lhal he gl'ls a fair onP. Th!' armv <irnph ha, lo lurn ii< hack on tlw Am<'rican 'oldj1•r and IC't him •,I wbatf'n•r Japn.ne .. f· ju~litf• wanb to oiH· him. When lhc soldier',; pcopl • back in tilt' States disco\er lhal he has bet'Tl ;.enl lo a Japanese prison for 1110 year' or fi,e year• or lift'. ilwy frequently can­nol t'\en find oul from their 01111 go\· Prnmcnl v. hal lh<' soldier did or what he wa• eharg<'cl 11 ilh. A.II lhal hi' wife and ehiklren kno11 is lhal lh..ir army allotment has heen cut off. · '\o one realh kno11' ho11 much of lhi• has b('('n g~ing on. Thl' Pt•nlagon 11 ill nat rrlt'as<' figures ,., en lo con­gre~ men- on the numbrr or i\nwrican soldien; sentenced by for<'ign courl' a, a f{'suh of 1h" lalu• of Farer• agn·e· 111(\nf:-.. POLITICAL HEADS WOULD ROLL Foreign go\ 1•rnmcnls. of course, al­r<' ady ha1c tht»l' figurt-s. Th<'y kno1' ho11 man} Anwri<'ans th!')' ha\<' in jail. \\"h1-. Lbrn 'in<'c ibt•\ are nol tnin" 10 keep this inform11tio.n from foreig~ μ'O\ ernrn<'11l' - <lo Pentagon offi.cial' label it '"top .ccrc("? Ob1-iou,Jy. to keep the American people ignornnl of what i!-; going on. If the American publil' knc11 ho11 many of our •t'n lccmcn-ancl their \\ i\ es-arr in roreign prbon~. \\ ilh no i\mnica11 constitutional prolt•clion. political heads" ould roll. The American 'olcrs would dri ' • out of public office l'\l.'ry l"'rson 11ho n'<'ommeudcd the Status of Forces TrNtly. e,·ery senator who YOLed for it. and e1 cry ~l'!Htlor 11 ho was Pitner too cowardly or loo bus) to gel up 011 the floor and register his \'Ole on Jul) 15. -Wide World .,ho+vs Gls IN EUROPE-Berlin orphans I upper left l are feted at a Christmas party amrnged by L Coir.pany, U.S. Sixth Infantry Regiment. Bottom left, an American serviceman is entertoined in the ha1ne of a German couple in Stuttgart, who responded to a campaign to invite occ.upati•n forces into the ir homes. At riljftt, a corporal stops a German policemoll for directions, Page 13 l 95::\. 11 lirn the talus of Forces Treaty wa• ratified . From the "'antv hits of information that haw leakrd o'ut. we know that owr 100 t\meric~n citizen' were sentrnred hY foreiirn court- in 195::\. We know that hv "\owmhrr, 1951. owr l 200 l\meriea~s wrre imprisoned in Japan alone. \'\'e know that 'Trs. Antonie Pierre. wife of an American sen ireman in Japan. wa• indieted by Japanese author· itir• hreau•r her rrntt'd hou-c areidenl· ally cau~ht on fire. IMPRISONED WITHOUT TRIAL "\Ve know that l\\O Ameriean army pri,·ate• ISrott and Crews). in\'oh-ed ~n a beer-hall bra" I in Sopporo. Japan. Ill April. 1951. \\t're still in jail nine month• later (and may still b(' in jail) without e\er hm inir had a trial. You •re. in Japan rriminal eases are fre­quently adjourned and interminably dc­la, ·ed :' and a defendant- rwn thouirh h~ mav later tum out to he innocent stays i'n jail until the \erdiel is finall\• Ill. Families of srn icemen protc•t that their rrlati,·es are •uhj<•ctrd to indig· nitir•. suffNinir. and denial of their ri!!hl• as l\mrrican citizens in lecland­" here the higir<'st political party is t_he \.ommuni-t party: 11here the ~econd h1g­ire• l newspaper in the nation is a Co~­munist newspaper: and "here ant1- American feeling is intensely bitter. :\mrriean •rn ieemen are •uhjrC'led to abuse and injusticf' in France- where on<' out of ('\('TY four public officials is a Communist. . \'\'r ha\e these tatu• of Forces agree· men!