and our machine guns if we <ln not have
these foreign raw materials?
How do they think we could re-sisl
the Soviet Union if il could outproduce
us—if il possessed the factories nf West-
cm Europe and the skilled manpower,
and thus outweighed us on the crucial
No. the opponents of our present foreign poliev have not thought out the
answer to thai and related questions.
Bul vou. my friends, in the audience
this afternoon—you know these prob-
leins these realities and that is why
vmi are striving sn earnesth in support
of United States good partnership in
the United Nations.
That is why you wisely support our
participation m regional organizations
leer security -whether they are in W est-
ern Europe, the Western Hemisphere, or
Southeast Vsia bul always within the
framework of Article 51 of the 1 N
I w i-li thai time were available for me
lo comment on all of the many phases
of the problems of the United Nations,
which truly merit review al this time.
THREE PRINCIPAL PHASES
Let me, however, confine my remarks
to three principal poinl.-.
Lei us. first, gee some <il the principal
issues looming before us in terms of
possible impi'iivi'incnl ol the I nited Nations Charter.
Lei us. second, see why. even withoul
these changes, ii is so essential ilieil we'
defend the- United Nations againsl those
who would recklessly attack it.
And. third. Iel us see whal horizons
face the United Nations, in particular,
in connection with the famous atoms-
for-peace proposal of Presidenl Dwight
IMPORTANCE OF CHARTER REVIEW
Neew. first, my friends, I wanl to refer
to the very importanl challenge fen ing
ii- of weighing proposed changes in
the UN Charier.
You are all familiar wilh lhe facl
lhat. as chairman of a Senate Foreign
Relations Subcommittee nn lhe I N
Charter Revision, I have been holding
hearings across our nation on lhe suh-
ji'i I eef possible charier changes.
We have heard splendid testimony
frnm citizens like' yourselves in cities—
large and small—across America. We
have heard proposals for such changes
effective armament con-
Altering of tlie present veto
power which heis so often paralyzed ihe Security Council;
3. Weighted voting in the Genera]
\s-e-inhU : iheet is. changing the
present "one nation, inn- vote"
4. \leikiii5: more universal the membership in the IN (which is today limited to hui sixty nations
because, principally, of the Soviet veto).
Pa ire 22
—Wide World Pholo
1. To contend that the I'N is a do-nothing organisation is a base untruth.
2. The charge lhat the t'N is a danger
to American sovereignty is absolutely
false. The IN Charter prohihils intervention in domestic affairs.
3. To lahel lhe I'N as "a financial rat-
hole" is absurd. I'N costs Americans
around sixteen cents per yeeir anil
worth every rent.
ll is slill loo early lo say what formal
recommendations mv colleagues ami I
will make next year |1955| tu the
I nited States Semite.
And it is slill loo early lo predict what
proposals oiii 1 nited Stales Slate Department will ultimately recommend
through lhe I nited Si,ele- mission in
the I nited Nations, ll is already clear,
however, lhal. as Secretary of Stale
Dulles wisely pointed out. the United
Sleilis will definitely favor lhe holding
of a review conference lu evaluate
changes in lhe charier.
This review conference will give ns a
golden opportunity- ten years after the
founding of lhe I nited Nalions Charter
in take stock of the changed situation.
It will give us an opportunity to see
luiw wc can overcome shortcomings
which have arisen, and how we can pre-
\ i -ii t lhe So\ iel I nion from throwing ei
further monkey wrench into Ihe United
SPIRIT COUNTS MORE THAN LETTER
Bul whatever proposals we of the
1 nited States may strive for. I urge
you. my friends, In remember thai il is
the spiril of lhe I nited Nalions which
will counl far more than lhe letter nf
ihe IN Charter.
The' charter, even wilh its present limitations, could succeed if the right spiril
i- present, if there is ei true will, intent,
ami purpose among the nations in
Let us not become so preoccupied
with the mechanism uf peace that we
forget lhal llu- importanl feature is the
spirit among the nalions.
Our own spirit is slill strong for
Our enthusiasm has nol flagged.
Every public opinion poll demonstrates
thai fact. The latest Gallup poll, feu example, shows lhat more than 76 per cenl
of lhe American people approve of the
I nited Rations.
This, then, is the basis on which we
approach the proposed review conference. Ami I say. Iel ii come. We welcome it. We will nol allow ourselves I"
lie paralyzed by Fear nf ;i possible Soviel
veto of charter changes.
DEFEND UN AGAINST ATTACKERS
Bul second, my friends. I waul lo turn
lo a slill more immediate leisk: llu- task
eel defending lhe United Nations againsl
those who would defame il: those who
would attempt In smear il nr its affiliated agencies, whether il he lhe United
Nations Educational, Scientific ami Cultural Organization, or the International
Labor Organization nr any other group
represented in the I N system.
I sai lu yuii. my friends, thai now '"
lln- time in rededicate ourselves In the
defense of the UN.
Why:' Because in defending it. w
defend lhe I nited Slates; we defend the
unified foreign poliev which has been
carried on hy lhe leaders of llu- American people, irrespective of politic*
party. It is the foreign policy dedicate*
in America's fulfillmenl uf ils nele- in the
shrunken world nf ihe atomic-hydrogen
I need nul tell you lhal from man)
quarters, mud is being thrown al ''"
I nited Neiiiems. thai attempts arc being
made lo ridicule il and In destroy it.
II is nul feu me In question the goo*
faith in which these criticisms »**
hurled, bul I can slate that each nf the
attacks musl in- answered calmly an*
reasonably—with the- hard fads.
We- cannol he silent in lhe face "
these eilteicks. ll has been wisely state*
thill "all lhal evil needs lo triumph '"
tha! good men he silent."
Let us nol he silent now. therefore '."
answering tin- principal unfair cri"'
cisms w hich have been hurled eil the I
Whal are some nf those criticisms?
THREE UNFAIR UN CRITICISMS
1. lirsi. ii is charged that th'
United Nations is a do-nothing organization. This is absolutely false-
ll wees the I N which caused the wi'"'
drawiil of Soviet forces in Iran, wlii'J
mobilized world opinion on behalf ''
the I nited Steele's einel lei Greece again'
lhe Communists, ll was lln- I \ whi<j*
helped bring peace in the Holy Land.'
was lhe I nited Neiiiems which, fur U*
first lime in recorded history, in Ji"."'
19511. mobilized lhe armed forces uf &*'
teen nations ill defense nf Korea il" ''
noeent victim nf lied aggression
In lhal struggle, in addition In
FACTS FORUM NEWS, August, <