working with Joseph A. Panelli went lo
almost every part of the country 1 have
ever lived, engaged in fabrication of fantastic charges designed to attack my
credibility as a key witness in the Oppenheimer investigations.
During lhe following eighl or nine
moiilhs I seldom heard lhe name ol Dr.
Oppenheimer and knew nothing either
of lhe security investigations actively
under way or of th.' simultaneous plans
of Dr. Oppenheimer's friends lor
launching an unprecedented smear attack mi me ai the strategic moment. 1
was away from Washington during most
of Ihis lime, firsl in Cuba on an important governmenl assignment that was
carried through wilh llu- active eiiel ..I
lhe l!ati-lei government, then lo lhe Wesl
Coast, ami in December I weis senl to
Honolulu with mv family for work in
Immigration Service districl headquarters.
In early April of 1954, I was in Philadelphia waiting lo lake the stand as the
federal government's firsl witness in the
-smith Ail Irial there. One day I was
visited hv two governmenl security officials who confidentially advised me
that loyallv hearings would s start
regarding Dr. Oppenheimer. I wa- asked
if my wife Svlvia ami I would In- willing io testify in the closed hearings.
They requested me lo keep lhe entire
matter strictly confidential excepl to ad-
\ ise my w ife i w ho remained al our
Honolulu home I ami lo see if she
would he a witness. I replied I wel-
ready i.> testify emd that I wa- sun- my
wife ell-o would l.e willing lo eollle to
Washington for testimony, i She confirmed ihis when -he replied lo my letter on llu- subject. I
Al 6 p.m.. Sunday. April 11. I was
listening lo Drew Pearson's network
radio broadcast. I was surprised lo hear
my name and more surprised at the untrue statement wilh which il was linked.
Mr. Pearson said, as I recall from memory:
"Paul Crouch, ex-Communist ami consultant of the I .S. Immigration Service,
has given een affidavit lo government
agencies identifying Representative Koh-
ert Condon of California eis ;i member
of tin- Communisl party. However, it
should he remembered that I'aul Crouch
is lli«- mem who tried to smeeer lhe great
scientist, Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer,
falsely accusing him of Communist affiliation."
I immediately turned lo my type-
writer and wrote an indignant letter tn
Mr. Pearson, telling him I had never
given -inh a statement, thai I bad never
heard of Mr. Condon when I was in the
Communisl party as far a- I could re-
eall. and lhal I knew nothing whatever
aboul him excepl whal I read in the
newspapers. Two weeks later, Mr. Pearson read part of this letter on his radio
program, leaving oul lhe part whir.' I
referred to the "statement" as "having
no existence excepl in Drew Pearson's
It seemed probable in me lhal ihe
(..union story w as only an excuse t..
bring in mv name and lhe name ol Dr.
Oppenheimer and I suspected that sum.'
publicity stunt hy Dr. Oppenheimer and
his friends wa- pending, in spite of the
government's emphasis on lhe confidential nature of the loyalty hearings.
Two days later my suspicions wen* confirmed.
lln April 1:1. Dr. Oppenheimer ami
his attorneys broke lhe story of the investigation, presenting his side of the
controversy, through lhe New York
Times and lhe New York Herald
Tribune. The leading page one story,
under by-line of Joseph and Stewarl
Alsop. weis more like a biased editorial
ih.in a "news' story, and ii contained a
violent and abusive attack on me. assert-
ing lhal my testimony in California had
I immediately called in FBI agents
and asked them to inform the Alomie
Energy Commission thai in view of Dr.
Oppenheimer's publicity stunt and the
fail lhal Joseph and Stewart Alsop
clearly were to It his chief spokesmen,
I would testify in the hearings only in
puhlie or wilh right to release jail Iritu-
scripl of my testimony if false versions
should he published of whal I said. 1
told them that tin- Alsop column of January 111. 1953, heeel contained an untrue
and distorted versieen e.l what I was alleged Iii have saiel in executive sessions
nf ihe U.S. Senate Subcommittee mi
Internal Security on e ther matter,
and tfiat f had no intention of letting
them publish their version of my testimony ill llie Oppenheimer ease.
