or units of the Communist parly: e.g.
Mazerall testified that he was first invited by a friend to join an informaldis-
eussion group and that he did not for a
considerable period recognize lhat it was
in reality a secret Communist "cell," although he later knew it to have been
Kathleen Willsher was first a member
of a group discussing the "difference between socialism and communism" and
after a few years joined ;i smaller secret
group of Communists.
.Any small stuely group, however called, which will allow more experienced
Communists to influence and sirnultein-
eously lo siudy the psychological development of potential "recruits" will ilo in
the earlv stages of the new recruit's
• • •
The extent of the- secret section of the
Communisl party is not normally disclosed at any time lo Ihe junior members nf lhe secret groups, who know only
the four or five other members of their
eiwn group. Tin- leader of each such
group, wliee attends secret meetings of
five or six such group leaders will know
them plus tin- secret "chairman" of these
meetings. . . .
However, oxer a period of time secret
members will get to kneiw meiny others
through joint participation in various
"front organizations' anel otherwise,
though they may not know the extent of
their "development" unless designated
to work with them for some purpose of
the party leaders.
Il is. apparently, not the present practice for secrel members of the parly lo
fill oul anv membership forms, or sign
any declaration, or to be given any
membership cards. This relatively loose
system obviously eissists in maintaining
the secrecv "f the organization. But it
appears also to plav a role in lhe expansion of the organization, since al each
stage of his "development" lhe adherent
is allowed to feel that be is slill politically independent anil merely assisting
in the general activities of tbe movement
withoul taking at any time whal he
might consider to be a specific einel binding step lo acquire or ratify definite
membership. This technique allows the
development courses to proceeel anil to
have their gradual effect on the adherent withoul raising anv unnecessary resistance in the adherent's mind to any
specific stage of earlv development.
Thus even Hover. Mazerall, and Lun-
an. the last-named an active espionage
recruiting agent, apparently fell that
they harl not allowed themselves to become full members of the Communist
party, though they bad paid "dues" for
ve-eirs. because thev had al no time signed membership documents or taken out
Boyer, who stated that he joined a
Communist study group in 1939, said
when asked to explain his relations with
tin- Communist party:
A. I have- ueerke-el in organizations in
which there were Communists eenel in
which I knew there were Communists,
am] I have worked very cleisdy with
Communists, hut 1 have never held a
party card or paid dues, etc.
Q. Have you ever maele contriliutions
to thc weerk of the Communist party?
A. 1 made contributions.
0- Finane-ial contributions?
Apparently at each stage of "development" the adherent is carefully kept
from an appreciation of the nature- eef
tasks likely to be assigned lo him when
he is considered adequately "developed"
for the next stage.
Apparently also many even eimong
relatively senior and "developed" secrel
members of lhe Communisl pari) are
kept unaware of lhe nature ami exist-
ence eef specifically ille-geil activities, di-
rected against Canada, which an- carried on bv a section of tbe organization
which thev support. Indeed, most persons actively engaged in such illegal activities ein- apparently given to understand lhal their activities ein- exceptional
and are kepi quite unaware of tin- extent to which they bene been carried on
by lop leaders. ... In view of lhe "leader
principle." thai is. the established principle of obedience to higher party authorities, such unawareness among mosl
members of tin- organization would not
hinder the organization's efficiency for
Fifth Column purposes.
For example Lunan, who undertook
... to organize ei group of espionage
agents, weis given to understand that the
onh persons engaged in this illegal activity would be himself, tlle three (einel
eliein scientists whose espionage activities
he directed, and Rogov of the Soviet
Embassy. In testifying before us as lo
bis motivation, which In- stated was directly linked with his political ideology,
I would also like' tee seey that I had 110
ill.31 of tlle sea.pe' ;iri,l ..\te-nt of this work.
I wa- amazed when it first became .Lair
to me during mv interrogation. 1 never
though! of niys|.|f as being me.re than one
person in ee -meill group eef five people.
I elee not offer this in ;iei\ sense els em
excuse For my work, but I wees ~tii\in^ to
square myself with my ideals without a
full knowledge of the position in which 1
really Found myself.
