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Facts Forum News, Vol.5, No. 8, August 1956
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol.5, No. 8, August 1956 - File 011. 1956-08. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. November 27, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1469/show/1410.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1956-08). Facts Forum News, Vol.5, No. 8, August 1956 - File 011. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1469/show/1410

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol.5, No. 8, August 1956 - File 011, 1956-08, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed November 27, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1469/show/1410.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol.5, No. 8, August 1956
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date August 1956
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 5 1956; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States
Item Description
Title File 011
Transcript hilities of broader functions for the treaty organization. What, specifically, would be some of the new duties of NATO? At preset it seems the foreign ministers read Prepared speeches at their infrequent "leetings, but have little opportunity *° discuss and to hammer out solutions to problems that affect them all. For instance, in recent months three ^ATO members — Britain, Greece, an-d Turkey — have been involved in ;i tragic dispute over Cyprus', an ex- Plosive situation in view of its position affecting the Middle East. Yet J-yprus was not even discussed in the last meeting. In the present set-up there is no chance to discuss other Problems of the Middle East, although Europe depends upon millions and Millions of barrels of Middle East oil. The French attitude, under the new leadership of M. Pineau, of accepting "te Soviet smile campaign without reserve and of showing an almost complete lack of interest in the proposed Amnion market as a key element in trengthening the Atlantic community wUised sharp dismay and concern dur- lnR this same meeting. One of the greatest problems facing Europe is the reunification of Oer- !"'I||\. and NATO leaders feel it could e of real help in an advisory capacity. , The new NATO Council might also ?,l''P dispel neutralism in Western -'Hnpc. now encouraged by Soviet r°°p cuts and constant Red propaganda. Since 1945, over 050 million people 10 Were non-self-governing have be- "iiic eighteen independent and sov- r''mi nations, and others are in the !.'"<ess of becoming independent. ,. "ii problems arc great. A broader VK) could help chart their future '"'itical. economic, and military '"use where it affects the present >l() community. The present . m() recognizes its need for and '<-'k of support by all national leader- "l)s- The Dulles plan seeks to over- ; '""' flu's 1>\ providing for longer, re Frequent, and better-prepared I'.''''lings with the foreign ministers; ?8ger stalls lor the national delega- ns and more information from their r^t'i'iinicnls; and authority to discuss '"'"'' subjects before a crisis breaks. ! ' ''at has been the response to this JXv plan? It is too soon yet to know * Complete reactions of the other II"'"1'" i nations, but the response in L* United Stales has ranged from \,'lrtV acceptance to bitter rejection. ''">' who favor the general plan as 11 rs Fori m \i vvs. August, 7956 outlined by Mr. Dulles are prepared to go even beyond this very flexible organization into a supra-national government. What is the basis for these bitter protests? Some point to the present military weaknesses, saying that even after such staggering amounts of money have been poured into the arming and maintenance of a common army, the commander of its forces tells us that NATO is not quite prepared to protect Europe. They point out that equipment is becoming obsolete almost as fast as it is being supplied, and maintain atomic war- Sen. William E. Jenner IR-lnd.l asks "How much have the Communists gained in Asia because we are allied with the European powers?" fare has outmoded NATO's methods of defense. These criticisms, together with the apparent lessening of international tension, contribute a great deal to the feeling that it is time now for NATO to retire, or at least stand still. Senator William E. Jenner (R-Ind.) summarized much of the opposition to NATO in a recent speech before a patriotic rally of For America when he said: I have never believed in the concept of regional defense. The Soviet forces are disposed hy one grand strategy. Why should we divide our forces? It is folly, I have never believed the Soviet leaders intended In attack Europe, They have won most of Asia without large-scale war, They do nol waul Iu take over a Western Europe reduced to ruins by bombing. I even question whether we have not lost more, militarily, hy allying ourselves with the colonial nations of Europe than we gained by NATO's armed forces. When five divisions of NATO troops appear in French Africa, to fight against Arabs who are asking for liberty, we lose military strength from Morocco to Pakistan. How much have the Communists gained in Asia, because we are allied with the European colonial powers? For all the billions we have spent on NATO, I see no proof that we arc militarily stronger than we were seven or eight years ago." By far tbe most explosive issue involved, however, is the question of just bow far this new expansion program vv ill go. Where will it stop? Opponents contend that this is merely the opening wedge in a move that would eventually lead to the development of a global government, causing a surrender of our sovereignty. Senator John W. Bricker (R-Ohio) is a strong critic of the plan, calling it an "exploration of the desirability of junking the American Declaration of Independence." He envisions the plan as one in which "the United States would become a vassal province in a regional superstate evolving out of NATO."13 Senator Jenner sees NATO's task as being twofold: first, to plan a joint strategy for defense of the West: and second, to help manufacture the "parts" of a world government, and to condition the member nations quietly to give up their familiar independence and their unique political ideals.14 What the various candidates for President believe about international government and treaties which might supercede the Hill of Rights lias become an election issue of major magnitude. Several of the presidential aspirants within both major parties have expressed themselves as being for a much closer cooperative effort of the Atlantic community, even to the extent of actual union — if not now, then at some time in the foreseeable future. Of hers are diametrically opposed to what they call the "one world" concept of international relations. The "Atlantic Union" plan, which is supported by a number of U. S. senators: the "Federal Union" plan, with widespread support abroad: the "United World Federalists'' plan — these are becoming familiar terms in foreign policy vocabulary. Candidates are having to make their views known. This is only a bare outline of the thinking that will go into the important decision which is at present in the making: Should NATO expand or expire? ENn '■Jenner, from a speech in Carnegie Hall. Neu V.uk. February 2?, 1956. ":" 'One World' - Election 1^"' '■" V. s. News C- World Report. February 24, 1956, p. 82. "Jenner, op. ctt. Page 9 fs ing
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