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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 7, August 1955
File 005
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 7, August 1955 - File 005. 1955-08. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. November 28, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1399/show/1334.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-08). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 7, August 1955 - File 005. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1399/show/1334

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 7, August 1955 - File 005, 1955-08, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed November 28, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/1399/show/1334.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 7, August 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date August 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States
Item Description
Title File 005
Transcript ^America First! by Senator William E. Jenner This address teas given by Senator Jenner (K-lntl.) before the Dallas Public Affairs Club and The Committer of One Hundred. I hen' is no good reason why ii should. We have heul twenty years of mismanagement of our activities in Asia, ll i- nol reasonable to a-k thai any single statemenl clear away all the confusion. The message is significant because ii deals with the mosl importanl question. W •• have announced thai we shall tolerate no new retreal in Asia. The Red Chinese will not be permitted to breach the frontiers of the still-free world. We make il clear thai we shall meel Communisl military action with military action, the only argumenl the Communists Understand. We will not start the shooting, bul if the Communists choose to ttarl el weir, we w ill finish it. A foreign poliev carefully worked mil in main conferences, publicly stated on 'In- authority of the Chief Executive^ 'iiiel supported hv Congress and both parties, should be firm as ei rock. Hui I sen to VOU whal Veen knnw Well iheii the foreign poliev established '" the Formosa papers is nol firm al nil. The facl thai ii is clearl) stated in 'i presidential message, and formally approved hv the legislative branch, may mean nothing, li is v. holly possible thai '■"• -hall follow the opposite policy nf al'l"'asi'ine'iil nl the Communists, sur- tender "f our advantage, and ;i selloul "f our leivell eellie- ill \siee. W hv sun I so certain lhal the w ishes ''I the \nieiieein President, the American Congress, and the American people '»iay |„. flouted? I hi' reason is briefly thai we have' *wo line'- ol authority in foreign policymaking. One is lhe line nl rcspeiu-i I'ilil \ •id down in our Constitution and fol- 'we-el lev eill iliei-i' who believe in mir "ii-lilulion. The oilier is ei network u'"'-e' members deliberately disregard ''"<' • 'einsiiiuliim. mir Presidenl eiml our -"iigress. and acl eis et law unto themselves. TWO-HEADED MONSTER DIRECTS I In- -eul f.u I i- thai im public document, on forma] commitment, nn legal "■andate. can determine American for eign policy today. Our fluctuating foreign policy is a lug-of-war between these two forces. Ii is an unsettled question which group will be triumphant iii the struggle to shape our nation's destiny. We have' seen again and eiL'ain in the lasl two decades Ilieil the foreign policy put forward in our public statements [s not the Foreign policy carried out by our government. This j- iiiii because the American governmenl has suddenly become untrustworthy. Thai would be ;i mosl inaccurate statement of what has happened. The reason is that thc American government is a two-headed monster. It is led by two different organizing centers. The never-settled question of which center is lo determine our foreign policies has kepi us in constant turmoil and made us look futile and ineffectual before the world. This conflict between Iwo heads of mir governmenl will nol end unlil one nr lhe olhcr is wliollv defeated, uprooted and destroyed. For years now our governmenl has been pulled in Iwo opposite directions in making ils decisions. The' hearings of lln' so-called Tydings Committee disclosed dear evidence, in spile- of lhe whitewash, that a powerful eenel ruthless group was guiding mn decisions lo llu- advantage of the Sov iel Union. This e,,,* n0| news. Committees of Congress had been making the same charge lor year-. The Russell Committee, which investigated llu- dismissal of General Mac- Arthur, ami investigations by lhe Senate Internal Security Subcommittee showed thai a secrel faction in our governmenl heul worked mil ils own foreign policy, lo suit ils own ends, and had by infinite -kill, patience ami ruthlessness, pul il into effect, regardless of the legally established foreign policy set by Con- '5i'i'-- eiml by mir President. Throughout all of 1951 ami 1952 the Congress, especially lhe Senate, was engaged in a greal debate lo turn the light on this see nl foreign policy ami destroy ils influence. 1 A,'TS FORUM NKWS. August, 1955 A on know lhe achievements of this secrel group. After lhe defeat of Japan in World Weir II. our official foreign poliev weis lo defend eiml strengthen lhe Nationalist governmenl of China. Hui lhe secret faction in our governmenl was determined we should support the Chinese Reds. In the name of the United Stales government, they insisted on a "united Front" governmenl in China, wilh the Communist rebels retaining their own armed forces. Our representative gave llu- Reds ei long cease-fire by which thev could rest eiml re-equip their armies, and he set up an embargo on American bullets for the guns of llu- defenders. MILITARY VICTORY IMPOSSIBLE Since 19511. we- have had Iwo policies Im- ih,' Nationalist government nn Formosa. Our official poliev was In Support lhe legal governmenl and help rearm the Nationalist forces. Congress voted the mime v eejeiin and again as proper for mir own defense'. Rut the hidden faction in our governmenl intended that we should "disengage ourselves" -as the polite phrase goes from llu- Nationalists. Their real policy for Formosa paralleled lln- Famous advice of Owen Lattimore, In let Korea fall bul nol let il look eis if we- pushed her. In December, 1919 five years ago our Male- Department even issued instructions lo i|s personnel abroad to sho« no regrets when the government on For- ninsei fell according lo plan. During the wen in Korea, we- were ostensibly fighting to defeal lln- Red Chinese- attackers. Our military leaders. our people, and i believe' nio-l of the members of lhe administration, were loyal lo that objective. But lhe invisible group hail ei different poliev. They were determined in prevent military victory over tin- Reds. Thev intended to return hv force Ih.- Chinese- prisoners of weir who eliel iiiii wi-h In go back lo Communisl China, eis they returned the hopeless refugees in Europe after 1945. I he) intended in leave- \eirih Korea ei wasteland, occupied by Red troops who Page 8
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