• 11 ith "\loslem eountrir•. 11 here the 1wnalty for pell\· theft is to rut off the rirrht hand of thr offender. ,..In Amrri<·a. the Constitution protects e\rnhod,·. ritizrns and ali<·ns alike, from cn;d nnd inhuman puni hmenl. But if your hoy is drafted and sent oH·r-ea-: hr dor>-n ·1 ha\(' that pro tee· lion. Hr rould han' his riirht hand cul off if he got imoh-ed in a silly prank and stolt• somrhocly\ chicken. We ha'e this . talus of ForC'es airree­ment 11 ith thr Communist I?°' ernmenl of Yugosla' ia. In !'\ ery Communi,t country. of course\ it is hiirh treason to criticize the go\ernmenl in power. An Am<·riran solclic·r \\ho is caught in Yuirosla\ ia nitirizing communism could be sentenced to die. Then· was alholutcly no pn·rc•dent in American tradition-or e\en in inter· national law-for the thing we did in July. 195::\, 11hf'n we ira'r a\\ay the con· stitutional rights of our own soldiers. \\"hen i\meric·a was an infant nation, the i!r<'al Chief Justice John 'llar,.hall­father of .\mrriran jurisprudence - cardully spelled out the constitutional principle that senicc in the military Page 14 forc('s shall not ahriclg-e or nullify an American's constitutional rig-his. Our hiirh offi<ials today hold that it is all right to nullify <'Om•titulional riirhts of our soldi!'rs o,·crscas, h<'cau•c WC f'Ull lruq forrign gO\TTllmC'lllS lo he fair. BAD BARGAIN FOR AMERICA \o one "ants an American soldier who commits a crime lo go unpunished. But if our Constitution nwan, an) thinir. it means that <·n·rv American. indudinrr soldier,.. has a riirl;t to a fair puhlic tri:~ h!'forc frllo11 Anwrirans. It is true that some l\mrrican soldier,; stationed ahroad arr touirh characters 11ho do 11illfull) \iolatc law. But it is also trur that moH Amrriran soldier,; >latio1wd ahroad an• decent. homroi{'k, friirhtcned, and hr" ildned hoy "ho \\en· forced into military sen ice and who hm e no means of ddcncling them· s!'hes bdorr a hostile rourl in an alien land. PrNiidcnl Eisen ho" er >'a)' that thr :-\talus of Fom•s Treaty i' justified IH'· r·aw•·<' it is r<'dprocal that in μ;i' inμ; up jurisdicrion 0\('r our O\\ n soldiers. 11e acquired juri,dlction 01t'r foreign -oldiers stationed hrrr. \\"hat ('l<'ry American ouirht to kno" is that AmC'rican rnnstilutional rights are not for sale or trade on any l!'rm>'. If tlw American J?Oiernmrnl acquired jurisdiction on·r 100 million forrignrr­in f'\C'han~e for sacrificing thr C'Onstilu­tional riirhts of one i\nwrican citizen. it \\Otild still lw an immoral and unrou­• titulional dral. But thr Status of Forces Treaty was a had harirain for America C\cn if we iirnore principle:; and make a factual comparison of "hat we gayc 11 ith "hat we ~ol. Th('r(' ar(' no foreiirn troops ;,lationed in Amt'rica. i\ltoirether. there may he in the l"nitecl State' as nrnrn as 15.000 foreiirners hne on sonw k.ind of mili­tary m i'-sion a~ oh~t'n t•rs. t'\.pt'rts. or spe{'ial lrairwc's. On tlw olht'r hand. there an• appro,imately on<' million .