Boyer discussing whether Shugar or
Veall should write an article in The
Scientist, the Association's magazine,
regarding plans for the control of atomic
Control by the Communisl party over
a broad organization such as the Canadian Association of Scientific Workers
could he used in a variety of ways not
only for propaganda purposes, bul
eventually as ;i base for recruiting enl-
herents to that parly from among scientists and in due course, no doubt, for
recruiting additional espionage agents
in key positions in the national life.
• • •
Hut there would appear to he- a
further basic object and result of this
technique of secret membership of the
Communist party organized in secrel
"cells" or study groups.
This object i- to accustom the young
Canadian adherent gradually to an atmosphere and an ethic of conspiracy.
The general effect on the young mein or
woman over a period of lime of secret
meetings, secret acquaintances, ami
secret objectives, plans, ami policies can
e-ei-ilv In- imagined. The technique seems
calculated In develop lhe psychology nf
ei double life eiml double standards.
To judge from much of lhe evidence,
the secret adherent is apparently encouraged never to he honest or frank.
outside the secrel "cell' meetings, about
his reed political attitudes or views einel
apparently is led lo believe that frankness in these matters i> ihe equivalent
of dangerous indiscretion ami a potential menace to the organization as a
Thus in a preliminary report which
l.uu.in wrote on March 2". 19 lo. to l.t.
Col. Ih'L'.'v. In- referred to a "cell or
study group in Ottawa In which Durn-
foi.l Smith. Halperin, eiml Mazerall belonged, as follows:
th. y eilr.3i.Iy feel the need for maintaining ei ve-rv high degree nf security ami
taking abnormal precautions eel their
normal meetings 'eil...eel once every two
weeks) since they are definitely ii"t
labeled with any |n>liti<ael affiliations.
Oil., (er tWO have e'Veae ee|i|in-ia| tlie' inhai-
eliiitie.n nf new members tn mir -romp on
the grounds that it w.eiilel endanger their
This describes precautions taken by
this group before any of lhe members
were asked to engage in espionage or
oilier illegal activities.
Evidence that this technique of secrecy among Communisl part) membership is favored -if indeed it heul not
he-en inaugurated -hv Moscow, is found
in a telegram dated August 22. 1945,
from The Direelor to Zabotin, which
reeuls in part:
1. V..nr 243.
We- have here no compromising deetee
against Veall, nevertheless tlie facl
that lie has in hi- lleniils ee letter of
recommentlation from a corporant
who was arrested in lari^leiml (which
In- did eei.t teeke- care to destroy) cornier!- ee- tn refuse te. heevc einv contact
with him whatsoever, the more so that
many already call him "a Red."
(Corporanl is ei cover-name used for
a member of any Communist partv
except lhal of the U.S.S.II. I
\n inevitable result of this emphasis
on a conspiratorial atmosphere and behavior even iii political discussions, correspondence, and meetings, which are' in
themselves perfectly legal and indeed
are the cherished right of everyone in a
democratic society, would seem to he the
gradual disintegration of normal moral
principles such as frankness, honesty,
integrity, and a respect for the sanctity
We- believe lhal ihis technique played
a definite part in bringing persons . . . lo
a slate of mind where thev could dis-
regard the moral obligations which they
had undertaken in connection with their
\ reading of the- evidence before us.
taken as a whole, indicates also lhal thi-
technique seems calculated lo affecl
gradually and unconsciously the secret
adherent's attitude leiweinls Canada.
Often some' of lhe agents seem to have
hegiin their Communist associations
through a burning desire In reform anel
improve Canadian society according to
their lights. Hut one effecl of prolonged
habituation lo conspiratorial meilneel-
and lln- conditions of secrecy in which
these people weerk i- to isolate them from
the great mass of ihe Canadian people.
• • •
\- the courses of study in the "cells"
undermine gradually lhe loveillv of the
young mein or woman who joins them,
il is necessary to say something as le. the
content of the courses pursued in them,
as theii i- reflected hv the- evidence.
The' curriculum includes lhe -lenlv e.l
political ami philosophic works, some' eif
them feir from superficial, selected to
develop in the stud.-nls em essentially
critical attitude towards Western democratic society. This phase of the preparation eel-e, includes ;i series of discussions
on current affairs designed to further
a erilieal attitude toward the ideals of
Bul this curriculum would appear in
reality lo be designed not to promote
-in ieil refill in where il might he required, hut lo weaken the loveillv of the
group member towards his or her own
society ets such.
Linked wilh these st m I res eit all stages.
moreover, goes an organized indoctrination calculated lo create in the mind of
the study group member an essentially
uncritical acceptance at ils face' value
of the propaganda of ei foreign stale.
\e eaerelinglv. the studv groups eire encouraged tee subscribe in Communisl
hooks and periodicals. Tin' Canadian
Tribune and Clarion of Toronto, New
Masses I a periodical published in the
United States), National Affairs "I
Toronto, and Club Life have been
among those- mentioned as regular ob-
jects of study emd discussion in these
groups, as well as selected books on
In some cases lhe effect of these study
courses seems to he a gradual development of a sense of iliviile'd loyalties, ol-
ili extreme cases 'if a transferred loyally.
Thus ii Means lo happen that through
these siudy groups some adherents, who
begin hy feeling lhal Canadian society
is not democratic or not equalitarian
enough for their taste, eire gradually led
to transfer ei part or most of their loyal
lie- to another country, apparently without reference to whether lhal oilier country is iii actual fact more or less democratic or equalitarian than Canada.
Indeed, a sense of internationalism
seems in many cases lo play a definite
role in one stage of the courses. In
these cases ih.- Canadian sympathizer is
firsl encouraged to develop a sense- of
loyalty, not directly to et foreign sleile.
hui to what he conceives lo he an international ideal. This subjective internationalism is then usually linked almost
inextricably through the indoctrination
courses and the intensive exposure to
lhe propaganda of a particular foreign
state, with the current conception of th1'
national interests of that foreign state
.nul w iih tin- current doctrines eiml policies of Communisl parties throughout
e.g. Professor Boyer stated thai he
gave secret information to Fred 11"-''
despite the oath of secrecy which he had
taken, believing ilieil this step would
further "international si-it eitilie- collaboration."
Professor Boyer heul mil apparently
inquired about lhe operations in practice of tin- various official organizations
engaged in attempting to organize exchanges of mililarv and other information with the Seivi.'l Union, nor about
lln' degree of reciprocity or relative balance developed in such official exchanges, nor aboul lhe relative merits ol
various possible methods of increasing
international cooperation in scientific
and other fields. \\\> approach to th''
general question of increasing international scientific cooperation tint- appears to us iii have been relatively uniformed and unscientific, ;is w.-l! ;i- singularly presumptuous eiml undemocratic
in arrogating to himself by secret action
the sole right of decision mi such matters affecting eill tin- pea,pie- of (ianada,
lhe United Kingdom, eunl the United
Stales. His actions also involved a
breach of oath. We sea-, however, ""
reason In doubt the sincerity of his motives eis stated hv himself. This sincerity
was played on successfully hv an unscrupulous and more sophisticated agent
In Mazerall's ease' also, his desire I"
FACTS FORUM NEWS, June, 19l>