Also, the large, well-trained, and
splendidly-equipped forces of Communist China, 400 million strong, remain intact and under the direction
and control of the Kremlin.
Most of the foregoing look at NATO
has dealt with its present weaknesses
and strengths in an effort to evaluate
its effectiveness in the past and its
potential usefulness for the future.
Now, what is the answer to the current controversy: Should NATO expand or expire?
The proposal has been made to the
North Atlantic Council by Secretary
Dulles, backed by President Eisenhower and the U. S. Department of
State, that NATO — without changing
its military role — expand its activities
to cover more comprehensively the
field of economies and politics. This is
based on the premise that basically the
Atlantic community has so much in
common that it should be able to do
more in common.
For the first few years of NATO the
unifying motive admittedly was fear.
Also, the foreign ministers believe
that the one thing above all others
that contributed to failure in the past
has been disunity among our own
allies. Now, in the words of Canada's
I.ester B. Pearson. "NATO cannot endure permanently on fear alone."
How. then, to continue the program
so that the member nations, without
the incentive of fear, will not relax
their necessary military vigil?
Dulles' answer to this is to broaden
NATO's interests and activities so as
better to serve the nations in an advis-
ory capacity. Such expanded activities
would enable the member nations to
be better informed and to work together cooperatively for changes that
hold a possibility of good. Expansion
would allow NATO to be for something rather than merely against something."
This new enlargement program
could be carried out within the framework of Article II of the original
treaty, which reads:
Ihe Parties will contribute toward the
further development of peaceful and
friendly international relations by strengthening their free institutions, by bringing
about a better understanding of the principles upon which these institutions are
founded, and hy promoting conditions of
stability and well-being. They will seek-
to eliminate conflict in their international
ee anie policies and will encourage economic collaboration between any or all of
At the last meeting of the North At-
"Dulles, "The Time Has Come to Expand
\ no; " op. ah., p. 106.
PRESIDENT'S LETTER TO SENATOR GEORGE
(WHITE HOUSE PRESS RELEASE DATED MAY 9)
Dear Walter: I know that your present term in the Senate
expires this year. In view of that fact, I should like to say
two things to you:
It has been my great hope that you would continue on in the
Senate where you have been able to make so great a contribution
to peace through helping to develop and sustain a non-partisan
foreign policy. Your contribution in that respect has been incalculable and I believe it was the overwhelming desire of the
American people that you would have found yourself able to continue in the Senate.
I can, however, realize that you may desire to concentrate
more exclusively on the great problems of war and peace which
confront our nation, free of other responsibilities which
inevitably go with the Senatorship. If that is your preference,
I earnestly hope that you will be willing to act for this
nation with reference to the development of the North Atlantic
Community so that it will in greater unity and greater effectiveness serve the cause of international peace and the
preservation of those ideals of human liberty and freedom which
are so deeply rooted in the Community.
As you know, at the latest meeting of the North Atlantic
Treaty Council, it was decided to explore ways and means by which
the North Atlantic Community, through the NATO Council or otherwise, might more fully realize its potential for peace and human
welfare. I regard the contribution which the United States can
make to this project as of the utmost importance and feel that it
may indeed play a decisive role in the achievement of a just and
durable peace and the preservation of the great values inherent
in our Western civilization.
It would be a great service to the nation and, indeed in a
broader sense, to the whole world if you would be willing, for as
long as I may hold my present office, to act as my Personal Representative and Special Ambassador in the development of this new
evolutionary step within the North Atlantic Community. In case
you do feel impelled to lay down the responsibilities of your
present office, I can think of no way where you could better serve
our nation and more fittingly crown your great career as a
I may say that Foster Dulles has asked me to express his
warm concurrence in what I say and that he greatly hopes that
you will favorably consider this important mission.
With warm personal regard,
DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER
lantic Council in Paris, when Dulles
presented this plan, three foreign ministers were selected to explore the possibilities and to present suggestions
and recommendations for implementation: Lester B. Pearson of Canada,
Gaetano Martino of Italy, and Halvard
M. Lange of Norway. Thev- are presently visiting the capitals of the member nations, concentrating on searching for ideas that could defeat com
munism in its drive to win over '
uncommitted nations of Asia, AH'1
and the Middle East.
Here in the United States. I
dent Eisenhower, the first comma"1
of SHAPE, enthusiastically endor*
the new outlook for NATO, to I
tent that he has asked retiring Sell'1'1.
Walter F. George (D-Ga.) to I
personal representative and
ambassador to investigate the p"^
Facts Fouum News, August, i"