—Wide World Photo
General MacArthur (front) shown touring Korean front April 3, 1951. with Generals
Pidgeway and Hickey. On April 11 of that year, President Truman removed MacArthur from
all his commands and named Ridgeway as successor.
could infiltrate Snuih Korea al will eiml
descend eil a moment's notice on I ree
Korea, with armies rested eiml re-
The- secrel group won ever) objective
excepl the return of the pitiful prisoners-
of-war, who were saved l>> the insistence
of I longTess and the unremitting determination of eeur military leaders.
The -aim- double purpose can be
found in mir German policy, in Vustria.
In llalv. in Greece, eiml in the tragic
surrender of all Eastern Europe to the
S i\ iii I nion.
The public polic) of the I nited
States, which has in al st all instances
denounced conquesl emd supported the
independent peaceful nations, has faded
away. The secrel polic) of the faction Me
friendl) to the Sn\ iel I nion heis in
almosl ever) instance been triumphant.
Our public polic) e,l resisting communism has succeeded onl) in I urkey, and
to a limited extent in (.nee.. Bul Sec-
ritar\ of Defense Forrestal, who was
determined to block the Communisl eul-
vance, and who won over Presidenl
Truman, was driven to an early grave.
His hard policy of armed resistance to
communism «a~ replaced b) the sofl
poliev of economic aid to Europe.
From 1945 to 1952 the power of the
- ee iel ( nion spread easl and west,
until ii covered one-third of the world
and pul millions ol people in bondage.
The conflict between freedom and -leu
er) was nol losl in ah;i or in Europe.
It wee- lee-l in Washington, because the
little group in our policy-making which
favored the Soviel I nion was stronger
than the people who believed in ee pro-
I say lo you thai the Eisenhowei
policy, leu defense of the perimeter of
the free world where ii is threatened in
the Formosa Strait, will be undermined,
eroded, covered up, twisted and made
over inin a polic) favoring Keel China.
unless we learn our lesson and deal
with the realities of politics today.
EROSION IS APPARENT
Uread) erosion is apparent. We constant!) hear il dinned in our cars thai
it is all right for us to defend Formosa
bul very wrong to defend Quemoy and
Matsu. Thai is as if lhe 1 \ -lioiibl
seiv lo the 1 nited States, "You will
reduce tension with the Soviel I nion if
miu give up \lee-k.i. which is nearer the
Sen ie-i border than ii is to the I nited
States. Tin- Soviel I nion ,-ei\> Alaska
belongs to it. ll does nol matter if you
need Uaska feir radar information,
weather information, and earl) warning
ni threatened attack, nm musl give up
\lei-kei Iii the Sie\i.i rulers so their
ii-n~iieii will be lowered."
Vnother form of erosion is bidden
in the warnings ilieil Formosa real!) belongs lo Japan e'nd so il is all righl
Foi the I nited States to intervene, bul
Quemoy eiml the Tachens belong to
( hin.i. and therefore, il «'■ defend the
coastal islands, we are threatening Red
( leinei. Thai argument omits the minor
facl thai we are not threatening the
I! ids. I he) are threatening us. The)
cannol gel the coastal islands excepl b)
conquest. I he) have alread) tried eiml
failed, ll is they who talk eef new conquests, not we.
\ third form eel , i osion ts the attempt
to gel ee cease-fire in the I nited Nations.
\ cease-fire would tell the Nationalists
the) could never win back their own
country. Thai would be like telling
George Washington he could have a
cease-fire if he would remain in Valle)
Forge bul make no effort to reconquer
\cu ^ ink en Philadelphia or *! ork-
A cease-fire would free the Red
armies for a new attack on Indochina.
\ cease-fire would give further recognition to the Red Chinese, ll would tell
the desperate people on the mainland
the) had no hope. Ii would tell the
people of Poland, the lleelkeins and Easl
German) thai the I nited States had
no interest in their fate.
Other pitfalls are the proposals l»
establish luo Chinas, and Booner or later
in pul Free- China under a I N trusteeship. We know where thai will lead.
\fl.-r Red Chinee i- safely installed hi
the 1 \ as a "pi ena-lii\ in"." nation, il
will bring up lhe demand lhal Formosa
be surrendered lo il and cite lhe- Cain'
Declaration eis proof we have alread)
agreed to the proposal.
Perhaps the mosl serious threat ol all
i- llu- niiiil reporl lhal our governmenl intends to eisk other members "I
lhe l\ lo help us patrol the I'm inn-1
Strait. Thai would end all pretense of
either a pro-American or an anti-Com*
nmnisi policy, ll would mean another
"victory' like- Korea,
UN RIDES SEE-SAW
Whatever mu. make of llu- I N i«
genera], il should be possible lo g1''
agreemenl among all good Americans
nn a fe-w facts. The Sen iel I nion is -'
member of llu- I nited Yilie.ns. So -"'
I'i'i -eili-llile's. She heis ee per 'mam nl -e'-1'
em the Securit) Council, with the veto
power. The 1 N has no commitments '"
support freedom. For every obligation
-Wide World PI"'"'
James Forrestal l(.„
FACTS FORUM NEWS, August, !*>' |..u