Ihi it Smoot Discusses
the UN Charter
II \T do you ihink
the I nited Nations
if llu- Charter of
Let's consider llie topic from two
opposite points of view—this time
taking lirsi ihe arguments of some
who tin not /i'A-c the IN.
Tiniei e- strong indication lhat Alger
Hiss and Mololm actually wrote the
Charter of llu- I nited Nations. Bul ibis
cannol he proven.
I here is evidence lhal lhe high-sounding preamble in the Charter of the
I nited Nations was written by Dmitri
Manuilski. one of the Soviel Union's
toughest Bolshevik revolutionaries, who
has been ei Soviel representative in the
I nited Nations ever since il was set up.
Ihii thi- cannol he pmven either.
The exacl authorship of lhe I nited
Neil inn- Charter is. In fact, an inlcr-
We- Americans today know exactly
wlm wieei.' nul Constitution in 1787.
"ne hundred and seventy-seven years
ago. \\ i kneew ii weis written by James
Madison. We know every change lhat
"as made in Madison's original draft,
who suggested the change, and win. Hut
llii' best research brains in lhe I nited
Nail-- hee\e' been unable lo find out who
uroi,. ih,. Charter of ihe I nited Nations leu years ago.
So, Id'- dismiss ihis side issue. I.cl -
'°ok al the document itself from a perfectly neutral point of view in see
whether mir ratification of ibis charter
'ls ;i treaty has been g I or bad for
0|ir country, 'i ou will find in ihi- charter
jii;in\ high-sounding platitudes about
"nn.in welfare and equality and economic justice. And if you simply read
jhe thing lovingly, beginning wilh lhe
"asic assumption lhat it was written b)
p°od | pie who weinle'il In hi'lp human-
''V- you cannot help being taken in.
Hut il \,iu will make a critical, un-
!'"inlinneil comparison between lhe Unit-
''I Nations Charter and Iwo other im-
l'"it;inl charters of gen ernment—namely.
'" * Constitution uf lhe Union of Sen iel
'" ialisl Republics ami lln- Constitution
"[ lhe I nited States nf Vmerica j mi
1V|" find -nun' startling things.
PREAMBLES AMIABLY AMBLE
.. ' here are man) phrases in ihe I nited
'"inn- Charter which were obviousl)
'"fluenced In the language eif the Con-
Jftution nl ihe United Slate-.- tin- ver)
.."'' line' eel lhe' preamble lur < - N; 1111111 (•:
we. ih,- people of the L'nileel Nations."
PACTS FORUM NEWS, August, m:,:.
—United Press Photo
statements in this
United Nations Charter which appeal to
the warm-heartedness and openhanded
generosity which dues indeed characterize Americans. There em- many slate-
ments in here aboul how everybody
ought lo have peace, plenty, and prosperity. .And. of course, every sensible
American would like' in feel Ilieil every
person on earth could achieve these
wonderful end-, lint when you gel behind lhe niei' sentiments and examine
lhe philosophy of governmenl written
into ibis charier of the I nited Nations,
vein will find lhat ii is taken entirel)
frnm ihe Constitution of the Soviel
The basic American philosophy of
a'inci nniiiil i- nut relleclcd eil any poinl
or in em\ line eif the United Nations
(Charter. The' philosophy of government
written into the American Constitution
i- that people derive their rights frnm
God that government therefore musl
leave them alone anil lake none of their
rights away from them, sn thai they
will be free eis individuals in pursue
for themselves, under God, their own
ideals. The philosophy nf government
written into ihe Constitution of the
Sn\ iel I nion ami into lhe Charter nl
lhe I nited Nations rejects the idea of
divine power in human affairs and implies lhat eill rights einel privileges come
frnm government. Now. both lhe Constitution "I lhe So> iel 1 nion eenel lhe
Charter uf the United Nations are filled
with statements about all of the rights,
privileges, anil maie-neil goods lhal people ought to bene. Both of these documents lhe Charier of the Inited
Nations and llu- Constitution of the
S.e\iet 1 nie.ii heilel theit gov eminent
should give th, people .e- many rights
eunl privileges .nul material blessings as
governmenl can afford.
MISTAKEN "TAKEN IN"
The Charter nf lhe United Nations
is a Sue iedi-i document of political organization, jusl a- the Constitution ol
the Sm iii I nion i-. In the I N Charter,
there i- enough high-sounding sentimenl
In entrance the gullible anel mistaken.
Ilui the philosophies of governmenl
iu the h\ Charter and in the Soviel
Constitution are identical.
The Vmerican notions eel individualism; of limited, negative government;
and of the divine and inalienable rights
of human beings eire never even suggested in llie ('harliT nf lhe I nited
Nalions. In fail, lhe I N Charter does
not even pretend lo stand for freedom.
ll stands for peace and plenty, guaranteed bv government; and il sacrifices
freedom in these materialistic goals
which Socialists eiml Communists believe lhal governmenl 15111 attain.
I hi- helps lee I'Xplaill el Statement nine'
made by Charles Malik, delegate In the
I nited Neitiun- From Lebanon. \i one
time, Mr. Malik was head nf lhe I nited
Nations Human Rights Commission. He
-eei.l ih.it eill .if the activities uf lhe I N
agency revealed ei Communisl orientation and motivation even, mind vou.
those ai'livitie's supported and sponsored
hv non-Communist or Western delegates.
Thai is nut hard lo understand, lor
people working in lhe- l'nileel Neitiun-.
within the framework of ihe I N Charter,
there i- only one philosophy nf government which can legitimately orientate
their thinking: the Socialisl philosophy,
because ilieil i- tin- only philosophy written into lln- I N Charter.
Remember thai the I \ Human Rights
Commission which (diaries Malik weis
talking about is the I N agency which
Mrs. Roosevell presided over ;t long
lime- lhe agency which drew up the
I N Declaration of Human Rights.
If vou want to fine! Im yourself unmistakable ev idence dial ihe I nited
N.eiieen- i- ei Communisl conspiratorial
plot to impose the Soviet system of guv-
eminent on the whole world, examine the'
original sources yourself. Gel a copy of
lln 1 ainstilulion of lhe Sov iel Union and
compare Chapter X of thai Constitution
wilh the I Inited Nellion- doiunienl called
ihe "United Nations Declaration of
Human Rights." The I nited Nations
Declaration of Human Rights i- ;i formed statement menle- by lhe General Assembly of llu I nited Neiii.uis in 1948
emd proclaimed to the world ever sino
as representing the kiml of governmenl
which all nalions should strive' to
achieve. This I nited Nations Declaration nl Human Rights is a statement of
United Nations ideals. It heis been
broadcast throughout the world, pub-