Keyword
in
Collection
Date
to
Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955
File 021
Citation
MLA
APA
Chicago/Turabian
Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955 - File 021. 1955-06. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. November 21, 2019. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1539/show/1490.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-06). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955 - File 021. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1539/show/1490

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955 - File 021, 1955-06, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed November 21, 2019, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1539/show/1490.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

URL
Embed Image
Compound Item Description
Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955
Alternate Title Facts Forum News, Vol. IV, No. 6, June 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Contributor
  • Evans, Medford
Publisher Facts Forum
Date June 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 021
Transcript re-examine ihis question, to have another look al our international negotiation position as we had exposed il in the I nited Nations... whether there was anything more lhal we could now propose which mighl have a chance ol pulling an end to the atomic weapons race in-te-eiel of facing us with the necessity of going ahead with this. . . . Q. I lake it that . . . vou heard Dr. Oppenheimer express his views? A. I recall going lo Princeton in the fedl of 1949 on one occasion. I had several things lo do there. I called on Dr. Oppenheimer eit the Institute, if mv memory is correct, and we discussed il then. I was also once' eit sometime in thai period I don'l know exactly when asked to appear before the General Advisory Committee ..I the Atomic Energ) Commission, simpl) eis ei consultant. They wanted to hear mv views. Thev asked me questions. The questions related primaril) to the presenl stale ol 'nn relations with the Soviet 1 nion, the stale of whal we called "the oelel wen." 1 replied eis frankly as 1 could to them. Q. What impression did von get, it vou remember it. of Dr. Oppenheimer's Views'/ A. I would not be- able to quote his view- in nicmorv or in einv detail or in any greal accuracy. I can onlv say thai the general impression I carried wilh "ie was lhe impression of a mail who (veis grcallv troubled hv what he- fell lo l»e ihe extremely solemn implications ol llii- decision. Q. That is lhe pending decision? A. The pending decision. W ho realized thai il was one the implications of Wiich mighl carry very far that il was ilmosl impossible to predicl where we mighl end up if ihis sort of a race «ith "eapons of mass destruction were lo go 'ui indefinitely ami. therefore, weis -really troubled ami concerned lo arrive ;lt the most enlightened and sound decision theit could i.c made. [Here Mr. Kennan explained lhal. in 'Us recollection. Oppenheimer did nol 'rV to se-ll him on einv view. Ke-nnein said '"' reported to tin- Secretar) of Stale in January, 1950, regarding his analysis of ""■ 111,,,ml. problem. | \. ...The gisl of mv own views was ""nplv this: I fell lhal ihis governmenl l';|s jn no wen in g I posiiieui in make '"iv greal eloeisinns wilh regard to eithet '" international control of atomic en* '''3\ or actually with regard to its own ^''api.n- program before it gained -n-eilcr clarity in ils own mind ee- te, the Purposes for which il was holding whal "', - ciimcs called lhe A. II. C weap- '"'- in general. Hv thai I eun thinking '*' tin- weapons of mass destruction tin' '""iiiii'. chemical, emd so forth. It ~''-in,'il in me- lhat there was unclarity "' the councils of our -juvernmenl et- te the reasons why we were cultivating and holding these weapons, lhe unclarity revolved around this question. Were we holding them onlv as a means of deterring oilier people from using them againsl us eunl retaliating against anv such use of these weapons againsl us? Or were we building them into our mililarv establishment in such a wen that we would indicate that wc we-re- going In be dependent upon them in anv fulure war anil would have lo use them, i ,";n elle'ss of whether they were used againsl ns first? Q. Have wc not taken the position that we would onlv use them for purposes of retaliation? A. ll is nol mv impression lhal we' have, and it weis nol mv impression at lhat