Americans realize that these allies are
now spending six dollars from their
own budget to match every dollar's
worth of U. S. assistance they receive
from us. All told, they are contributing
about $12 billion a year to the common defense program."4
Dollar costs in other countries are
not the same as in the United States,
cither. For instance, some European
soldiers are paid only 12 cents a day.
Added to their financial contributions, the Europeans are contributing
industrial and economic resources, and
land for the bases and extensive radar
Another word of explanation about
the importance of NATO defenses is
given by General Gruenther. He says
that one of the main reasons the
Soviets are against NATO is that the
European NATO countries furnish
areas for bases. In the traditional pattern of strategy, a nation that operates
on interior lines has a great advantage.
But in air war this isn't true. A nation
operating on interior lines, with bases
surrounding it, can be hit from 360
degrees. Russia now is tbe interior
nation, and we have an effective base
General Gruenther continues by
saving that people who want to "defend America with Americans only" do
not take into consideration the fact
that these bases do not belong to
'Murphy, op. cit., p. 6-17.
Americans, and that some system of
cooperation is absolutely necessary.8
During the past year the free world
has witnessed what seems to be a
drastic shift in Russian policy. The
demi-god Stalin, with all the brutality
and evil which he represented, has
been dethroned, and the new collective leadership is putting forth every
effort to assure the West that they are
reasonable men — that we can do
business with them. In foreign policy,
instead of threatening violence thev
speak of peaceful coexistence and economic aid. They smile and go on good
will tours instead of locking themselves up in the forbidding Kremlin.
They are making a terrific bid for
acceptance in respectable Western
In domestic affairs the sway of the
secret police seems to have been somewhat curtailed. Red leaders would
have us believe there is greater tolerance of independent thinking and that
individuals have a greater sense of
freedom and security. Soviet doctrine
and history are currently being rewritten, literally as well as figuratively,
for Russian school children are excused from taking examinations in
history; no one yet knows the "correct" answers!
Countries living just over the border
from the Red menace are even more
aware of these changes than the rest
BGruenther, op. cit., p. 106.
of the world, and want desperately to
believe that the "new look" is real
What effect is this having on NATO?
Has the lessening of international tension erased the need for such an elaborate collective security system?
Iceland, vital to NATO defenses because of its strategic position as j
warning station far to the north and
because of its important role in the sea
lines of communication across the Atlantic, finds some attraction in the
idea of neutrality as being safe, plan5'
ible, and considerably cheaper. It h*
never had soldiers within its border*
before, and now this little country <•'
125,000 people hear and read that the
Soviets are smiling. Why, they are
asking, i.s it necessary to have all thow
soldiers in their country now? There
is, of course, a very substantial element in Iceland that feels, along v*atj>
the other NATO nations, that neutr*
ity in an interdependent free world *
too delicate a situation to maintain
and that a good look in perspccthf
would reveal the Russian smiles to &
a clever ruse to lull the free world in"
relaxing its vigil.
A growing spirit of neutralism •
evident to some extent also in NorW*j
and Denmark, and perhaps in sonic °
the other nations.
There are many people in «*
United States, too, who believe thi1
Russia does not want war — not tW
she has swerved in the least from tl"
An American Lie"
tenant Colonel l(°
ground) gives th's
class of officers ><
Treaty Organi"' p
the use of the 75
mm. and 57 nH»j
recoillcss rifles °
Fort Benning, &' ,
The men repres* j
seven of the NA
■ Wini: WORLD I'H"
Facts Forum News, August,