—United Press Photos
Signing of the UN Charter—Above, President Truman witnesses signing by Stettinius.
°elow, Gromyko signs for U.S.S.R.
*hich inspired the founding of the I'nil-
'''I Nations are proclaimed in the pre-
gable of the Charter signed at San
''rancisco on June 26. 1915. The preamble reads:
"We the Peoples of lhe United Nations, determined to save succeeding
Generations from the scourge of weir.
"hich twice in our lifetime has brought
'"Huh! sorrow to mankind, and lo reaf-
!lrni failh in fundamental human rights,
"i Ihe dignity and worth of lhe human
l"'ison. in lhe equal rights of men and
H"inin and of nations large and small,
'"id In establish conditions under which
luslice and respeel for lln- obligations
'rising from treaties and olher sources
''' international law can he maintained,
•"nl in promote sneied progress and bet-
''''' standards nf life in larger freedom,
"And for these ends to practice tolerance einel live together in peace wilh one
"'olher as good neighbors, and lo unite
''"i strength lo maintain international
'"'"ie and security, and lo ensure, by
"e acceptance of principles and lhe in-
''iiniiun nf methods, that armed Force
''"ill nul he' used, seni' in lhe' common
"Merest, emd lei employ international
""•chinery for the promotion of the
''nioinie and social advancement of all
Have resolved In combine our efforts
0 accomplish these aims. Accordingly,
°"r respective Governments, through
?presentatives assembled in lhe city uf
?*•> Francisco, who have exhibited their
"" powers found In he in good eiml due
form, have' agreed lo the present Charter
uf the 1 nited Nations and do hereby
establish an international organization
to be known as the United Nations."
Perhaps you've never heard, nr read,
ibis preamble lo the United Nations
Charter. Hut doesn't it sound somewhat
Familiar to you? ll should, ll i- pat-
terned after, and in greal measure parallels, the preamble in the Constitution
of lhe United Slales of America.
The entire I nited Nations Charter, in
facl. is ei twentieth century expression
of lhe very principles embodied in our
The Charier merely spells out. vvilh
more clarity eunl in more specific language, the rights, privileges, and duties
which people in ei free society arc entitled lo.
The righls of man eire- proclaimed in
the charters of government of many
nalions. Ilul il remained for lhe United
Neiiions lo enlist tlie cooperaiion of representatives from all nations in lhe form-
ulalion of a statement of principles
which proposes ei common standard of
achievement For all peoples.
"A MORE PERFECT UNION"
Americans have not achieved perfection in government, hui we have been
working toward "a more perfect union"
since government began under our Con-
stitution. We have come a long way
toward achieving this goal, hui there
are many subsidiary and related goals
still lo be achieved. A greal many of
these are spelled oul in lhe 1 idled Nations Charter and in the various other
declarations and covenants which have
been written under the auspices of the
I nited Nalions.
Our Constitution, while proclaiming
lhe fundamental rights to which all
citizens are entitled, overlooks one im-
portant fact: no real right can exist
where the means to ensure tbe right are
not present. Only government can guarantee those means. This is where the
United Nations Charter has taken a
-lip ahead. The men who founded the
United Nations and sel up its charter
realized that the right lo "life, liberty,
and lhe pursuit of happiness" is ei mcein-
ingless phrase unless ibis right is en-
sured hy minimum economic, social, and
cultural standards which people musl
have if their dignity as persons is to be
preserved and if their personalities are
to develop freely.
Like eill slips forward, the United
Nations Charter has mel vvilh hysterical
opposition from isolationists and other
groups who assume lhal anything new
is hound to be bad—and particularly
from those who imagine a Communis!
plot behind every sentence in the Charter.
As a matter of fact, lhe Charier was
very difficult to write. For two months
and a day. lhe delegates and their assistants worked out details and plans to
which ;dl nations could agree. There
were special oommillccs for each section
of the Charter. Recommendations of
each committee bad lo be considered al
meetings of all lhe delegates. The meaning of every wend and phrase had to be
carefully examined. Getting a word nr
phrase In mean exactly lhe same thing
to every delegate weis not easy, because
the delegates spoke many differenl
lie-pile all obstacles, however, lhe
Charier came into existence, and by mid-
1951 there were- sixty I N' members, and
a number of other countries waiting to
get in. Now. if there is anything wrong
or dangerous about lhe United Nations,
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-United Press Photo
Signing of the Constitution (painting by E. H. Gunder) showing Washington in the presiding officer's chair and Franklin standing in the foreground.
PACTS FORUM NKWS, August, 1955