lime lhal there was any such determination in the' councils of the l nited States government. On lhe oilier hand, if I remember correctly, I vvas able to cite statements thai held been made hv some of our high mililarv leaders I think both in the councils of this government and in the NATO councils of Europe which indicated vi'iv slronglv lhal we we're getting ourselves into a position where we- would have lo use these weapons as forward mililarv weapons, regardless of whether thev were used againsl us. ... I feiviircil lhe holding of these weapons only for purposes of retaliation and a- ei deterrent.... If volt were eiskcd. "Should we or should wc nol proceed lo the developmenl of a whole new range ol mine powerful alomie weapons?" (which was involved in lhe hydrogen bomb decision i. vou had to ask yourself "How much do we- need the weapons eel mass destruction in general?" Thai is lhe first question lhat had to be faced because if vou already had enough, perhaps vou didn't need the hydrogen bomb eil eill. ... I bad nol al that time seen lhe evidence lhal what we already held in the old eunl regular atomic bomb , . . was nol enough to make il ;i fruitless undertaking from the standpoint of Soviel poliev lo launch ei weir on us with these weapons. In other words, I considered the burden of proof lo re-l on that point. Il seemed to me vou won 1,1 have- lei prove thai we could nol do the job with the weapons we already had ami. to mv knowledge, thai was never demonstrated I,, me eel the lime. Perhaps lhe answer might have been one thing or Ihe other, luil I bail never seen lhe proof. CROSS-EXAMINATION BY ROGER ROBB, COUNSEL FOR THE BOARD O. Have ve,u held much experience. Mr. Kennan, with Communists: ... Are vou familiar with Communist dogma or technique? A. I Ihink I am. sir. I have had aboul twenty years of reading the Soviel press c, I9i« '■'ACTS s FORUM NEWS, June, m:,:> and sometimes other press organs wilh lhe view lo determining whether they reflected thai type of dogma or not. I feel I heive ei certain familiarity with it. O. Would you place much weight in a statemenl of a Communisl lhal he just left the- partv or heul disassociated himself w ith it before coming on sonic secrel work for the government ? A. 1 would certainly regard il as a factor very seriously relevant lo fitness for office, bul one lo be examined individually, 'ion askcel a moment ago eil,oul ihe case of our Embassy mil there. Mr. Bullitt, for whom I had the greatest respeel and aboul whose security I never had the faintest doubt, had been married lo the widow of John Reed, who was tin- first prominent Anicrieein Communisl. I suppose, in this country. We didn't find lhat et source' of worry with regard lei Mr. Bullitt. Q. No, I am talking, rather than men rimonial association, more active association wilh ihe Communist party. Would vmi tend I" view wilh considerable skepticism a statement of ei man who admitted thai he had been an en live- member of the Communisl party or had been active in Communisl affairs ... thai he heul jusl left the- Communisl pari) or left the Communisl affairs on the- eve of coming to work in the Embassy?... v. I ihink we would have regarded it as a factor which meant that there weis a certain burden of proof to demonstrate lhal the man's value lo us was vcrv greal ami theit llii- could he satisfactorily explained awav. anel we had something lhal we could depend on in judging lhal he wets now a person whose loveillv we didn't need lo worry about. Supposing the Russians heul elev cleipe'il the hydrogen bomb anil had gol il. ami we didn't have it: whal would then be our position vis-a-vis the Russians in anv negotiations? ... I have always held doubts ... as lo whether lhe feet that perhaps one party had weapons of this soil a little more destructive or greeillv nion' destructive than lhe olhcr would nevertheless change this situation so vitally. We did. after all. have' the ohl type of bomb. Wr had some means of delivery. I ihink the world would have gone along prett) much the senile. . . . I,). Von don't feel, then, lhal we- would have been al any disadvantage as ageiinsl lhe Russians if thev had the hydrogen bomb and wc had not? ...I Ihink lhal. our position wilh regard to them has depended much less on the mathematical equation of who has Ihis anil who ha- lhat in lhe wav eil weapons "I mass destruction than we ihink il has. . . . (Continued mt Page I '■ > Page Hi
File Name uhlib_1352973_v004_n006_021.jpg