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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 7, August 1955
File 043
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 7, August 1955 - File 043. 1955-08. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. November 26, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1399/show/1372.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-08). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 7, August 1955 - File 043. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1399/show/1372

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 7, August 1955 - File 043, 1955-08, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed November 26, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1399/show/1372.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 7, August 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date August 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States
Item Description
Title File 043
Transcript Economic Stability—Adequate Defense? (Continued frnm Page .18) anna attitude toward the Soviel Union. Certainly one is justified in assuming this hoin the unbelievable statement of Presidenl Eisenhower and so many members of his entourage thai we are nearer to peace than we ever have been before. I ihink Adlai Stevenson very shrewdly seiid ei year ago our foreign policy, in effort, is thai we turn to the Soviet Union and sen-. "^ mi commit one more outrage and we will reduce our defense budgel hv ei billion dollars." This is in effect whal our attitude has been, unfortunately. So. whereas I could he eon- vinced thai ei reduction is all right if there are technical reasons for il supposing we jusl don'l need this number of people I'm afraid lhal il is pri- ineuilv a political decision based on unreality eiml that, in effect, we an- closer lo weir or subjugation (whichever you prefer i than we have been at emv lime in the past. (Hodces) I personally ihink thai we musl remember lhe anus problem is lied into our diplomatic problem. We don't have armies jusl In have' armies or military strength. Therefore, we have lo ask ourselves exactly whal is the mission wr seek lor lhe' present military establishment. Now, whether il is sound or not. I believe we're in for a period of mild Cold weir and lhal if aggression comes, il cannol he reached hy direel military action. I think il's going lo he infill ration and subversion. I Ihink lhal that's the real danger. Also I Ihink you have to operate within ihe framework of ihe American people and whal they themselves want I Ihink lhal ihis is a bipartisan is-n,'. and il's going lo split ihr Democrats jusl as much eis the Republicans when il comes down lo voting lhe siluation. Ms.. :i pari of il is certainly due- to the fact theit Vmericans unhappily distrust "le mililarv. That's a tradition— i Eliot i There ein- one or two points 'hat have1 been made thai I could seiv a word about. In the Eirsl place, with regard to Mr. Combs' feeling aboul uheii the French and the Germans are Koing to say, "Oh. the \mericans are reducing," when we're asking the French and the Germans to increase forces. Both have traditionally and always had '" depend on exactly the kind of forces toe nnw propose to create ;i trained teserve. Thev understand the trained re- **rve. We are proposing actually to in* ■ tease our potenti d mihl rry forces l>- i *ery considerable number of people'. (BURT) Doesn't this go indirectly into a "latter of conscription, though, which Ameri- c°ns traditionally as individualists have been "Pposed to? f ACTS FOHUM NEWS, August, 1955 ( Eliot) Well. Americans have gol to do some things thai they haven't wanted to do. Traditionally, if you go back tee Washington's firsl recommendations his sentiment on a peace estab- lishmenl he railed for exactly whal Presidenl Eisenhower is calling for now. He called for it for the same reason—a fully trained militia—a train- eel regular Force of citizen soldiers. (Buckley) I just wanted to comment lhat this points to the emptiness of this liberal slogan that you shouldn't fight totalitarianism wilh totalitarian methods. Conscription is totalitarian, of course, and we recognize lhat we have ie. use a certain number of totalitarian methods. Il's unfortunate but we ought to recognize it. (Eliot) Is the defense of this re- public totalitarian, then? (Buckley) To the extenl thai it has conscription. Don'l vou believe involuntary servitude is totalitarian? (Eliot) I don't believe involuntary defense of your country—being required to give a peirl of your time for the defense of vour country- -is totalitarian al all. (BURT) I think we should have a little bit more illumination on our topic: the strength of the civilian economy to support the armed forces. (ELIOT) When you can't get enough full-time people because you can't pay Ihem on a full-time payroll without spending too much money and you can't subtract them from the labor force— then your only possible dependence, if you slill need more trained defenders, is lo have part-time soldiers, and lhal is a trained citizen force. (Hodces) Ii is significant that the Senilis woulel like to helve' us armed to the teeth no trained reserves, and bankrupting ourselves! That's the im- porlanl pari of ihis picture. They want to force a situation where the West will dr. iii my opinion, economically bankrupt. (Combs) Ii seems to mr that military power has. as one of its essential components, economic power, eiml thai postulates the economic soundness ol the country. I'm certainly nol advocating such a wild or extravagant program eis would imperil lhe economic stability of our country, bul I'm wondering whether or nol in lhe drive for ;i balanced budget, for example, we an- nol being rather unrealistic, \fter all. dead men pay no eli\ idends. And I'm not sure lhal a balanced budget is going lo he an adequate defense eegeiiiist bombers. Therefore, I don't aeeept lhe criterion of. let us say. our Secretary of the Treasury of ihe balanced budget as the yardstick hy which we should'measure our defensive fones at a time when I believe, along wilh Mr. Buckley, lhal we are in a graver peril than wr have ever hern since the dawn of our own national history, and that the economic or fiscal end of this musl necessarily he secondary to lhe basic question of defense. \nw I agree also with Mr. Buckley lhal neither he nor I nor Professor Hodges is expert in (his. It is a technical field hui I'm wondering whether or not we shouldn't spend more money in de- fense ageiinsl intercontinental bombers, against guided missiles, and in ihr enlargement and ihe augmenting of our airpower wilh a corresponding reduction in lhe armed forces. IBURT) Major Eliot, will you give us your analysis of this question: Will push-button warfare eventually replace the foot soldier? (Eliot) Nol within ihr period of time lhal we can plan for now. il won't. Mr. Combs has a poinl with regard to the defense against air attack. Thai is one of the reasons why llie whole' military budgel has recently had lo hr overhauled. Wr have lo go in now on ei very large' scale for continental air defense. A large' command has been sel up eil Colorado Springs to coordinate thr entire air defense of lhe country. We've gol lo sprnd a greal deal more money on defending our home territory as ei base of operation for whatever we might want lo do elsewhere, and lo defend our citizens and our production. That has to he done, and it's going to lake a very much larger slice than we"\e had to spend on purely defensive measures before. (Combs) Whal aboul the fool sol- dier? Will he ever be obsolete? Is he nol necessary for the occupation of subjugated countries? (El.IOT) In the end you're going to have to gel back to the poinl where the struggle is for a piece of ground, a piece eif territory. Man is an earthbound creature. He ran l stay in the air very long. He can'l slay at sea indefinitely. He lives and has his hopes and his home and his future, his ambitions, on the surface of the earth. So in the end you get hack to fighting for territory bj poor infantrymen down on the ground—dirty and lousv and miserable and unhappy and fighting their wei\ forward through mud and againsl all kinds of obstacles. Thev are the boys who in lhe end are going lo lake an atom-scarred shell crater jusl lhe same as they look artillery positions—positions lhal had been prepared by con- ventional artillery, or jusl ihe same as they wenl forward withoul anv artillery preparation before there was anv. (Comhs) I had a question I wanted (Continued on Page 42) Page 41
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