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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955 - File 038. 1955-06. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. November 14, 2019. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1539/show/1507.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-06). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955 - File 038. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1539/show/1507

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955 - File 038, 1955-06, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed November 14, 2019, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1539/show/1507.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955
Alternate Title Facts Forum News, Vol. IV, No. 6, June 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Contributor
  • Evans, Medford
Publisher Facts Forum
Date June 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 038
Transcript mmmmmm Where Is the Soviet Sandia? A Bound estimate of Soviet atomic power is essential to sound l.S. policy. The common assumption to date has been represented by Itobert Oppenheimer's famous comparison of llie l.S. and the Soviel Union to "two scorpions in a bottle," and has led to Presidenl Eisenhower's formula for surrender— "there is no alternative lo peace." Tltere are, however, alternatives lo ihe assumption ilieil lhe Soviet Union is genuinely competitive with llie U.S. in atomic power. George (.. Rosu's account (pp. 32-33) is a rare but impressive article of corroboration of the thesis propounded in 1933 by Medford Evans. The contrasting view of Henry J. Taylor is presented on page 39. Chapter II from The Secret IIHr for the A-Bomb By Minioni) EVANS There has been very little unequivocal Iriith spoken aboul alomie energy since 19 15. This is ellle (o (1) The natural difficulty of gelling a complex subject straight, (21 1'osilive elements of deception introduced into lhe discussion for par- tisan reasons, most notably by Soviel agents, and eil Well intended notions of giving lhe public what is thought lo lie- good (or it from the point of view of some kind of social psychiatry, inste-eeel ol the best available approximation of the facts, complete with indications of probable error. THE TRUMAN HERESY lhe classic illustration of the reliability of official I .S. releases was given bv Harry S. Truman in January 195 i- just one week lo tbe day after he left the While House. "I am not convinced."' the ex-President lold an IXS reporter in Kanseis City—"I am not convinced the Russians have achieved the know-how to put the complicated mechanism together to make an A-bomb work. I am not con- \ iin eel they have tlie bomb." Newsweek (February 9, 1953) head- lined this: "'Ground Zero' in Kansas ("itv: Harry Truman Drops an A- Bomb," ami indeed il was ei catastrophe for supporters of the official propaganda line. AEC Chairman Dean. Senator Hickenlooper. and President Eisenhower immediately issmel statements of con- Ireulie lory import. This was necessary but almost irrelevant. Tbe news was not that Harry Truman doubted the Russian A-bomb; the news was that Harry Truman doubted the Russian 'A-bomb. And there was. of course, nothing thai Dean or Hickenlooper or Eisenhower could do about that. The whole affair was like lhe apos- tasv of an archbishop. The lowliest *Henry Regnrry Company. 1953. Reprinted /ev permission. Parte 36 vicar is shaken by lhe repercussions, no matter how demonstrablv in error the apostate may be. ll hail been Truman who. speaking officially, heul startled the world in September 1919 wilh an announcement nf an "atomic explosion" in the U.S.S.R. The credibility of that announcement depended almost entirely on tin- ei"inn|i linn lhal ihe President of the United Sieiii-s. iii such a matter, could nol le mistaken and would not l.e deceptive. 'I'" question the statement was to imply the fallibility of the White House—understanding thai lhe whole executive. bureaucratic process is involved, not just the integrity eiml judgment of one man. To understand calmly lhe gravity eif Truman's offense, one must understand lhal upon lhe dogma promulgated in September 1919—the dogma thai the Russians had contrived an atomic explosion ami. as a corollary, had an atomic energy project of their own were based: (1) the justification of a greal expansion of lhe .American program of atomic production, ami i2i lhe cautiously bul persistently advanced inference lhal the American program of "internal security" had been unsuccessful in lhe past and would be largely an unnecessary impediment in the future. These propositions were summarized under the slogan "Security hv Achievement rather than Security bv Concealment," or simply "Security bv Achievement." Much has been staked on this doctrine. Il justifies enormous expenditures for the production of fissionable materials, and reckless candor in publication poliev. Tin' latter is permitted emd the former required bv the assumption lhal the li'ussieins are going greal guns in their own atomic energy project. The slogan "Security bv Achievement" appears In have been Hist inlro- elin id Into public discussion by Senator Brien McMahon in the summer of I916.1 ll received Irish impetus when lhe Majorily Report of the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy — published in 1919. three weeks after tin- Truman announcement of lhe first Russian explosion—gave an adverse judgment on Senator Bourke B. Hickenlooper's "in' credible mismanagement" charges against the then AEC Chairman David E. Lilienthal.8 Al lhe same lime lb'' Congress loosened the purse sitings t° permit acceleration of the AEC expansion program. ' Meanwhile, however, certain enthusiasts for "Security of Achievement" fought tooth and nail ,n ei rear guard action io delay incorpora- lion of hydrogen-bomb development in'0 the pleins for Achievement.) "Security by Achievement" is. "I course, spurious rhetoric. There is n° more real conflict between "Achieve* ment" and "Concealment" as means °' "Security" than there is between l'"' accelerator and the brake as means ol secure control of em automobile. Yd ihis rhetoric wilh ils implied false elii'lleellelllV W els elllople-el. though th1' logical ambiguity had been pointed i1" in em AEC stall memorandum eis '"' back as ihe summer of 1948. (The ""' thor of lhal memo was later released W "reduction in force" in spilt- of lhe "''v pending program." and "lln1 difficult ■ if gelling good men in Government. Should I be eiskeel point blank: "Arf vein implying thai he weis let go becaU* of that memo?" I should have In repfl that obviouslv the thought had occurf* to me. but alt I am sure of is thai Al'" was unfortunate lo lose bis servi'1'"' since he. weis an able man.) Naturally, lln- doctrine of "Securi'l (Continued mi Page * 1 Congressional Record. Vol. 11. Part V- p' 6082. 2Investigation into rite United States U""v' I'm-rgy Project, Report uf the Joint C***J mittee nn Atomic Energy Ihereinal* cited eis Investigation Report), re-liaisce! ' ', i.iIiit 13, 1919 fGovernmenl Printing ' (ice, lOtol. ,,p. 7-11. FACTS FORUM NEWS, June, 1°'"' ■» ,1
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