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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955 - File 009. 1955-06. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. November 13, 2019. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1539/show/1478.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-06). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955 - File 009. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1539/show/1478

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955 - File 009, 1955-06, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed November 13, 2019, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1539/show/1478.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 6, June 1955
Alternate Title Facts Forum News, Vol. IV, No. 6, June 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Contributor
  • Evans, Medford
Publisher Facts Forum
Date June 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 009
Transcript A reply to Mr. Buckley is nol available. Replies art' invited. In contrast with Mr. Suckley,s view (I) that thr "l.ihcrtd" mind is essentially different frnm—and more inscrutable than—the Communist mind, anil (2) that tin- 'LiberaP' mind is quite undisciplined, FACTS FORUM NEWS reproduces tin excerpt from thr celebrated REPORT OF THE \CA\AI)1A\\ ROYAL COMMISSION on the Soviet spy ring revealed by Igor Gouzenko. In this selection ti view appears that (I) the "LiberaP' mind is in a significant number of instances thoroughly disciplined, and (2) the discipline is of Communist origin. Canadian Liberals in the Red Spectrum The Report of the Royal Commission was based on hearings held between February and June, 1946. It was Igor Gouzenko who revealed the existence in Canada of a widespread conspiracy to obtain secret official information. Gouzenlto, "civilian employee" of the Soviet Embassy of Ottawa, had served a4, cipher clerk on the staff of Colonel Zabotin, Military Attache. Perhaps the most startling aspect of the spy network in Canada is the uncanny success with which the Soviet agents were able to find Canadians who were willing to betray their country and to supply the agent with secret information despite oaths of allegiance, of office, and of secrecy. Many of the Canadian public servants implicated in this espionage were extremely well educated persons of marked ability and intelligence and well regarded by those who worked with them. rii1' tl»' Selections from the "Motivation of Igent.i" seeit'on nn,Ier the snl,title. "The Development of Ideological Motivation." The evidence before us shows that in •he great majorily of cases the motiva- 'ion was inextricably linked with courses of psychological development carried on "niler lhe guise eef .nl i v i t ies of et secrel "ection e.f wheit is ostensibly a Canadian Political movement, lhe Labour-Progres- "ve part; fCommunist party of Can- Ma); thai these secrel "development" courses an' vitv much inure widespread man the espionage network itself; eunl ""it the Canadian members of the espionage network themselves look an active Pari in directing and furthering such courses for other Canadians, which were calculated In allow them to draw suitably "developed" persons later into ae- hve participation ami thus io expand the network it-elf. • • • I he- Inquiry heis revealed the names nf a number ol Canadians, employed in "Urious departments emd agencies of the Rovernmenl who, while presumably tpnte ignorant of the espionage network "ul certainly innocenl of implication in ~"''h illegal activities, were' being stth- l"t'd to "development" hv the same ""'ems for 11-1- in the future. For these reasons wc eire analyzing ■yih some care the question of motiva- '"»u em.I ihe highly organized methods '"'I'luved tn develop an appropriate """eil emd menial state among potential s-snadian recruits before they are in- "niieel of whal has been planned for them. In virtual!) eill cases, eis heis been s|;'le,|. il,,. agents were recruited from 'aiong "cells" or sindv groups nl secrel ■"embers or adherents of the Communist Wtty (Labour-Progressive party). • • • II seems to be general poliev of lhe ■""uniinisi party to ilis. rage certain ^ACTS FORUM NEWS, .Inn,: 1955 selected sympathizers among certain cat- egories of the population from joining lhal political partv openly. Instead, these sympathizers are invited to join secrel ''cells" or study groups and In take pains In keep their adherence In the partv from the knowledge of their acquaintances who ein- nol also members of the Communisl partv. The categories of the population frnm which secrel members .ni' recruited include students, scientific workers, teachers, office eunl business workers, persons engaged in einv Ivpe uf administrative activity, and anv group likelv lo obtain einv tvpe of gov ■ crnmenl emplo) ment. The reason suggested by sonic of the agents in their evidence fur lhe curious practice of keeping their political affiliations secret was lhal by ihis means they would avoid unfavorable discrimination in obtaining positions. Iliere were enough such ceises to justify us in con- eluding lhal ihis practice is ei part) technique, the- real objectives emd results nf which seem lo he quite different. • • • One objective, we conclude, is that this technique Facilitates the achievement uf ei basic policy of the Communisl party, viz. in get control, through ihe election nf secrel members lu the directing committees, of eis man) types of functional organizations as pussihle'. including Ireule unions, professional associations and broad nonpart) organizations such as youth movements and civil liberties unions. Similarly, secrel members ur adherents of the Communisl peirlv men he- use-el Iii take the lead in organizing new. broad, and ostensibly niinpulilieal organizations, afler which ili,.y obtain for themselves ami other secrel adherents key positions on controlling committees of lhe organization. Hv these means the technique of secrel membership is calculated to Facilitate essentially dishonest hut not ineffective methods of propaganada in lhe interests nf ,a Foreign state. One illustration of the use- of this technique is furnished by the Canadian Association ..f Scientific Workers. Pro- f.'ss,,r [Raymond] Boyer, in whose house' ih,. informal meetings eit which the establishment of the organization wen' held, became national president. Norman Veall, upon whom we are eilso reporting, told us that he "took an active pent In the formation of tin- organization": emd that he became a member nf the National Executive Committee, charged wilh maintaining liaison with corresponding organizations in other countries. Then- is evidence suggesting lhat lie used ihis position as a cover in meikiii" contacts with members of ihe staff e.f the Soviel Embassy in Ottawa: Deivi.l Shugar testified thai he had been very active in organizing and extending the Association ami weis e\,-ei- eal et member "f the Executive of the Ottawa Branch. In fact. Veall eunl Shu- -_';tr each shiiweel em inclination tn claim credit for founding the Association. I Edward I Mazerall stated that lhe Association was something "which people in lhe siu.lv groups were interested in forming." In addition io Boyer. Veall, and Shugar. Dr. Mem \11n11 Men ami Frank Chubb, both of whose names figure in the espionage note-hooks eef Colonel Zabotin. hold or have' held official positions on the Association's executive committees. Professor I!.ever characterized the majorit) of other members "f the executive as "LPP" 1 i.e. Labour-Progressive party or Communist) "or left-wing" in political i.leailogv : though In- stated that very few eif the Association's large membership among scientists would share thi- political v iew . The propaganda value of control of such an organization is illustrated by correspondence between Shugar anil Page 7
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