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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955
File 014
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955 - File 014. 1955-06. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. November 19, 2019. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1539/show/1483.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-06). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955 - File 014. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1539/show/1483

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955 - File 014, 1955-06, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed November 19, 2019, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1539/show/1483.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955
Alternate Title Facts Forum News, Vol. IV, No. 6, June 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Contributor
  • Evans, Medford
Publisher Facts Forum
Date June 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 014
Transcript m —Wide World Photo U.S. occupation forces debark from Bremerhaven Port of Embarkation for assignment within the U.S. Zone. tralion. were submitted to the Senate for ratification in 1953. One of the treaties defined lhe status of the military headquarters of NATO, Another defined the status of lhe diplomatic representatives in NATO, guar- einteeing ihcm proper immunity from prosecution in foreign courts. A third prescribed the civil and criminal status of members of tbe armed forces of one \ATO country while stationed in another NATO country. This third treaty, called thc Status of Forces agreemenl. includes a provision known as Article All. which gives a NATO nation exclusive criminal jurisdiction, within ils borders, over foreign NATO soldiers who commit crimes while off duty. This means thai an American soldier stationed in France, Turkey. Italy. Portugal- in am of the thirteen NATO countries—who commits a crime while off duty, can be arrested, tried, sentenced, and punished under the- laws of that nation withoul einv recourse or appeal to American military authorities, American courts, or the American government. If the- American is actually arrested hv American military police, he must be surrendered immediately to local authorities. Local authorities can, in fact, request American military authorities to etrrest American military personnel suspected of crime-. If then- is any question as lo whether the soldier was on or off duty when he committed the crime, lhe question will he ri'-ohvd by a specially appointed judge of the country where the crime occurred. Page 12 If lhe soldier was unmistakably on duly when he committed the crime, then the American armv and the foreign government have concurrent or equal jurisdiction. Whether the soldier is tried by American officials or by foreign officials depends somewhat on who ar- rests him first, and on the circumstances of the individual case. And. of course, the agreement i- reciprocal. In giving foreign nations this kind of jurisdiction over our Iroops abroad, we acquire the senile jurisdiction over their troops stationed here. Thc Status of Forces Treaty was vigorously supported by President Eisenhower, hv the liberal wing of the Republican party, hy all progressive Democrats, ami hv till liberal elements in America. In urging ratification "I the Sialics of Forces Treaty, President Eisenhower wrote: "I can certainly appreciate the concern of those who fear thai these agreements might subject American soldiers In systems "f criminal justice foreign lo our own traditions. I do nut share such leeit-. however, because "I the ineinv years' experience I have had in command of American troops overseas, ihis experience com inces nn- thai our friends abroad will continue lo cooperate, as they have in the past, in turning over those charged with offenses againsl their laws to our own military courts lor trial." A small isolationist group, headed by Senator Bricker of Ohio, tried lo nullify lhe Sleitti- of Forces Treaty by re- meiv Ing Article All from it. The Bricker movemenl was defeated, however: and on July 15. 1953. by an overwhelming majority, the Senate ratified all three NATO treaties as sub- milled. Seventy-two senators vole-d for the Status of Forces Tn-eiiv ; Fifteen veiled against: nine senators did not yule. The fifteen who voted againsl il: Bricker of Ohio: Dirksen of Illinois: Dworshak of Idaho: Jenner of Indiana; Malone of Nevada: McCarthy of Wisconsin; Schoeppel of Kansas; Welker of Idaho; Williams of Delaware; Frear of Maryland; Johnston "I South Carolina; Long of Louisiana; McCarran of Nevada; Russell of Georgia; and Smathers of Florida. The nine who did nol vole: Butler of Alenvieind: Tafl of Ohio: Chavez .if New Mexico; Daniel of Texas; Fulbright of Arkansas; Kennedy of Massachusetts; Stennis "I Mississippi; Morse- nl Ore* gon; and Kilgote of \\ 'est Virginia. The Status of Forces Treaty clarifies, specifies, and make- uniform the legal status of American soldiers in all NATO countries; and it provides a model for similar agreements with all other nations where American troops arc sta- i toned. IMPROVES LEGAL STATUS The treaty has eu-tueellv improved the legal status of our lieeeep- abroad. I' has obtained more concessions lor our soldiers and their families — firmer guarantees of justice for them tl"1" they previously enjoyed under the executive agreements before the treaty was formally ratified. Should anv case "I suspected injustice arise, the American commanding officer can. through our Slate Department, request the authorities of the f'"' eign stale lo waive jurisdiction over ll'1' rase. If the foreign authorities fail t° comply, the I nited Stale's e-etn considei withdrawal of its troops. In short, an America! trial in •' foreign country will have eill ihn-1' righl- to which et citizen of thai countr) is entitled. This was the only adequate eunl equitable solution of a delicate problem. '" insi-i on exclusive American jurisdiction would mean a ruthless trampli"! on lln- sovereignty eunl feelings of oi" good foreign Friends. li would In- ee needless insull lu such civilized nations as France emd F.uglai". em implication that their systems " jurisprudence arc backward, barbariG nol good enough fur Americans. And It would give' credibility to ''" claims of our enemies that Atnc'i'','1 i- living lu gobble up and c\pl"' smaller nations, reducing them t" *»' status of satellites. NATO i- a mutual defense organize lion. We cannot, therefore, ask ft'""1 others whal we will nut ourselves ."'*' FACTS FORUM X\:\\'rs,.lttiie,19tl
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