port, issued the following year, said:
While the hearing was in progress and
immediately after Mi. Crouch had testified concerning the 19tl special section
meeting, Dr. Oppenheimer was contacted
by representatives of the press in New
Jersey and issued a statement dated May
9, 19S0. In commenting on Crouch's testimony concerning th*' special .section
meeting Oppenheimer said: "1 have never
hern a member of the Communist party.
/ never assembled any such group oi
people for any such purpose in my home
or anywhere else. / am unable to recall
any gathering in my house that could
reasonably have been mistaken for such a
meeting. Neither the name Crouch nor
the accounts of Mr. and Mrs. < 'much
recall to me anyone T have ever known."
The testimony of Mr.. Crouch made it
quite dear that this meeting, like all of
the other special .section meetings, was
"assembled" by Kenneth May and Rudy
Lambert and Dr. Oppenheimer was never
said to have "assembled" this particular
meeting al hi- residence....
The committee, while still sitting in
open session in Oakland, publicly invited
Dr. Oppenheimer and his wife to appear
and testify under oath. The committee
would like to inquire about the political
activities of Mrs. Oppenheimer and her
first husband; a 1 tout Dr. Oppenheimer's
own affiliation- with other organizations
besides the teachers' union mentioned by
him in his prepared statement; about his
political connections in San Francisco,
and other aspects nf his activities that
were developed durin» and since the Oakland hearing.
From the forejroinj: account one is
necessarily impressed hy the fact that
Steve Nelson was tin- particular man who
replaced Crouch a- head of the Communist party of Alameda County in 1941...
that the Soviet espionage ring had developed many reliable contact- in the
atomic field through the FAECT and the
special -eetion of the party in Berkeley
.. . that these three men. Eltenton, Che-
valier and Ivanov, were unanimous in
pickinp Dr. ,T. Rohert Oppenheimer as
the most suitable man to contact. Thev
knew hi- record much 1 letter than our
own .security agencies, and they evaluated him as a potential traitor.—From
pages LM2 and 243, Sixth Report Un-American Activities m California, 1951.
Dr. Oppenheimer and his wife neither accepted the committee's invitation to come
to California and testify under oath, nor did
they make any comment on it.
Even before adjournment of the California hearings, Representative Richard
Nixon, then a member of the House
Committee on Un-American Activities,
issued a press statement expressing "full
confidence" in the "loyalty of Dr. Op-
It should be noted lhat there was
nothing in the facts brought out in the
Oakland hearings that would necessarily
prove lhat the scientist was nol loyal
in 7950. But there was evidence that if
lie and his wife were fully loyal in 1950
they were in a position to give the
country much needed information about
the Red conspiracy and Soviet agents
with whom both had associated (Nelson
and others). The public statement of Mr.
\i\on (now the Vice-President * undoubtedly played into the hands of those
who have been so anxious to prevent a
thorough and public investigation <>f Dr.
J. Robert Oppenheimer's entire background and activities.
The California committee's expectations of investigations and hearings bv
the House Committee on I n-American
Activities in Washington failed to materialize, and for a vear there were feu
Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer continued to
have full access to all secrets in the field of
nuclear research, including the hydrogen
bomb he tried to prevent the country from
making. In April of 1951, he was appointed
by President Truman to the Science Advisory
Board of the Office of War Mobilization.
Requests by the Department of Justice
for my services elsewhere look me away
from California and my work with its
state committee on June 1, 1950. Events
of the next seven months took me to
Seattle, New York, and back to my
home in Miami.
are presented here in lull to the count
for the first time.
under oath. I sai<
lese facts, and sli
lo the committee
that the I nited
States has never had an) atomic secrets
nol known to the Soviet government.
Even I he major facts passed by Fuchs
and possibl) duplicated through other
unknown channel- needed to lie supplemented by the report- of many specialists in different fields. In such a highly
complex and complicated Field as the
atomic bomb and its production, it is
obvious thai nol even one with the knowledge of Dr. Oppenheimer or Fuchs would
have or could ever remember all ol the
intricate details directed by scores of
1 do not mean to imply lhat even hall
of the fifty Communists working on the
atomic projects were involved in espionage for the So\ iel I nion. The smallest
possible numbers are used directlj for
actual theft oi confidential information.
lint the entire party organization played a
role in it. and no "politically developed'
—Wide World Phot"
A working model, one-fourth the size of a great Bevatron, is examined by scientists flt
the University of California Radiation Laboratory, Berkeley, Catif. Right of center in fore*
ground is small cyclotron.
in March of 1951, I received a letter
from Senator Pat McCarran, Chairman
of the newly organized ( .S. Senate Subcommittee on Internal Security, asking
me to come to \\ ashington at my earliest
convenience for testimony, \rriving in
the capital the following month I found
that the committee wished to go into the
field of atomic espionage and the background of Dr. J. Roberl Oppenheimer,
and to take up where the California
committee had to Stop.
On May !!. 1951, one year lo a da\
afler opening of the California committee's hearings in Oakland. I testified
in executive session before the I .S. Sen-
ale Subcommittee on Internal Security,
with Senator Homer Ferguson presiding. I gave lhe committee the facts thai
the real objectives. In mosl cases, l!
would be a matter of trying to get other
' on mists on the projects, promote
those under them in preference to other-.
and always praise and seek to advance
their superiors who were party members.
We musl nol forget thai al this time the
United State- and the Soviet Union were
allies, both in war against Germany*,
therefore the Communists would be hard
workers- doing everything possible W
perfect the bomb in the shortest possible
time. The Communists logically had two
objectives. First, perfect the bomb I"1
use againsl Germany, an enemy of th*
Soviet Union. Second. tO see that I'11'
portant data he passed to the Soviet governmenl so that it would have every p"7'
sible advantage in the future war between
the United States and the Soviel Union-
Perhaps it was correct to use Comniti*
nists on the atomic project. Certainl;
(Continued on Page
FACTS FORUM NEWS, June, i^55