Russian frontier in the Arctic forests.
A Russian patrol passed and paused on
its side of the boundary.
Now. Russian-made radio se-ts for
civilian entertainment are fully as jerry-
built, shoddy and primitive as we imagine, id here stood thai Red Army patrol communicating with its command
post over a Russian-made military
walkie-talkie as good as any lo be seen
anywhere in Europe or America.
In Helsinki the Chief of Staff of the
Finnish Army, hardly a man to overestimate anything Russian, confirmed to
me that the quality of Russia's military
radios, radar stations, complicated army
communication layouts and devices is
excellent in workmanship and design,
and amazingly abundant.
The Red civilian automobile, the l'ro-
heela. the "people's automobile," is a
notorious dud: so is the civilian Mosko-
vitch car. Both are | rly made and
collapse quickly, iel Russian-made mililarv trucks are solidly built and efficient. So arc Soviel tanks.
Russian civilian ironwork is crude
and clumsy. Yel Russian-made artillery
of the most intricate type is the equal
today of any in the world. It laid down
barrages on us in Korea heavier than
anv we encountered from the Germans
in the lasl war.
"Winn the Russians concentrate em
gelling something done.'' Finland's
Chief of Staff explained, "il's clear to
us thai they can get it done done surprisingly well."
Fuller Stalin they simply concentrated
nn mililarv output, that's all. And of
course there remain numerous bottlenecks and woes obstructing Russia s
productivity under Malenkov. Bul when
thev concentrate on consumers' goods.
For thai is the- key to the Red mystery
of the Fast: concentration. They concentrated on jet airplanes, made a lot
of them, and good ones. Thev concentrated on artillery, made a lot of it. and
good artillery. They concentrated on
tanks, made a lot of them, anel good
lemks. They concentrated on intricate
radar interception devices, and ended
up vvilh a warning network far more
extensive and fully as efficient as ours.
The giant consolidated nation thai can
do these things can make an awful lot
of alarm clocks and whatnot anv lime
il wants to and sell them—or barter
them- cheaper than Europe can imagine today.
Americans, above all others, should
respeel that word "consolidated." While
Western Europe is still chopped up into
some eighteen separate nations, walled
off from each other by barbed-wire, entanglements of tariffs, currencies, cartels, etc.. the Soviets have constructed a
vast unified traele area bigger than any-
Russian coal mines in the Donets Basin
-Wide World Photo
ibing the world has ever seen. It
stretches from Berlin to Shanghai. It
includes Russiei and all ils satellites,
comprising some 700 million people.
Think what thai means in terms of both
the economics and the economies of
mass production, with unlimited and
unrestricted access to raw materials ami
to markets. Even our own I nited (forty-
eight) Slales are small in comparison.
Both as a buyer and a seller of consumer goods this veist Soviet trade area
can have an overpowering political ef-
feel em ei div ideal Europe. As in the
Nazi era. markets can be wiped out
through the dumping of Russian products. Or conversely, Soviet orders can
be switched about from country to
country in such a way as to produce
crisis, unemployment, and political upheaval within those, countries.
The grim eiml inescapable fact is that
there has been enormous industrial and
technical progress in lhe Soviel 1 nion
since the war: stupendous hy Russian
standards and enormous even by our
Considering Europe only, there are
two population blocs exactly the same
size. Western Europe is a disunified
grouping of 200 million people. The
Soviel Union has 20(1 million people all
ils own. completely unified. Russia already produces three-fifths as much
steel as all Western Europe and more
lhan half as much coal and electricity.
But il is lhe rale of acceleration, the
high speed, in lhe overtaking of West-
ern Europe hy Russia lhal counts the
Britain, for example, eis largest coal
producer, slill has not recovered her
prewar coal output. She now plans in
increase it twenty million tons a year
hv the end of lhe next twelve years.
Russia has increase.el her annual coal
production forty million Ions since. 1950.
Western European steelmakers, even
with Marshall Plan aid. have increased
annual capacity only eight million Ions
since lln- war. Ihe Russians have added
twice thai capacity since lhe war and
arc building mills lo double today's
total capacity hy 1960. It is estimated
that bv 1965 Russia will equal or surpass eill Western Europe in basic industrial production.
Further, much of this output is coming from new. and therefore, modern,
machines; and tbe evil Communist system, of course, contains its own built-in
labor supply. Even aside' from slave
labor, such as at Dalslroy, general manpower is unlimited -and pitiably cheap.
Actually the Russian workman is taught
that it is patriotic to in- exploited for
This. then, is the accelerating power
feir commercial aggression and wenl.l
upheaval contained in that peasant race
now emerging in tbe industrial age.
It was fear of the dangers and unimaginable horrors of another war. coming from Russia, lhat aroused and
pressed Western Europe low aid quarantining ihis aggressor, its satellite's.
and ils appendages like Red China, hv
measures both mililarv and economic.
Fear is lhe chief cement ivhich has
bound those quarantine efforts together
But as Malenkov holds out the' cat-bail
of ''peace" and fear recedes, the will is
weakened, the cement crumbles, the
quarantine edifice tends to fall, lu fact,
the incredible idea seems lo lake its
place: lhat lhe way lo make communism fail is lo help il lo succeed.
Tn the long run. I do nol see how lhe
dangers in ignoring lhe results can 1"'
underestimated if Western Europe's
employment is lo be protected, her
standard of living preserved and he
very life itself defended against llie
newly competitive Soviet I nion that is
For our part, I assume that everything we do in national poliev will be
dedicated to combating lhe fallacious
idea thai tin' way io make communism
fail is lo help il lo succeed.
FACTS FORUM NEWS, June. !!'■''■'