Iii Honolulu. Sylvia issued a stale-
inenl through lhe press associations stat-
ing that she would testify only in publir
ami in Dr. Oppenheimer's presence. Her
statement, as carried by the I nited
Press and published in the \eie ) orl:
Herald Tribune of April P). said in part:
"I will he glad to testify if I can he
sun- there is going to Im- a thorough.
complete, ami fair investigation. I will
insist thai any testimony I give will he
puhlie anil in the presence of Dr. Oppen-
heimer anil that lie will have lie.' righl to
cross-examine mr on anything connected
with the investigation."
Vlthough there were no puhlie hearings, the only kind where we- would
testify after Dr. Oppenheimer's publicity
moves mi April 13, Sylvia and I cooperated actively with government intelligence agents throughout the April hearings. U.nitl Men 1. while- I weis enroule
in my home in Hawaii, FBI agents mel
the plane in Sein Francisco and look me
to 10 Kenilwnrlh Court for ei new eiml
thorough study of ihe interior.
Three days after Joseph anil Stewart
Vl-op hi'lpeel hreak tin- Oppenheimer
version of lhe suspension anil AEC investigations, the Alsop column of April
1 6 was devoted in its entirety to a violent
attack on me, with one untrue charge
after another. .After a three-day interval
the Alsop brothers devoted their entire
i nliiniie of April I1' to another personal
attaek. anil lo more fantastic charges.
Other such columns followed during
May and June. All of this clearly was
part of a gigantic and carefully timed
effort to attack my credibility as a witness beeause of my role in the Oppenheimer investigations.
Aboul June 22. Joseph A. Fanelli,
formerly lhe attorney for Dr. Joseph
Weinberg who had cooperated closely
wilh Dr. Oppenheimer's attorneys during lhe Weinberg trial, am! Harry 1.
Kami, well known lo congressional committees as attorney for hostile fifth
Amendment witnesses, filed a document
called lhe "Crouch Appendix" lo the
Jacob lliiirk Brief with lhe Hoard of
Immigration Appeals. Copies were distill.uied to carefully selected press representatives; other newspaper men were
unable lu even see it. The document and
press releases based mi il contained a
total of aboul Iwo do/en charges. Ami
what charges! Three of the mosl serious
charges are typical of the entire two
I had testified on manv occasions thai
in late 1917 I became editor of a weekly
newspaper. The Dade Countj News, published in Florida. The "Crouch Appendix" charged that this testimony was
perjured because il claimed there never
weis -inh a newspaper! lhe fail thai
The Dade County News was published
in Miami Shores. Florida, with business
eunl editorial offices in the Miami Shores
Theatre Building, <>,':22 North Easl 2ml
Ave., lhal llu- telephone number was
78-9543, emd ihe masthead gave lln'
name of PAUL CROUCH as editor wa-.
of course, immaterial to Joseph A. Fanelli. Harry I. Rand, Joseph and Slew-
eut Alsnp. eiml others who took pari in
this smear campaign designed io destroy
a witness in ihe Oppenheimer case,
Ih-' "Crouch Appendix" prepared by
Fanelli and Rand charged me with per'
jury beeause I had testified iheil I had
been Ihe author of "ei number of feature
articles" when I weis employed by lb''
Miami Daily News in POO! The well-
documented facts again were immaterial
io those who believed in making the
wildest ami mosl extravagant charge8
the imagination could conceive. On May
9, 1949, ihe Miami Daily News had published the first of twelve feature articles
under lhe by-line "Bv Paul Crouch" ""
the f ron I page, under an eight-col it in"
streamer in red. Mv picture appeared
on the froni page, an "editor's nol''
referred lo me as lhe "author" of lb1'
series. I have a written contract wit*1
iln- Miami Daily Sens, ehiteel May 9,
1919. witnessed by Managing Editor
Hoke Welch, in which I am identified
as lhe "author" of a series of articles !''
be published. Not only did lhe article*
appear in the Miami Daily News, they
were syndicated and reprinted in mot*
FACTS FORUM NEWS, August, t95i