\meriran troops staliorwd abroad. In acquirinp: jurisdiction 011·r 15.000 visit­ing- foreiirncr-. \\(' nullified tlw eonsti­tutional riirhts of more than onr million American soldins. uppo,<' OIH' of tlw 15.000 foreiir1wrs does iret in lrouhle IH'rr in the l ·nit<•d talc,;'? WhorH·r he is. he g!'ls the full pro· tection of tlw meri{'an Corn•tilution. I le must he n·pn·sented by rounsel; lw must hm e Li mt' lo prepare his drfrnse: h<' mu:;t ha' e a full (''Jllanation of all chari!es made airainsl him; he must he faced b) his accu•ers in open court; he must he permitted to subpoena, al go\· crnmenl c'pense, 11 halt'\ er "itn<'S>CS lw necdo to defend him,rlf: hr cannot lw compelled to tc·,tify against himself. But an American soldier in trouble ahroad is at the merry of people 11 ho•r language lw may not sprak, and 11 ho may hate him mrrelr hrrau•r hr is an Amrriran. !IP has 110 iruara11l<'e of a public trial. or r\rn a trial hr jury; 110 riirht of appeal: no guarant1·r of frrrclom of ;,prrrh: no protrrlion against unreason· ahlr 'rarchrs and seizures; no protcc· tion aμain~t t'\C'!'~~h<' bai l or C'\CC'S5i'r fines; no presumption that hC' is in no· <'f'nl until br is pro\rn guilty; no rr· quirrnwnl lhal his iruilt mu•I hr prown hryoncl r<'a•onahle doubt. That i• ho11 reciprocal the Status of Forres Treaty i,, AMERICAN SOLDIERS BETRAYED If the senator· 11 ho b<'lrayed the ri~hts of Anwrican solcli<'fs hy ralif) in~ this trraly nerd lo sal\'e their con· sC'irnrr. llwr can. of course. remember llH' warninir of Bedell Smith. old arm)' friend of Ei'l·nhow('r. 11 ho 11 as l 'ndrr· secretary of Stair 11 hrn !hr Stal us of Forces .Trral) was und<•r eon,idrra· lion. \'l' hile l<'•tifying heforP a SC'nal<' com· mill<'<' in hehalf of thi' trPal\'. lkdrll Smith let tlH· H'nalors know ihat thr1 miirht just as 11!'11 ratify th<' 1hinir. hr· <·a us<' if lhP\' didn't. 1hr r'erntin• \\oulcl continue hi11l(llinir llw prohlPm' as ii did durinir llw Trnman admini'<lralio11 hy s!'cr!'l agrr<'mrnls. Wr ar!' approad1inir the midniirht hour in thP histon of American <·onsti· lulional irowrnnwnt; hut the hour i, not yN too !al!-. The Amrriran p<'opk <·an hm<' their Hepuhlic and tlH'ir Con· slitution hack if they arr not too Ia1)' and indiffen'nl to fin;I out 11hat is iroin~ on. or too cowardly to stand up and hr counted. ThP\' <·an d1•111and the re' orntion of tlH· . l;1tus of Forn·s Treaty and of all llw ollwr shado11 '" ill-concPil(•d. and !'1 ii <·nlanirlPnwnls- 11 hi ch arr suck in~ this nation into a hollomless quicbancl of war and inl1·rnalional po11rr politic,. Bihli o!'ru phy Fifty t.lfljor /)m umt'flt\ of tlw Tu.•t•n tirth Cf'nturr. b} Loui ... I.. 'in} der. Puhfi..,fit·d h)' JJ. \'an "Jo..,trnnd C:o .. Inc., J\t'\\ ) ork. 1955. •·C,J-,illf'. ''', .... 1 Cnman} ... HPJa,t·d i.1rtd l.omhal H1·r11l) ." \rn11twk. Sl'pl. 21, 1953. r:on~n>\~imwl R1•1·ord. Vol. 99. pp. Sii'i, 8779. HiH I, Htt:l~·HH 10. 9:~13-93.11. "\ Con•nipl Ila- \o Hiμh1-.'" lry l'a111 llarH'}'. Th(' Frrnna11. Junuar}, 1955. .. \ Oc ... ntion of \nwrica:• f'\tt·n..,io11 of re· n~arks hy lion. f.a,Ht'nrt' II .. mitli , Cofl{:re.i· swrral li<•rnrd, Vol. 99, p. A 1161. ··co,c·rnrnt·nt Ii} lrt·at)," by Ira ~~. Bt'nnett• Natiorwl /frpu/;/ic, Dt•f·<·mllf'r, 195 t. ·'Our Bo}"' in Fon·ig:n Jail .... " .Votional f?e· 1mhlir, '\m1·mlit•r. 1951. E\1'f'rJll" from Puul llan1·\ Broadrn"t~· Co111:n•.\.\ionul Rt•n1rd. Au~. 6, i95k .. .._,lal11" of Foret•.., Trt·aty," llumrm ErenJ.