Organizations endorsed it. Opposition
lo the Act came for the most part
from the American Committee for the
Protection of the Foreign Born and
the National Lawyers' Guild. As a
Point of fact, both of these organizations have been cited as Communist-
In a report to the American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born
in 1954, one Abner Green remarked
'hat a movement for repeal of the Act
had the help of a hundred organizations in as many as fifteen states.
These organizations, Green let it be
known, operated for the purpose of
carrying out the Communist party line
ln regard to immigration.8
Supporters of the Act claim that
Pink" and "liberal" organizations with
a'l their criticisms and accusations,
nave led many people to believe that
"ie Act is un-American, when, really,
tile opposite is true.
Attacks in the press come principally from the Daily Worker and the
People's Daily World. These are the
bvo leading newspapers of the Com-
"lunist Party. However, when Confess overrode the veto and made the
V'alter-McCarran Act a public law,
c'arnpaigns against the Act were started by not only the Daily Worker, but
also bv the New York Times, New
J?rk Herald Trihune and others.9
Critics of these newspaper campaigns
Jteted that the usual approach was the
"yper-emotional drivel"1 about disinclination, about suspicion toward
" and bigotry toward some.
In Congress the Act was opposed by
'left-wing coterie, among which were
' enators Humphrev of Minnesota and
^hman of New'York. William F.
. eirnlich charged in an article appear-
n£ in American Mercury that they
ere for opening all the gates to an
alr,lost unrestricted flood of aliens."
One of the most amazing things
°ut the present immigration contro-
y**y is the fact that the "good
fiends" of labor are all for relaxing
^frictions on immigration. Those
avoring our present restricted policy
ty that this influx of cheap labor
0,dd hinder rather than help Ameri-
,?? labor. Senator Walter F. George
a, ~Ga.), in a speech on the floor of
^5 Senate, May 22, 1952, stated he
fieji ^""illratinn: America's Trojan Horse," Don
(."epon., (bulletin), December SO, I1!"."-
4d( '. H- Matthews, "Immigraton: 1956 Issue,"
►\!*c'"i Mercury (October, 1955).
"migration: America's Trojan Horse," op. cit.
^otes Mliain F. Heimlich, "Immigration Visas for
' Hie American Mercury (February, 19.56).
ACTs Forum Nkws, August, 1956
believed in restrictions on immigration in the interest of the American
Individuals who are satisfied with
the present legislation state that anything more than a perfunctory examination of the Walter-McCarran Act
will disclose it to be fair and impartial,
a law fashioned by experts. These experts had no axe to grind; they were
interested in preserving and protecting the American way of life. On the
other hand, claim the proponents of
our present law, the groups who work
day and night to destroy the Act, if
only by attrition, are the Reds, the
pinks, the misguided, and the professional promoters and politicians who
would denude the American eagle of
feathers in a swap for minority-bloc
It is charged that such groups do
not speak .specifically when maligning the Act. They are accused of employing tergiversation and utilizing
the old emotional "hokum" that has
been successful for decades. Using
this tried-and-true approach, they
speak of discrimination and racism.
They are charged with concocting
and disseminating propaganda, and,
under the guise of humanitarianism,
of organizing pressure groups.
Persons who support the present
law claim that the left-wing proposal
of open-door immigration, with its
resulting political control, could not
keep from becoming a veritable carnival of fraud, pressures and corruption.
They claim that immigration would be
a political football, to be kicked by
unscrupulous political aspirants. Such
politicians might promise minority
blocs that if they voted right, immigration doors would open magically
to friends in distant lands — this at the
expense of other countries. Visas for
votes would be the result.12
It has been charged that the one-
vvorlders are satisfied with making a
"circus" out of the Walter-McCarran
Act controversy. While they seem content with pointing out the deficiencies
of the Act and its "inhuman" humaneness, in the background they are
working hard to have immigration
controlled on an international basis.13
Proponents of the Walter-McCarran
Act warn patriots not to be deceived.
They state that tbe knife is being
sharpened, and through immigration
the subversives are hoping to slice
some collective throats. These supporters of the present law claim that
the entire ethnic and cultural composition of the nation could be altered
by the influx of a "controlled" people
into the country. This, they say, is Unreal conspiracy behind a proposed
loosening of immigration restrictions.
Many who favor making no change
in the present system say that the
Communists are in business at the
same old stand; that the product is
the same — only the label is different.
They warn that America can be inundated by a Red tide of immigration.
They plead that it is the eleventh
hour, that the danger is real, and that
if the immigration policy is changed.
the country will be in need, not onlv
of a modern Horatius at the bridge,
but of a Paul Bunyan finger for the
leaky immigration dike.
Presented below are views of those who propose
a change in the present immigration policy
******•***•*** + **•**** + *****
i America is to remain a citadel
of freedom, if it is to continue
to be known throughout the world as
a haven for the oppressed, then there
must be changes in the immigration
policy as reflected today by the Walter-McCarran Immigration Act." Thus
say many persons, including a number
of national legislators.
Those native-born citizens who cry
that a relaxation of tbe present immigration policy would result in an
"open sesame" for Socialists and Communists might be considered by some
to be alarmists. It is pardonable, per
haps, that in such perilous times there
are always some who will breathe
clean air and smell smoke — or, more
aptly, perhaps, who see every signal
light in immigration traffic as red.
President Eisenhower has stated
that the Walter-McCarran Act should
be rewritten, and that a better law
should be written that would strike
an unbigoted balance between the
welfare of the country and the "prayerful hopes" of the homeless and
""Corralling the Trojan Horse Called Immigration," Dim Hill Reports (bulletin), May 18, 1956.