by Senator William E. Jenner
This address teas given by Senator Jenner (K-lntl.) before the Dallas
Public Affairs Club and The Committer of One Hundred.
I hen' is no good reason why ii should.
We have heul twenty years of mismanagement of our activities in Asia, ll i-
nol reasonable to a-k thai any single
statemenl clear away all the confusion.
The message is significant because ii
deals with the mosl importanl question.
W •• have announced thai we shall tolerate no new retreal in Asia. The Red
Chinese will not be permitted to breach
the frontiers of the still-free world. We
make il clear thai we shall meel Communisl military action with military action,
the only argumenl the Communists
Understand. We will not start the shooting, bul if the Communists choose to
ttarl el weir, we w ill finish it.
A foreign poliev carefully worked mil
in main conferences, publicly stated on
'In- authority of the Chief Executive^
'iiiel supported hv Congress and both
parties, should be firm as ei rock.
Hui I sen to VOU whal Veen knnw
Well iheii the foreign poliev established
'" the Formosa papers is nol firm al
nil. The facl thai ii is clearl) stated in
'i presidential message, and formally
approved hv the legislative branch, may
mean nothing, li is v. holly possible thai
'■"• -hall follow the opposite policy nf
al'l"'asi'ine'iil nl the Communists, sur-
tender "f our advantage, and ;i selloul
"f our leivell eellie- ill \siee.
W hv sun I so certain lhal the w ishes
''I the \nieiieein President, the American Congress, and the American people
'»iay |„. flouted?
I hi' reason is briefly thai we have'
*wo line'- ol authority in foreign policymaking. One is lhe line nl rcspeiu-i I'ilil \
•id down in our Constitution and fol-
'we-el lev eill iliei-i' who believe in mir
"ii-lilulion. The oilier is ei network
u'"'-e' members deliberately disregard
''"<' • 'einsiiiuliim. mir Presidenl eiml our
-"iigress. and acl eis et law unto themselves.
TWO-HEADED MONSTER DIRECTS
I In- -eul f.u I i- thai im public document, on forma] commitment, nn legal
"■andate. can determine American for
eign policy today. Our fluctuating foreign policy is a lug-of-war between these
two forces. Ii is an unsettled question
which group will be triumphant iii the
struggle to shape our nation's destiny.
We have' seen again and eiL'ain in the
lasl two decades Ilieil the foreign policy
put forward in our public statements
[s not the Foreign policy carried out by
This j- iiiii because the American governmenl has suddenly become untrustworthy. Thai would be ;i mosl inaccurate statement of what has happened.
The reason is that thc American government is a two-headed monster. It is led
by two different organizing centers. The
never-settled question of which center
is lo determine our foreign policies has
kepi us in constant turmoil and made us
look futile and ineffectual before the
This conflict between Iwo heads of
mir governmenl will nol end unlil one
nr lhe olhcr is wliollv defeated, uprooted and destroyed. For years now
our governmenl has been pulled in Iwo
opposite directions in making ils decisions.
The' hearings of lln' so-called Tydings
Committee disclosed dear evidence, in
spile- of lhe whitewash, that a powerful
eenel ruthless group was guiding mn
decisions lo llu- advantage of the Sov iel
Union. This e,,,* n0| news. Committees
of Congress had been making the same
charge lor year-.
The Russell Committee, which investigated llu- dismissal of General Mac-
Arthur, ami investigations by lhe Senate
Internal Security Subcommittee showed
thai a secrel faction in our governmenl
heul worked mil ils own foreign policy,
lo suit ils own ends, and had by infinite
-kill, patience ami ruthlessness, pul il
into effect, regardless of the legally
established foreign policy set by Con-
'5i'i'-- eiml by mir President.
Throughout all of 1951 ami 1952 the
Congress, especially lhe Senate, was engaged in a greal debate lo turn the light
on this see nl foreign policy ami destroy
1 A,'TS FORUM NKWS.
A on know lhe achievements of this
After lhe defeat of Japan in World
Weir II. our official foreign poliev weis
lo defend eiml strengthen lhe Nationalist
governmenl of China. Hui lhe secret
faction in our governmenl was determined we should support the Chinese
Reds. In the name of the United Stales
government, they insisted on a "united
Front" governmenl in China, wilh the
Communist rebels retaining their own
armed forces. Our representative gave
llu- Reds ei long cease-fire by which thev
could rest eiml re-equip their armies,
and he set up an embargo on American
bullets for the guns of llu- defenders.
MILITARY VICTORY IMPOSSIBLE
Since 19511. we- have had Iwo policies
Im- ih,' Nationalist government nn Formosa. Our official poliev was In Support
lhe legal governmenl and help rearm the
Nationalist forces. Congress voted the
mime v eejeiin and again as proper for
mir own defense'. Rut the hidden faction
in our governmenl intended that we
should "disengage ourselves" -as the
polite phrase goes from llu- Nationalists. Their real policy for Formosa
paralleled lln- Famous advice of Owen
Lattimore, In let Korea fall bul nol let
il look eis if we- pushed her. In
December, 1919 five years ago our
Male- Department even issued instructions lo i|s personnel abroad to sho«
no regrets when the government on For-
ninsei fell according lo plan.
During the wen in Korea, we- were
ostensibly fighting to defeal lln- Red
Chinese- attackers. Our military leaders.
our people, and i believe' nio-l of the
members of lhe administration, were
loyal lo that objective. But lhe invisible
group hail ei different poliev. They were
determined in prevent military victory
over tin- Reds. Thev intended to return
hv force Ih.- Chinese- prisoners of weir
who eliel iiiii wi-h In go back lo Communisl China, eis they returned the
hopeless refugees in Europe after 1945.
I he) intended in leave- \eirih Korea ei
wasteland, occupied by Red troops who