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Facts Forum News, Vol.5, No. 8, August 1956
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol.5, No. 8, August 1956 - File 006. 1956-08. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. June 5, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1469/show/1405.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1956-08). Facts Forum News, Vol.5, No. 8, August 1956 - File 006. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1469/show/1405

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol.5, No. 8, August 1956 - File 006, 1956-08, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed June 5, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1469/show/1405.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol.5, No. 8, August 1956
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date August 1956
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 5 1956; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 006
Transcript » .**% 1,1 p on I pr, WlliK WORLD PHOTO U. S. Air Force General Lauris Norstad, air deputy to General Gruenther since 1953, will become Supreme Allied Commander in NATO when the latter relinquishes his post. America's own national self-interest, Robert Murphy, Deputy Under Secretary of State, observes: Stripped to its essence, the justification for NATO is a simple exercise in elementary arithmetic. North America and free Europe combined now produce about 70 per cent of the world's manufactured goods, while the entire Soviet bloc, including China, produces only about 20 per cent. On the other hand, Soviet control of the territory and resources of Western Europe would give the Soviet hloc 50 per cent of the total world's industrial production, as against North America's 40 per cent. The Atlantic nations, so long as they are joined together, are in a position to maintain decisive industrial superiority over the Soviet bloc for an indefinite period of years. Soviet domination of Western Europe would rapidly shift the industrial balance to the Communist side. One of our great deficiencies in the global struggle with communism is manpower. The population of the Communist bloc outnumbers the American population by a margin of 5 to 1. But with free Europe and North America joined together, this margin is reduced to approximately 2 to I.1 Is this enough margin? Do we have a reasonable assurance of protection for the NATO area? General Gruenther, in a recent review of the situation before a San Francisco audience, said, "No, we cannot give that assurance yet." He indicated, however, that if and when the Germans contribute some 12 divisions, 1,300 tactical aircraft, and a relatively small naval organization for use in the Baltic — all probably to be available within three 'Murphy, "The Foundation* for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization," The Department of State Bulletin, April 16, 1956, p. 646. Page 4 u'mi: WOULD PHQyo General Alfred M. Gruenther, respected for his administrative ability and diplomacy as well as for his military leadership, will retire as commander of SHAPE, probably toward the close of this year. years — we shall be in a very good position. Even though the military weight of Russia is now heavier than that of the combined NATO countries, the SHAPE commander expressed his belief that our present strength and our capacity to retaliate is sufficient to assure us that a third world war is not imminent. Critics point out certain military weaknesses and difficulties in NATO and charge that it is "falling apart at the seams." High on the list of troubles is that sentiment is growing in West Germany for a regulat army plus a national militia instead of a democratic draft army. If these pressures should prevail, the urgently needed (ainian contribution would dwindle. Another sign of strain is the withdrawal of many of France's troops from NATO positions to join other French troops battling the nationalist rebels in Algeria. Tbe French NATO contribution now amounts to little more than land for bases and depots. Rival claims in Cyprus by NATO members Greece and Turkey have caused such bitterness and strife that there is a possibility Greece might leave the alliance altogether if Britain refuses to comply with Cypriot demands for unity vv ith Greece. Such a withdrawal by Greece would definitely weaken defense of the vital eastern boundary of the Atlantic alliance. Here in the United States drastic cuts have been made in President Eisenhower's requests for foreign aid, which include the amount hi' and NATO advisors consider minimum support of NATO. Also, there are rumblings of discontent among some of the smaller nations about the heavy financial burdens they bear under terms of the treaty. They were more than willing to bear these burdens when fearful of imminent attack, but not so willing when international tensions apparently are lessened with the new change of Soviet tactics. To these discouraging elements Ceneral Gruenther replies that NATO is, indeed, having its difficulties, but B not falling apart at the seams. Progress is being made in spite of the troubles. One of the main evidences of this is the Russian estimate of the impolj tance of NATO, given in a series '" talks during the recent Twentieth Party Congress. There were 12 main speakers at this Congress, including Party chief Khrushchev, and 11 °' these speeches cited as the first objec tive of Soviet foreign policy the <l's' memberment of NATO.- Working toward this end, tbe Rus' siatis strive unceasingly to stir up "' rivalries and to emphasize all differ' ences and tensions between the me°j ber nations. They make tbe most "' such sore spots as the Arab-Israel conflict, the Cyprus riots, Frencfl Algerian problems, and especiaW have they thrown their weight again* German reunification efforts. Most recently, Russia has a" nounced that the Red army is to " reduced by 1,200,000 men, and M adopted a "new look" of reasonaW' ness and desire for peace. Win'" NATO nations continue to look Wl suspicion and distrust on such parade-ground move, the Sovacts m*» full use of their reticence in prof gandizing neutral nations. Considering more specifically pj tests against the financial outlay '.. the upkeep of the organization, it ' pointed out that during its sevei history NATO has cost its merrM nations $312 billion. Of this stagger^ sum, the United States has eont'1' utcd $252 billion, or more than 80 V". cent of the total spent by all the * countries. In other words, our N ^ spending has equalled 90 per cent our present official national debt, t-0 , ceivably, if we had managed to esc*r" these multi-billion-dollar NATO <*'. lays, our national debt might now $28 billion instead of $280 billion. . Also, there has been considers confusion, misunderstanding, or p" ■General Gruenther Telia Whnt f\ Up To Now," V. S. News ir World "Gruenther, June 8, 1956. p. 104. Facts Forum News, .Angus', ' rAtrsl
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