<, [),., .. 8. 1951. FACTS FORUl\f NEWS, June, J955 IJ 1Kll1 'lax l ht'iner don't ignore (' nt ircl For e; Ea-,trm rurnc .. 1 But it tl 1t~ 1'o to rt't'< 'tr. F.: i"t"' in J>er .. 0J1 i..;odali· \h, I To \\ i1h nwnt Falllo ~ i w•s 1uul .' :ind dl'f<·n liinin1 la hon lion o ha1 <· this , pr(•\'' ('0\ ('f ''npm, :1 i. ••• ; 'ht Eure l 1o"t(\ "1 h<'nu tifl llfl hi, I do1 \orm lo soc· ha, n Par(\ 'lid, hod) <'ratir "Of·ial \tr. Ea, ;·,•rofulJ 't.'r) f •II of 1 in trouble ·pie 11ho•e and 11ho ' he is an 1blic trial. , ri~ht of C'rdom of unreason· io protec· C''\.C'CSShf' c- is inno· y; no rr· he pro' en Status of AYED ·ayed thr · ratihin!! lwir 'ro n· n•nwmlwr old armr as l'ndrr· Stalt1' of ron~idera· natr roni· ty. Bedell that thr1 thin~. hr· i'e woui<l .. m!-' a~ it nistral ion mid11ir"h.l an c·on:-t1· ~ hour i~ an pl'opil' heir Con-too Jai)' tl i!-' (Toin~ 1p a~d he •catio11 of J11d of ail \C'd. and • suckin~ iuickoancl r politic;. • hr Pa11l ;s. '-ion of re· i , Conf[re-~· E. Bt·n ne11• m1 Erenl-c, Ii \Ill>\ B1 HT: \1a'\'. Ea .. tnum' ... late .. 1 book "'ill Mtrt'I) hf' hla~ted to the high ht'a\ f'rh h) r:nany t·ritie ... or t:iH•n lhC" old ... j}{'nt treutruent. ] don't hcli<'H', ho"'c'<'r. man) of thf' tTitic .. will he able to ignore thi-. hook, RP/lectiow; '"' tliP FailurP of Soriali.lim. It '~ <'ntirclJ too blunt and frank and pro,ot.·atiH'. f.~or cxam1>lc, in the firo,t cha1>tcr right at the out:o.el Mr. 1:.aMmao ... tat <'"', and I quot<" him, ~~ \ln1ost everyone who cares <'urnc.;;tJ, ahout frct_•dom i:-i aro11 ... ed a~ain ... t the Con1u1uni~t:;;. Hut it j,,. not only the Comm1111i ... 1', it i:-i in a mor<" ~u btlc way llu.• ~()(·iuli ... 1 .. "lio are hlot·kin~ tlu~ t•fforl~ of Iii<" fr('{• \.\Orld lo r('('O\('r it..; poil'it~ and it .. oru·e firm re .. i .. tunce to tyranny." ~1r. Eu .. lmun. r know )Oll ex1>luin •hi .. rcfer('nce to Sodal­........ i11 ,our rw" hook, hut I "under if )Oll \.\Ould tell u~ in J~('r .. un ) our r(';.l"<un~ for hlamin,.: 1101 onl, Communi~t:-i but "'ioc-iuli .. 1 ... for urul('rntining- frC'cdom an(I 111>holdin~ l)'rnnny"! ,, \\ I: \ST\11 '\: To hl' 'l"'c·ifil'. lhl' So('iaJi,1' 1n Italy. l'omhinin!( 11 ith th(' Communist>- o' nthn·11 D" Ca,1Jt'ri·, go' rrn­m<' nl and De Cm.pl'ri 1111' one of the \1 ise;;t statesmen "ould ..,ort of •·rump my .. ,, le. I do "ant to .. ay that I thin I" it'~ ,j,idly \.\ritten, dranrnti<', and ea .. , to read. and 1'1u 1ook­in~ for"ard to rendin,: it fro1n the ~nmples J',e tak("n. The reason Prn explaining thi~ i" I noti<-ed 01u~ little refer­eru. ·e that you made in there to Fabian ...,ociulisn1. Too ntany of oor )ic;tenertoo may not really know what the term i~. Fuhiun ~O<"iaH..,111. \\'ould '011 ex1Jlain what you menn hy that reft"renc<''~ Fabian soriali~m was a m0\Cl1ll'nl in England started ' hy Sidney and Beatrice Webb and Bernard Sha11. II. C. Wells and otlwr' lo 11 in a Social isl "ta tr not by rernlu­tion or e\t'n slrietl} >pl'akin~. h} the labor dass stru~~l1·. hut Li a gradual infiltration in other parties and also '"PflrC'ssin~ the 11ord socia/i.,m. Tbc•y >tH'<'eedl'd tlw1 ,.ucce<'cil'd in pretty nt'ar wreC'k· ing the prosperity of th!' British Empire. I think. or of England at any rat('. But it took them ahout se\t'nly-fiYP years. But they did it and that's "hat th<' . ocialists hen' are doing n0\1, most of them. Famous Author of "R,,ff('(·fions 011 tht' Failure of Socialism" ~iv";; i11t<>rvi1'11 to FACTS FOHUM'S Hardy Burt 1 MAX EASTMAN Bm·k in tlw C"arh 1920""' 1\1ux En.;1111a11 \.