—Wide World Pholo
Factory and office workers were ordered to march in parade in Prague, Czechoslovakia.
They carry drawings of Gottwald, Dimitrov, and Lenin. Sign says: "We build the republic
and thus for peace we fight."
venue- may vary, but the goal remains
unalterable and absolute the inevitable
Communist conquest of the world. An
understanding of Ihis feature of the
dialectic will shed greal light on the
remarkable about-turns so characteristic
of communism eunl so puzzling lo the
Smoot: Every time a Khrushchev
replaces a Malenkov every time there
is anv perceptible change' eel all in per-
sonnel ,,r party line among the Communists many oh-,tut- in America
seem lo think that the change reflects
trouble in lhe Soviel Union, and seem
lo think that basic Communist policies
eire therefore altered.
Schwarz: The third feature of the
dialectic concerns the actual dynamic of
progress. In any phase ol advance, the
dynamic is the conflict between two
Forces in opposition. Everything in.existence is interpenetrated by ils opposite, and every force is in conflict with
its opposing force. Within the dialectic,
the- progressive force- is called lhe
"thesis"; lhe reactionary force is called
lhe "antithesis"; and the conflict of
thesis einel antithesis determines Ihe race
ami direction nf progress.
Now, we come lo lhe heart of the
dialectic. This conflict for a period
create- slow, gradual change'. But inevitably a critical point is reached. Al
this point certain changes leike place.
lhe gradual change's give rise In rapid
change, lhe tin-sis negates the antithesis. In dialectic jargon, it is a transformation of quantity into quality.
and tlie emergence of an entirely new
direction nf progress known as lhe
"synthesis." Therefore, at the heart of
progress there lies this system: thesis-
antithesis conflict, leading to the critical
point, wilh the negation of the antithesis by the thesis, eunl tin' emergence
of a qualitatively different state: the
As indicated. Karl Marx vvas a de-
votee eif ihe dialectic. Ih- thought dia-
lectically. His slogan was: nature acts
dialeelie eillv. And he analyzed lhe economic system in terms nf the dialectic.
His conclusion: within capitalism we
bene' a perfect manifestation of ihe dialectic. It is lhe progressive thesis of
labor, dieworking class, known e|s ihe
jUiJcJimal- in conflict with the reaction-
arv anlithcsis of ownership of the means
of production, thc owning class being
known as thc bourgeoisie. These two
classe's eire in basic, inescapable conflict.
There is no possibility of common interest or collaboration between them. 'JTiev
arc ^1 war Ix.-irl Mi1
Smoot: Let me see whether I follow
you. In terms that I can understand,
the practical result of all ihis is theit
(ieunmunisls. by consUintlv stirring np_
tLQiihlc~ leeir soejclv apart, cut it adrift
from, ils Ir.'iditinns. llipb-rmim- jls enn-
vmlumal tastes and morals, and gen-
ejally—creali- ih.uis. And then, out of
ilieil ■leeens lln.y hope lo huilil uJuil they
regard as lhe perfect Socialist soeii-ly.
Se mv vi;z: ■• es, bul it is interesting
to note that Karl Marx never for a
moment considered himself to be the
inventor of the class war. The class wen-
is a fact of being, even as the law eel
gravity is a fact of being. ^i^Uim^dh-
.■eecr,',! ||„. |i„ „f i.r.nali" Kjuj^Mir-
discovered _lhe class vv.ljv
When Newton discovered the law of
gravity, the whole science of astronomy
took on new life. When Karl Marx dis-
covered the class war. he believed, and
the Communists have since contended,
that thev were scientifically in a position to interpret the inevitable future
pattern of events.
^jni- war is theoretically hi
Te7lUI'eU'eeisic elflll iill'
pr"olclariat. However, history has ere-
ated Im each class an armed vanguard.
For the bourgeoisie, il has provided the
mechanism of the state; and for
the proletariat, il heis provided the
class-conscious, enlightened Communist
party. Thus the class war manifests
ilself as war between the Communisl
party and the stale.
Originally, ibis weir exi.-ls primarily
within em individual stale. Bul with the
progress of history, the proletariat, led
by the Communist parly, has cunjc_-DJ
Ijiwci in_Jlmssjn_ in China, in ''liis11'1'"
JittKifii-: whereas the bourgeoisie' has
more and more' come under the direction of the American imperialists. I here-
fore, lhe' weir heis transferred ilself from
so that the world is divided into two
greal warring camps. . An
Communis! concept is: Amcu
XtHSshn—A^merie-ei emd China, arc ei'
This war is a facl of being itself. "
is in existence quite independently "'
the will of whatever political leaders
men feir the- moment hold power on
either side. Ml thai can vary is the
technique by which the weir is operated.
Ilieiliciiiedlv. many directions may 1"'
taken by the Communists. But the ultf
mate goal of victory in ihis weir rl"
mains ullerlv unalterable. The ultimate
Outcome of ihis war is mil in iluulit. ''
i- determined by the forces of history-
Its consummation will be reached al il"
critical point where the progressiva
thesis of communism ullerlv overwhelm8
the reactionary antithesis of Mncriee"1
imperialism and the synthesis al world
socialism under the dictatorship of i'"
proletariat comes into being.
I he Communists today, everywhere '"
the world, profess themselves to be ll"'
devotees of peace. Peace is the- mot
common word mi their lips. In ever)
country in the world they operate pcee"
fronts, peace conventions, peace liter*'
lure. For example: We Pledge Peace
I Friendship Book,
Smoot: If the Communists' has*0
doctrine is ilieil weir is ei sleili' of hcilir'
how can they fool anyone with ll"'"
pretensions thai they want peace?
Schwarz: The Communists do wa"'
peace. They are genuinely dedicated '''
peace. If a Eexvenl Communist we''
taken, given a lie detector 1,'sl. a"'
asked: 'Do yon love peaee with eill y""'
heart ?" the lie detector would IndiW":
his affirmative answer weis the unch*"!
lengeable conviction of his mind :i"'
f'ACTS I-'IIUI'M NKWS. A ,,,,usl. 1":"'