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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 7, August 1955
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 7, August 1955 - File 026. 1955-08. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. November 28, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1399/show/1355.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-08). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 7, August 1955 - File 026. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1399/show/1355

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 7, August 1955 - File 026, 1955-08, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed November 28, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1399/show/1355.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 7, August 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date August 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States
Item Description
Title File 026
Transcript "■ ••-' —Wide World Photo A UN observer (right) in Jerusalem as he watched for violations of the UN truce between Jews and Arabs. With him is an Israelite soldier. material could he- allocated to .serve the peaceful pursuits of mankind, il was a ceill to mobilize experts in the application of atomic energy to the needs ol agriculture, medicine, and other peaceful activities. One of its primary functions would be to furnish adequate electrical energy in those areas of the world which arc desperately starved for power. And it proclaimed the intention of the I nited States to dedicate ils strength to serving the needs of mankind. It offered the possibility of demonstrating to the peoples of the world thai the greal powers were'. after all, intensely concerned with human aspirations rather than producing implements of warfare'. Man's greatest fear could become, overnight, a source of his greatest blessings. Bul President F.isenhow cr's proposed was not just a projeel feir the scientific peacetime allocation of alomie energy. If that had been ils onlv purpose', wc need not have advanced it through lhe I nited Nations al all. No. my friends, its great and historic promise was some- thing far more inspiring. PAST ATOM CONTROL EFFORTS STERILE All prior negotiations fur the control of atomic armaments heul been sterile. A demoralizing impasse had he-en reached nn the entire subject nf disarmament. For eight years we, eiml the Soviel 1 nion, heul failed In agree nn lhe basic principle which should govern either lln reduction ami regulation uf atomic weapons, nr the limitation of conventional armaments. Only a few days ago. this impasse was eejeiin underscored when Ambassador Wadsworth nf the 1 nited Stale's delegation told lhe United Neiiiems Main Political Committee lhal the Sei\ii'i I nion slill did not seem prepared to take lhe same- sp-ps tei reassure the world, which we have 1 ■<-t-ri prepared to lake. As feir back as 1916 we had gone a king way lo show our good faith. W by, less lliiin a year after lhe war potential of Ihe atom was discovered, we presented lei tin- United Neiiiems ;i plan which would have made possible an effective- international control of this new force, ami encouraged its use hv edl nations fur peaceful purposes. This plan received llu- overwhelming endorsement uf lhe Assembly in 1948. ll has been stalled ever since. In ihe Atomic Energy Commission, lhe Soviet I nion flatly rejected its control features. In the Conventional Armaments Commission, lhe I .S.S.K. reject- eel the proposals for a system uf elis- closure emd verification uf armed forces and armament because it did not include atomic armaments. And so, we tried again. We proposed in 1951 that the wink nf these two Commissions he merged, and a new commission was created. Wc repeatedly joined with France and the I nited Kingdom in submitting proposals which woulel place numerical ceilings on the armed Forces nf the U.S.S.K.. China, the United Stales, the 1 nited Kingdom, and France. The Soviet representative gave them scant eon- siib ration and denounced them as cynical anil hypocritical. So far as atomic weapons were concerned, as you all know, lhe Soviel I nion from the very beginning has deceptively insisteal upon a prior outlawing and abolition of these weapons before lhe creation of satisfactory controls eunl inspection procedures could he assured. We, feu mil pari, still held fresh in our minds the- imninn of lhe 1921 Naval Conference eil Washington. We were' neil and are nut going lo he- leikcn in again hv ei plan In destroy our own arms in reliance upon some other gov- ernment's paper promise. This is why wc have insisted upon and will continue lo demand, legal control and inspection procedures hv an international agency, as et condition lo any reduction or prohibition nf atomic weapons. There you had il: a complete stale- mate. And tin- hopes of mankind shrank in direct ratio as the stockpile and de- structiveness ol man's latesl scourge in- creased. Into this bleak and disheartening picture was injected the dramatic proposal of Presidenl Eisenhower lasl year, ll carried the electrifying hope that the marshaling nf atoms for peace, even on ;i small seede'. might reverse the I tend toward ei fearful mililarv buildup. ll was inspired by the belief thai if the Soviet Union would join with the I nited Stales and other nations possessing atomic material and know-how. this act of cooperation could be lhe beginning of a new pattern nf understanding. The plan weis one lhat could not possibly injure any government. And its greatest virtue was that it avoided the suspicions and irritations which had ac- companied proposals for world-wide inspection and control. Yet, il. too, wai rejected by the Soviel government. And thai governmenl seiid. in effect, that before they join in any peacetime effort to develop atomic science for the benefit of mankind, the free nations of lhe world musl renounce all mililray us'' eif nuclear weapons. Of course, you a"1' I know there is no logical relationship between these iwo things. And we are nul going tn throw down our strongest shield againsl aggression without an adequate safeguard for the security of the free world. Put we definitely do nol propose to Iel Presidenl Eisenhower's plan die Instead, Secretary uf State Dulles recently informed lhe I nited Nations of our in* tention tu press nn with our desire to enlisl ihis new force into the service "' human progress. To explore the possibilities of peaceful uses of atomic energy, wc will direct our efforts toward lhe enlivening nf il" international scientific congress in nice' under lln- ;uis|iiea's nf the United Nations nexl year 11955 |. The program outlined by Secretary Dulles envisages the opening in the I nited Stales, next scar, of a reactor training school where students froi* abroad may learn the working prim1 "aim —Wide World Pr,o"> Secretary of State Dulles called for th« creation of an international agency for "V peaceful use of atomic energy during mais address at UN General Assembly Sept. ' 1954. Page 24 FACTS FORUM NEWS, August,
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