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By George Orwell Harcourt, Brace and Company
383 Madison Avenue, New York 17, N. Y.. I»«,
237 pp., S3.75 ISignet reprint, 35c).
George Orwell, in on.- of those- bursts
of candor for which British Socialists
have become famous, projects the soeieilist trends of today into the logically
advanced barbarism of '"1984." But
there is no mistaking the fail that Orwell was w riling of lhe essence of srmein-
tie and mental techniques which hr saw
already being practiced when hi' wrote
[he- hook. In fail, his original title was
"19 III" subsequently changed upon
the insistence of his publisher who fell
thai people would not accept the thesis
(Continued from 1'n^e ll)
to a-k. Mv friend Major de Seversky
insists thai we're going about the whole
thing in the wrong way. Il was his idea
thai our bases eire wrong, thai the nuil-
tiplicity of bases constitutes weaknesses
rather than strength emd thai we should
nt rate \ iiiueelK eini- whole .1.1...
live effort eis well as our aggressive
effort mi intercontinental aircrafl which
.nr potentially inure' destructive.
(Eliot) Lei me a-k you ei question.
If the Se.\ iel I nion heul bases for their
air force in. Iel u- -eiv. Labrador, New-
I Hand. Bermuda, all thr Wesl Indies
island-. Mexico, Hawaii and the Aleu-
tians, would vou feel safer?
I i.mus i \o. I would he scared to
death, eunl I am anyway.
i Eliot I Well, the Se>\ iel I nion i-
surrounded in jusl aboul thai feishie.n
by Vmerican and allied bases and I
don't think they feel seifrr. Otherwise,
they wouldn'l have lhe question of bases
in every single item of their mililarv
(Combs) Of course, emv base costing
us a half-million dollars would be vulnerable tu one atomic bomb, I take' it.
Hut our theory is thai we'll hr able l.»
gel our aircrafl off the ground and
away from those helses in lime eil leasl
lo administer a reprisal blow before
(Eliot) The theory is also how many
atomic bombs ami how many aircrafl
te. carry them ele. they have to attack
these various l.eisrs. ami how an. they
going I.. distribute them and what their
target priority is eunl so on. And eill
eif ihis is relative.
unless it was projected into the future.
Actually. Orwell wrote ee caricature of
his own linn- e.f its Socialist double
talk and. in ihr language of 1981.
1984 is depressing in it- portrayal
of physical brutality and depravity e.l
atmosphere. One suspects that here Mr.
Orwell cribbed ei hit from ihr Soviel
"land of victorious Socialism." In ibis
respect, the hook reads like a "horror"'
story, albeit hardly worse than the
actual accounts e.l many who have
escaped from behind ihr Iron Curtain.
INGSOC IN OCEANIA
I hr despotic techniques of nazism
eenel communism have simply hern eul-
vanced ami extended lo control men's
very thinking as well as llieir every
action in Oceania, llu- scene of 1984.
The system of governmenl in this
society is Ingsoc, or English socialism.
The language gradually being imposed
upon thi- society is railed "Newspeak,"
the scheme bring in eliminate "thought-
crime" (deviation from lhe Party line)
by removing from the language all
wiiials ami meanings which enable or
express independent thought, ll is ei
broad emd systematic plan which Orwell
portrays in metlculoui detail.
I., thr Miuisiry of Peace is assigned
llie job of maintaining the State of per-
piiual war whirh is ihe justification for
the' politieal and economic controls. The
Ministry of Love provides iln- various
forms of "corrective" torture and brainwashing. The- Ministry uf Truth furnishes the offieial propaganda and
history. History i.- constantly bring re*
written ur perverted to maintain the
infallibility of the part) eunl ils leader.
Hardly a I k for a cheery evening
hy lhe fire, li i~. nevertheless, our which
should hr known aboul. The real significance of ihr hook lies in ihr contribution it has made in ihr language of
political philosophy, for Orwell has
coined nrw word- lo define Ihr corruption by inversion of lhe language of
War is Peace. Freedom is Slavery.
Ignorance is Strength. This is
Newspeak. Fantastic though it may be in
fiction, il fails io amuse in its contemporary forms ol deliberate deception. Ihr reader ran compile hi- own
More hair-raising details need not
he listed here. For eill tin- exposure of
evil methods and despotic trends einel
Orwell is perceptive there is no solu
tion offered or implied. The characters
earn one's interest hui little lasting
sympathy. Apparently, Orwell concludes
thai these pernicious doctrines and
practices can destroy lhe spiril of mem
and his intellectual integrity. If one is
helpless against those influences, 1984
is unanswerable. However, if man bail
not been demonstrating his individual
capacity for centuries, thr conditions of
/''.'.'/ might long ago have blighted the
George Orwell m list ha \ e been
shoe kid by the paths socialism followed
in Germany and in Russia. Bul Orwell
perhaps neglected to see freedom as a
spiritual force rather than as lhe mere
negative of material despotism. Even
more startling than the- 1 k ilself is
its author who remained a Socialist.
By Ayn Rand. The Caeelon Printers, Ltd., Caldwell
Idaho. 1953, 105 pp.. S3.00.
If man's freedom is maintained, all
else follows. I.osl with freedom is all
that grows in freedom's soil. I.osl. lhe
spirit ol adventure, of inspiration, "'
love and gentleness. Freedom lost can
he regained: il will he- remembered,
• herished, struggled for.
Hui whal is lefl for mankind when
freedom is no longer even a concept "''
ee memory in lhe thoughts of men
when ils obliteration heis been made
This is mein s , \lr.niih in InllielH-
\\n Hand, author of The Fountain-
head, is uncompromising when '"'
dividual freedom is the' issue. Freedom.
lo her. is always lhe reality, awaiting1
however, obscured, the Inevitable rediscovery.
Freedom is lhe keynote ol her anthem
io individual man. illustrated hy in-
version in the complete!) collectivized
society and reaffirmed by lhe escape
of one who rediscovers lhe meaning "'
Olliei- have written seilire-s on ll"'
evils ol meiss conformity, projecting
despotic tre-nels lee e olisiuumelt ion '"
"1984" eunl later. Bul Ira'Aem is differenl inspiringly different. Most satire*
have presented the collectivized society
in terms of ils physically brutal aspects-
These writers have done little niu"'
than parody twentieth century tyrannic"'
Ayn Hand portrays the mental state
lhal lies beyond the- tyranny, beyon"
slavery. Gone is lhe physical brutality*
the purges, and the tortures \e'l the
Collective of tnthem is intellectually
mull' repellent, even, than the crueU)
and inhumanity thai must have g""'
before. Thr stagnation has become vol'
unlary. lhe- transition lo lhe peaeef"1
Collective apparent!) complete. I.osl '"
all sense ol individual worth and idt'i''
In lhe Collective, where' all activity
FACTS FORUM NEWS, August, /■"''