\Hl'l one of Ame..-in1'!'i moi:-t nrdt•nl drn1111linn ... of ... wiaii .. 111 . Iii .. del"i .. ion to alter his politit·al heliefl'l wa~ nut ha .. iil) ~·oru·ci,cd. It irnoht·d man) )f"urioo of n~..,eard1 and stud) of IJhil ­o .. ophy, <"t·onomic.., and polilind :-df"ru·e, lh<' l1i:-tory of man and hi1" d,i)i7a­tion .. , and inlo human na111re it ... rlf. Jlj .. quc .. 1 led him tu 1>rolw i1110 thP 1>olitinil i-n·nc in Amcrit·a .. in Europ<", o.u1d lo lht~ for hHl )C'ar1' amon,: Iii(' Bol1'h C"' ik1" in H111•1'ia. Stole of thP Nntiu11 radio pro~ram f('alurcd Max Eu~truan u ..... ih ~u('tool, and prc·.,enl("d an a111horitath~· di .. t:lo .. urc• of hi .. hook and his life. dd1·ndinf( fn·t' t•ntnprisl' in Eu1opt'. Thl' Sot·iali,t,;, com· l1i11i11:z "ith thP C:ornmuni ... 1s in Fran("('. rPfu ... ing lo col­laboralt' 11 ith thl' 1·apitalists. han' prt'\l'nled the forma· lion of am ,1ablc· !!O\l'rnnwnt. The Sot'ialists in \ornay ha\t' put on th<' n;osl authoritarian n·~ illll' to IH· founcl Ibis •id1• of tlw Iron Curtain. Tlw Sociali't' in England i>rt'\C'nlc·d En~land from rqJC'ating lhl' miral'il' of re· ''OH'I"\ \d1il'h astoni,Jicd tlw 11orlcl and her defeated '''H'm\- C<"rmanr. :r·1ie rf'frreru:e .. )OU ha\ (' no" made to Soeiali ..... ts is ..... oc·iali ..... m :1 Euro11<'. \~ ' hnl ahoul th(' Srn·iuli .. 1 .. in \m<"rit·u .;;ud1 u~ 1 10 .. e, "'H). r<•pre .. ented h, 1'\ort\rnn Thoma ... "'ho rc<·eh C"d .!011d1 )t~uu1irul at·rolaclt• .. u .. n ~r('at \m('rit'nn from the lib('ru l prc .. ., 011 Iii .. rct·c111 hirthclaJ-"hat uhout ... ocinJi .. m in Amerit·a'! I don't kno11 1dwthC'r you 11ant mt• lo talk ahoul \orman Tho111a> or •ociali'111 in Amnil'a. If 11<' stick lo 'O<·iali•m in \mnita. the fa!'t i,; that \orman Thoma' has n·tin•J from atli\(' political ll'aclc•r,hip. Tlw Socialist Part\ in \nwril'a didn't amount lo t>nough for him to 'lid, h1 it. That's ht'('at1'<' the· SoC'ialisls as a !(<'neral hod) ahandonc·d tlwir parl) and joinl'd in lhl' DPmO· c·ratic 1rnrl\ 11 ith thl' dfort to 11 in fHO!(I'!'" towards 'oc·iaJj,m h) l'Oliahoratin~ "ilh thl' DPmocrali<' parl). ~lr, Ea .. huan, I cleliheratt·I> did 1101 n~ad )Ollr hook 'cry, vcr} ~nt fully. I .. t·anu('d thro111th it. ancl the rea .. 011 I did11"1 read ~lll't'r) <'ar(•rull~ j .. h<·t·au .. ,· lh<"n I ''oul<I kno" tlae an .. "t.'rs to of Ilic <pu• .. 1io11 .. tlrnl I "a111t~d lo μo .. e for )Ou-that ~'A.rTs FORUM NEWS, June, 1115.5 ~ow. clo )OU ...,ay that "e htnc Fabian .. 0t·iali~m in thi .. <'Ountry - tlaut ... odali .. rn j., in cli .. ~ui .. e in other form .. of our i,ro\C"r11- mf•n1'! ~ t·~- t' "\t '('pl thal tht•re \\a~ a rq.wlar Fa hi an orμanila­tion in En~land "ith that pro~ram. \V.-11. "hut j .. tJai.,. '! Disorf!aniz<"d Fahian ~odali~m infiltration '! That\ a f!OOd phrast'. I 11 i•h I had lhal 11 IH'n I 11 roll' mi hool... ''rliy did )OU f'Olll<' lo the t·ondu .. ion aftt"r nmny years of lwinJ! de\oted to .. ot·iali;;;m that .. 0<·iali .. m \\a .. "rong~ that ii \\OtiJd11"t \\Ork'! T
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