• • •
Regarding the original attraction of
Canadians to the "development" course's
eir study group organizations, ii is elif-
fieult to speak with certainty, lln- appeal naturally varied greatly with each
individual. In some eei-i'- il lay apparently in lhe higliK systematized metaphysical concepts used by lhe Communist parly in ils propaganda directed to
certain types of "intellectuals" emd stu-
dents. Thus Durnford Smith, when eisk-
cd whal it weis theit attracted him to the
movement, replied: "the /ogee of it.
A factor which appears in have played a pari in firsl attracting al leasl one
of the Canadian espionage agents whose
evidence we have heard, weis the belief
that through these study groups he could
fight against the social evils of anti-
Semitism and racial intolerance. Ger-
I consider mysell ;e- ;i sec l-class
I aeeieeiliein not eis ei First-class Canadian.
Tlieet is not a laughing matter, Mr. Commissioner; it is very serious.
He elucidated this poinl:
0- You have been speaking about communism and you also mentioned fascism.
What is your ieleae ot the difference, il
eui\. between communism eeenl Fascism?
\. Well, my idea is ih.it ii would be
liaseal on ei question ol anti-Semitism.
I.). I Bee.
\. You see, we were verj active at tlieet
time'. There nee- the danger of Hitler: we
realized it. The doctor eiml his wife wen'
over in Germany in 1931: In- went to
t niversitj there eeenl we- realized it.
(). Wheel doctor?
\. Ilr. Gottlieb: that is il„- fhusband
of tin'I -iste-r of the Schlein Family. We
realized what wee- aeiini: tee happen. \\'■
saw whal happened in Montreal eunl
Kirkland Lake whare people were parading in blue shirts eenel Bticking siejns in
windows, and we h'lt we- should 'lo
something about it.... I mean it was
From that; ii weis not frnm een economic
poinl of view. It was from tin- point uf
view of self-preservation. We figured theit
if we were considered eis good Canadians
here ei law should lee' passed tee make that
The evidence before us strongly suggests theit anti-Semitism anel lhe natural
reaction of persons of Jewish origin W
racial discrimination was one of the factors played upon l>\ tin- Communisl recruiting agents. It is significant thai ;1
number of lhe documents from lhe Russian Embassy specifically note "Jew "'
"Jewess" in entries on their relevant
(aineiiliein agents or prospective agent*
showing that tin- Russian Fifth Colum"
leaders attached particular significant
lo this matter.
Ill some oeises el desire' for conipellii""'
ship emd intellectual discussion ma!
have played its pari. Wilh certain pet'
(Continued nn Page*™,
Communist intent to exploit .lews is e'""1'
pl.'incut.'.I In their effort tee e-xpleeit eunl I'll
tlie-r befuddle the lunatic Fringe of an"'
Semites. One "Politicus,'1 in a manner ob*1'
ously Communist-inspired, says ;tl a iiac"
issue ..t em anti-Semite p.a i,,,Ii,-.11: .
"Tlie Russians arc kicking tin- Jews out,0.
Russia.. . \ new world leading culture w'1
civilization will he bom the Russian. It '"-,
historical process, which cannot l.e -p.pr1'
at all. Vidua- rV-bomb, nor H-bomb, ""'
"wisdom' Bernard Baruch's eunl Lazar keeieei"
ovichs will stop ii. ... Vmerican white 3'11
til.-s will not .1.. anything to spoil thai '""
inri.eil process. ..." . i
It was predictable that Judaeophobes wo»'
'■\eaihieillv -iele wild the Soviet 1 nion eeiieiiie
tin' United State's, em the basis nf il"' -'".'tl
graphical fact that there ein- more- Jews V
N.-ee York than there are in Moscow. Hut -11' '
lileeteint M;ir\i-m eun! -eaaia.'K -eameaaeloii Ma
p.al p. treason in what the naive regard ss
100 per cent American variety eif lunacy
FACTS FOIJUM NEWS, June, llSi