tains the political-"cruteh" principle.
farmers, in self-defense, demand the
crutch for themselves also.
STEP TOO FAR
To the Dallas Times Herald:
According to a recent report, a lady of
one of the southern states has been denied the privilege of registering as a voter
because she answered "no" to a question
as to whether she would bear arms for
the United States. Her reason was, "By
reason of religious beliefs, I am conscientiously opposed to combat services. I will
perform any non-combat service required
. I am not a conscientious objector, and
I do not concur with their beliefs, but in
view of the fact the Supreme Court has
ruled that a person may defend the Constitution l>v means other than bearing
arms, I believe denying right of suffrage
is taking a step too far. So long as any
sincere conscientious objector stands
ready, willing, and able to perform anv
possible non-combatant service required,
that person should never be deprived "I
anv rights of citizenship.
G. R. Hill
SPEAKING OF LABOR
Anti-TrUSt LaWS (Continued from page 3!)
who sought to gain added profits from
a constant supply of cheap labor, to
keep wages depressed, to hire and fire
at whim, to eliminate the expense of
good working conditions, to extend
thc working day as served their
There were those who maintained
that the labor union actually was a
combination in restraint of trade. The
historic Sherman Anti-Trust Law of
1890 among other things declared illegal every contract combination in the
form of trust or otherwise or conspiracy in restraint of trade or commerce
among the several states or with foreign nations. The cry arose that this
provision applied with equal force to
the labor unions. A series of cases in
the courts disclosed the danger that
unless Congress acted specifically, this
interpretation would prevail and destroy forever the principle of free collective bargaining.
In 1914 the Congress did act specifically under the provisions of the Clayton Act, declaring:
The labor of a human being is not a
commodity or article of commerce. Nothing contained in tlie anti-trust laws shall
be construed to forbid the existence and
operation of labor organizations or to forbid or restrain individual members ot such
organizations from lawfully carrying nut
the legitimate objects thereof. Nor shall
such organizations he held or construed to
he illegal combinations or conspiracies and
restrained trade under the anti-trust laws.
I direct your attention to the words
in the Act, "the legitimate objectives."
When the acts of the labor union,
therefore, in conspiracy with management, result in price-fixing, or when
labor unions enter into combines to re-
strict production, allocate areas, or fix
prices, then the labor union is no more
immune than any other combination
acting to restrain competition. If labor
unions conspire with employer groups
toward monopolistic ends they arc not
immune to the anti-trust laws.
To bring labor unions within the
purview of the anti-trust laws as such,
would be to strike a blow against the
collective strength of the workingnian.
There might appear to be a greater
advantage to management in lower
wanes, fewer holidays, no fringe benefits, ancl so forth, but in the long run
the economy of the country would suffer bitterly, which in turn would reflect management's problems.
The high standard of living brought
about through the process of collective bargaining has resulted in increased consumer purchase, increased
demands for goods, increased production, and the sum total of economic
gain both for management and for
I repeat the language of the Act,
"The labor of the human being is not a
commodity or article of commerce."
More than that, finally, I say that the
human being himself is not a commodity or an article of commerce.
RiiTiisivrvnvi: IIikstand: Why do
we Americans enjoy thc highest
standard of living the world has ever
known? Why? It's no secret. It's because we've learned to work together.
It's because the machinist, the miner,
the small businessman, and the corporation executive all form an efficient
industrial team. Each depends upon
thc other for a raw material, a finished
product, or a means of livelihood.
To protect this team we have passed
laws. Some guarantee the rights of individuals to work under our free
enterprise system. Others prevent
people from creating monopolies that
work against the best interests of aD
the people. These anti-monopoly laws
arc effective today in controlling mergers and the size of corporations, but
they contain a loophole that makes
them pitifully weak in protecting the
average vvorkingman. This loophole is
the exemption given to labor organizations. I'm not tilting at windmills-
This labor monopoly has already happened. Its cancer has already broken
out in scores of instances which forfl1
;i quickly discernible pattern.
Todtty in a growing number ot
cities, the price of your milk at home
is set not by the store owner where
you shop, but by the local union
leader. The same is true in the eaT
cleaning and laundry field, and in others where unions have stopped compe-
tition by putting independent fin11'
out of business. Small business especially has been victimized, in many
cases liquidated. A number of new*
papers have been forced to close-
Farm truckers headed to New Yof»
City have been compelled to stop a""
pay an extra day's wages for not c3f
rying an unneeded union helper.
During the 1954 Kohler strike, thjj
CIO United Auto Workers import*
2,5(X) big city goons from Detroit an"
elsewhere, for fifty-four (lavs theS
hoodlums terrorized the small W1*'
consin village. The issue was compo
sory unionism. Thc CIO had clccted
Kohler for a rich harvest of du*
whether the employees wauled to j"1,
or not. Walter Reuther, President °
the U.A.W., and in my book thc A
tion's number one Socialist, masW|j
minded the Kohler violence. Today fl
ranks high in the gigantic AFI.-C
power bloc, a bloc which has as 'a
goal the unionization of practically""1
workers in our country. Its power
immense. From its 70\000 locals »*.
200 national unions it extracts *P\
million a year in dues alone. It ov^
gorgeous buildings, it controls ban
it has great investments in Wall $v
Its welfare funds are colossal. Its CO i
bined treasuries and resources dvv j
the nation's largest corporation. * .
all this is under the control of "l.
whose disregard for law and of"
and whose goal of state socialisf1 .
There's no bargain'
Facts Forum News, August,