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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955 - File 032. 1955-06. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. November 14, 2019. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1539/show/1501.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-06). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955 - File 032. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1539/show/1501

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955 - File 032, 1955-06, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed November 14, 2019, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1539/show/1501.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955
Alternate Title Facts Forum News, Vol. IV, No. 6, June 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Contributor
  • Evans, Medford
Publisher Facts Forum
Date June 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 032
Transcript port, issued the following year, said: While the hearing was in progress and immediately after Mi. Crouch had testified concerning the 19tl special section meeting, Dr. Oppenheimer was contacted by representatives of the press in New Jersey and issued a statement dated May 9, 19S0. In commenting on Crouch's testimony concerning th*' special .section meeting Oppenheimer said: "1 have never hern a member of the Communist party. / never assembled any such group oi people for any such purpose in my home or anywhere else. / am unable to recall any gathering in my house that could reasonably have been mistaken for such a meeting. Neither the name Crouch nor the accounts of Mr. and Mrs. < 'much recall to me anyone T have ever known." [Committee's italics.1 The testimony of Mr.. Crouch made it quite dear that this meeting, like all of the other special .section meetings, was "assembled" by Kenneth May and Rudy Lambert and Dr. Oppenheimer was never said to have "assembled" this particular meeting al hi- residence.... The committee, while still sitting in open session in Oakland, publicly invited Dr. Oppenheimer and his wife to appear and testify under oath. The committee would like to inquire about the political activities of Mrs. Oppenheimer and her first husband; a 1 tout Dr. Oppenheimer's own affiliation- with other organizations besides the teachers' union mentioned by him in his prepared statement; about his political connections in San Francisco, and other aspects nf his activities that were developed durin» and since the Oakland hearing. From the forejroinj: account one is necessarily impressed hy the fact that Steve Nelson was tin- particular man who replaced Crouch a- head of the Communist party of Alameda County in 1941... that the Soviet espionage ring had developed many reliable contact- in the atomic field through the FAECT and the special -eetion of the party in Berkeley .. . that these three men. Eltenton, Che- valier and Ivanov, were unanimous in pickinp Dr. ,T. Rohert Oppenheimer as the most suitable man to contact. Thev knew hi- record much 1 letter than our own .security agencies, and they evaluated him as a potential traitor.—From pages LM2 and 243, Sixth Report Un-American Activities m California, 1951. Dr. Oppenheimer and his wife neither accepted the committee's invitation to come to California and testify under oath, nor did they make any comment on it. Even before adjournment of the California hearings, Representative Richard Nixon, then a member of the House Committee on Un-American Activities, issued a press statement expressing "full confidence" in the "loyalty of Dr. Op- penheimer." It should be noted lhat there was nothing in the facts brought out in the Oakland hearings that would necessarily prove lhat the scientist was nol loyal in 7950. But there was evidence that if lie and his wife were fully loyal in 1950 they were in a position to give the country much needed information about the Red conspiracy and Soviet agents with whom both had associated (Nelson and others). The public statement of Mr. \i\on (now the Vice-President * undoubtedly played into the hands of those who have been so anxious to prevent a Page 30 thorough and public investigation <>f Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer's entire background and activities. The California committee's expectations of investigations and hearings bv the House Committee on I n-American Activities in Washington failed to materialize, and for a vear there were feu public developments. Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer continued to have full access to all secrets in the field of nuclear research, including the hydrogen bomb he tried to prevent the country from making. In April of 1951, he was appointed by President Truman to the Science Advisory Board of the Office of War Mobilization. Requests by the Department of Justice for my services elsewhere look me away from California and my work with its state committee on June 1, 1950. Events of the next seven months took me to Seattle, New York, and back to my home in Miami. are presented here in lull to the count for the first time. After presenting under oath. I sai< The conclusion . lese facts, and sli lo the committee that the I nited States has never had an) atomic secrets nol known to the Soviet government. Even I he major facts passed by Fuchs and possibl) duplicated through other unknown channel- needed to lie supplemented by the report- of many specialists in different fields. In such a highly complex and complicated Field as the atomic bomb and its production, it is obvious thai nol even one with the knowledge of Dr. Oppenheimer or Fuchs would have or could ever remember all ol the intricate details directed by scores of subordinates. 1 do not mean to imply lhat even hall of the fifty Communists working on the atomic projects were involved in espionage for the So\ iel I nion. The smallest possible numbers are used directlj for actual theft oi confidential information. lint the entire party organization played a role in it. and no "politically developed' —Wide World Phot" A working model, one-fourth the size of a great Bevatron, is examined by scientists flt the University of California Radiation Laboratory, Berkeley, Catif. Right of center in fore* ground is small cyclotron. in March of 1951, I received a letter from Senator Pat McCarran, Chairman of the newly organized ( .S. Senate Subcommittee on Internal Security, asking me to come to \\ ashington at my earliest convenience for testimony, \rriving in the capital the following month I found that the committee wished to go into the field of atomic espionage and the background of Dr. J. Roberl Oppenheimer, and to take up where the California committee had to Stop. On May !!. 1951, one year lo a da\ afler opening of the California committee's hearings in Oakland. I testified in executive session before the I .S. Sen- ale Subcommittee on Internal Security, with Senator Homer Ferguson presiding. I gave lhe committee the facts thai uhl li; bee .nil ' lommunist the real objectives. In mosl cases, l! would be a matter of trying to get other ' on mists on the projects, promote those under them in preference to other-. and always praise and seek to advance their superiors who were party members. We musl nol forget thai al this time the United State- and the Soviet Union were allies, both in war against Germany*, therefore the Communists would be hard workers- doing everything possible W perfect the bomb in the shortest possible time. The Communists logically had two objectives. First, perfect the bomb I"1 use againsl Germany, an enemy of th* Soviet Union. Second. tO see that I'11' portant data he passed to the Soviet governmenl so that it would have every p"7' sible advantage in the future war between the United States and the Soviel Union- Perhaps it was correct to use Comniti* nists on the atomic project. Certainl; (Continued on Page 8) FACTS FORUM NEWS, June, i^55
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