is a reaction to heul economic conditions
is simply a bill of goods that Karl
Marx has sold lo the unsuspecting intellectual. Actually, il i- Marxism. When
accepted, it places a halo of beneficence
around Ihe entire Communist movement. Everything they do. however evil,
is justified by the terrible conditions
against which they an- reacting; and
the required emotional base for opposition to communism is destroyed.
Communism is not the friend of tbe
working man. It is his arch enemy. It
is not the improver of his economic conditions. Ii is ihe destroyer of his ateinel
eirel eif living.
Smoot: Are you implying that the
conventional Western attack on the
problem of resisting communism is 180
ScHWARZ: On this faulty diagnosis of
communism the structure of treatment
has been built. The essence of this treat-
inenl is to concentrate upon providing
economic improvements for those people who are hearing thc seductive call
nf communism in Asia and Europe. To
improve living standards is good. To
feed lhe hungry is a Christian act. But
lo lake lhat program as the basis for
fighting communism i~ eis fallacious as
In believe thai cancer can he cured by
improved nutrition. If our only hope of
combating communism i- to so improve
the living standards of Asia that no
promises the Communists make can
have anv appeal to them, we are already
If the living standards of Asia were
tomorrow improved by 1,000 per cent,
I here would slill he ei whole field of
human desires which lhe Communists
could exploil for their own advantage.
Actually, the Communists are using the
very materia] advantages provided by
Improved economic conditions to recruil
people In tin- Communist ranks.
I heard of an industrialist in India
who desired to do lhe best lhat circumstances would permit for his workers.
He built them ei hospital, a school, play-
ing grounds, and somewhat improved
their wages and working hours. Afler
three years, a very puzzled man said, "I
can't understand it. Since I began these
improvements, one-third ol my workers
have joined the Communisl party."
Tbe Communist agitator came to the
employees, utilized the extra leisure
lime provided, and seiid:
''This proves whal we've been telling
you. We've gul him frightened. He's
beginning to disgorge some of his i 11-
goiten gains. Look at all the money he's
got. Wlieii'il he gel it? That's the
money he robbed from you. He's now-
trying lo bribe vein by giving you a
little bit of it back. \re you going to
fall for ihis scheme of his? Stand with
us emd we'll take lhe lot off him and
you'll have il all." Ami they used tie
very advantages he- heul provided lo re-
iruil them into the Communist parly.
Frequently we hear ihis reply: "We
agree that poverty docs not cause communism, hut communism exploits poverty." This is hue. But it ignores the
very Importanl point. Whal is this communism? Or. more' accurately, who eire
these Communists who do the exploiting? Where are they recruited? How
an- they trained? Whal arguments are
used lo win them in the firsl place?
Communism is obviously nol the
spontaneous fruit of poverty. If it were
so. lhe whole- world musl have been
communistic centuries ere this.
SMOOT: Then where does communism
first take hold?
ScHWARZ: Communism always begins
by the conquest of the student mind
with hooks. While the free wen-Id is
spending billions on the bodies of men.
the Communists are concentrating their
entire assault upon the mind, tl is paradoxical in tin- extreme thai we who arc
professed ideeilisis limit our treatment
very largely lo the material things.
whereas the Communists, who are arrogant materialists, are conquering lhe
world through lhe dissemination of
ideas. Their major eisseiult is the literary
attack on the student mind.
I preached one Sunday evening at a
church in Michigan. Afler lhe message,
ei mem came up to me and introduced
him-.'If ee- ei retired medical missionary
frnm China. Ih- heul given the besl years
of bis life in selfless service lo thc
bodies emd souls of lhe Chinese people.
The Communists heul come and conquered, and he had been expelled. He
told mi' this:
"In 1926. in one day, I saw "..
through the mails of my province three
thousand |eieimds of literal nn- directed
to the high school students." That's
when they conquered China when the)
conquered the student mind. Tiny are
conquering the student mind of all Asia
eit thi- in.mnm through the vastest
literature crusade the world has ever
Going home lo Australia. I wrote
ahead to ei friend of mine- and said:
"Co to the Communist bookstore anil
buy for me the Communist classics."
When I gul home, there was a pile
of hooks awaiting me that would have
covered ein onlinaiy-sizc table. 1 seiid to
him. "How much do I owe you?"
I almost fell over wilh shock when he
replied: "SI 1.00." Two or three of the
hooks alone were' weerlh ilieil much.
Take this one: Joseph Stalin's
Problems ol Leninism magnificently
hound, beautifully printed, first quality
peeper. How much do you peiv lor a
hook like ihis hen- in America? Everyone tells me from five lo ten dollars. Do
you know whal il cosl me back in Australia? Seventy cents. The- seventy cents
would hardly cover transportation and
duly. Who paid for il? Il is lhe iniei-
nalional missionary literature campaign
of thc Communists. Where was il published? Foreign Language Publishing
Now, seventy cents seems cheap. Rut
let's see what ii e-eisis in Japan. I have
here a letter from Moses Sabina, inn-
servative lieepii^t foreign missionary in
Senelai. Japan. Listen lo what he' writes:
"Right now. while the \ni.ri.ein overseas libraries are trimming down their
stocks eunl personnel, here the Communists are offering whole sets of Steelin s
and Lenin's work- for less them a ele.lleir.
Think of ii. Twelve volumes em.I more
of large hooks for less than ei dollar.
Many Japanese' bookstores controlled
hy Communists sell this kind of propaganda literature for the price lln- customer can pay. 'I'av veiled you want' is
tin- slogan thev use."
The dread consequence <if this is seen
in an extract from another letter dated
September 2d. 1954. He is referring to
the students in lhe universities:
"Of ihe hundreds of student newspapers, there is not one thai is nol
either wholly communistic or at leasl
controlled hy the leftist Socialists, which
here eire almosl the same as the Communists."
II tin' presenl rate of Communisl conquest of lhe student mind in Asia continues unabated, eill tin- atom and hydro-
gen bombs in the arsenals of the- free
world will he obsolete eunl redundant
lo hall Ihe Communist advance.
Smoot: Whal are those Communist
Schwarz: The Communists divide
ih.-in into two types: propaganda ami
agitation. They define propaganda as
that which conveys many ideas in a few
I pie. Heavy theoretical textbooks of
this nature for the limited student group
whom thev desire to recruil into the
Communist peirlv eon- and scientifically
indoctrinate. Propaganda is for them.
For lhe masses, there is agitation.
Agitation they define as lhat which
conveys one idea lo many people. Thev
lake em event like the unfortunate death
of lhe Japanese fisherman due In the
hydrogen bomb explosion. Thev dwell
upon ii. They use- ii as a barb to inflame public opinion io stir up fear,
bitterness, .nul hatred thai they may
scientificall) exploit it for lhe over-;'"
Two central ideas of Communisl agitation eire: (1) that lhe Soviel I ni""
is the mosl beautiful, peace-loving, pr°'
gressive place in the whole world; and
(2) lhal America is evil. vile, malignant, imperialistic, ami warmongering*
desperately threatening the peace of the
This first idea is disseminated
through ihe photographic magazine, I'''
FACTS FORUM NEWS, June, /"';