to realize economic and military integration, the Atlantic Community is
" ithoul ei government.
Can you imagine the hazards this
nation would have faced if the thirteen
colonies had refused to unite under the
Constitution and had attempted to oper-
ate eis independenl sovereignties through
friendly diplomacy? That is precisely
wlial llu' \tlantic Pact nations are now
attempting to do.
Witness the tremendous strain on our
alliance with Great Britain, caused by
the conflicting policies regarding Communist China. Witness the difficulties
caused by France's fear of a remilitarized Germany. Such dangerous problems would l.e resolved by union—by
lhe majority vote of the elected rcpre-
~< 111;iIi\•-- iii the Atlantic Assembly.
Atlantic Union would permit Germany to assume her proper role as a key
industrial contributor to the needs of
the free world—while eliminating any
possibility that Germany might reverl
to a dictatorship or become an ally of
Atlantic Union would bring the At-
l.miii' democracies extensive savings
and ei new ami broader basis for pros-
perity emd higher living standards. \\.'
arc presently committed lo. and arc paying for. el joint ele'le'ii-c e-ffeirt which
ileu- mil provide real protection, even
while costing ui billions of dollars. We
are, in effect, maintaining fourteen differenl defense establishments, with all
of thc inevitable duplication and waste.
lack of coordination, and inefficiency
that goes with the maintenance of such
a many-headed structure.
AMERICAN TAXPAYER DRAINED
Thc ever-increasing cost of maintaining thi- defense structure is draining the
American taxpayer eiml creating an eco-
iieimii' burden which .American and At-
lantic peoples cannot continue to bear
Under Atlantic Union, lhe savings in
defense' rusts, which now account for
three-fourths of our taxes, could be
measured in billions. At the Mime' tune,
ne woulel be- building up et military de-
fense system which would so strengthen
the Atlantic democracies lhal no aggressor woulel elan: lo allaek.
Vi illi a complete integration of the
North Atlantic forces lo include a unified design ol weapons, standardization
eil equipment ami ammunition, coordinated Navy, Air and Land Forces, and
above all a consistent and unified foreign policy, the total expenditures could
be- reduced by one-third eunl pnn ide a
How long can we keep up this competition in armaments bv going ii alone,
or wilh a loose alliance onh. an.l mel
go bankrupt? We must depend upe.n the
superior quality of our equipment, an.I
our technological improvements. But we
musl al-ei obtain all the advantages of
a closer cooperation and integration
wilh those peoples who have practiced
democracy for many years and who
share wilh us iln- same sympathies and
An Atlantic I nion. federating the
I nited Sleites. Canada, Britain. France.
Belgium and the Netherlands, would
have adequate strategic bases throughout the world which could be used much
nii.i'.' effectively than our presenl system
of separate bases for each of our forces.
\ comprehensive federal union of
Atlantic democracies, with a common
Foreign policy, a common defense, a
common currency, a common citizenship, ami free movement of goods would
he the surest, cheapest, and strongest
way lo stop war. halt Communisl expansion, create prosperity, and extend
U.S. WOULD PRACTICE-
If lhe I nited States would pass a
re'seilulieiii proving thai we arc ready to
explore the possibilities of going beyond
NATO eunl ECA, wc would .In much to
quiet European fears of our return to
isolationism. We would show lhat we
are' no longer just preaching federation
lo Europe, hui thai wc arc preparing
lo practice it wilh them. We would be
offering lo explore union openly and
freely on lhe basis ,ef the equality of
our citizens with the citizens of small
nations just as the Founding Fathers
established our own federation of large
and small stale-.
Atlantic 1 nion is opposed as a matter of ritual by the small romnanl of
isolationisl forces in our country. They
bene mil yet been realistic enough to
concede thai the 1 nited States has permanently discarded isolationism. The
signing of the North Atlantic Treaty
mav be regarded in the fulure as a
symbol ..I America a repudiation of ils
isolationisl tradition and of its realization of the responsibilities attached to
the role of leadership in the world.
Bul isolationists are nol the onlv
opponents 'if Atlantic I nion.
Some' partisans of world federation
do not want to convert NATO into
Atlantic I nion. because they fear Ibis
would sidetrack their drive to converl
the I nited Nations into a world federation.
Other World Federalists take a more
realistic view of Atlantic Union.
While nol willing in give up llieir
idea] ul a unified one-world, they realize
thai the world is nol yel quite read) for
world federation. They lake Ihe sensible
view thai Atlantic I nion is a necessary
intermediate slop toward the beautiful
And thai indeed it is.
A comprehensive union of federal
democracies would equalize the distribution of wealth ilni-s raising and leveling living standards over a large area
of the world. Atlantic Union would thus
eliminate many of lhe root causes of
\ common defense and foreign policy
for all the Western nations would remove international tensions and make
peaceful coexistence with our Communisl neighbors a reality instead of a
Atlantic Union would reach lliese'
goals very quickly. And once these goals
arc reached, the final step into ei worldwide federation of eill nations would he
• • •
That was one side. The other side
will come next.
Here eire view-, of some who DO
NOT Ihink lhe United Slales should
join in a feilereil union with lhe
Atlantic NATO countries.
• • •
Cecil Rhodes, wealthy British dia-
monel merchant, dreamed of returning
America to ihe British Empire and of
extending British sovereignty over as
much of the rest of lhe world as possible'. To further these ends, he left his
easl fortune for scholarships al Oxford
University, to train promising leaders
who might carry out his purpose. Consequently, many American Rhodes
scholars have been in lhe forefront of
the work lo bring about a reunion of
Greal Britain ami llie- United Slates.
with the proposed union lo include also
Canada, France, and the Benelux countries.
The number of Rhodes scholars i"
the United Stales is small—numbering
a few over a thousand. Bui iheir influence is vastly mil of proportion io then"
Rhodes scholars occupy strategic positions for influencing public opinion.
Clarence K. Streit, a Rhodes scholar-
is presidenl of Federal Union. Inc. and
the editor of its magazine'. Freedom «'"'
Union. Mr. Si nil is also ei member "'
lhe Board of Governors of Atlantic
I nion Committee.
Oilier notables who are members ol
llie Atlantic Union Committee: G W-
Iheily. Jr., editor of the New Orleans
Times-Picayune; Mrs. Dorothy Soliif-
publisher of the New York Post; Mr»;
Meuk Ethridge, wife of llu- publisher "'
the Louisville Courier-Journal and the
Times: Grove Patterson, president °
lb.- Toledo Hlatle: Palmer Hoyt. publisher of the Denver Post; Gardne*
Cowles, presidenl of lhe Des Moinf
Register and the Tribune; Clayton I'rl''
chey, former editor of tin- New Orleans
Item, and now celileir of lhe Deiiuiernl"
Digest; William T. Evjue, publisher "'
ihe Madison, \\ isconsin, Capital-Times'
and Mrs. Oveta Culp Hobby, Secretary
of Health, Education and Welfare, n"(l
owner of the Houston Post.
John Marshall Harlan, llie' new J"?'
lice eel ihe Supreme Court, a Rhode8
scholar, has been a member of the Nf
tional Advisory Council eif the Allan'"'
I nion Committee since 10S2.
FACTS FORUM NEWS, August, 1»55