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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 7, August 1955
File 037
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 7, August 1955 - File 037. 1955-08. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. November 28, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1399/show/1366.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-08). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 7, August 1955 - File 037. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1399/show/1366

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 7, August 1955 - File 037, 1955-08, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed November 28, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1399/show/1366.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 7, August 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date August 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States
Item Description
Title File 037
Transcript i 8:00p id - p a 13:15 ,■ a I5:5U1. a 'i:.;ni' a 3 : 15 a al 7 510 ]i s 8:S0p a 12:311 p n 9:30p a 5:5.11' n B:15P n 8:15p n 9 :3ll p ll :45 p il 7:11111' Inns 3:311 p n 7 :IIU P 3531 p 1 a 12:46 p - 531 ,' 3:5.1 I' 10:15 p 7 :30 p 5 :45 p 3 53' | 8:80 1' s 53. ,' Dan Smoot Asks 5 a".,. ,. 3 :45 p 9:30 p 3 53. I' 1 : ' 7 :80 p 7 : 15 a I 8:46 P lino i' '.l:3l'P I2:43p 12:45 p I 5111 p is 6:30p 3:16 a 5 531 1' 1 531 1' 7:30 p e 10:131' 7:311 V 1U:5U1' 5:.m r 3:311 1> 0:311 P S51U 1' 0:3111' 6 :15 p 111:15 r a ■•:." a i 11:5111' ■s 10:00 p 3:511 1' 'a:5a i' I :ieli I' 3:311 P announced 1 :00 P r. eem r 5:50 I' s :5" i' 7:00 P :'"' I li 3 2:00P 12:30 P a .311 1' 3 :00 P 1 :15 P 3:511 I' '.1:1'. I' '.1:511 I' 10:15 1' ,', ' 9:30 I' 7 :II0 P .1:0111' ■ aa. I' 7:151' 7:15 1' 12:15 P .,„,■ H(l) Do You Approve of Atlantic Union? Federm. union, inc. uei- incorporated in 1910 eis ei nonprofit, nonpartisan, nonsectarian membership association. Its purpose was lo promote educational activities in bring alioui a federal union of the Atlantic countries. A chief purpose of ihe Atlantic Union Committee, incorporated in 1949 to supplement the wink of Federal Union, is to obtain a joint resolution of Congress, calling for a convention of delegates from Atlantic democracies to explore lhe possibility of their forming an Atlantic Union. In 1050 ei resolution, supported hy a fourth of the members of both houses of Congress, was introduced hy Senator Estes Kefauver. This resolution called for the United Slates to invite the NATO countries to name delegates to meet in a federal convention lo explore lhe possibilities of forming a federal union, in furtherance of Article 2 of the NATO Charier. Senator Kefauver remains the principal sponsor of such a resolution—although Congress has not yel passed one. In December, 1954, representatives of <"ight NATO neiliuns. meeting in Ottawa. Canada, called for implementation of Article 2 of the NATO Charter lo provide greater economic and political Unity. The formation of an Atlantic Assembly was proposed, this assembly to be composed of members of the legislatures of the NATO members. Under this proposal, NATO is to take on the duties of coordinating the economic and political—as well as the military- -activities of member nations. A meeting of the Council of Ministers pf NATO is scheduled at The Hague, •o Ihe Netherlands. Al Ihis uncling these proposals will he considered, anil 'lie United States government has now agreed lei ilisittss them. Facts Forum's question: "Should lhe United Stales join in a Federal Union *ith ihe Atlantic NATO countries?" In llie tradition of Fuels Forum, lei's consider tin- question from iwo opposite points of view, taking first the arxumentf of some who say YES. The Atlantic Pad nations arc often Referred in as llu- Atlantic Community. ''lis is lhe group of fourteen nations ."''longing to NATO, the North Atlantic 'ri-eiiy Organization: Belgium, Inited Kingdom, Iceland, France, the Nether- FACTS FORUM NEWS, August, 1955 lands, Luxembourg, Italy, Turkey. Greece, Canada. Norway, Denmark, Portugal, and Ihe United Slales. These nations are already hound together in the common purpose of resisting tyranny and defending democracy in the world. They are already hound together economically and militarily in the sense that the fate of all depends on the fate of each. Yet they are not united politically. Each nation has its own foreign policy, its own currency, its own regulations of trade and immigration. The result of Ihis has been division, some iiiiilueil antagonism, and dangerous indecision. Necessity dictates that the democracies move beyond the Atlantic alliance lo form a federation like the, federation of lhe forty-eight American states, with enough power residing in the central federal authority to provide for the common safety. The proven American federal system, which is democracy at ils highest and most organized level, should he put on a trans-Atlantic basis. The American people would he losing none of llieir sovereignty under such an arrangement. Our present government, of course, would surrender sovereignty to Ihe greater federation, but this would not impair our freedoms since sovereignty resides in the people, not in lhe government. We would merely be changing the government under which we reside. We would still have representation in proportion to population. The American individual would be exercising his sovereignty through his elected representatives in an Atlantic Union, rather than a national Congress. It would be wisest to begin the exploration of Atlantic Union with the original seven NATO sponsors: the United Slales, Canada. Great Britain. France, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg. The people of these countries have long experience in free, representative government. It would be a natural and comparatively easy step for them lo form a Federal Union. Tbe decisions could In- made later as to inviting oilier NATO countries lo join the Union. There are other nations who arc not members of NATO, which might eventually be invited — such as Wesl Germany, Sweden, Switzerland, and Irc- lemel. The term "Atlantic Union" does not imply thc exclusion of any democracies outside the North Atlantic region. Such non-Atlantic democracies as Aus tralia and New Zealand might well be invited to join the Union. The Union should be composed of those people who are experienced in free government, and ihis should include any non-Atlantic people who wish lo he included and who meet Atlantic's standards of individual freedom and free government. Atlantic Union should not include countries which are dictatorships. In this respect Atlantic Union differs sharply with lhe proposals for world federalism. The Constitution of Atlantic Union should include a Hill of Rights which would guarantee thc citizens all the rights they enjoy in each and all member nalions today. No one would lose any such rights. A frame of government would have to be provided—one which would secure lhe citizen's rights againsl aggression, dictatorship and anarchy. This frame of government would include a legislature elected by the people; an executive capable of enforcing Union law upon lhe citizens; and a judiciary empowered to adjudicate disputes between citizens ami member states. Also n I'll would he a threefold division of powers. These should be defined. Firsl. there would he the powers reserved to the people by the Bill of Rights: second. the powers retained by the member states; and third, thc powers specifically ill le "jelled to lhe I nion. FREE MARKET FOR 400 MILLION This proposed federal union of Allan- tic Pad nalions would provide not onlv the mililarv strength to combat aggressive communism, but also the economic strength to raise the level of prosperity for all lhe people of lhe free world. The Atlantic I nion would establish a fne market for 100 million people. It would afford lhe only important market for all other countries. It would be their besl buyer of raw materials and theii sole source of supply for many manufactured goods. The nalions of the Atlantic Commun- ily share a common set of interests am] needs. We do not have identical sys- li'ins: Inil wc ilo bene a similar political tradition of representative governmenl which grew oul of the same Greek and Roman society lying at thc root of \\ estern civilization. Since llie end of World War II. these free nations have sought to achieve effective cooperation. Economically, we have employed American foreign aid. Militarily, we joined forces under NATO. But in spite of all our efforts Paue 35
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